अनिल बिस्वास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

anil bisvas
anil bisvas
poora nam anil krishn bisvas
any nam dada, anil da adi
janm 7 julaee, 1914
janm bhoomi barisal, poorvi bngal
mrityu 31 mee, 2003
mrityu sthan dilli
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sngitakar
mukhy filmen 'roti' (1942), 'kismat' (1943), 'anokha pyar' (1948), 'tarana' (1951), 'varis' (1954), 'paradesi' (1957), 'char dil char rahen' (1959) adi.
puraskar-upadhi sngit natak akadami puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddh git 'door hato ai duniya valo', 'rooth ke tum to chal die', 'dil jalata hai to jalane de', 'badali teri nazar to nazare badal ge'.
any janakari anil bisvas shastriy sngit ke nishnat hone ke sath lok-sngit ke achchhe janakar the. unaki dhunon men jo sngit hai, vah ab hamari virasat ban gaya hai.

anil bisvas (angrezi: Anil Biswas, janm: 7 julaee, 1914; mrityu: 31 mee, 2003) baaulivud ke prasiddh sngitakar the. hindi filmon ke git-sngit ke svarn-yug ke sarathi anil bisvas rahe hain. unhonne n sirph apane sngit se film sngit ko shastriy, kalatmak aur madhur banaya balki anek gayak-gayikaon ko tarashakar hire-javaharat ki tarah prastut kiya. inamen talat mahamood, mukesh, lata mngeshakar, suraiya ke nam pramukhata se ginae ja sakate hain. anil bisvas shastriy sngit ke nishnat hone ke sath lok-sngit ke achchhe janakar the. unaki dhunon men jo sngit hai, vah ab hamari virasat ban gaya hai.[1]

jivan parichay

anil bisvas ka janm barisal, poorvi bngal men 7 julaee, 1914 ko hua tha, jo ab bangladesh hai. ve svatntrata sngram men bhi shamil hue aur bngal ke mahanh kavi aur sngitakar kazi nazarul islam ke bhi snpark men rahe. ve kafi kam umr men kolakata chale ae aur usake bad vahan se 1934 men munbee chale ge. munbee ki filmi duniya men akar unhonne dekha ki yahan to har prant ka sngit maujood hai. anil da ne apane prayatnon se ise aur adhik vistar diya. munbee pahunchate hi unhen 'dharm ki devi' nam ki film men sngit dene ka avasar mila aur usake bad yah silasila barason tak chalata raha.
anil visvas
'dil jalata hai to jalane de...' se mukesh ne apane kariyar ki shurooat ki aur usake bad anek hit gane ge. anil bisvas ko hindi film sngit men pahali bar aaurkestra ka istemal karane ka shrey bhi diya jata hai. 1949 men unhonne talat mahamood se arazoo film men pahali bar gana gavaya jo suparahit raha--'ai dil mujhe aisi jagah le chal....'.[2]

karyakshetr

kalakatta se munbee ae anil da ka saphar film jagath men sirph 26 sal raha. 1961 men bis dinon men chhote bhaee sunil aur bade bete ke nidhan ne anil da ko bhitar se tod diya. ve munbee se dilli chale ge aur mrityuparynt sauth eksatenshan men rahe. yahan rahate hue bhi unhonne akashavani ko apani sevaen din aur 'ham honge kamayab ek din' jaisa kaumi tarana yuva pidhi ko diya. is git ki shabd rachana men unhonne kavi girijakumar mathur se sahayog kiya tha. anil bisvas ki patr-patrika aur ilektraaunik midiya men charcha 1994 men huee, jab madhy pradesh shasan ke snskriti vibhag ne unhen lata mngeshakar alnkaran se sammanit kiya. lata mngeshakar apane gayan ke arnbhik charan men gayika noorajahan se prabhavit thin. anil da ne lata ko is 'pret badha' se mukti dilakar shuddh-satvik lata mngeshakar banaya. anil da ke sngit men lataji ke kuchh umda giton ki banagi nimnalikhit giton men suni ja sakati hai-

  1. man men kisi ki prit basa le (aram)
  2. badali teri nazar to nazare badal ge (badi bahoo)
  3. rooth ke tum to chal die (jalati nishani).[1]

lokapriyata

'aj himalay ki choti se phir hamane lalakara hai door hato, door hato, door hato ai duniya valo, hindustan hamara hai'.

bharat ki ajadi ke 4 sal pahale deshabhakti ka yah tarana gali-gali goonja tha. bachche-bachche ki jaban par tha. film kismat (1943) ke is git ko badanagar (madhy pradesh) ke gitakar kavi pradip ne likha tha aur poorvi bngal ke sngitakar anil bisvas ne joshile sngit se snvara tha. is git ko sunakar deshabhakton ki ragon men khoon ki raphtar tej ho jati thi.[1]

sngit ke pitamah

hindi sine sngit ke pitamah kahe jane vale dada anil bisvas ki sabase badi khasiyat thi unaka gyan aur unaka samarpan. unh‍honne aisa koee gana nahin banaya jo unaki marazi ke khilaf ho. anil bisvas ki sngit-yatra par kuber dath‍t ki ek mahath‍th‍vapoorn push‍tak bhi aee hai. anil da hi vo sngitakar hain jinh‍honne talat mahamood ko vishh‍vas dilaya ki unaki avaz ki larajish hi unaki daulat hai. anil da hi vo sngitakar hain jinh‍honne dant-dapatakar kee pratibhaon ko snvara aur lata mngeshakar bhi unh‍hin pratibhaon men se ek hain. lata ji bade hi samh‍man ke sath anil bish‍vas ka zikr karati hain. svayn lataji ne is bat ko svikar kiya hai ki anil da ne unhen samajhaya ki gate samay avaz men parivartan lae bagair shvas kaise lena chahie.[1] yah avaz tatha shvas prakriya ki yog kala hai. anil da unhen latike kahakar pukarate the. isi tarah mukesh ko sahagal ki avaz ke prabhav se mukt karakar use mukeshiyana shaili pradan karane men anil da ka hath hai. talat mahamood ki makhamali avaz par anil da phida the. talat ki avaz ke kampan aur mithas ko anil da ne resham-si avaz kaha tha. kishor kumar se film 'phareb' (1953) men anil da ne snjida gana kya gavaya, age chalakar is shararati tatha natakhat gayak ke snjida gane dev annd aur rajesh khanna ke plas-paint ho ge.[3]

pratibhaon ki pratispardha

anil bisvas ke daur men ek se badhakar ek sngitakar rahe. isaka labh yah hua ki sngitakaron ki svasth spardha ke chalate shrotaon ko madhur se madhuratam git mile. us daur men narendr sharma, kavi pradip, gopalasinh nepali, indivar, di.en. madhok jaise gitakar bhi hue, jinake git kavita ki tarah bhavapoorn aur sarthak hote the. naushad, roshan, madan mohan, sachin dev barman, sajjad, gulam haidar, vasnt desaee, hemnt kumar, shnkar-jayakishan aur khayyam jaise sngitakaron ke talab men anil da sadaiv kamal ki bhanti rahate hue sabaka margadarshan karate rahe. si. ramachndr apane ko anil da ka shishy manate the. ye tamam sngitakar ek-doosare ki ijjat karate hue film-sngit ke khajane men apana vinamr yogadan karate rahe.[1]

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

anil bisvas ka dilli men 31 mee, 2003 ko nidhan ho gaya. ve 89 varsh ke the aur kuchh samay se bimar chal rahe the.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 rooth ke tum to chal die.. (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2013.
  2. anil bisvas nahin rahe (hindi) bibisi hindi daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2013.
  3. [shrota.blogspot.in/2008/09/80_26.html sngitakar anil bish‍vas] (hindi) shrota (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2013.

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