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do bigha zamin
Do-bigha-zameen.jpg
nirdeshak bimal raauy
nirmata bimal raauy
lekhak salil chaudhari (kahani), paaul mahendr (hindi varta), rishikesh mukharji (paridrishy)
kalakar balaraj sahani, nirupa ray, ratan kumar, murad, rajalakshmi
prasiddh charitr shambhu
sngit salil chaudhari
gitakar shailendr
gayak lata mngeshakar, muhammad rafi aur manna de
prasiddh git aja ri a nindiya too a
chhayankan kamal bos
snpadan rishikesh mukharji
vitarak shimaro vidiyo praivet limited
pradarshan tithi 1953
avadhi 142 minat
bhasha hindi
puraskar filmafeyar- sarvashreshth film, sarvashreshth nirdeshak puraskar; samajik pragati ke lie puraskar
any janakari film ka nam 'do bigha zamin' ravindranath taigor ki isi nam ki kavita se rakha gaya tha. film ke kathanak ke hisab se bhi isase upayukt nam doosara nahin tha.

do bigha zamin (angrezi: Do Bigha Zameen) 1953 men bani prasiddh hindi film hai. yah prasiddh film nirdeshak bimal raauy dvara nirdeshit hai. balaraj sahani aur nirupa raauy ne is film men mukhy bhoomika nibhaee. film ke vishay men kaha jata hai ki yah ek samajavadi film hai aur bharat ke samanantar sinema ke prarnbh men mahattvapoorn filmon men se ek hai. is film se sngitakar salil chaudhari the. 'do bigha zamin' ki kahani salil chaudhari ne hi likhi thi. bharatiy kisanon ki durdasha par kendrit is film ko hindi ki mahanatam filmon men gina jata hai. itali ke nav yatharthavadi sinema se prerit vimal da ki do bigha zamin ek aise garib kisan ki kahani hai jo shahar chala jata hai. shahar akar vah riksha khinchakar rupaye kamata hai taki vah rehan padi zamin ko chhuda sake. garib kisan aur riksha chalak ki bhoomika men balaraj sahani ne behatarin abhinay kiya hai. vyavasayik taur par 'do bigha zamin' bhale hi kuchh khas saphal nahin rahi lekin is film ne vimal da ki antarrashtriy pahachan sthapit kar di. is film ke lie unhonne kans film mahotsav aur karlovi vairi film samaroh men puraskar jita. is film ne hindi sinema men vimal ray ke pair jama diye. 'do bigha zamin' ke lie bimal ray ko sarvashreshth nirdeshan ka pahala film feyar avard diya gaya.

kathavastu

kahani men shambhu kisan (balaraj sahani), usaki patni paro (nirupa ray) v putr kanhaiya (ratan kumar) mukhy patr hai. film ki kahani men ganv men bhayanak akal padane ke bad barish hoti hai jisase sabhi khush ho jate hain. ganv ka zamindar haraman sinh shahar ke thekedar se ganv men zamin bechane ka sauda kar leta hai. vah shambhu, (jo do bigha zamin ka malik hai) se bhi zamin bechane ke lie kahata hai.

do bigha zamin
Do Bigha Zamin

haraman sinh ko bahut vishvas tha ki vah shambhu ki zamin kharid lega. shambhu ne zamindar se kee bar paisa udhar liya tha jise vah chuka nahin paya tha. haraman sinh ne shambhu se us rin ke badale men apani zamin dene ke lie kaha. shambhu ne use apani zamin dene se mana kar diya kyonki vah zamin usaki jivika thi. haraman sinh dukhi ho gaya. haraman sinh ne agale hi din shambhu se udhar liya paisa chukane ke lie kaha. shambhu vapas akar apane pita v bete ki sahayata se rin ki rakam 65 rupaye nikalata hai. shambhu apane ghar ka sab kuchh bechakar paison ki vyavastha karata hai aur paise chukane zamindar ke pas jata hai. vahan shambhu yah janakar hairan ho jata hai ki rin ki rashi 235 rupaye hai. lekhakar se huee bhool ko nipatane ke lie shambhu adalat jata hai v lekhakar se huee bhool ko batata hai. vahan shambhu muqadama har jata hai. adalat phaisala sunata hai ki shambhu tin mahine ke andar apana rin chuka de anyatha usaki zamin ki nilami kar di jayegi.

murad (haraman sinh) aur balaraj sahani (shambhu)
Murad (Harman Singh) And Balraj Sahni (Shambhu)

shambhu paisa vapas karane ke lie kalakatta jata hai vahan vah ek riksha chalak ban jata hai tatha usaka beta kanhaiya ek mochi ban jata hai. tin mahine bit jate hain. rin chukane ka din qarib ane par shambhu zyada paisa kamane ke lie bahut tezise riksha khinchata hai. riksha se pahiya nikal jata hai v shambhu ki durghatana ho jati hai. apane pita ki halat ko dekhakar kanhaiya chori karana chaloo kar deta hai. jab shambhu ko kanhaiya ke bare men pata chalata hai to vah use bahut bura-bhala kahata hai. idhar shambhu ki patni ko shambhu aur kanhaiya ke bare men sochakar chinta hoti hai. vah un donon ko dhoodhane ke lie shahar a jati hai vahan usaka kar se durghatana ho jati hai. shambhu sara jama kiya hua paisa usake ilaj men laga deta hai. ganv men shambhu ki zamin ki nilami ho jati hai kyonki shambhu paisa chukane men asamarth ho jata hai. zamin zamindar haraman sinh ke pas chali jati hai aur vahan karakhane ka kam chaloo ho jata hai. shambhu aur usaka parivar ganv men apani zamin dekhane ata hai. vahan zamin ki jagah karakhana dekhakar bahut dukhi ho jata hai tatha muththi bhar gndagi karakhane par phainkata hai. vahan karakhane ke suraksha karmi use bahar nikal dete hain. film khatm ho jati hai tatha shambhu v usaka parivar vahan se chala jata hai.

balaraj sahani ka abhinay

balaraj sahani (shambhu) riksha chalate hue
Balraj Sahni (Shambhu) As Richshaw Puller

"do bigha zamin" men balaraj sahani ki bhoomika ek riksha chalak ki thi. balaraj sahani padhe-likhe shahari the aur riksha-chalak hota hai, bepadha dehati. vah sochane lage ki unaki bhoomika kahin darshakon ko banavati n lage. balaraj sahani ne "do bigha zamin" men abhinay ki taiyari ke lie ek anootha tariqa nikala. at: unhonne usaki pariksha karane ka ek anokha dhng nikala. unhonne riksha-chalak ke kapade pahane aur idhar-udhar ghoomate hue ek pan vale ki dukan par pahunche. thodi der tak ek or ko chupachap khade rahane ke bad unhonne panavadi se dehati bhav-bhngima men kaha, "bhaiya, sigaret ka ek paiket dena." panavadi ne nigah uthakar dekha, samane ek adami khada hai, jisake sir par ek angochha lipata hai aur badan par dehati adami ke kapade. usane use dutakarate hue kaha, "ja-ja, bada aya hai sigaret lene vala!" balaraj sahani ko usake vyavahar se badi khushi huee aur unhen bharosa ho gaya ki vah badi khoobi se riksha-chalak ki bhoomika ada kar sakenge. vah film badi saphal huee aur usaka shrey mila riksha-chalak ki bhoomika nibhane ke lie balaraj sahani ko.[1]

nirman

balaraj sahani aur nirupa raauy ke mukhy bhoomika vali is kahani men ek aise kisan ki majabooriyan dikhaee gee hain jo apani 'do bigha zamin' bachane ke lie lad raha hai. film shaharon ki taraph palayan ke vishay ko bhi ubharakar laee. baisikal thivj se prerit bimal raauy ko yakin nahin tha ki lndan se laute angrej balaraj sahani vastav men kisan shambhoo ki bhoomika ke sath nyay bhi kar paenge lekin jab unhen shambhoo ki bhoomika mili to balaraj ne apane kiradar ko utarane men koee kasar nahin chhodi. kee-kee din vo bhookhe rahe. yahan tak ki ise samajhane ke lie unhonne riksha chalakon ke bich vaqt bitaya. parikshit sahani batate hain ki unaki man aur bua ko balaraj sahani rikshe par baithakar nnge pair ghnton riksha khincha karate the taki ve film men apani bhoomika ko sahi tarah se nibha saken.

mukhy kalakar

mina kumari (thakurain) aja ri nindiya tu a gate hue
  • balaraj sahani - shambhu matho
  • nirupa ray - parvati (paro)
  • ratan kumar - kanhaiya
  • murad - thakur haraman sinh
  • mina kumari - thakurain
  • rajalakshmi - nayabaji
  • nana palsikar - dhangu matho (shambhu ke pita)
  • noor - noorajahan ke roop men
  • nasir husain - riksha (pechakash nazir husain ke roop men)
  • rekha malik - rekha ke roop men
  • jagadip - laloo ustad, joote paaulish karane vala ladaka

mukhy gane

  • aja ri nindiya tu a… :- lata mngeshakar
  • azab tori duniya ho mere raja… :- mohammad rafi
  • dharati kahe pukar ke… :- manna de, lata mngeshakar, koras
  • hariyala savan dhol bajata aya… :- manna de, lata mngeshakar, koras

puraskar evn samman

  • 1953: filmafeyar- sarvashreshth film
  • 1953: filmafeyar- sarvashreshth nirdeshak
  • karlovi vairi film samaroh - samajik pragati ke lie puraskar

kans film mahotsav

1953 men ek anajan se nirdeshak ne darshakon ke samane rakha apana shahakar... 'do bigha zamin'. is film ne n keval sabase achchhi film ke lie pahala filmapheyar puraskar paya balki nirdeshak bimal raauy ko pahala sarvashreshth nirdeshak ka khitab bhi diya gaya. 1953 men pradarshit huee is film ki akhabaron men dhajjiyan udaee geen. bimal raauy isase kafi nirash ho ge. yahan tak ki unhonne ne-ne sthapit filmapheyar puraskar samaroh men jane se mana kar diya. ye bhi ajibogarib hai ki us rat ghoshit 5 men se do puraskar 'do bigha zamin' ko mile. yahi film antarrashtriy kans film mahotsav men puraskar jitane vali pahali bharatiy film bhi bani.

vibhinn samikshakon ka drishtikon

hindi aur bangla film jagath ke mahanh nirmata-nirdeshak bimal raauy ne jab apana svayn ka prodakshan haus sthapit kiya, tab isake tahat unhonne jo pahali film banaee, vah thi-do bigha zamin. is film ka pradarshan bharatiy parde par kalatmak aur yatharthavadi roop se ek aitihasik ghatana thi. sanh 1953 men nirmit yah film n sirph kalatmak roop se kafi sarahi gee, balki vyavasayik roop se bhi yah behad saphal rahi. rashtriy aur antararashtriy star par man-samman bhi bahut mila. film ka nam 'do bigha zamin' ravindranath taigor ki isi nam ki kavita se rakha gaya tha. film ke kathanak ke hisab se bhi isase upayukt nam doosara nahin tha. film ki kahani badi karoon hai. isamen ek bngali kisan ke sngharsh ki gatha hai, jo apani 'do bigha zamin' ki raksha karane ke lie tatpar hai, jis par vah aur usaka parivar ashrit hai. akalagrast apani zamin ko bachane ke lie vah mahanagar kalakatta chala jata hai, jahan vah riksha khinchakar apani roji kamata hai. usake sath usaka nanha putr bhi jata hai aur vah boot-paaulish ka kam karata hai. rupaya kamakar jab vah vapas lautata hai, to dekhata hai ki usaki zamin par ek karakhana ban raha hai. 'do bigha zamin' hriday-sparshi aur parishkrit roop se ek bedakhal kisan ka jivnt chitran hai. ek kisan ke bahane dekha jae, to yah film sampoorn bharatiy kisan-samaj ka sabase manaviy chitran prastut karati hai. is film men n sirph sarvakalik upekshiton ki, balki shoshiton ki bhi pida hai. apani antarik shreshthata, sachchi bharatiyata ke hi karan 'do bigha zamin' ne kans antararashtriy film mahotsav, roos aur any deshon men badi prashnsa prapt ki. bahut se yooropiy samikshakon ne is film ko us sal ki sarvadhik karunik aur yadagar trasadi kaha. 'do bigha zamin' pahali aisi bharatiy film hai, jise kans antararashtriy film mahotsav men shreshth film ke khitab se navaja gaya.
'do bigha zamin' ek sidhi-sadi kam bajat ki film thi, jisamen pray: italavi nav-yatharthavad ka pravash dikhata hai. samajavad se prerit is film ke yatharth ne ek naya ayam kayam kiya. film men dikhaee gee shahar ki sadaken aur ganv ke sookhe khet sabhi kuchh ek naya kautuk banakar samane ate hain. isake patr, snvad aur abhinay itane jivnt hain ki ve sachamuch is dharati ke hi patr lagate hain. film men git halanki kam hain, magar jitane the, vah aj bhi hridayagrahi hain. masalan- hariyala savan dhol bajata aya... aja ri a nindiya too a..., dharati kahe pukar ke...adi. ye git aj bhi behad lokapriy aur samasamayik hain. kaha jata hai 'do bigha zamin' itali ke mashahoor filmakar vitoriyo disika ki charchit film 'bayasikal thivs' se prerit thi. is sndarbh men jab bimal raauy se ek bar poochha gaya, to unaka saragarbhit javab tha- shayad katha lekhak se, na ki nirdeshak se. bimal raauy dvara buddhimatapoorn dhng se nirdeshit, kamal bos dvara sundar roop se chhayankit aur har ek kalakar ke dvara snvedanashilata ke sath abhinit yah film ni:sndeh ek yadagar film hai, sath hi preranadayi bhi. is film men vah durlabh jaduee sparsh hai, sarvabhaumik manavata ka bodh hai, jo snsar ko bhaee-chare ke ek sootr men bandh deta hai.

pratishthit videshi samachar patron men prakashit film 'do bigha zamin' ki samikshaon ke kuchh khas charchit ansh
  • 'do bigha zamin' nav-yatharthavad ka ek namoona hai. -mainachaistar garjiyan
  • 'do bigha zamin' itali ki lokapriy film vayasikal thivs se vyutpann pratit hoti hai. -deli teligraf
  • 'do bigha zamin' sarvadhik karunik, sarvadhik janakari dene vali aur sarvadhik yadagar film hai. -nyoo kraaunikal
  • 'do bigha zamin' men yatharthavad bhavanatmakata ke sath sammishrit hota hai. -d taim
  • 'do bigha zamin' ek prachy film hai. -rinaauldas
  • 'do bigha zamin' bharat ki vayasikal thivs hai. -snde taims
  • 'do bigha zamin' men ek bedakhal kisan ka jivnt chitran hai. -fayanenshiyal taims
  • 'do bigha zamin' ashcharyajanak roop se ek vastavik laghu trasadi hai. -aauksaphord mel[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kushal kalakar (hindi) (ech.ti.em) abhivyakti. abhigaman tithi: 1 sitnbar, 2010.
  2. khatri, thakuradas. kisan-samaj ka sashakt manaviy chitran (hindi) deli nyooz. abhigaman tithi: 31 janavari, 2015.

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