बिरजू महाराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

birajoo maharaj
birajoo maharaj
poora nam brijamohan nath mishra
janm 4 faravari, 1938
janm bhoomi lakhanoo, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak achchhan maharaj
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr shastriy sngit aur naty
puraskar-upadhi 'padm vibhooshan' (1986), 'sngit natak akadami puraskar', 'kalidas samman'
prasiddhi shastriy nartak
vishesh yogadan apane katthak shaili men nrity rachana ko jodakar use adhunik bana diya hai aur nrity natikaon ko bhi prachalit kiya hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari birajoo maharaj ki 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' par bhi achchhi pakad hai. thumari, dadara, bhajan aur gajal gayaki men unaka koee javab nahin hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

birajoo maharaj (vastavik nam- brijamohan nath mishra, angrezi: Birju Maharaj; janm- 4 faravari, 1938, lakhanoo, uttar pradesh) bharat ke prasiddh shastriy nrity kalakaron men se ek hain. ve bharatiy nrity ki 'kathak' shaili ke achary aur lakhanoo ke 'kalaka-bindadin' gharane ke ek mukhy pratinidhi hain. tal aur ghunghurooon ke talamel ke sath kathak nrity pesh karana ek am bat hai, lekin jab tal ki thapon aur ghunghurooon ki roonjhan ko maharas ke madhury men tabdil karane ki bat ho to birajoo maharaj ke atirikt aur koee nam dhyan men nahin ata. birajoo maharaj ka sara jivan hi is kala ko klasik ki oonchaiyon tak le jane men hi vyatit hua hai. unhen bharat ke doosare sarvochch nagarik samman 'padm vibhooshan' (1986) aur 'kalidas samman' samet anek puraskaron se sammanit kiya ja chuka hai. unhen 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' aur 'khairagadh vishvavidyalay' se 'daauktaret' ki manad upadhi bhi mil chuki hai.[1]

janm tatha shiksha

birajoo maharaj ka janm 4 faravari, 1938 ko lakhanoo, uttar pradesh ke 'kalaka bindadin gharane' men hua tha. pahale unaka nam 'dukhaharan' rakha gaya tha, jo bad men badal kar 'brijamohan nath mishra' hua.[1] inake pita ka nam jagannath maharaj tha, jo 'lakhanoo kharane' se the aur achchhan maharaj ke nam se jane jate the. achchhan maharaj ki god men mahaj tin sal ki umr men hi birajoo ki pratibha dikhane lagi thi. isi ko dekhate hue pita ne bachapan se hi apane yashasvi putr ko kala diksha deni shuroo kar di. kintu inake pita ki shighr hi mrityu ho jane ke bad unake chachaon, suprasiddh acharyon shnbhoo aur lachchhoo maharaj ne unhen prashikshit kiya. kala ke sahare hi birajoo maharaj ko lakshmi milati rahi. unake sir se pita ka saya us samay utha, jab vah mahaj nau sal ke the.

virasat

bhagavan shrikrishn se juda katthak nrity birajoo maharaj ko virasat men mila. unake poorvaj eeshvari prasad mishr ilahabad ke hndiya tahasil ke rahane vale the aur unhen katthak ke pahale gyat shikshak ke roop men jana jata hai. isi khanadan ke thakur prasad navab vajid alishah ke katthak guru the. katthak nrity ke mamale men aj ke samay men birajoo maharaj ka koee sani nahin hai. pita achchhan maharaj ke sath mahaj sat sal ki umr men hi vah desh ke vibhinn hisson men jakar apani prastuti dene lage the, lekin unaki pahali ekal prastuti rahi bngal men ayojit 'manmathanath gupt samaroh' men, jahan unhonne 'shastriy nrity' ke diggajon ke samaksh apani nrity kala ka pradarshan kiya tha. tabhi unaki pratibha ki jhalak logon ko mil gee thi aur isake bad unhonne kabhi pichhe mudakar nahin dekha.

prashikshan kary

unhonne nrity ke parnparik vishayon men jahan bold aur bauddhik rachanaon ka samavesh kiya vahin unaki samasamayik karyon men bhi tajagi koot kootakar bhari hai. pita ke dehant ke bad hi birajoo maharaj ki guru bahan daau. kapila vatsyayan unhen apane sath dilli le aee thin. unhonne tairah sal ki umr men hi dilli ke 'sngit bharati' men nrity ka prashikshan dena shuroo kar diya. unhonne 'bharatiy kala kendr' tatha 'sngit natak akadami' se snbaddh katthak kendr men bhi nrity ka prashikshan diya.[1]

pratham prastuti

matr 16 varsh ki umr men hi birajoo maharaj ne apani pratham prastuti di aur 28 varsh ki umr men katthak men unaki nipunata ne unhen 'sngit natak akadami' ka pratishthit puraskar dilavaya. shastriy nrity men birajoo maharaj fyoojan se bhi nahin ghabarae. unhonne luee baink ke sath romiyo aur juliyat ki katha ko katthak shaili men prastut kiya.

hindi filmon se nata

birajoo maharaj
Birju Maharaj

birajoo maharaj ka balivud se bhi gahara nata raha hai. unhonne kee hindi filmon ke giton ka nrity nirdeshan kiya. inamen prakhyat filmakar satyajit ray ki shastriy kriti 'shatarnj ke khiladi' bhi shamil hai. is film men unhonne do shastriy nrity drishyon ke liye sngit racha aur gayan bhi kiya. prasiddh film nirmata-nirdeshak yash chopada ki 'dil to pagal hai', 'gadar ek prem katha' tatha snjay lila bhnsali ki film 'devadas' ka nam bhi inamen pramukhata se liya ja sakata hai.

nrity shaili

apani parishuddh tal aur bhavapoorn abhinay ke liye prasiddh birajoo maharaj ne ek aisi shaili vikasit ki hai, jo unake donon chachaon aur pita se snbndhit tatvon ko sammishrit karati hai. vah padachalan ki sookshmata aur mukh v gardan ke chalan ko apane pita se aur vishisht chalon (chal) aur chal ke pravah ko apane chachaon se prapt karane ka dava karate hain.

navin prayog

birajoo maharaj ne radha-krishn anushrut prasngon ke varnan ke sath vibhinn apauranik aur samajik vishayon par svny ko abhivyakt karane ke liye nrity ki shaili men nootan prayog kiye hain. unhonne katthak shaili men nrity rachana, jo pahale bharatiy nrity shaili men ek anajana tattv tha, ko jodakar use adhunik bana diya hai aur nrity natikaon ko prachalit kiya hai.

shastriy gayak v vadak

keval nrity ke kshetr men hi birajoo maharaj siddhahast nahin hain, balki 'bharatiy shastriy sngit' par bhi unaki gahari pakad hai. thumari, dadara, bhajan aur gajal gayaki men unaka koee javab nahin hai. ve kee vady yntr bhi bakhoobi bajate hain. tabale par unaki bahut achchhi pakad hai. isake atirikt vah sitar, sarod aur sarngi bhi achchha prakar se baja sakate hain. khas bat yah hai ki unhonne in vady yntron ko bajane ki vidhivat shiksha nahin li hai. ek snvedanashil kavi aur chitrakar ke roop men bhi unhen jana jata hai.[1]

puraskar v samman

birajoo maharaj ne apani nrity pratibha ke bal par kee puraskar v samman bhi prapt kie hain. unhen bharat ke doosare sarvochch nagarik samman 'padm vibhooshan' se varsh 1986 men sammanit kiya gaya tha. 'kalidas samman' se bhi ve navaje ja chuke hain. unhen 'banaras hindoo vishvavidyalay' aur 'khairagadh vishvavidyalay' se daauktaret ki manad upadhi bhi mil chuki hai. gat kee varshon men unhonne vyapak roop se bhraman kiya hai aur kee prastutiyan v pradarshan vyakhyan die hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 birajoo maharaj (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2013.

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