रेशमा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

reshama
reshama
poora nam reshama
janm 1947
janm bhoomi bikaner, rajasthan (bharat)
mrityu 3 navambar 2013
mrityu sthan lahaur, pakistan
karm-kshetr lok gayika
puraskar-upadhi sitara-e-imtiyaz[1], lijends aauph pakistan
prasiddh git 'dama dam mast kalndar', 'hay o rabba niyon lagada dil mera', 'lnbi judaee', ankhiyan noo rahan de adi
any janakari rajakapoor ne film baaubi men inake git 'ankhiyan noo rahan de' ki tarj ka istemal karate hue lata mngeshakar se 'ankhiyon ko rahane de, ankhiyon ke as-pas' gana bhi gavaya.

reshama (angrezi: Reshma, janm: 1947 – mrityu: 3 navambar 2013) sitara-e-imtiyaz se sammanit pakistani lok gayika thin. vo bharat men bhi kafi lokapriy thi. reshama prasiddh film nirmata-nirdeshak subhash ghee ki film hiro ke ‘lnbi judaee’ vale gane se bharat men bahut mashahoor huee thin. rajasthan ke bikaner men reshama ka janm hua tha. reshama ka bharat se bhi gahara rishta raha hai. bntavare ke bad reshama ka parivar karachi chala gaya tha. 12 sal ki umr se hi reshama gayaki men mashahoor ho geen. pakistan rediyo par reshama ne apana pahala soofi gana lal meri... gaya. bad men ye ek badi soofi gayika ke roop men jani geen.

jivan parichay

1947 men rajasthan ke bikaner men ek bnjara parivar men janmi reshama lok gayaki ke lie mashahoor rahin. bharat-pakistan vibhajan ke bad unaka parivar karachi jakar bas gaya. reshama ne sngit ki koee aupacharik shiksha nahin li thi aur vah daragah par gati thin. aise hi, shahabaj kalndar ki daragah par 12 sal ki nanhin reshama ko gate sun kar ek tivi evn rediyo prodyoosar ne pakistan ke sarakari rediyo par charchit git ‘lal meri’ reshama se gavane ki vyavastha ki. yah git behad lokapriy hua aur reshama pakistan ke lokapriy lok gayakon men shamil ho geen. 1960 ke dashak men reshama ka jadoo sir chadhakar bol raha tha aur unhonne pakistani tatha bharatiy film udyog men apani pratibha ka loha manavaya. pakistani baind ‘lal’ ke pramukh gayak shaharam ajahar ne bataya, vah apane ap men ek snsthan thin aur unaki jaisi gayika ke jane ka matalab ek yug ka avasan hai. unaka jana sngit jagat ki bahut badi kshati hai. hay o rabba nahin lagada dil mera aur ankhiyan noo rahane de ankhiyon de kol kol jaise git reshama ki reshami avaz़ men saj kar mano khud par ithalate the. unaki avaz़ men alag hi tarah ki kashish thi jo unako sabase alag pahachan deti thi.[2]

prasiddh git

reshama 12 sal ki umr men ek bar shahabaj kalndar ki daragah par gati huee dikhin. reshama par tivi aur rediyo ke ek prodyoosar ki nazar padi. unh‍honne pakish‍tan rediyo par 'lal meri' ki rikaaurding ka intajam kiya. reshama ki yah rikaaurding jabaradash‍t hit rahi. vah 1960 ke dashak se hi pakistan ki tivi par gane lagi thin. unaki avaz men 'dama dam mast kalndar', 'hay o rabba niyon lagada dil mera' aur 'ankhiyan noo rahan de' jaise gane logon ki juban par chadh ge. rajakapoor ne to film baaubi men 'ankhiyan noo rahan de' ki tarj ka istemal karate hue lata mngeshakar se 'ankhiyon ko rahane de, ankhiyon ke as-pas' gana bhi gavaya.

Blockquote-open.gif reshama ko unaki mati ke bulave ka vasta diya vo theth deshi maravadi lahaje men bolin, "agar mati bulav to batao pher main kiya ruk sakoo hoon? Blockquote-close.gif

arthik pareshaniyan

ek daur aisa bhi aya jab reshama arthik pareshaniyon men ghir geen. tab pakistan ke poorv rashtrapati aur sngit premi paravej musharraph ne unhen das lakh rupaye die taki vah apana rin chuka saken. bad men musharraph ne reshama ke lie prati mah 10,000 rupaye ki sahayata bhi nirdharit kar di. reshama ko jab 6 aprail 2013 ko lahaur ke daauktars haauspital men bharti karaya gaya tha to najam sethi ki aguvaee vali tatkalin karyavahak sarakar ne unake chikitsakiy kharch ka bhugatan karane ka phaisala kiya tha. reshama ne kaha tha, main amerika, kanada sahit kee deshon men gee. usake bad main bharat gee jahan logon ne mujhe kafi samman diya.[2]

prasiddh lok gayika

lok svar aisa jise sunate hue rajasthan ke registan ki khuradarahat aur bnjaron ki ragon men daudati masti poori shiddat se mahasoos hoti thi. jyadatar bharatiyon ke lie reshama se parichay ka arth film 'hiro' ke git, char dinan da pyar ho rabba badi lnbi judaee.. se hai, lekin reshama ne jab-jab aur jo bhi gaya vah poore dil se gaya. yah bakhshish lok se sinche jane par hi milati hai ki mndar saptak se lekar tar saptak tak reshama ki avaz men kahin koee tootan nahin ati. hay o rabba niyo lagada dil mera.. jaisa git gakar vah hamare andar chhipi huee shashvat udasi ko dhire-dhire jagate hue mnjhe hue manovaigyanik ki tarah bahar le ati hain. log ise aj bhi yad karate hain ki pakistan ke hi mashahoor gayak rahe aur mehadi hasan ke shishy paravez mehadi ke sath gaya unaka gana, gorie, main jana parades.. men kis tarah reshama ki surili hoonk paravej ki harakaton aur murkiyon par bhari padi thi. unaki javani se lekar budhape ke daur tak men unake sakshatkaron men ek saphagoee aur aviral vichar pravah hamesha najar aya. urdoo aur pnjabi ke mishran men bat karate hue reshama ne kabhi nahin chhupaya ki vah padhi-likhi nahin hain aur bhasha par unaka koee adhikar nahin hai. n reshamaji ne ve adaen sikhin jo ne log tab bhi sikh lete hain jab unhen sngit ki sahi samajh n ho. sakshatkar lene vale ko vah kabhi baboo sahab, kabhi baboo to kabhi beta kah kar hi snbodhit karati thin. bharat ka zikr ate hi vah us samman ke bare men zaroor bat karati thin jo unhen yahan mila. stoodiyo men jane se ghabarane vali reshamaji ke anurodh par lnbi judaee gana dilip kumar ke ghar par rikaaurd hua tha. ve un chnd pakistani kalakaron men thin jinhen pakistan ne samajha aur kadr bhi ki. yah kahana halanki bahut ravayati hoga, lekin sach yahi hai ki sanskritik sndarbho men reshama bharat aur pakistan ke bich ek pul ki tarah thin.[3]

vyaktitv

reshama ki makhamali avaz़ jab fiza men goonjati thi to thar marusthal ka zarra-zarra kundan sa chamakane lagata. ve rajasthan ke shekhavati anchal ke ek ganv men paida hueen thin lekin unaka gayan kabhi sarahad ki hadon men nahin bndha. reshama ko jab bhi mauka mila vo rajasthan ati rahin aur suron ko apani sar-zami par nyochhavar karati rahin. logon ko yad hai jab reshama ko varsh 2000 men sarakar ne davat di aur vo khinchi chali aeen tab unhonne ne jayapur men khule mnch se apani prastuti di aur fiza men apane gayan ka jadoo bikhera. reshama ne n keval apana pasndida 'kesariya balam padharo mhare desh' sunaya balki 'lambi judaee' sunakar sunane valo ko sammohit kar diya tha. is karyakram ke ayojan se jude ajay chopada un lamhon ko yad kar bataya ki jab reshama ko davat di gee to vo kanada jane vali thin aur kahane lagi unako visa mil gaya hai. magar jab unako apani mati ka vasta diya gaya to reshama bhavuk ho geen. reshama ko unaki mati ke bulave ka vasta diya vo theth deshi maravadi lahaje men bolin, "agar mati bulav to batao pher main kiya ruk sakoo hoon?" ye aisa mauka tha jab rajasthan ki mati men paida pndit jasaraj, jagajit sinh, mehadi hasan aur reshama jayapur men jama hue aur prastuti di. hotal men reshama ne rajasthani thndee ki khvahish zahir ki to thndee ka saman mngaya gaya aur reshama ne khud apane hath se thndee banaee. "reshama apane ganv, mati aur logon ko yad kar bar-bar jazbati ho jati thin. reshama ne mnch par kee bar apane ganv- dehat aur bite hue daur ko yad kiya aur un rishton ko amit bataya."[4]

samman aur puraskar

pakistan ke rashtrapati ne unhen ‘sitara e imtiyaj’ aur ‘lijends aauph pakistan’ samman pradan kiya tha. unhen aur bhi kee rashtriy samman mile the. bharat aur pakistan ke kalakaron ko jab 1980 ke dashak men ek doosare ke yahan apani prastuti dene ki anumati mili, reshama ne bharat men laiv parapharmens diya tha. film nirmata subhash ghee ne unaki avaz़ ko apani film ‘hiro’ men istemal kiya tha aur vah git ‘lnbi judaee’ tha jise aj bhi shrota pasnd karate hain. unhen tatkalin bharatiy pradhanamntri indira gandhi se milane ke lie bulaya gaya tha.[2]

nidhan

reshama ka 3 navambar 2013 ko lahaur, pakistan men nidhan ho gaya. reshama ko gale ka kainsar tha aur vah lnbe samay se lahaur ke ek ash‍patal men bharti rahin. reshama ne bad men isi ash‍patal men antim sans li. ash‍patal sootron ke mutabik reshama qarib ek mahine se koma men thin. baaulivud ki film 'hiro' men unaka gana 'lnbi judaee...' kafi mashahoor hua tha. 'hiro' film ke nirdeshak subhash ghee sahit tamam hastiyon ne reshama ke nidhan par shok jataya. subhash ghee ne kaha, 'reshama ji aj bhi hamare dil men hain. main jab bhi soophi ganon ke bare men sochata hoon to reshama ji yad a ati hai.'

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pakistan ka tisara sarvochch nagarik puraskar
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 lnbi judaee par chali geen haradil ajij phanakar reshama (hindi) zi nyooz. abhigaman tithi: 5 navambar, 2013.
  3. lnbi judaee par chali geen haradil ajij phanakar reshama (hindi) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 5 navambar, 2013.
  4. hamesha ke lie juda hueen 'lnbi judaee' vali reshama (hindi) bibisi hindi. abhigaman tithi: 5 navambar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah