जगदीशचन्द्र माथुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jagadishachandr mathur
jagadishachandr mathur
poora nam jagadishachandr mathur
janm 16 julaee, 1917
janm bhoomi khurja, bulndashahar zila, uttar pradesh
mrityu 14 mee, 1978
karm-kshetr natakakar evn lekhak
mukhy rachanaen 'konark', 'bhor ka tara', 'o mere sapane', 'pahala raja', 'sharadiya' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay prayag vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari parivartan aur rashtr nirman ke aitihasik samay men jagadishachndr mathur, aeesies, aaul indiya rediyo ke dayarektar janaral the. unhonne hi 'eaeear' ka namakaran akashavani kiya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

jagadishachandr mathur (angrezi: Jagdish Chandra Mathur, janm: 16 julaee, 1917; mrityu: 14 mee, 1978) hindi ke prasiddh sahityakaron men se ek the, jinhonne akashavani men kam karate hue hindi ki lokapriyata ke vikas men mahatvapoorn yogadan kiya. telivizan unhin ke jamane men varsh 1949 men shuroo hua tha. hindi aur bharatiy bhashaon ke tamam bade lekhakon ko ve hi rediyo men lekar ae the. sumitranndan pnt se lekar ramadhari sinh 'dinakar' aur balakrishn sharma 'navin' jaise diggaj sahityakaron ke sath unhonne hindi ke madhyam se sanskritik punarjagaran ka soochana snchar tntr vikasit aur sthapit kiya tha.[1]

jivan parichay

jagadishachandr mathur ka janm 16 julaee, 1917 ee. khurja, bulndashahar zila, uttar pradesh men hua. prarnbhik shiksha khurja men huee. uchch shiksha yuing krishchiyan kaaulej, ilahabad aur prayag vishvavidyalay men huee. prayag vishvavidyalay ka shaikshik vatavaran auऱ prayag ke sahityik snskar rachanakar ke vyaktitv nirman men mahatvapoorn bhoomika hain. 1939 ee. men prayag vishvavidyalay se em.e. (angrezi) karane ke bad 1941 ee. men 'indiyan sivil sarvis' men chun lie ge.[2]

karyakshetr

sarakari naukari men 6 varsh bihar shasan ke shiksha sachiv ke roop men, 1955 se 1962 ee. tak akashavani- bharat sarakar ke mahasnchalak ke roop men, 1963 se 1964 ee. tak uttar bihar (tirahut) ke kamishnar ke roop men kary karane ke bad 1963-64 men harvard vishvavidyalay, amerika men viziting phelo niyukt hokar videsh chale ge. vahan se lautane ke bad vibhinn mahatvapoorn padon par kam karate hue 19 disambar 1971 ee. se bharat sarakar ke hindi salahakar rahe. in sarakari naukariyon men vyast rahate hue bhi bharatiy itihas aur snskriti ko vartaman sndarbh men vyakhyayit karane ka prayas chalata hi raha.[2]

sahityik parichay

adhyayanakal se hi unaka lekhan prarnbh hota hai. 1930 ee. men tin chhote natakon ke madhyam se ve apani srijanashilata ki dhara ke prati unmukh hue. prayag men unake natak 'chand', 'rupabh' patrikaon men n keval chhape hi, balki inhonne 'vir abhimanyu', adi natakon men bhag liya. 'bhor ka tara' men sngrahit sari rachanaen prayag men hi likhi geen. yah nam pratik roop men shilp aur snvedana donon drishtiyon se jagadishachandr mathur ke rachanatmak vyaktitv ke 'bhor ka tara' hi hai. isake bad ki rachanaon men samakalinata aur parnpara ke prati gaharaee kramashah badhati gee hai. vyaktiyon, ghatanaon aur deshake vibhinn aitihasik sthalon se prapt anubhavon ne srijan men mahatvapoorn bhoomika ada ki hai.[2]

mukhy kritiyan

  • bhor ka tara (1946 ee.),
  • konark (1950 ee.),
  • o mere sapane (1950 ee.)
  • sharadiya (1959 een),
  • das tasviren (1962 ee.), '
  • parnparashil naty (1968 ee.),
  • pahala raja (1970 ee.)
  • jinhonne jina jana (1972 ee.)

sahityik visheshataen

jagadishachandr mathur ji ke prarnbhik natakon men kautoohal aur svachchhnd premakulata hai. 'bhor ka tara' men kavi shekhar ki bhavukata paryavaran men ghatit karane ya rachane ka moh bhi prarnbh se milata hai. parntu samasamayik ko anubhav ke roop men anubhoot karake usaki pramanikata ko snskriti ke madhyam se siddh karane ka jo agrah unake natakon men hain usaki rachanatmak snbhavana ka praman 'konark' men hai. parnpara ko madhyam aur sndarbh ke roop men prayog karane ki kala men mathur siddahast hain. parntu isaka tatpary yah nahin ki yahi unaka sab kuchh hai, balki unhonne ridh ki haddi adi aise natak bhi likhe jinaka snbndh samaj ke bhitar ke badalate rishton aur manaviy snbndhon se hai. 'sharadiya' ke sare natakon men samasya ko vyapak pariprekshy men rakhakar dekhane ka abhas avashy hai, parntu samasya matr ka parivritt itana chhota hai ki vah kisi vyapak saty ka adhar nahin ban pati. vastutah mathur chhayavadi snvedana ke rachanakar hain. yah snvedana 'bhor ka tara' se lekar 'pahala raja' tak men kamobesh milati hai. yah avashy hai ki yah chhayavadita natak ke vidhagak snskar aur yatharth ke prati gahari snsakti ke karan 'konark' aur 'pahala raja' men kafi snskarit huee hai.

Blockquote-open.gif sarakar kisi bhi bhasha se chalaee jae par lokatntr hindi aur bharatiy bhashaon ke bal par hi chalega Blockquote-close.gif

- jagadishachandr mathur

samiksha

'konark' uttam natak hai. itihas, snskriti aur samakalinata milakar niravadhikal ki dharana aur manaviy saty ki astha ko paripusht karate hain. ghatana ki tathyata aur natakiyata ke bavajood mahashilpi vishu ki chinta aur dharmapad ka sahasapoorn prayog, vyavastha ki adhinayakavadi pravritti se ladane aur jujhane ki prakriya evn usaki parinati ka snket natak ko mahatvapoorn rachana bana deta hai. kalpana ki rachanatmak samarthy aur snskriti ka samakalin anubhav konark ki saphal naty kriti ka karan hai. konark ke ant aur ghatanatmak tivrata tatha parisamapti par vivad snbhav hai, parntu usake snpreshanatmak prabhav par prashn chinh snbhav nahin hai. 'pahala raja' natak ke rachana-vidhan aur vatavaran ko 'madhyam' aur 'sndarbh' men roop men prayog karake lekhak ne vyavastha aur prajahit ke apasi rishton ko manaviy drishti se vyakhyayit karane ka prayas kiya hai. sputanik, apolo adi ke prayog ke karan samakalinata ka ahasas gaharata hai. prithu, urvi, kavash adi ka prayas aur usaka parinam sab milakar natak ki samakalinata ko barabar banae rakhate hain. prithvi ki urvar shakti, pani aur phavada-kudal adh ko upayog rachana ke kal ko sthir karata hai. 'parnparashil naty' mahatvapoorn samiksha-kriti hai. isamen lok naty ki parnpara aur usaki samarthy ke vivechan ke alava natak ki mool drishti ko samajhane ka prayas kiya gaya hai. ramalila, rasalila adi se snbaddh natakon aur unaki upadeyata ke sndarbh men parnpara ka samakalin sndarbh men mahatv aur usake upayog ki snbhavana bhi vivechy hai. 'das tasaviren' aur 'inhonne jina jana hai' rachanakar ke manas par prabhav dalane vale vyaktiyon ki tasviren aur jivaniyan hain, jinaka mahatv unake rekhankan aur prabhavankan ki drishti se akshunn hai.[2]

soochana snchar kranti ke janak

Blockquote-open.gif dooradarshan jaise madhyam ki shakti ko pahachanie aur jaisa ki pashchim ke midiya pndit kahate hain, ‘midiya iz d mausej’ is bhram ko todie aur sabit kijie ki ‘main bihaind midiya iz d maisej’ Blockquote-close.gif

- jagadishachndr mathur

jagadishachndr mathur ko yad karana, soochana snchar madhyamon men huee kranti ko yad karana hai. unaki smriti ko lekar rashtriy naty vidyalay, dilli ne ek mahatvapoorn rashtriy seminar ayojit kiya. isaki vajah thi ki jagadishachndr mathur hindi ke bahut mahatvapoorn natakakar the. yon to jayashnkar prasad ke bad natak lekhan ke kshetr men lakshmi narayan mishr ek bada nam hain par itihas ke pariprekshy men prasad ki parnpara se alag hatakar prayogashil natak likhane ki pahal jagadishachndr mathur ne apane apratim natak ‘konark’ se ki. ve ek siddhahast ekankikar bhi the. unaki prayogashilata ka saphal praman yahi hai ki unake sampoorn natak ‘konark’ men ek bhi nari patr nahin hai lekin phir bhi vah behad saphalatapoorvak mnchit hokar darshakon ka chaheta mnch natak bana raha hai. aur aj bhi vah kee sndarbhon men charcha ka kendr bana rahata hai. yah mamooli bat nahin hai kyonki ‘konark’ natak ki rachana aj se lagabhag chhah dashak pahale huee thi.

eaeear se akashavani tak

prasiddh sahityakar kamaleshvar ke anusar jagadishachndr mathur ek sath hi indiyan sivil sarvis ke varishth prashasak, sahityakar aur snskriti purush the. zamana neharoo ji ka tha. gulami se mukt hokar desh ne azadi ki sans li thi. parivartan aur nirman ka daur tha. angrezon ki dasata ki do sadiyon ke bad azad desh ke bhavishy ki samajik-arthik vyavastha ko lokatantrik snsthanon ko sanskritik savalon ko tab jald se jald tay kiya jana, sulajhana aur unaki dishaen sunishchit karane ka dayitv samane tha. parivartan aur rashtr nirman ke aise aitihasik samay men jagadishachndr mathur, aeesies, aaul indiya rediyo ke dayarektar janaral the. unhonne hi 'eaeear' ka namakaran akashavani kiya tha.

dooradarshan ki taqat

bharat men telivizan shuroo hone ja raha tha. mathur sahab ne hi tivi ka nam dooradarshan rakha tha. dooradarshan ka udghatan pradhanamntri pndit javaharalal neharoo ne kiya tha. udghatan ke bad staph miting men mathur sahab ne kaha tha, "sarakar kisi bhi bhasha se chalaee jae par lokatntr hindi aur bharatiy bhashaon ke bal par hi chalega. "hindi hi setu ka kam karegi, soochana aur snchar tntr ke sahare hi ham apani nirakshar janata tak pahunch sakate hain. bharat ke bahumukhi vikas ki kranti yahin se shuroo hogi." unhonne kaha tha ki ,"lok snskriti ke bina shastriy kalaon ki shuchita aur saundary badhit hoga. hamen ek kshetr ki lok snskriti ka antarasambndh doosare kshetr ki lok snskriti se sthapit karana padega." unhonne us samay kaha tha, "dooradarshan jaise madhyam ki shakti ko pahachanie aur jaisa ki pashchim ke midiya pndit kahate hain, ‘midiya iz d maisej’ is bhram ko todie aur sabit kijie ki ‘main bihaind midiya iz d maisej’."[1]

nidhan

jagadishachndr mathur ka nidhan 14 mee, 1978 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 kamaleshvar. soochana snchar kranti ke janak mathur sahab (hindi) bibisi. abhigaman tithi: 29 disambar, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 varma, daau. dhirendr hindi sahity kosh-2 (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: gyanamandal limited, varanasi, 198.

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