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bhikhari thakur
bhikhari thakur
poora nam bhikhari thakur
janm 18 disambar 1887
janm bhoomi kutubapur (diyara) ganv, saran zila bihar
mrityu 10 julaee, 1971
abhibhavak shri dal singar thakur aur shrimati shivakali devi
karm bhoomi bihar
karm-kshetr kavi, gitakar, natakakar, naty nirdeshak, lok sngitakar aur abhineta
mukhy rachanaen bidesiya, gabaradhichor, beti-viyog, bhaee virodh, gnga snan adi
nagarikata bharatiy
bhasha bhojapuri
any janakari rahul sankrityayan ne inhen 'anagadh hira' kaha tha to jagadishachndr mathur ne 'bharat muni ki parnpara ka kalakar'. inhen 'bhojapuri ka sheksapiyar' bhi kaha gaya.
adyatan‎

bhikhari thakur (angrezi: Bhikhari Thakur, janm: 18 disambar 1887 bihar - mrityu: 10 julaee, 1971) bhojapuri ke samarth lok kalakar, rngakarmi lok jagaran ke sandesh vahak, nari vimarsh evn dalit vimarsh ke udghoshak, lok git tatha bhajan kirtan ke anany sadhak the. bhikhari thakur bahuayami pratibha ke vyakti the. ve ek hi sath kavi, gitakar, natakakar, naty nirdeshak, lok sngitakar aur abhineta the. bhikhari thakur ki matribhasha bhojapuri thi aur unhonne bhojapuri ko hi apane kavy aur natak ki bhasha banaya. rahul sankrityayan ne unako 'anagadh hira' kaha tha to jagadishachndr mathur ne 'bharat muni ki parnpara ka kalakar'. unako 'bhojapuri ka sheksapiyar' bhi kaha gaya.

jivan parichay

bhikhari thakur ka janm 18 disambar, 1887 ko bihar ke saran zile ke kutubapur (diyara) ganv men ek naee parivar men hua tha. unake pitaji ka nam dal singar thakur v mataji ka nam shivakali devi tha.

sahityik parichay

bhikhari thakur ka rachanatmak snsar behad saral hai- deshaj aur saral. isamen vishamataen, samnti hinsa, manushy ke chhal-prapnch- ye sab kuchh bhare hue hain aur ve apani kalam ki nonk se aur pradarshan ki yuktiyon se in phodon men nashtar chubhote hain. unaki bhasha men chuhal hai, vyngy hai, par ve apani bhasha ki jadoogari se aisi tamam ganthon ko kholate hain, jinhen kholate hue manushy darata hai. bhikhari thakur ki rachanaon ka oopari svaroop jitana saral dikhaee deta hai, bhitar se vah utana hi jatil hai aur hahakar se bhara hua hai. isamen pravesh pana to asan hai, par ek bar pravesh pane ke bad nikalana mushkil kam hai. ve apane pathak aur darshak par jo prabhav dalate hain, vah itana gahara hota hai ki isase pathak aur darshak ka antarajagat ulat-palat jata hai. yah ulat-palat dainndin jivan men manushy ke sath yatra par nikal padata hai. isase mukti pana kathin hai. unaki rachanaon ke bhitar manushy ki chikh bhari huee hai. unamen aisa dard hai, jo ajivan apako bechain karata rahe. isake sath-sath sabase mahatvapoorn bat yah hai ki gahan snkat ke kal men ve apako vishvas dete hain, apane du:khon se, prapnchon se ladane ki shakti dete hain.

rachanaen

pramukh natak

  1. bideshiya
  2. bhaee-virodh
  3. beti-viyog
  4. kaliyug-prem
  5. radheshyam-bahar
  6. biraha-bahar
  7. naqal bhand a netua ke
  8. gabaraghichor
  9. gnga snan (asnan)
  10. vidhava-vilap
  11. putravadh
  12. nanad-bhaujaee

any

shiv vivah, bhajan kirtan: ram, ramalila gan, bhajan kirtan: krishn, mata bhakti, arati, budhashala ke bayan, chauvarn padavi, nai bahar, shnka samadhan, vividh.

ek anokha kalakar

bhikhari thakur ka poora rachanatmak snsar lokonmukh hai. unaki yah lokonmukhata hamari bhav-snpada ko aur jivan ke sngharsh aur du:kh se upaji pida ko ek sntulan ke sath prastut karati hai. ve du:kh ka bhi utsav manate hue dikhate hain. ve trejedi ko kaaumedi banae bina kaaumedi ke star par jakar prastut karate hain. natak ko drishy-kavy kaha gaya hai. apane natakon men kavitaee karate hue ve kavita men drishyon ko bharate hain. unake kathanak bahut pechadar hain- ve sadharan aur samany hain, par apane rachanatmak sparshon se ve sadharan aur bahut had tak saralikrit kathanak men sadharan aur vishisht kathy bhar dete hain. vah yah sab jivananubhav ke bal par karate hain. ve itane siddhahast hain ki apane jivananubhavon ke bal par rachi gee kavitaon se hamare antarajagat men nirntar snvad ki sthiti banate hain. darshak ya pathak ke antarajagat men chal rahi dhvaniyan-pratidhvaniyan, ek gahan bhavalok ki rachana karati hain. yah sab karate hue ve sngit ka upayog karate hain. unaka sngit bhi jivan ke chhote-chhote prasngon se upajata hai aur yah sngit apane pravah men shrota aur darshak ko bahakar nahin le jata, balki use sajag banata hai.

bidesiya

apane prasiddh natak 'bidesiya' men bhikhari thakur ne stri jivan ke aise prasngon ko abhivyakti ke lie chuna, jin prasngon se upajane vali pida aj bhi hamare samaj men jivit hai. desh jis samay svatntrata ki ek badi rajanitik ladaee lad raha tha, us samay ve is rajanitik ladaee se alag striyon ki mukti ki ladaee lad rahe the. svatntrata ki ladaee samapt ho gee, desh rajanitik roop se ajad ho gaya, par striyon ki mukti ki ladaee aj bhi jari hai. apane natak bidesiya men ve ek desi stri ki akath pida ka bayan karate hain, jo pati ke parades jane ke bad ganv men akele chhoot gee hai. ve is akele chhoot gee stri ki pida ko tamam chhoot ge logon ki pida men badal dete hain. desh ne 1947 men vibhajan aur visthapan dekha, par bhikhari thakur ne 1940 ke asapas apane natak bidesiya ke madhyam se bihar se ganvon se roji-rozagar ke lie visthapit hone vale logon ki pida aur sngharshon ko svar diya. unake natak ka svar stri jivan ke sngharsh ka svar hai. bidesiya ke atirikt unake any natakon ke kendr men bhi stri hi hai.

gabaraghichor

'gabaraghichor' natak likhate hue vah garbh par stri ke maulik adhikar ka prashn khada karate hain. bartolt brekht ke natak 'kakeshiyan chaauk sarkil' (hindi men 'khadiya ka ghera') ke kathy se milata-julata hai gabaraghichor ka kathy, jisako likhakar brekht antarrashtriy khyati pate hain. vahi kathy bamushkil sakshar bhikhari thakur apane samaj se chunate hain aur asnkhy striyon ki vani ban jate hain. bhikhari ki rachanatmak snvedana chakit karati hai ki jis kathy ko brekht chunate hain thik usi kathy ko ve bhi svikar karate hain.
bhikhari thakur ne jis kal men stri garbh par stri ke adhikar ke prashn uthae us samay bharat ke kisi gramin ilake men sarvajanik pradarshan to door, yah bat sochi bhi nahin ja sakati thi. vah soch ke star par gramin samaj ki striyon men ek vyapak parivartan ke jivnt abhiyan par nikalate hain. yah ek aisa sanskritik abhiyan tha, jisaki kalpana aj ki rajaniti ki duniya men snbhav nahin hai.

rngamnch

unhonne doosara mahattvapoorn kam apane rngamnch ki kalatmakata ke star par kiya. unhonne jivan se hi apane lie kala ke roop chune. vahin se natak ki yuktiyon ko uthaya. bihar ke tatkalin samnti samaj ne jis kala ko apani vikrit ruchiyon ka shikar bana liya tha aur ashlil kar diya tha, use unhonne naya aur prabhavashali roop diya. aj bhikhari thakur hamare lie isalie mahattvapoorn hain ki ve sikhate hain ki jivan ke antardvndv hi rachanatmakata ko dirghajivi banate hain. unaka poora rachanatmak snsar antardvndvon se bhara hua hai. ve svayn gosvami tulasidas ki tarah bhakt kavi banana chahate the aur khadagapur (bngal) men ramalila ne unake bhitar kavitaee ka bij dala, par unake samay aur samaj ke du:khon ne unhen manushy ki pida ka rachanakar banaya.

nidhan

bhikhari thakur ka nidhan 10 julaee, san 1971 ko 84 varsh ki ayu men ho gaya. bhikhari thakur ko sahity aur snskriti ki duniya ke pahaluon ne prasiddh nahin kiya aur n hi jivit rakha. unaki prasiddh aur vyapak svikaryata ke karan unaki rachanaon ke garbh men chhipe hain. ve is bat ko achchhi tarah janate the ki natak kabhi purana nahin hota. use har kshan naya rahana padata hai aur yah tabhi snbhav hai, jab usake bhitar manushy samagrata ke sath jivit ho. unhonne jivan se jo arjit kiya usi ki punarrachana ki. aj bharatiy gramin samaj un tamam du:khon se joojh raha hai, jinaki or ve apani rachanaon se snket karate hain. 'bhaee-virodh', 'beti-viyog', ya 'putravadh' – unake in tamam natakon men manushy ke apasi snbndhon ke chhijate jane ki pida hai.


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adhar
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poornata
shodh

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