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pindari lanaka

pindari (pindari / pndari / pendhari) dakshin bharat men ja base yuddhapriy pathan savar the. unaki utpatti tatha namakaran vivadaspad hai. ve bade karmath, sahasi tatha vafadar the. tattoo unaki savari thi. talavar aur bhale unake astr the. ve dalon men vibhakt the aur pratyek dal men sadharanat: do se tin hazar tak savar hote the. yogyatam vyakti dal ka saradar chuna jata tha. usaki agya sarvamany hoti thi. pindariyon men dharmik snkirnata n thi. 19vin shatabdi men hindoo (visheshakar jat) aur sikh bhi unake sainik dalon men shamil the. unaki striyon ka rahan-sahan hindoo striyon jaisa tha. unamen devi devataon ki pooja prachalit thi. ye kuchh qabaili snskriti ka netritv karate the

aniyamit savar, jo maratha senaon ke sath-sath chalate the. unhen koee vetan nahin diya jata tha aur shatru ke desh ko lootane ki ijazat rahati thi. yadyapi kuchh pramukh pindari neta pathan the, tathapi sabhi jatiyon ke khoonkhar aur khataranak vyakti unake dal men sammilit the. unnisavin shatabdi ke prarambh men unako shinde ka snrakshan prapt tha. usane unako narmada ghati ke malava kshetr men zamin de rakhi thin. vahan se ve madhy bharat men door-door tak dhave marate the aur amiron tatha garibon ko saman roop se loota karate the. 1812 ee॰ men unhonne bundelakhnd, 1815 ee॰ nizam ke rajy men tatha 1816 ee॰ men uttari sarakar men lootapat ki. is tarah unhonne british samrajy ki shanti aur samriddhi ke lie khatara utpann kar diya. atev 1817 ee॰ gavarnar janaral varen hestings ne unake viruddh abhiyan ke lie ek badi sena sngathit ki. yadyapi pindari virodhi abhiyan ke phalasvaroop tisara maratha yuddh chhid gaya tathapi pindariyon ka daman kar diya gaya. unake pathan neta amir khanko tonk ke navab ke roop men manyata pradan kar di gayi. usane angrezon ki adhinata svikar kar li. pindariyon ka doosara mahattvapoorn neta chitoo tha. usaka pichha kiya jane par vah jngalon men bhag gaya, jahan ek chite ne use kha dala.[1]

marathon ki sena men mahattvapoorn sthan

marathon ki asthayi sena men unaka mahattvapoorn sthan tha. pindari saradar nasaroo ne mugalon ke viruddh shivaji ki sahayata ki. punapa ne unake uttaradhikariyon ka sath diya. gaziuddin ne bajirav pratham ko usake uttari abhiyanon men sahayog diya. chingodi tatha hool ke netritv men 15 hazar pindariyon ne panipat ke yuddh men bhag liya. ant men ve malava men bas ge aur sindhiya shahi tatha holkar shahi pindari kahalae. bad men chitoo, karim khan, dostamuhammad aur vasilamuhammad sindhiya ki pindari sena ke prasiddh saradar hue tatha kadir khan, tukkoo khan, sahib khan aur shekh dulla holkar ki sena men rahe.
pindari savaron ki kul snkhya lagabhag 50,000 thi. yuddh men lootamar aur vidhvns ke kary unhin ko saunpe jate the. loot ka kuchh bhag unhen bhi milata tha. shantikal men ve khetibadi tatha vyapar karate the. guzare ke lie unhen karamukt bhoomi tatha tattoo ke lie bhatta milata tha.

patan

avashesh

maratha shasakon ke sath velejali ki sahayak sndhiyon ke phalasvaroop pindariyon ke lie unaki sena men sthan n raha. isalie ve dhan lekar any rajyon ka sainik sahayata dene lage tatha avyavastha se labh uthakar lootamar se dhan kamane lage. snbhav hai unhin ke bhay se kuchh deshi rajyon ne sahayak sndhiyan svikar ki hon.
sanh 1807 tak pindariyon ke dhave yamuna aur narmada ke bich tak simit rahe. tatpashchath unhonne mirzapur se madras tak aur udisa se rajasthan tatha gujarat tak apana karyakshetr vistrit kar diya. 1812 men unhonne bundelakhnd par, 1815 men nizam ke rajy se madras tak tatha 1816 men uttari sarakaron ke ilakon par bhnyakar dhave kie. isase shanti evn suraksha jati rahi tatha pindariyon ki ganana luteron men hone lagi.
is gnbhir sthiti se mukti pane ke uddeshy se laaurd hestings ne 1817 men maratha sngh ko nasht karane ke poorv kootaniti dvara pindari saradaron men phoot dal di tatha sndhiyon dvara deshi rajyon se unake viruddh sahayata li. phir apane aur hisalap ke netritv men 120,000 sainikon tatha 300 topon sahit unake ilaqo ko gherakar unhen nasht kar diya. hazaron pindari mare ge, bndi bane ya jngalon men chale ge. chitoo ko asoragadh ke jngal men chite ne hi kha dala. vasil muhammad ne karagar men atmahatya kar li. chitoo jat parivar men dilli ke nikatavarti ganv men paida hua tha| isako dobbal khan ne gulam banaya aur bad men apana putr bana liya.[2] isake bete barun durrah [3] ke saradar the. karim khan ko gorakhapur zile men ganeshapur ki jagir di gee. is prakar pindariyon ke sngathan toot ge aur ve titar bitar ho ge.

pindari tab aur ab

gorakhapur mahanagar ke miyan bazar men sath sal purani pindari bilding hai. isake malik pindariyon ke saradar karim khan ki panchavi pidhi ke abdul rahamat karim khan hain. ve apani biradari ke aguva bhi hain. rahamat karim khan batate hain ki ek samajhaute ke tahat angrejon ne pindariyon ke saradar karim khan ko 1820 men sikarignj men jagir dekar basaya. sikarignj kasbe men se sate imali dih khurd ke hata nayab se saradar karim khan ne apani zindagi shuroo ki. mutyu hone ke bad unhen yahin dafanaya gaya.

shababarat ko sabhi pindari unaki majar par fataha padhane ate hain. panchavin pidhi ke hi unake ek vnshaj abdul mabood karim khan pindari medikal stor chalate hain. unhen yah bat gavara nahin ki unake poorvaj lutere the. ve ise aitihasik chook batate hain. unaka kahana hai ki pindariyon ne anyay aur atyachar ka muqabala kiya. saradar karim ke vnshaj sikarignj se age badhakar basti aur barabnki tak phail ge.[4]

moolyankan

pindariyon ke bare men itihas men tarah-tarah ki bhrantiyan rahin.

itihasakar rajabali pandey pindariyon ko lutero ka giroh batate hain, jabaki din dayal upadhyay gorakhapur vishvavidyalay ke madhyakalin itihas vibhag ke pro. saiyad najamul raza rijavi ka kahana hai ki madhy pradesh, rajasthan aur maharashtr men lutere pindariyon ka ek giroh tha, jinhen marathon ne bhade ka sainik bana liya. marathon ke patan ke bad ve tonk ke navab amir khan ke lie kam karane lage. navab ke kamazor hone par pindariyon ne apani jivika ke lie phir loot-mar shuroo kar di. isase maharashtr aur madhy pradesh men shanti vyavastha mushkil ho gee.[4]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy itihas kosh- lekhak sachchidanand bhattachary prishth snkhya 241
  2. McEldowney, Philip F.. Pindari Society and the Establishment of British Paramountcy in India (English) (ech.ti.em.el) virginia.edu. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.
  3. "durrah" pindari neta ke adhin ek samooh ko kahate the jisaka roop qabile jaisa hota tha.
  4. 4.0 4.1 salaman ki ‘vir’ se pindari samaj khush hua (hindi) (php) josh18.in.com. abhigaman tithi: 12 aktoobar, 2010.

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