रतन थियम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ratan thiyam
ratan thiyam
poora nam ratan thiyam
janm 20 janavari, 1948
janm bhoomi manipur
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr natakakar, rngamnch nirdeshak
mukhy rachanaen 'd king aauf d dark chenbar', 'ritusnhar', 'andha yug', 'chakravyooh' (1984) adi.
puraskar-upadhi padmashri, sngit natak akadami puraskar, kalidas samman
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ratan thiyam rashtriy naty vidyalay ke poorv nideshak rah chuke hain.

ratan thiyam (angrezi: Ratan Thiyam, janm:20 janavari, 1948) prasiddh natakakar, rngamnch nideshak aur neshanal skool aauph drama ke poorv nideshak hai. inhonne neshanal skool aauph drama ke sath kee natakon ka nirdeshan kiya. ratan thiyam paramparik snskrit natakon ko unaki adhunik vyakhya ke sath prastut karane ke lie jane jate hai. unaka rngakarm adbhut rng-snyojan aur apratim lay ke karan anootha hai. ve apana chitrakar v kavi hona n sirf apani chitrakritiyon v kavitaon men vyakt karate hai balki unaka rngakary bhi inaka achook praman hai. ve natyavidya aur usase sambaddh kala madhyamon ke vikas men vishesh roop se sakriy rahe hain. unhonne anek bharatiy evn videshi natakon ka mnchan karane ke sath-sath bhas ke do natakon, karnabharamh‌ aur uroobhngamh‌ ka mnchan kiya hai.

jivan parichay

ratan thiyam ka janm 20 janavari, 1948 ko manipur men hua tha. ratan thiyam ko lekhan aur mnchan men prachin bharatiy thietar parnpara ke prayog ke lie jana jata hai.

andolit parivesh ka udvelit rng-sarjak

ratan thiyam desh ke shirsh rng nirdeshak hain jo apane svapn aur sarjana ka rngamnch pichhale char dashakon men rachate a rahe hain. ve andolit parivesh ke udvelit vyaktitv hain jo nirantar us ashant samay ka rachanatmak prativad karate a rahe hain jo unake sirahane unako lagatar vichalit karata raha hai. manipur men ratan thiyam ko apani jamin aur usaki nabj ka pata hai, ve vahan bitaye apane poore jivan ke ek tarah se samvedanashil sakshy ki tarah hain jo apane asapas se atyant vichalit rahate hue, tamam khataron men rahate hue bhi rngakarm ki lau ko bachaye hue hain. ratan thiyam natakon ki samiksha karate hue natak karane lage the. unake pita manipuri nrity shaili ke pratibaddh kalakar the. ratan thiyam penting karate the, laghu kahaniyan, kavitaen aur natak bhi likhe. naty samikshak hote hue hi unhonne is bat ko mahasoos kiya ki poornakalik rng-shiksha ki unako zaroorat hai. yahi zaroorat unako rashtriy naty vidyalay padhane ke lie le gayi. sattar ke dashak ke arambh men ve dilli aye aur panch-chhah varshon men hi unhonne apani kshamataon ki ek badi lakir khinchi. ratan thiyam ne yahan samay vyatit karake phir apani jamin, manipur laut gaye aur apani khud ki thietar repartari koras ki sthapana ki. ratan thiyam apani zaroorat ke lie do ekad ki paryapt jamin ka intajam kiya aur kalakaron ke sath yahin apani duniya khadi ki. ek thietar, tin sau logon ke natak dekhane ke lie aur kalakaron ke lie ugane-banane-khane aur rahane ka bandobast. is dhng ki parikalpana shayad sabase pahale unhonne hi ki.[1]

prasiddhi

bharatiy rngamnch ko apani prastutiyon se samriddh karane vale ratan thiyam apane natakiy prastutiyon ke lie desh hi nahin, duniya bhar men vikhyat hain. 14ven bharat rng mahotsav ke udghatan ke avasar ratan thiyam ki prastuti ke jadoo se rngapremiyon ko do-char hone ka mauka ek bar phir mila. kaviguru rabindranath taigor likhit natak 'king aauph d dark chainbar' ki prastuti unake nirdeshan men koras thietar grup, manipur ke kalakaron ne ki. ratan thiyam ke natakon men yuddh, usaki vibhishika aur mahilaon ki sthiti ko khas taur par phokas kiya jata raha hai. 'king aauph d dark chainbar' natak men bhi unhin sthitiyon ko bahut hi khoobasoorati se darshaya gaya hai. natak ko apane vijual laingvaj men jis khoobasoorati se piroya ratan thiyam ne piroya hai vah usake shabdik anuvad men kahin se bhi badhak nahin banata. 'king aauph d dark chainbar' natak men ratan thiyam ek bar phir apani rngat men dikhe. unake natakon ki khasiyat sinegraphi rahi hai. ratan thiyam apane natakon men vijual iphekts ke jabardast upayog ke lie jane jate hain. unaki natak ki bhasha men jitane aham kalakaron ke snvad hote hain usase adhik abhinetaon ki daihik nrityamoolak gatiyan, parshv sngit, stej par bikharate prakashakiy rngon ka alok, vastr yojana aur stej ki saj-sajja bhoomika nibhate hain. 'king aauph d dark chainbar' natak men ratan thiyam ke natakon men dikhane vali chhap apani rngat men dikhi jise darshakon ne poore man se saraha.[2]

pramukh natak

  • karanabharam (1979)
  • imphal imphal (1982)
  • chakravyooh (1984)
  • uttar priyadarshi (1996)
  • ritusnhar
  • andha yug
  • d king aauf d dark chenbar

king aauf d dark chenbar

ratan thiyam desh ki shirsh rng-nirdeshakon men se hai. unake natakon men thietar ka ek klasik vyakaran dekhane ko milata hai. ‘king aauf d dark chenbar’ ravindranath taigor ka natak hai. nagar men sab kuchh sahi hai par raja adrishy hai. vah ek andhere kaksh men rahata hai. rani sudarshana aur praja sochate hain ki raja hai bhi ki nahin. rani roshani ki guhar karati hai, par surngama ka kahana hai ki usane anirvachaniy sundar raja ka andhere men hi dekha tha. astha aur avishvas ke bich kanchi naresh jaise maukaparast log apane kam men lage hain. ve ag lagavate hain, yuddh ka sabab banate hain. udhar rani ka asamnjas badhata ja raha hai. natak ka adrishy raja eeshvar yaki sach aur saundary ka pratik mana gaya hai, aur usaka andhera kaksh vyakti ke atm ka. rani ko use apane bhitar dhoondhana chahie, par vah use bahar dhoondh rahi hai. is vyakaran men kahin bhi kuchh atirikt nahin, koee chook nahin. sngit, dhvaniyan, roshaniyan, abhinay-sab kuchh satik matra men ahista-ahista lekin poori lallinata se pesh hote hain. kamani prekshagrih men huee bharat rng mahotsav ki udghatan prastuti ‘king aauph d dark chenbar’ men bhi sab kuchh isi tarah tha. pahale hi drishy men nili spaautalait apana poora samay lete hue dhire-dhire gadhi hoti hai. gadhe hote vritt men nani sudarshana ek chhitarae se vishal golakar asan par baithi hai. usaki pichhe aur dahine do oonche jhini bunavat vale phrem khade hain. ek phrem ke pichhe se pile rng ki patti age ki or girati hai. phir ek any patr surngama prakat hoti hai. bansuri ka svar badalon ki gadagadahat. manipuri natak ka koee snvad darshakon ke palle nahin pad raha, lekin ghatit ho raha drishy unhen bandhe hue hain. mnch par phaile syah kapade men se apratyashit ek akar oopar ko uthata hai. kumhar ki tarah rani donon hathon se ise gadh rahi hai. phir vah is syah adamakad ko mala aur jhakk saphed pagadi pahanati hai. chatak rngon ki yojana ratan thiyam ki prayah har prastuti men pramukhata se dikhaee deti hai. is prastuti men bhi pile rng ki veshabhoosha men vadakon ka ek samooh. andhere men doobe mnch par pichhe ke parade par ubhara chndrama aur mnch par phaila phoolon ka bagicha. ye rng aksar apani taiming aur drishy yuktiyon men ek tikhi kaundh ya ki chamatkarik asar paida karate hain. ag lagane ke drishy men chhah log sarapat ek lay men pile rng ke kapade ko hava men uchhal rahe hain ki darshak taliyan bajane ko majaboor hote hain.[3]

samman aur puraskar


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ratan thiyam : andolit parivesh ka udvelit rng-sarjak (hindi) sunil mishr (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 4 navambar, 2014.
  2. dikha ratan thiyam ka jadoo (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 4 navambar, 2014.
  3. andhere ka raja aur roshaniyan (hindi) rngavarta. abhigaman tithi: 4 navambar, 2014.

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