मुकेश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mukesh
Mukesh.jpg
poora nam mukesh chandr mathur
janm 22 julaee, 1923
janm bhoomi dilli, bharat
mrityu 27 agast, 1976
mrityu sthan snyukt rajy amarika
pati/patni saral
sntan nitin (putr), rita aur nalini (putri)
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr parshvagayak
mukhy filmen 'yahoodi', 'bandini', 'sngam', 'andaz', 'mera nam jokar', 'anand', 'kabhi kabhi', 'satyam shivam sundaram' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'rashtriy puraskar' ek bar, 'film feyar puraskar' char bar
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddh git 'chhod ge balam', 'jinda hoon is tarah', 'dost-dost na raha', 'jina yahan marana yahan', 'kahata hai jokar', 'jane kahan ge vo din', 'avara hoon', 'mera na rajoo', 'mera joota hai japani', 'ye mera divanapan hai', 'o jane vale ho sake to laut ke ana', 'kisi ki muskurahaton pe ho nisar', 'mainne tere liye hi sat rng ke sapane chune', 'kabhi kabhi mere dil men khayal ata hai', 'savan ka mahina' adi.
any janakari mukesh ke pote 'nil nitin mukesh' baaulivud ke charchit abhineta hain.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

mukesh chandr mathur (angrezi: Mukesh Chand Mathur, poora nam: 'mukesh chandr mathur', janm- 22 julaee, 1923, dilli; mrityu- 27 agast, 1976) bharat men sngit itihas ke sarvashreshh‍th gayakon men se ek the. peshe se ek injiniyar ke ghar men paida hone vale mukesh chand mathur ke andar vah salahiyat thi ki vah ek achchhe gayak banakar ubharen, aur hua bhi yahi. kudarat ne unake andar jo kabaliyat di thi, vah logon ke samane aee aur mukesh ki avaz ka jadoo poori duniya ke sir chadh kar bola.

jivan parichay

mukesh ka janm 22 julaee, 1923 ko dilli men hua tha. inaka vivah 'saral' ke sath hua tha. mukesh aur saral ki shadi 1946 men huee thi. mukesh ke ek beta aur do betiyan hain, jinake nam hai:- nitin, rita aur nalini. mukesh ke pote 'nil nitin mukesh' baaulivud ke charchit abhineta hain. inake pita joravar chndr mathur abhiynta the. dasavin tak shiksha pane ke bad pi.dablu.di. dilli men asistent sarveyar ki naukari karane vale mukesh apane shaley dinon men apane sahapathiyon ke bich ke. el. sahagal ke git suna kar unhen apane svaron se sarabor kiya karate the kintu vidhata ne to unhen lakhon karodon ke dilon men basane ke liye avatarit kiya tha. so vidhata ne vaisi hi paristhitiyan nirmit kar mukeshaji ko dilli se mumbee pahuncha diya. 

vivah

1946 men mukesh ki mulakat ek gujarati ladaki se huee. nam tha bachi ben (saral mukesh). saral se milate hi mukesh unake prem men doob ge. halanki mukesh kayasth the. is vajah se ek kada pratibndh saral ke parivar se tha, lekin mukesh donon parivaron ke tamam bndhanon ki paravah n karate hue apane janmadin 22 julaee, 1946 ko saral ke sath shadi ke atoot bndhan men bndh ge. yahan ek bar phir motilal ne unaka sath dete hue apane tin any sathiyon ke sath ek mndir men shadi ki sari rasmen poori karaee.[1]

dinacharya

mukesh ke bete nitin mukesh ke anusar, ve pratidin 5 baje sokar uthate the, bhale hi ve 15 minat pahale hi sone ke lie ge hon. ek-do ghnte riyaz karane ke bad bagal ke bagiche men tahalate the. vahan vah har ek phool ko bade pyar se dekhate the, mano apane kisi sathi se baten kar rahe hon. ve bhagavan shriram ke param bhakt the aur pratidin subah ramacharit manas ka path kiya karate the, jise ve hamesha apane pas rakhate the. mukesh yah katee nahin chahate the ki nitin mukesh ek gayak bane. ve hamesha kahate the ki gayan ek sundar ruchikar, magar bada kashtadayak vyavasay hai. ve pratyek stej sho ki samapti par nitin ki tarif unaki mata saral mukesh se kiya karate the aur kahate the, aj to apake sahabajade ne apane papa se bhi jyada taliyan pa lin. mukesh ko apane do git behad pasnd the- "jane kahan ge vo din...." aur "dost-dost na raha..."[1]

filmi duniya men pravesh

mukesh ki avaz ki khoobi ko unake ek door ke rishtedar motilal ne tab pahachana, jab unhonne unhen apani bahan ki shadi men gate hue suna. motilal unhen bambee le gaye aur apane ghar men rahane diya. yahi nahin unhonne mukesh ke liye riyaz ka poora intazam kiya. suron ke badashah mukesh ne apana safar 1941 men shuroo kiya. 'nirdosh' film men mukesh ne adakari karane ke sath-sath gane bhi khud gae. isake atirikt unhonne 'mashooka', 'ah', 'anurag' aur 'dulhan' men bhi bataur abhineta kam kiya. unhonne sab se pahala gana "dil hi bujha hua ho to" gaya tha. isamen koee shak nahin ki mukesh ek surili avaz ke malik the aur yahi vajah hai ki unake chahane vale sirph hindustan hi nahin, balki amarika ke sngit premiyon ke dilon ko bhi khush karate the. ke. el. sahagal se mutassir mukesh ne apane sharooati dinon men unhin ke andaz men gane gae. mukesh ka saphar to 1941 se hi shuroo ho gaya tha, magar ek gayak ke roop men unhonne apana pahala gana 1945 men film 'pahali najar' men gaya. us vakt ke supar star mane jane vale 'moti lal' par filmaya jane vala gana 'dil jalta hai to jalane de' hit hua tha.

prasiddhi

shayad us vakt motilal ko unaki mehanat bhi kamayab hoti nazar aee hogi. kyonki vah hi vah jauhari the, jinhonne mukesh ke andar chhupi salahiyat ko parakha tha aur phir mumbee le ae the. ke. el. sahagal ki avaz men gane vale mukesh ne pahali bar 1949 men film 'andaz' se apani avaz ko apana andaz diya. usake bad to mukesh ki avaz har gali har nukkad aur har chaurahe par goonjane lagi. 'pyar chhupa hai itana is dil men, jitane sagar men moti' aur 'dam dam diga diga' jaise gane sngit premiyon ke zaban par chalate rahate the. inhen giton ne mukesh ko prasiddhi ki oonchaiyon par pahuncha diya.

abhinay ki ichchha

mukesh ke dil ke araman adakar banane ke the aur yahi vajah hai ki gayaki men kamayab hone ke bavajood bhi vah adakari karane ke ichchhuk the. unhonne yah kiya bhi, magar ek ke bad ek tin flaaup filmon ne unake sapane ko chakanachoor kar diya aur mukesh yahoodi film ke gane men apani avaz dekar phir se filmi duniya par chha ge.

keel sahagal ka prabhav

mukesh ne us jamane ke bahucharchit gayak ke. el. sahagal ki gayan shaili ki chhatrachhaya men rahakar apane gayan ki shurooat ki thi. misal ke taur par unaka pahala hit git- dil jalata hai to jalane de... tha. is git ne unako mashahoor parshvagayak banaya. sngitakar the anil vishvas. age chalakar anil vishvas ne hi mukesh ki gayan shaili ko ek nee pahachan di. darasal mukesh ki gayan shaili keel sahagal se itani milati-julati thi ki kee bar to sngit premiyon men vad-vivad chhid jata tha ki is gane ka asali gayak kaun hai. mukesh ki avaz men chhipa dard, us samay ke dard bhare philmi giton ke lie poorn roop se satik hota tha, jisase bharatiy shrota bade chav se sunate the. sanh 1948 men sngitakar naushad mukesh se mile aur unase kee git gavae. in giton men, bhoolane vale yad na ana..., too kahe agar..., jhoom-jhoom ke nacho aj..., toote na dil toote na..., ham aj kahin dil kho baithe....adi ullekhaniy hain. in giton se mukesh ki avaz dilip kumar ke lie bahut charchit ho gee.[1]  

rajakapoor-mukesh ki jodi

mukesh ko pahala mauka mila rajakapoor ko apani avaz dene ka kedar sharma nirmit, nirdeshit aur likhil philm 'nilakamal' (1947) men. isi dauran naushad ne mukesh ko apani gayan ki ek alag shaili vikasit karane ki salah di, jisase mukesh ki apani ek alag pahachan ho. philm ag ke bad mukesh raj kapoor ki avaz ban ge. yah do jism aur ek jan ka anootha sngam tha. mukesh to pahale se hi raj ke lie philm nilakamal men- ankh jo dekhe... ga chuke the. unhonne apani zindagi ka akhiri git- chnchal, shilat, nirmal komal... bhi rajakapoor ki satyam, shivam, sudnram philm ke lie rikaaurd karavaya. yah git unhonne amerika ke lie ravana hone se kuchh ghnte pahale rikaaurd karavaya tha. rajakapoor-mukesh ki jodi ne ek-doosare ki zaroorat banakar selyulaid ke itihas men misal kayam ki. 1949 se is jodi ne n jane kitane anaginat yadagar git die. jaise chhod ge balam...., jinda hoon is tarah..., rat andheri door savera..., dost-dost na raha..., jina yahan marana yahan..., kahata hai jokar...., jane kahan ge vo din... adi git hindi sinema ke sadabahar nagamon men shamil hain. isake alava avara hoon..., mera na rajoo..., mera joota hai japani..., mere man ki gnga..., o mehabooba..., sarikhe git unaki ek alag pratibha ka udaharan hain. lekin unako samanyataya dard bhare giton ka jadoogar mana jata raha. raj kapoor ki lagabhag sabhi philmon ki avaz the mukesh. kabhi to ऎsa lagata hai mano jaise eeshvar ne mukesh ko rajakapoor ke lie hi banaya hai ya phir rajakapoor mukesh ke lie bane hain. mukesh ke nidhan ki khabar sunakar raj sann rah ge aur unake munh se nikal pada- mainne apani avaz kho di.[1]

dard ka badashah

mukesh ne gane to har kism ke gaye, magar dard bhare giton ki charcha mukesh ke giton ke bina adhoori hai. unaki avaz ne dard bhare giton men jo rng bhara, use duniya kabhi bhula nahin sakegi. "dard ka badashah" kahe jane vale mukesh ne 'agar zinda hoon mai is tarah se', 'ye mera divanapan hai' (film yahudi se), 'o jane vale ho sake to laut ke ana' (film bandini se), 'dost dost na raha' (film sangam se), jaise ganon ko apani avaz ke jarie dard men dubo diya to vahi 'kisi ki muskurahaton pe ho nisar' (film andaz se), 'jane kahan gaye vo din' (film mera nam jokar se), 'mainne tere liye hi sat rng ke sapane chune' (film anand se), 'kabhi kabhi mere dil men khayal ata hai' (film kabhi kabhi se), 'chanchal shital nirmal komal' (film 'satyam shivam sundaramh' se) jaise gane gakar pyar ke ehasas ko aur gahara karane men koee kasar na chhodi. yahi nahin makesh ne apani avaz men 'mera joota hai japani' (film avara) jaisa gana gakar logon ko sara gam bhool kar mast ho jane ka bhi mauka diya. mukesh dvara gaee gee 'tulasi ramayan' aj bhi logon ko bhakti bhav se jhoomane ko majaboor kar deti hai. qarib 200 se adhik filh‍mo men avaz dene vale mukesh ne sngit ki duniya men apane apako 'dard ka badashah' to sabit kiya hi, isake sath sath vaishvik gayak ke roop men apani pahachan bhi banaee. 'filh‍m feyar purash‍kar' pane vale vah pahale purush gayak the.

avaz bani dava

dard bhare nagamon ke betaj badashah mukesh ke gae giton men jahan snvedanashilata dikhaee deti hai vahin niji zindagi men bhi vah behad snvedanashil insan the aur doosaron ke dukh-dard ko apana samajhakar use door karane ka prayas karate the. ek bar ek ladaki bimar ho gee. usane apani man se kaha ki agar mukesh unhen koee gana gakar sunaen to vah thik ho sakati hai. man ne javab diya ki mukesh bahut bade gayak hain, bhala unake pas tumhare lie kahan samay hai. agar vah ate bhi hain to isake lie kafi paise lenge. tab usake daauktar ne mukesh ko us ladaki ki bimari ke bare men bataya. mukesh turnt ladaki se milane aspatal ge aur use gana gakar sunaya. aur isake lie unhonne koee paisa bhi nahin liya. ladaki ko khush dekhakar mukesh ne kaha “yah ladaki jitani khush hai usase jyada khushi mujhe mili hai.”[2]

puraskar

  • 1959 - filmafeyar puraskar- sab kuchh sikha hamanen (anadi)
  • 1970 - filmafeyar puraskar- sabase bada nadan vahi hai (pahachan)
  • 1972 - filmafeyar puraskar- jay bolo beiman ki jay bolo (beiman)
  • 1974 - neshanal puraskar- kee bar yoon bhi dekha hai (rajani gndha)
  • 1976 - filmafeyar puraskar- kabhi-kabhi mere dil men khyal ata hai (kabhi kabhi)

nidhan

mukesh ka nidhan 27 agast, 1976 ko dil ka daura padane ke karan snyukt rajy amarika men hua. mukesh ke giton ki chahat unake chahane valon ke dilon men sada jivit rahegi. unake git ham sabake lie prem, hausala aur asha ka varadan hain. mukesh jaise mahanh gayak n keval dard bhare giton ke lie, balki vo to ham sabake dilon men sada ke lie basane ke lie bane the. unaki avaz ka anokhapan, bhige svar sng halki-si nasika lie hue n jane kitane sngit premiyon ke dilon ko chhoo jati hai. vo ek mahanh gayak to the hi, sath hi ek bahut achchhe insan bhi the. vo sada muskurate rahate the aur khushi-khushi logon se milate the. inake nidhan par raj kapoor ne kaha tha- meri avaz aur atma donon chali gee.

bade shauq se sun raha tha jamana hamin so gaye dastan kahate- kahate.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 jane kahan ge vo din... (hindi) deli nyooj. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2013.
  2. jab mukesh ke gane se thik ho gee bimar ladaki! (hindi) in daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2013.

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