गीता दत्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gita datt
gita datt
poora nam gita ghosh ray chaudhari
prasiddh nam gita datt
janm 23 navambar, 1930
janm bhoomi pharidapur, bangladesh
mrityu 20 julaee, 1972 (41 varsh)
pati/patni guru datt
sntan tin (tarun, arun aur nina datt)
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr parshvagayan
mukhy filmen 'pyasa', 'sujata', 'sahib bibi aur gulam', 'bazi', 'ar-par', 'siaeedi', 'havada brij', 'kagaz ke phool' adi.
prasiddhi pa‌rshvagayika
nagarikata bharatiy
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

gita datt (angrezi: Geeta Dutt, janm: 23 navambar, 1930; mrityu: 20 julaee, 1972) bharatiy sinema jagath men prasiddh pa‌rshvagayika thin, jisane apani dilakash avaz se lagabhag tin dashakon tak karodon shrotaon ko madahosh kiya. kalajayi film ‘pyasa’ ke ant men is film ke giton ko svar dene vali pa‌rshvagayika gita datt ke pati prasiddh abhineta, nirmata-nirdeshak guru datt the.

jivan parichay

film jagath men gita datt ke nam se mashahoor gita ghosh ray chaudhari ka janm 23 navnbar 1930 ko pharidapur shahar men hua. jab ve mahaj 12 varsh ki thi tab unaka poora parivar ab bangladesh men pharidapur se munbee a gaya. unake pita zamindar the. bachapan ke dinon se hi gita datt ka rujhan sngit ki or tha aur vah pa‌rshvagayika banana chahati thi. gita datt ne apani sngit ki prarnbhik shiksha hanuman prasad se hasil ki.[1]

sine kairiyar ki shurooat

gita datt ko sabase pahale varsh 1946 men film 'bhakt prahalad' ke lie gane ka mauka mila. gita datt ne 'kashmir ki kali', rasili, sarkas king (1946) jaisi kuchh filmo ke lie bhi git gae lekin inamen se koee bhi baauks aphis par saphal nahin huee. is bich unaki mulakat mahanh sngitakar es. di. barman se huee. gita ray men es. di. barman ko film indastri ka ubharata hua sitara dikhaee diya aur unhonne gita datt se apani agali film 'do bhaee' ke lie gane ki peshakash ki. varsh 1947 men pradarshit film 'do bhaee' gita datt ke sine kairiyar ki aham film sabit huee aur is film men unaka gaya yah git 'mera sundar sapana bit gaya' logon ke bich kafi lokapriy hua. film 'do bhaee' men apane gaye is git ki kamayabi ki bad bataur pa‌rshvagayika gitadatt apani pahachan banane men saphal ho gee.[1]

gurudatt se mulakat

varsh 1951 gita datt ke sine kairiyar ke sath hi vyaktigat jivan men bhi ek naya mod lekar aya. film 'baji' ke nirman ke dauran unaki mulakat nirdeshak gurudatt se huee. film ke ek gane 'tadabir se bigadi huee takadir bana le' ki rirkading ke dauran gita datt ko dekh gurudatt mohit ho ge. isake bad gita datt bhi gurudatt se pyar karane lagi. varsh 1953 men gita datt ne gurudatt se shadi kar li. isake sath hi film baji ki saphalata ne gita datt ki takadir bana di aur bataur pa‌rshv gayika vah film indastri men sthapit ho gee.[1]

gayan pratibha

dilon ki gaharaee tak utar jane vali avaz aur gane ke dilakash andaz ki malika gita datt bharatiy film sngit men pashchimi prabhav ki pahachan thi aur vah aisi phanakar thi jinhen har tarah ke git gane men maharat hasil thi. gita datt ki jaduee avaz sabase pahale ‘jogan’ men sunane ko mili. is film men unhonne mira ke arttanad ko undelakar shrotaon ko virahi bana diya hai. ve khulakar gati hain- ‘main to giradhar ke ghar jaoon. ghoonghat ke pat khol re tohe piya milenge.‘ aur gita ke piya usase nau sal pahale chale ge. ve gati rahin - ‘jogi mat ja, mat ja....‘ gita datt ne gurudatt ki filmon men kya khoob gaya hai. gale se nahin, ekadam dil se. unake man ki bechaini tatha chhatapatahat ek-ek shabd se risati milati hai. film chahe ‘baji’ ho ya ‘arapar’, ‘siaeedi’ ho ya ‘pyasa’, ‘kagaj ke phool’ ho ya ‘chaudahavin ka chand’ unake svar ki vividhata ka kayal ho jata hai shrota. ‘tadabir se bigadi huee takadir bana le’ (baji), ‘babooji dhire chalana, pyar men jara snbhalana...han bade dhokhe hain is pyar men’. sachamuch unhonne pyar men dhokha khaya. phir bhi gati rahin - ‘ye lo main hari piya, huee teri jit re.‘ [2]

‘sahib bibi aur gulam’ film bhale hi chhoti bahoo yani ki mina kumari ki film rahi ho, lekin chhoti bahoo ka dard, shikayat, akelepan ki pida, pati ki bevaphaee ko gita ki avaz ne parade par aisa utara ki mina amar ho geen. ‘n jao sainya, chhuda ke bainya, kasam tumhari main ro padoongi.‘ aur mina ke sath sinemaghar ke andhere men doobe hajaron darshak roe. gita datt ne har tarah ke gane gae hain. film ‘baji’ ke git ‘jara samane a, jara ankh mila’ men shrotaon ko unmadi svar milate hain. ‘bhaee-bhaee’ ka git ‘ai dil mujhe bata de, too kisape a gaya hai’ sunakar man prem ki saphalata se bhar jata hai. ‘pyasa’ ki gulabo ka jivan sngit sunakar man atript pyas men kho jata hai- ‘aj sajan mohe ang laga le, janam saphal ho jae.‘ lekin gita ne jindagibhar jindagi ka jahar piya- ‘kaise koee jie, jahar hai jindagi.‘ vah sharab ka jahar rojana gale ke niche utarati rahin aur ek din sabako akela chhodakar chali geen.[2]

gurudatt se alagav

varsh 1957 me gita datt aur gurudatt ki vivahit zindagi me darar a gee. gurudatt ne gita datt ke kam men dakhal dena shuroo kar diya. vah chahate the gita datt keval unaki banaee film ke lie hi git gaye. kam men prati samarpit gita datt to pahale is bat ke liye raji nahin huee lekin bad men gita datt ne kismat se samajhauta karana hi behatar samajha. dhire-dhire any nirmata nirdeshako ne gita datt se kinara karana shuroo kar diya. kuchh dinon ke bad gita datt apane pati gurudatt ke badhate dakhal ko bardashat n kar saki aur usane gurudatt se alag rahane ka nirnay kar liya. is bat ki ek mukhy vajah yah bhi rahi ki us samay gurudatt ka nam abhinetri vahida rahaman ke sath bhi joda ja raha tha jise gita datt sahan nahin kar sakin. gita datt se judaee ke bad gurudatt toot se gaye aur unhonne apane ap ko sharab ke nashe me doobo diya. 10 aktoobar 1964 ko atyadhik matra me nind ki goliyan lene ke karan gurudatt is duniya ko chhodakar chale ge. gurudatt ki maut ke bad gita datt ko gahara sadama pahuncha aur usane bhi apane ap ko nashe men dubo diya.[1]

gita datt ke sadabahar git

  • khayalon men kisi ke is tarah aya nahin karate (bavare nain : 1950)
  • suno gajar kya gae (bazi : 1951)
  • n ye chand hoga, n ye tare rahenge (shart : 1954)
  • kaise koee jie, jahar hai jindagi (badaban : 1954)
  • jane kahan mera jigar gaya ji (mistar end mises 55 : 1955)
  • jata kahan hai divane (siaeedi : 1956)
  • ai dil mujhe bata de, too kisape a gaya hai (bhaee-bhaee : 1956)
  • aj sajan mohe ang laga le (pyasa : 1957)
  • mera nam chin-chin choo (havada brij : 1958)
  • vakt ne kiya kya hnsin sitam (kagaj ke phool : 1959)[2]

bangla filmon men gayan

hindi ke alave gita datt ne kee bangla filmon ke lie bhi gane gae. inamen tumi jo amar (harano sur-1957), nishi rat baka chand (prithvi amar chhaya-1957), doore tumi aj (indrani-1958), eee sundar svarnalipi sndhya (haauspital-1960), ami sunachi tumari gan (svaralipi-1961) jaise git shrotaon ke bich aj bhi lokapriy hai.[1]

nidhan

sattar ke dashak men gita datt ki tabiyat kharab rahane lagi aur unhonne ek bar phir se git gana kam kar diya. lagabhag tin dashak tak apani avaz se shrotaon ko madahosh karane vali pa‌rshvagayika gita datt ne antat: 20 julaee 1972 ko is duniya se vidaee le li.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 gita datt: tadabir se bigadi huee takadir bana le (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 13 disambar, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 gita datt : ek sundar sapana bit gaya (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 13 disambar, 2012.

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