मन्ना डे  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manna de
manna de
poora nam prabodh chandr de
prasiddh nam manna de
janm 1 mee, 1920
janm bhoomi kolakata
mrityu 24 aktoobar, 2013 (94 varsh)
mrityu sthan bngalor, karnatak
abhibhavak poorn chndr, mahamaya de
pati/patni sulochana kumaran
sntan suroma, sumita (donon putri)
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr parshvagayak
shiksha snatak
vidyalay vidyasagar kaaulej, kolakata
puraskar-upadhi padmashri puraskar, padmabhooshan aur dada sahab phalke puraskar
vishesh yogadan shastriy sngit ko film jagath men pahachan dilane men pramukh yogadan raha.
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddh git 'ye rat bhigi-bhigi' (shri 420), 'kasme vade pyar vapha sab' (upakar), 'laga chunari men dag' (dil hi to hai), 'zindagi kaisi hai paheli hay' (annd), 'pyar hua ikarar hua' (shri 420), 'yari hai eeman mera yar' (znjir) adi.
any janakari manna de ne apane panch dashak ke kairiyar men lagabhag 3500 git gae.
bahari kadiyan manna de
adyatan‎

manna de (angrezi: Manna Dey, mool nam: 'prabodh chandr de', janm: 1 mee, 1920 - mrityu: 24 aktoobar, 2013) bharatiy sinema jagath men hindi evn bangla filmon ke suprasiddh parshvagayak the. 1950 se 1970 ke dashakon men unaki prasiddhi charam par thi. unake gae giton ki snkhya 3500 se bhi adhik hai. unhen 2007 ke pratishthit 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' ke lie chuna gaya tha. bharat sarakar ne unhen san 2005 men kala ke kshetr men 'padm bhooshan' se sammanit kiya tha. manna de ne apane jivan ke 50 sal munbee men bitaye.

jivan parichay

prabodh chandr de urph manna de ka janm 1 mee 1920 ko kolakata men hua. manna de ke pita unhen vakil banana chahate the, lekin manna de ka rujhan sngit ki or tha. vah isi kshetr men apana kairiyar banana chahate the. 'ustad abdul rahaman khan' aur 'ustad aman ali khan' se unhonne shastriy sngit sikha. manna de ne sngit ki prarnbhik shiksha apane chacha 'ke si de' se hasil ki.

bachapan

manna de ke bachapan ke dinon ka ek dilachasp vakaya hai. ustad badal khan aur manna de ke chacha ek bar sath-sath riyaj kar rahe the. tabhi badal khan ne manna de ki avaz suni aur unake chacha se poochha, yah kaun ga raha hai. jab manna de ko bulaya gaya to unhonne kaha ki bas, aise hi ga leta hoon. lekin badal khan ne manna de men chhipi pratibha ko pahachan liya. isake bad vah apane chacha se sngit ki shiksha lene lage.[1]

shiksha

manna de ne apane bachapan ki padhaee ek chhote se skool 'indu babur pathashala' se ki. 'skaautish charch kaaulijiyet skool' v 'skaautish charch kaaulej' se padhaee karane ke bad unhonne kolakata ke 'vidyasagar kaaulej' se snatak ki shiksha poori ki. apane skaautish charch kaaulej ke dinon men unaki gayaki ki pratibha logon ke samane ayi. tab ve apane sath ke vidyarthiyon ko gakar sunaya karate the aur unaka manornjan kiya karate the. yahi vo samay tha jab unhonne tin sal tak lagatar 'antar-mahavidyalay gayan-pratiyogitaon' men pratham sthan paya. bachapan se hi manna ko kushti, mukkebaji aur phutabaaul ka shauq raha aur unhonne in sabhi khelon men utkrisht pradarshan kiya. unaka kafi hnsamukh chhavi vala vyaktitv raha hai aur apane doston v sathiyon ke sath majak karate rahate hain.

manna de

parivar

sngit ne hi manna de ko apani jivanasathi 'sulochana kumaran' se milavaya tha. 18 disambar 1953 ko manna de ne keral ki sulochana kumaran se vivah kiya. inaki do betiyan hueen. suroma ka janm 19 aktoobar 1956 aur sumita ka 20 joon 1958 ko hua. donon betiyan suroma aur sumita gayan ke kshetr men nahin aeen. ek beti amarika men basi hai.

kairiyar

pahale ve ke. si. de ke sath the phir bad men sachin dev barman ke sahayak bane. bad men unhonne aur bhi kee sngit nirdeshakon ke sath kam kiya aur phir akele hi sngit nirdeshan karane lage. kee filmon men sngit nirdeshan ka kam akele karate hue bhi manna de ne ustad aman ali aur ustad abdul rahaman khan se hindustani shastriy sngit ki shiksha lena jari rakha.

gayan ka prarambh

manna de 1940 ke dashak men apane chacha ke sath sngit ke kshetr men apane sapanon ko sakar karane ke lie munbee a ge. varsh 1943 men film 'tamanna' men bataur parshv gayak unhen suraiya ke sath gane ka mauka mila. halanki isase pahale vah film 'ramarajy' men koras ke roop men ga chuke the. dilachasp bat hai ki yahi ek ekamatr film thi jise rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne dekha tha. manna de ki pratibha ko pahachanane valon men sngitakar shnkar jayakishan ka nam khas taur par ullekhaniy hai. is jodi़ ne manna de se alag-alag shaili men git gavae. unhonne manna de se 'aja sanam madhur chandani men ham...' jaise rumani git aur 'ketaki gulab joohi...' jaise shastriy rag par adharit git bhi gavae. dilachasp bat hai ki shuruat men manna de ne yah git gane se mana kar diya tha.[1]

pahala gana

manna de ne 1943 ki film "tamanna" se parshv gayan ke kshetr men qadam rakha. sngit nirdeshan kiya tha kॄshnachndr de ne aur manna ke sath thin suraiya. 1950 ki "mashal" men unhonne ekal git "oopar gagan vishal" gaya jisako sngit ki madhur dhunon se sajaya tha sachin dev barman ne. 1952 men manna de ne bngali aur marathi film men gana gaya. ye donon film ek hi nam "amar bhoopali" aur ek hi kahani par adharit thin. isake bad unhonne parshvagayan men apane pair jama liye.[2]

gayan men vibhinnata

manna de ko apane kairiyar ke shuruati daur men adhik prasiddhi nahin mili. isaki mukhy vajah yah rahi ki unaki sadhi huee avaz kisi gayak par phit nahin baithati thi. yahi karan hai ki ek jamane men vah hasy abhineta mahamood aur charitr abhineta pran ke lie git gane ko majaboor the. pran ke lie unhonne film 'upakar' men 'kasme vade pyar vapha...' aur znjir men 'yari hai eeman mera yar meri zindagi...' jaise git gae. usi daur men unhonne film 'pado़san' men hasy abhineta mahamood ke lie ek chatur nar... git gaya to unhen mahamood ki avaz samajha jane laga. amataur par pahale mana jata tha ki manna de keval shastriy git hi ga sakate hain, lekin bad men unhonne 'ai mere pyare vatan'..., 'o meri johara jabin'..., 'ye rat bhigi bhigi'..., 'na to karavan ki talash hai'... aur 'e bhaee jara dekh ke chalo'... jaise git gakar alochakon ka munh sada ke lie bnd kar diya.[2]

atmakatha

varsh 2005 men 'annda prakashan' ne bngali unaki atmakatha "jiboner jalasoghore" prakashit ki. unaki atmakatha ko angrezi men painguin buks ne "Memories Alive" ke nam se chhapa to hindi men isi prakashan ki or se "yaden ji uthi" ke nam se prakashit ki. marathi snskaran "jiboner jalasaghore" sahity prasar kendr, pune dvara prakashit kiya gaya.[2]

vrittachitr

manna de ke jivan par adharit "jibonere jalasoghore" namak ek angrezi vrittachitr 30 apral 2008 ko nndan, kolakata men riliz hua. isaka nirman "manna de sngit akadami dvara" kiya gaya. isaka nirdeshan kiya da. saroopa sanyal aur vipanan ka kam sambhala sa re ga ma (ech.em.vi) ne.[2]

manna de ke prasiddh git

hindi ke alava bangla aur marathi git bhi gae hain. manna ne antim filmi git 'prahar' film ke lie gaya tha. manna da ne harivnsh ray bachchan ki 'madhushala' ko bhi apani avaz di hai jo kafi lokapriy hai. manna de ke gaye kuchh prasiddh git nimnalikhit hain-

  • ye rat bhigi-bhigi (shri 420)
  • kasme vade pyar vapha sab (upakar)
  • laga chunari men dag (dil hi to hai)
  • zindagi kaisi hai pahali hay (annd)
  • pyar hua ikarar hua (shri 420)
  • ai meri joharan jabi (vaqt)
  • ai mere pyare vatan (kabulivala)
  • poochho n kaise mainne rain bitaee (meri soorat teri ankhen)
  • yari hai eeman mera yar meri zindagi (znjir)
  • ik chatur nar karake singar (padosan)
  • too pyar ka sagar hai (sima). [3]

manna de ki gayaki ke murid

rafi aur kishor kumar ke sath manna de

kuchh logon ko pratibhashali hone ke bavajood vo man-samman ya shrey nahin milata, jisake ki ve hakadar hote hain. hindi film sngit men is drishti se dekha jae to manna de ka nam sabase pahale ata hai. manna ne jis daur men git gae, us daur men har sngitakar ka koee n koee priy gayak tha, jo film ke adhikansh git usase gavata tha. manna de ki pratibha ke sabhi kayal the, lekin sahayak hiro, kaaumediyan, bhikhari, sadhu par koee git filmana ho to manna de ko yad kiya jata tha. manna de thahare sidhe-saral adami, jo gana milata use ga dete. ye unaki pratibha ka kamal hai ki un giton ko bhi lokapriyata mili. [3]

  • prasiddh gitakar prem dhavan ne manna de ke bare men kaha tha ki 'manna de har renj men git gane men saksham hai. jab vah ooncha sur lagate hai to aisa lagata hai ki sara asaman unake sath ga raha hai, jab vo nicha sur lagate hai to lagata hai usamen patal jitani gaharaee hai aur yadi vah madhyam sur lagate hai to lagata hai unake sath sari dharati jhoom rahi hai.' manna de keval shabdon ko hi nahin gate the, apane gayan se vah shabd ke pichhe chhipe bhav ko bhi khoobasoorati se samane late the. shayad yahi karan hai ki prasiddh hindi kavi harivnsh ray bachchan ne apani amar kriti madhushala ko svar dene ke lie manna de ka chayan kiya.
  • prasiddh sngitakar anil vishvas ne ek bar kaha tha ki 'manna de har vah git ga sakate hain jo mohammad raphi, kishor kumar ya mukesh ne gae hon. lekin inamen koee bhi manna de ke har git ko nahin ga sakata.'
  • avaz ki duniya ke betaj badashah mohammad rafi ne ek bar kaha tha ki 'ap log mere git sunate hain, lekin yadi mujhase poochha jae to main kahoonga ki main manna de ke giton ko hi sunata hoon.'
  • mahendr kapoor ne kaha 'ham sabhi unhen aj bhi manna da ke nam se hi pukarate hain. shastriy gayaki men unaka koee sani nahin. nirmata ko jab bhi shastriy gayak ki zaroorat hoti thi, ve sabase pahale git manna da se hi gavana chahate the. yah alag bat hai ki dada bahut jyada git nahin gate the. mujhe bhi unake sath bahut jyada git gane ka avasar nahin mila, lekin jo bhi gaya, sabhi hit hue.'

samman aur puraskar

manna de ne apane panch dashak ke kairiyar men lagabhag 3500 git gae. bharat sarakar ne manna de ko sngit ke kshetr men behatarin yogadan ke lie padm bhooshan aur padmashri samman se navaja. isake alava 1969 men 'mere hazoor' aur 1971 men bangla film 'nishi padma' ke lie 'sarvashreshth gayak' ka rashtriy puraskar bhi unhen diya gaya. unhen madhyapradesh, keral, maharashtr, udisa aur bangladesh ki sarakaron ne bhi vibhinn puraskaron se navaja hai.[4] manna de ke sngit ke surile saphar men ek naya adhyay tab jud gaya jab filmon men unake ullekhaniy yogadan ko dekhate hue unhen filmon ke sarvochch samman dada sahab phalke puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya.

nidhan

manna de ka lnbi bimari ke bad bngalor shahar ke ek aspatal men 24 aktoobar 2013 ko subah tadake nidhan ho gaya. 94 varshiy manna de ko panch mah pahale sans snbndhi samasyaon ki vajah se narayan hridayalay men bharti karaya gaya tha. unhonne tadake 3 : 50 minat par antim sans li. unake parivar ke sadasyon ne bataya ki antim samay men manna de ke pas unaki putri shumita dev aur unake damad gyanarnjan dev maujood the. manna de ki do betiyan hain. ek beti amerika men rahati hai.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 sabase juda hai manna de ki gayaki ka andaj (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) laiv hindustan daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 26 apral, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 yaden ji uthi....manna de ke sng (hindi) avaz blaaug. abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 manna de : too pyar ka sagar hai (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 26 apral, 2011.
  4. raphi bhi murid the manna de ki gayiki ke (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 22 apral, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

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