ऋषिकेश मुखर्जी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rishikesh mukharji
rishikesh mukharji
poora nam rishikesh mukharji
prasiddh nam rishikesh da
janm 30 sitnbar, 1922
janm bhoomi kolakata, pashchim bngal
mrityu 27 agast, 2006
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr film nirdeshak
mukhy filmen 'anuradha', 'annd', 'golamal', 'abhiman', 'satyakam', 'chupake chupake', 'namak haram' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'dada sahab phalke puraskar', 'padm vibhooshan', 'rashtriy film puraskar', 'filmapheyar puraskar'.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari rishikesh da ne telivijan ke lie 'talash', 'ham hindustani', 'dhoop chhanv', 'rishte' aur 'ujale ki or' jaise dharavahik bhi banae.

rishikesh mukharji (angrezi: Hrishikesh Mukherjee, janm: 30 sitnbar 1922, kolakata; mrityu: 27 agast 2006) hindi filmon men ek aise filmakar ke roop men vikhyat hain, jinhonne behad mamooli vishayon par snjida filmen banane ke bavajood unake manornjan paksh ko kabhi anadekha nahin kiya. yahi karan hai ki unaki satyakam, ashirvad, chupake-chupake aur annd jaisi filmen aj bhi behad pasnd ki jati hain. rishikesh mukharji ki adhikatar filmon ko parivarik filmon ke dayare men rakha jata hai kyonki unhonne manaviy snbndhon ki barikiyon ko bakhoobi pesh kiya. unaki filmon men rajesh khanna, amitabh bachchan, dharmendr, sharmila taigor, jaya bhadudi jaise star abhineta aur abhinetriyan bhi apana staradam bhoolakar patron se bilkul ghulamil jate hain.

jivan parichay

30 sitnbar, 1922 ko kolakata men janme rishikesh mukharji filmon men ane se poorv ganit aur vigyan ka adhyapan karate the. unhen shatarnj khelane ka shauq tha. film nirman ke snskar unhen kolakata ke nyoo thietar se mile. unaki pratibha ko sahi akar dene men prasiddh nirdeshak bimal ray ka bhi bada hath hai.

filmi saphar

rishikesh mukharji ne 1951 men film “do bigha zamin” film men bimal ray ke sahayak ke roop men apana kariyar shuroo kiya tha. unake sath chhah sal tak kam karane ke bad unhonne 1957 men “musaphir” film se apane nirdeshan ke kariyar ki shuruat ki. is film ne baauks aauphis par achchha pradarshan to nahin kiya, lekin rajakapoor ko itana prabhavit kiya ki unhonne apani agali film “anadi” (1959) unake sath banaee. rishikesh mukharji ki film nirman ki pratibha ka loha samikshakon ne unaki doosari film anadi se hi man liya tha. yah film rajakapoor ke sadhe hue abhinay aur mukharji ke kase hue nirdeshan ke karan apane daur men kafi lokapriy huee. isake bad mukharji ne kabhi pichhe mudakar nahin dekha, unhonne “anuradha”, “anupama”, “ashirvad” aur “satyakam” jaisi aauph bit filmon ka bhi nirdeshan kiya. rishikesh mukharji ne char dashak ke apane filmi jivan men hamesha kuchh naya karane ka prayas kiya. rishikesh mukharji ki antim film 1998 ki “jhooth bole kaua kate” thi. unhonne telivijan ke lie talash, ham hindustani, dhoop chhanv, rishte aur ujale ki or jaise dharavahik bhi banae.[1]

nayab filmakar

abhinay hi nahin, ganon ke filmankan ke mamale men bhi rishikesh mukharji bejod the. anadi film ka git sab kuchh sikha hamane n sikhi hoshiyari.. annd film ka git 'kahin door jab din dhal jae.., abhiman ka git nadiya kinare.., namak haram ka git nadiya se dariya, dariya se sagar.., anuradha ka git hay vo din kyon n ae.., guddi ka git ham ko man ki shakti dena.. aur golamal ka git ane vala pal.. aj bhi behad akarshit karate hain.

rishikesh mukharji ne ek bar kaha tha ki parade par kisi jatil drishy ke bajay sadharan bhav ko chitrit karana kahin adhik mushkil kary hai. isalie main is tarah ke vishay men adhik ruchi rakhata hoon. main apani filmon men sndesh ko mithi chashani men pesh karata hoon, lekin hamesha is bat ka dhyan rakhata hoon ki isaki mithas kahin kadavi n ho jae.[2]

pramukh filmen

samman aur puraskar

  • 1961 men rishikesh mukharji ki film “anuradha” ko rashtriy film puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • 1972 men unaki film “annd” ko sarvashreshth kahani ke filmapheyar puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.
  • isake alava unhen aur unaki film ko tin bar filmapheyar best editing avard se sammanit kiya gaya jisamen 1956 ki film “naukari”, 1959 ki “madhumati” aur 1972 ki annd shamil hai.
  • unhen 1999 men bharatiy film jagath ke shirsh samman dada sahab phalke puraskar se navaja gaya.
  • sal 2001 men unhen “padm vibhooshan” se navaja gaya.[1]

nidhan

munbee men 27 agast 2006 ko hindi filmon ke is lokapriy filmakar ne is snsar roopi chitrapat ko vida kah diya. vartaman filmon men jab ham kaaumedi ke nam par dviarthi shabdon ka prayog dekhate hain to rishikesh mukharji ki kami bahut khalati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 manornjak filmon ke janak : rishikesh mukharji (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.
  2. manornjak filmon ke nayab filmakar the rishikesh mukharji (hindi) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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