गोस्वामी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gosvami hindoo sadhuon tatha bhikshuon ka ek sampraday aur jatirsgyk upadhiveshesh. 'gosvami' snskrit ke mool shabd 'gosvaminh‌' se vyutpann hai, isake any tadbhav roop 'gusaeen', 'gosaeen', 'gosami' adi hain.

arth

'gosvami' ka arth hai- 'jitendriy' athava 'gauon'[1] ka svami. yah hindoo sadhuon tatha bhikshuon ka ek snpraday aur jatirsgyk upadhivishesh. ye log uttar pradesh, bngal, mumbee, rajasthan, madhy pradesh aur dakshin bharat men pae jate hain.[2]

varg

snpraday vishesh ki drishti se gosvamiyon ke do varg hain-

  1. shaiv gosvami
  2. vaishnav gosvami

shaiv gosvami

shaiv matavalnbi gosvami shnkarachary ke adhyatmik uttaradhikari batae jate hain. unake char mukhy shishyon se das vargon athava dashanamiyon ki utpatti huee. isake do pradhan vibhag 'mathadhari' athava 'snnyasi' aur 'gharabari' athava 'grihasth' hain. mathadhari shaiv gosvami varanasi, haridvar adi tirth sthanon men sthit apane akhadon ya mathon men nivas karate hain. inase snbndhit evn dikshit grihasth vyavasayi hain, jo vyapar ke sath any dhndhe bhi karate aur parivarik jivan vyatit karate hain. is snpraday men nimnatam varg ko chhod kar any sabhi varnon ke balak pravesh pate hain. varanasi adi sthanon men snpraday ki diksha ke liye 'shivaratri' ke din vishesh parv aur ayojan hote hain.[2]

vaishnav gosvami

vaishnav gosvami pad poorvi bngal tatha asam ke vaishnav pradhanon ke liye bhi prayukt hota hai. inamen bhi 'mathadhari' aur 'gharabari' hote hai. mumbee, uttar pradesh tatha bngal ke gusaeen apani rakt ki shuddhata, pratishtha aur snpraday ki mooladhara se avichchhinnata ke karan ullekhaniy hain. kintu ghumakkad jati athava bhikshuk roop men nirdeshit gusaeen, path bhrasht bhi ho gaye the. madhy kal tatha paravarti kal men bhi in kritrim gusaiyon ka antak desh ke kee bhagon men vyapt tha. bad men ye marathon ki sena men ye bharati hue. mahadaji sindhiya ki seva men gusaiyon ki ek badi snkhya niyukt thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. indriyon, gopiyon
  2. 2.0 2.1 gosvami (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 14 aprail, 2015.

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