कायस्थ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kayasth ki ganana uchch jati ke hinduon men hoti hai. bngal men varn vyavastha ke antargat unaka sthan brahmanon ke bad mana jata hai. bahut se vidvanon ka mat hai ki, bngal ke kayasth mukhy roop se kshatriy the aur unhonne talavar ke sthan par kalam grahan kar li tatha lipik ban gaye. jaisor ka raja pratapadity, chandradip ka raja kandarpanarayan tatha vikramapur (dhaka) ka kedar ram, jisane akabar ka prabal virodh kiya tha, anek varshon tak mugalon ko bngal par adhikar karane nahin diya, sabhi kayasth the.

prakar

kayasthon ko vedon aur puranon ke anusar ek dohari jati ka darja diya gaya hai. yah mukhy roop se uttar bharat men phaile hue hain, aur oopari gnga kshetr men brahman aur baki men kshatriy mane jate hain.[1] kayasth ko nimn bhagon men banta gaya hai-

  1. chitragupt kayasth - 'chitrnshi' ya 'brahm kayasth' ya 'kayasth brahman'
  2. chandraseniy kayasth prabhu - 'rajany kshatriy kayasth'
  3. mishrit rakt ke kayasth - ve kshatriy hain, adalat ke anusar{sndarbh ?}

inake atirikt chaturth prakar, un ganon ka hai, jo rakt se nahin, kintu nam ya kary se kayasth kahe jate hain.[2]

kayasth brahman

uparyukt vargon men pahala varg hi 'kayasth brahman' kahalata hai. yahi vah aitihasik varg hai, jo chitragupt ka vnshaj hai. isi varg ki charcha sabase purane puran aur ved karate hain. yah varg 12 upavargo men vibhajit kiya gaya hai. yah 12 varg chitragupt ki patniyon devi, shobhavati aur devi nandini ke 12 suputron ke vnsh ke adhar par hai. kayasthon ke is varg ki upasthiti varn vyavastha men uchchatam hai. prayah kayasth shabd ka prayog any kayasth vargon ke liye hone ke karan bhram ki sthiti ho jati hai, aise samay is bat ka gyan kar lena chahiye ki, kya bat 'chitrnshi' ya 'chitraguptavnshi' kayasth ki ho rahi hai ya any kisi varg ki.[1]

pauranik utpattti

kayasthon ka janmadata bhagavan 'chitragupt' maharaj ko mana jata hai. mana jata hai ki, brahma ne char varn banaye the- brahman, kshatriy, vaishy aur shoodr. tab yamaraj ne unase manavon ka vivaran rakhane ke lie sahayata mangi. tab brahma 11000 varshon ke liye dhyan-sadhana me lin ho gaye aur jab unhonne ankhe kholin, to ek purush ko apane samane syahi-davat tatha kamar me talavar bandhe paya. tab brahma ji ne kaha ki, 'he purush! kyoki tum meri kaya se utpann hue ho, isaliye tumhari sntano ko kayasth kaha jaega, aur jaisa ki tum mere chitr[3] me gupt[4] the, isaliye tumhe chitragupt kaha jaega.'

shakhaen

kayasth brahmanon ki 12 shakhaen bataee gayi hain, jo nimnalikhit hain-

  1. mathur
  2. gaud
  3. bhatanagar
  4. saksena
  5. ambashth
  6. nigam
  7. karn
  8. kulashreshth
  9. shrivastav
  10. suradhvaja
  11. valmik
  12. asthana


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 kayasth brahman (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 janavari, 2012.
  2. (vaidik snskrit men keval kayasth shabd mukhyatah 'chitragupt kayasth' ke liye prayog kiya jata hai)
  3. sharir
  4. vilin

snbndhit lekh

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