भारत की जन जातियाँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat ki janajatiyan hi yahan ki adivasi tatha moolatah nivas karane vali janasnkhya ka pratinidhitv karati hain. inake jivan-yapan ka dhng vartaman men bhi prachin paddhatiyon se hi snchalit hota a raha hai. ab bhale hi kuchh janatiyon ne sthayi dhng se krishi, pashupalan adi karyon men ruchi lena prarambh kar diya hai kintu inaki adhikansh janasnkhya shikar karane, machhali pakadane, lakadi katane adi karyon dvara hi jivan-nirvah karati hai. bharat men janajatiy samuday ke logon ki kafi badi snkhya hai aur desh men 50 se bhi adhik pramukh janajatiy samuday hai. 'saralatam roop men janajati aisi toliyon ka ek samooh hai, jisaka ek sannidhy vale bhookhand athava bhookhandon par adhikar ho aur jinamen ekata ki bhavana, snskriti men gahan samanata, nirantar sampark tatha katipay samudayikata hiton men samanata se utpann huee ho.' [1] ek janajati saman snskriti vali janasnkhya ka svatantr rajanitik vibhajan hai.' [2]

vibhinn namon se sambodhit

bharatiy janajatiyon ko vidvanon dvara alag-alag namon se sambodhit kiya gaya hai, jaise adivasi, pahadi janajatiyan, jngali adivasi, prachin janajati, jngal nivasi, pichhada hindoo, vilin manavata adi. bharatiy snvidhan men inhe 'anusoochit janajati' kaha gaya hai jabaki vartaman men inako adivasi, vanyajati, aranyavasi, girijan adi anek namon se jana jata hai. bharatiy janajatiyon ka mool srot kabhi desh ke sampoorn bhoo-bhag par phaili proto astreliyad tatha mngol jaisi prajatiyon ko mana jata hai. inaka ek any srot nigriton prajati bhi hai jisake nivasi andaman nikobar dvip samooh men abhi bhi vidyaman hain. desh ki janajatiy janasnkhya ke vitaran par yadi dhyan diya jay to tin mukhy kshetr spasht hote hain, jo nimnalikhit hain.

  1. uttari evn uttari-poorvi pradesh - isamen himalay ke taraee kshetr, uttari-poorvi kshetr sammilit kiye jate hain. desh ki lagabhag 80 pratishat janajatiy janasnkhya isi kshetr men nivas karati hai. madhy pradesh, dakshin rajasthan, andhr pradesh, dakshini uttar pradesh, gujarat, bihar, udisa adi rajy isi kshetr men ate hain.
  2. madhyavarti kshetr - isake antargat prayadvipiy bharat ke pathari tatha pahadi kshetr sammilit kiye jate hai. desh ki lagabhag 80 pratishat janajatiy janasnkhya isi kshetr men nivas karati hai. madhy pradesh, dakshin rajasthan, andhr pradesh, dakshini uttar pradesh, gujarat, bihar, udisa adi rajy isi kshetr men ate hain.
  3. dakshini kshetr - isake antargat andhr pradesh, karnatak, keral tatha tamilanadu ka janajatiy kshetr shamil hain. yah bharatiy janajatiyon ke sabase prachin svaroop ka pratinidhitv karata hai.

in tin pramukh kshetron ke atirikt andaman nikobar dvip samooh men bhi ekanki roop se kuchh vishisht janajatiyan jaise ong, ong, jaraba, uttar sentinali, andamani, nikobari adi bhi payi jati hai.

desh men rahane vale janajatiy samuday ke log nigrito, aaustrelaauyad aur mngolaauyad prajatiyon se sambaddh hai. desh ki pramukh janajatiyan nimnalikhit hain-

pramukh janajatiyan
rajy janajatiyan
andhr pradesh chenchoo, kocha, gudava, jatapa, konda doras, konda kapoor, konda reddi, khond, sugelis, lambadis, yeladis, yerukulas, bhil, gond, kolam, pradhan, balmik.
asam v nagalaind bodo, dimasa garo, khasi, kuki, mijo, mikir, naga, abor, daphala, mishamis, apatanis, sindho, angami.
jharakhand snthal, asur, baiga, bnjara, birahor, gond, ho, khariya, khond, munda, korava, bhoomij, mal pahadiya, soriya pahadiya, bijhiya, cheroo lohara, uranv, kharavar, kol, bhil.
maharashtr bhil, gond, agariya, asura, bhariya, koya, varli, koli, duka baiga, gadavas, kamar, khadiya, khonda, kol, kolam, korkoo, koraba, munda, uranv, pradhan, baghari.
pashchim bngal hos, kora, munda, uranv, bhoomij, snthal, gero, lepcha, asur, baiga, bnjara, bhil, gond, birahor, khond, koraba, lohara.
himachal pradesh gaddi, gurjar, lahaul, lanba, pngavala, kinnauri, bakarayal.
manipur kuki, angami, mijo, purum, sima.
meghalay khasi, jayantiya, garo.
tripura lushaee, mag, halam, khashiya, bhootiya, munda, snthal, bhil, jamaniya, riyang, uchaee.
kashmir gurjar.
gujarat kathodi, siddis, kolagha, kotavaliya, padhar, todiya, badali, pateliya.
uttar pradesh buksa, tharoo, mahagir, shorka, kharavar, tharoo, raji, jaaunasari.
uttaranchal bhotiya, jaunasari, raji.
keral kadar, irula, muthuvan, kanikkar, malanakuravan, malararayan, malavetan, malayan, mannan, ullatan, yoorali, vishavan, arnadan, kahurnakan, koraga, kota, kuriyiyan, kuruman, paniyan, pulayan mallar, kurumba.
chhattisagadh korakoo, bhil, baiga, gond, agariya, bhariya, koraba, kol, uranv, pradhan, nageshiya, halva, bhatara, madiya, sahariya, kamar, knvar.
tamilanadu toda, kadar, ikala, kota, adayan, aranadan, kuttanayak, korag, kurichiyan, maser, kurumba, kuruman, muthuvan, paniyan, thulaya, malayali, iravallan, kanikkar, mannan, urasil, vishavan, eerula.
karnatak gaudaloo, hakki, pikki, iruga, jenu, kuruv, malaeekud, bhil, gond, toda, varli, chenchoo, koya, anardan, yerava, holeya, korama.
udisa baiga, bnjara, badahor, chenchoo, gadaba, gond, hos, jatayu, juang, khariya, kol, khond, koya, uranv, snthal, sara, munduppatoo.
pnjab gaddi, svagnla, bhot.
rajasthan mina, bhil, garasiya, sahariya, sansi, damor, mev, ravat, merat, koli.
andaman-nikobar dvip samooh aungi araba, uttari sentinali, andamani, nikobari, shopan.
arunachal pradesh abor, akka, apatamis, barmas, daphala, galong, gomba, kampati, khobha, mishmi, signpo, siradukapen.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. ralph lintan
  2. loosi meyar

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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