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muhammad rafi
Mohd.Rafi.jpg
poora nam muhammad rafi
janm 24 disambar, 1924
janm bhoomi amritasar , pnjab
mrityu 31 julaee, 1980
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak hazi ali muhammad
pati/patni begam viqalis
sntan sat (char putr aur tin putriyan)
karm bhoomi munbee
karm-kshetr parshvagayak
puraskar-upadhi 1965 men 'padmashri', 6 bar 'filmafeyar puraskar', 1 bar 'rashtriy film puraskar'
nagarikata bharatiy
mukhy git 'chaudahavin ka chand ho', 'chhoo lene do najuk hothon ko', 'dil ke jharokhe men', 'khilauna janakar', 'yad na jae' adi.
any janakari qarib 40 sal ke filmi gayan men 25 hazar se adhik gane rikaaurd karavae.

muhammad rafi (angrezi: Mohammed Rafi; janm- 24 disambar, 1924, amritasar; mrityu- 31 julaee, 1980, munbee) hindi sinema ke shreshthatam parshvagayakon men se ek the, jinhonne qarib 40 sal ke filmi gayan men 25 hazar se adhik gane rikaaurd karavae. apani avaz ki madhurata aur paras ki adhikata ke lie inhonne apane samakalin gayakon ke bich alag pahachan banaee thi. inhen 'shahnshah-e-tarannum' bhi kaha jata tha.

janm aur parivar

muhammad rafi ka janm 24 disambar, 1924 ko amritasar zila, pnjab men hua tha. rafi ne kam umr se hi sngit men ruchi dikhani shuroo kar di thi. bachapan men hi unaka parivar gram se lahaur a gaya tha. rafi ke bade bhaee unake lie prerana ke pramukh srot the. rafi ke bade bhaee ki amritasar men naee ki dukan thi aur rafi bachapan men isi dukan par akar baithate the. unaki dukan par ek fakir roj akar soofi gane sunata tha. sat sal ke rafi sahab ko us fakir ki avaz itani bhane lagi ki ve din bhar us fakir ka pichha kar usake gae git suna karate the. jab fakir apana gana bnd kar khana khane ya aram karane chala jata to rafi usaki nakal kar gane ki koshish kiya karate the. ve us fakir ke gae git usi ki avaz men gane men itane mashagool ho jate the ki unako pata hi nahin chalata tha ki unake asapas logon ki bhid khadi ho gee hai. koee jab unaki dukan men bal katane ata to sat sal ke muhammad rafi se ek gane ki pharamaeesh jarur karata.

vivah

muhammad rafi ne begam viqalis se vivah kiya tha, aur unaki sat sntane hueen, jinamen char bete tatha tin betiyan hain.

sarvajanik pradarshan

qarib 15 varsh ki umr men unhen snyogavash sarvajanik pradarshan ka mauqa mila, jo unake jivan men mahattvapoorn mod sabit hua. shrotaon men prasiddh sngitakar shyam sundar bhi the, jinhonne rafi ki pratibha se prabhavit hokar unhen filmon men gane ke lie bnbee (vartaman munbee) bulaya.

pahala git

rafi ne apana pahala gana pnjabi film 'gul baloch' ke lie gaya. bnbee men unhonne hindi men shuruati git 'ganv ki gori' (1945), 'samaj ko badal dalo' (1947) aur 'juganoo' (1947) jaisi filmon ke lie gae. sngitakar naushad ne honahar gayak ki kshamata ko pahachana aur film 'anamol ghadi' (1946) men rafi se pahali bar ekal gana 'tera khilauna toota balak' aur phir film 'dillagi' (1949) men 'is duniya men ae dilavalon' gana gavaya, jo bahut saphal siddh hue.

any git

bad ke varshon men rafi ki mang behad badh gee. vah tatkalin shirsh sitaron ki sunahari avaz the. unaka mahanatam gun parde par unake gane par honth hilane vale abhineta ke vyaktitv ke anuroop apani avaz ko dhalane ki kshamata thi. is prakar 'lidar' (1964) men 'tere husn ki kya tarif karoo' gate samay vah roomani dilip kumar the, 'pyasa' (1957) men 'ye duniya agar mil bhi jae, to kya hai' jaise ganon men gurudatt ki atma the, film 'jngali' (1961) men 'ya hoo' gate hue adamy shammi kapoor the aur yahan tak ki 'pyasa' men tel malish ki peshakash karane vale shararati jaauni vaaukar bhi the. hindi film ke pramukh samakalin parshv gayakon ke sath unake yugal git bhi utane hi yadagar aur lokapriy hain.

shanadar gayaki

rafi ki shanadar gayaki ne kee giton ko amar bana diya, jinamen vibhinn manobhavon aur shailiyon ki jhalak hai. unake giton ke khazane men film 'kohinoor' (1907) ka 'madhuban men radhika nache re' aur 'baijoo bavara' (1952) ka 'o duniya ke rakhavale' jaise shastriy git; film 'dulari' (1949) ki 'suhani rat dhal chuki' tatha 'chaudahavin ka chand' (1960) jaisi gazalen; 1965 ki film 'sikndar-e-azam' se 'jahan dal-dal par', 'haqiqat' (1964) se 'kar chale ham fida' tatha 'lidar' (1964) se 'apani azadi ko ham jaise atma ko jhakajhorane vale' deshabhakti git; aur 'tisari mnzil' (1964) ka 'raauk aind rol' se prabhavit 'aja-aja main hoon pyar tera' jaise halke-phulke gane shamil hain. unhonne antim gana 1980 ki film 'asapas' ke lie 'too kahin asapas hai ai dost' gaya tha.

moharram men kam bnd

lata mngeshakar aur jayakishan ke sath mo. rafi

muhammad rafi moharram ki das tarikh tak gana nahin gate the. ramazan men bhi gana to bnd nahin karate the, lekin rikaaurding dopahar se pahale kar liya karate the. muhammad rafi pakke mazahabi the. namaz ke sath doosare arakan ke lie vo vaqt nikal lete the.

avaz ki visheshata

mohammad rafi ki avaz men adbhut vistar tha, jisaka sngitakaron ne bakhoobi istemal kiya. poori tin pidhiyon tak apani avaz dene vale mohammad rafi ka kahana tha ki- "avaz to khuda ki den hai." unaki bat bilkul sahi hai. qarib 25 kalakaron ko apani avaz dene vale mohammad rafi ke git sunate hi log jan jate the ki yah git kis par filmaya gaya hoga. phir chahe ve gurudatt hon, shammi kapoor hon ya phir jaauni vaaukar hon. in sabhi kalakaron ke lie unaki avaz men ek vishesh tarah ki loch hoti thi, jo unhen us kalakar se jod deti thi. ise mimikri kadapi nahin kaha ja sakata. yah to unaki svabhavikata thi, jo har tarah ke kalakar ke lie apani avaz ko dhal lete the.[1]

udar hriday

muhammad rafi udar hriday ke vyakti the. koee kabhi unake pas se khali hath nahin jata tha. apane shuruati dinon men sngitakar jodi lakshmikant-pyarelal ke lie unhonne namamatr ka mehanatana liya taki yah jodi filmi duniya men jam sake. ganon ki raauyalti ko lekar bhi unaka ek ajab aur udar ravaiya tha. isako lekar unaka lata mngeshakar se vivad bhi ho gaya tha. lata mngeshakar ka kahana tha ki gana gane ke bad bhi un ganon se hone vali amadani ki rayalti gayakon-gayikaon ko milana chahie. magar usool ke pakke rafi sahab isake ekadam khilaf the ve manate the ki ek bar gane rikaaurd ho ge aur gayak-gayikaon ko unaka paisa milate hi bat khatm ho jati hai.  is bat ko lekar donon men vivad itana badha ki donon ne ek sath git nahin gae.  bad men naragis ki pahal par donon ka vivad sulajha aur donon ne ek sath film 'jvail thiph' men 'dil pukare' git gaya.

samman aur puraskar

prithviraj kapoor ke sath apane janm din ke avasar par mo. rafi

bharat sarakar ne rafi ko 1965 men padmashri se sammanit kiya tha. rafi sahab 23 bar filmafeyar puraskaron ke lie namit hue, jinamen 6 bar unhen yah puraskar mila. rafi sahab ko mile namankan filmafeyar puraskaron ki soochi:-

varsh git (gana) aur film ka nam namit / vijit
1960 chaudahavin ka chand ho (film - chaudahavin ka chand) vijit
1961 husn vale tera javab nahin (film - gharana) namit
1961 teri pyari pyari soorat ko (film - sasural) vijit
1962 ai gulabadan (film - profesar) namit
1963 mere mahaboob tujhe meri muhabbat ki qasam (film - mere mahaboob) namit
1964 chahoonga men tujhe (film - dosti) vijit
1965 chhoo lene do najuk hothon ko (film - kajal) namit
1966 baharon phool barasao (film - sooraj) vijit
1968 main gaoon tum so jao (film - brahmachari) namit
1968 babul ki duaen leti ja (film - nilakamal) namit
1968 dil ke jharokhe men (film - brahmachari) vijit
1969 badi mushkil hai (film - jine ki rah) namit
1970 khilauna janakar tum to, mera dil tod jate ho (film -khilauna) namit
1973 hamako to jan se pyari hai (film - naina) namit
1974 achchha hi hua dil toot gaya (film - man bahan aur bivi) namit
1977 parada hai parada (film - amar akabar enthani) namit
1977 kya hua tera vada (film - ham kisi se kam nahin) vijit
1978 adami musafir hai (film - apanapan) namit
1979 chalo re doli uthao kahar (film - jani dushman) namit
1979 mere dost kissa ye (film - dostana) namit
1980 dard-e-dil, dard-e-zigar (film - karj) namit
1980 maine poochha chand se (film - abdulla) namit
muhammad rafi par jari googal doodal (24 disambar, 2017)

nidhan

rafi sahab ka nidhan 31 julaee, 1980 ko hua.

googal doodal

avaz ki duniya ke betaj badashah mohammad rafi ka 24 disambar, 2017 ko 93van janmadin hai. unake janmadin ke mauke par googal ne apana khas doodal banakar unhen samarpit kiya hai. hindi sinema ke behatarin gayak mohammad rafi ke liye ye doodal munbee men rahane vale ilestryootar sajid shekh ne banaya hai. is doodal men rafi sahab ko stoodiyo men kisi gane ki rikaaurding karate dikhaya gaya hai, jabaki doosari taraf parde par use abhinetri tatha abhineta dohara rahe hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. avaz ka jadoo chal gaya (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 disambar, 2012.

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