मेघालय  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
meghalay
Meghalya-Map-1.jpg
rajadhani shilang
rajabhasha(en) khasi, garo, angrezi
sthapana 21 janavari, 1972
janasnkhya 23,18,822 [1]
· ghanatv 132[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 22,429 varg kimi
tapaman 18 °C (ausat)
· grishm 23°C
· sharad 3 °C
zile 11[1]
ling anupat 1000:975[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 75.48[1]%
rajyapal gnga prasad[1]
mukhyamntri kaaunarad sngama[1]
vidhanasabha sadasy 60
lokasabha kshetr 2
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Meghalya-Seal.jpg

meghalay (angrezi: Meghalaya) bharat ke uttar poorv men ek rajy hai. meghalay ka nirman asam ke antargat 2 aprail, 1970 ko ek sh‍vatntr rajh‍y ke roop men kiya gaya. ise poorv ka skaautalaind bhi kaha jata hai. poorn rajh‍y meghalay 21 janavari, 1972 ko bana. isaki uttari aur poorvi simaen asam se aur dakshini tatha pashchimi simaen bangladesh se milati hain. meghalay ka shabdik arth hai meghon ka alay arthat badalon ka ghar. meghalay moolat: ek pahadi rajh‍y hai. yahan khasi, jaintiya aur garon adivasi samuday ke log mukhyat: rahate hain. meghalay ke madhh‍y aur poorvi bhag men khasi aur jaintiya pahadiyan aur ek vishal pathari kshetr hai. yahan vish‍trit maidan, pahadiyan aur nadi, ghatiyan hain. pahad ki talahati par samatal bhoomi ki snkari patti bangladesh ki antararashh‍triy sima ke sath lagi hai.

meghalay ka ek drishy

meghalay ka kshetraphal lagabhag 22,429 varg kilomitar hai. sanh 2000 ki janaganana ke anusar yahan ki janasnkhya 2,175,000 hai. isake uttar men asam hai jisaki sima brahmaputr nadi se vibhajit hoti hai, aur dakshin men bangladesh hai. meghalay ki rajadhani shilang hai. yah ek bahut hi khoobasoorat nagar hai. yahan ki janasnkhya lagabhag 260,000 hai. meghalay pahale asam rajy ka ang tha jisako vibhajit karake 21 janavari 1972 ko ek naya prant banaya gaya.

jalavayu

meghalay ki jalavayu na to adhik ushn ya na adhik shit hai. yahan ka jalavayu madhyam aur ardr hai. yahan varshik varsha lagabhag 1200 se.mi. tak hoti hai. yah rajy ko desh ka sabase 'gila' rajy kaha jata hai . shilang ke dakshin men cherapoonji hai, jahan ek kailendar mahine men sarvadhik barasat ka vishv kirtiman sthapit kiya hai . isi nagar ke samip 'mavasinaram' namak ganv ke nam sarvadhik salana barish ka rikaaurd hai . kshetraphal ka lagabhag ek tihaee hissa vanon se dhaka hua hai . yahan ki garo, khasi aur jayntiya pahadiyan zyada oonchi nahin hain . shilang shikhar ki oonchaee 1966 mitar hai, yah yahan ka sabase ooncha shikhar hai . yahan ki guphaon men choone ke jal se bani vibhinn akritiyan hain, jinamen stelaiktaeet aur stelaigmaeet jaisi akritiyan prasiddh hain .

janasnkhya

yahan par kul janasnkhya ka lagabhag 85 pratishat janajatiy abadi hai. lagabhag 50% khasi hain, inake bad garo jati hai jinaki janasnkhya ek tihaee hai . isake alava jayntiya tatha hajong jati ke log bhi hain . lagabhag 15 pratishat abadi men bngali tatha shekh hain . meghalay desh ke un tin rajyon men se ek hai jahan par eesaee bahumat hai. any do rajy - nagalaind aur mizoram bhi bharat ke uttar poorv men hi sthit hain . khasi jati ke log kaitholik hain, garo jati ke log baptist hain.

chairapunji ganv, meghalay

krishi aur sinchaee

meghalay pradhanat: krishi pradhan rajh‍y hai. yahan ki lagabhag 80 pratishat janasnkhh‍ya mukhh‍y roop se kheti par hi nirbhar hai. yahan ki mitti aur jalavayu bagavani ke anukool hai. shitoshh‍n, ushnoshh‍n aur ushh‍n katibndhiy phalon aur sabjiyon ke uth‍padan ki bhi yahan par apar snbhavanaen hain.

yahan ki mukhh‍y fasalen chaval aur makka hain. inake atirikh‍t sntare (khasi menderiyan), anannas, kela, katahal aur aloo bukhara, nashapati tatha adoo jaise shitoshh‍n phalon ke lie prasiddh hai. nakadi fasalon men aloo, haldi, adarak, kali mirch, supari, pan taipiyoka, chhote reshe vali kapas, patasan aur mesh‍ta, sarason aur toriya hain. is samay tilahanon (moongaphali, soyabin aur soorajamukhi), kajoo, sh‍traaubari, chay aur kaauphi, masharoom, jadi-bootiyon, aaurkid adi phoolon ki kheti par mukhy roop se dhh‍yan kendrit kiya ja raha hai.

udyog

rajh‍y ki vittiy evn audyogik vikas snsh‍tha ka nam 'meghalay audyogik vikas nigam limited' hai, jo udyog ke lie sthaniy udyamiyon ko vittiy sahayata deti hai. zila audyogik kendr gramin aur kutir udyogon ke vikas ke lie kary kar raha hai. lohe, ish‍pat samagri, siment tatha anh‍y vash‍tuon ke uth‍padan ke lie bhi anek udyogon ki sh‍thapana ki gee hai.

shiksha

  • meghalay bharat ke sabase kam vikasit rajyon men se ek hai.
  • lagabhag adhe se adhik log (63.3 pratishat) sakshar hain.
  • rajy men 5,517 shikshan snsthaen hain.
  • shilang sthit naaurth- istarn hil yunivarsiti rajy ka ekamatr vishvavidyalay hai.
  • bharat ke 1947 men hue vibhajan ne yahan ki adivasi abadi ko visthapit kar diya.
  • kuchh janajatiyon ne khud ko jis tarah nee antarrashtriy sima dvara vibhajit paya, usake parinamasvaroop poorvi pakistan (vartaman bangladesh) se ve bharat men apravasit hoti rahin.

sanskritik jivan

yah kshetr janajatiy snskriti aur lok parampara se samriddh hai. bhains ke singon, bansuri aur mridngon se nikali svar lahariyon ke sath nrity aur madirapan yahan ke samajik samarohon v dharmik anushthanon ka abhinn ang hai. vivah sambandh apane kul-gotr ke bahar hote hain. 19vin sadi ke madhy men eesaeeyat ke agaman aur usake sath judi sakht naitikata ne anek janajatiy aur samudayik snsthaon ko kshati pahunchaee hai. garo jati ke logon men ek vichitr pratha yah hai ki shadi ke bad sabase chhota damad apane sas-sasur ke ghar akar rahane lagata hai aur usaki sas ke mayake men usake sasur ka pratinidhi nokarom ban jata hai. yadi sasur ki maut ho jati hai to, nokarom ki usaki vidhava sas ki shadi kar di jati hai (aur is vivah ko dampaty ki sampoornata bhi pradan ki jati hai) aur is tarah vah man aur beti, donon ka pati ban jata hai. yah rivaj ab khatm hota ja raha hai. khasiyon men pahale narabali ki pratha bhi thi.

girajaghar ka maidan, shilang

meghalay rajy men anek gufaen, parvat shikhar, bag, jhil-rizaaurt sthal, khoobasoorat drishyavaliyan, garm pani ke sote aur jalaprapat hain. pramukh paryatak sthal hain- shilang, umiyam jhil, cherapoonji, maausinaram, jakriyam, maeerang, jovaee, nartiyang, thadalashin, tura, sijoo aur balapakram rashtriy udyan. 1993 men lagabhag 1,57,000 paryatak rajy men ae.

th‍yohar

meghalay ka 'panbalang-nongakrem’ khasiyon ka ek pramukh dharmik th‍yohar hai. jo panch din tak manaya jata hai. ise 'nongakrem' ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. yah shilang se lagabhag 11 kimi ki doori par sthit 'smit' namak ganv men manaya jata hai. 'shad suk minasim' khasiyon ka mahath‍vapoorn tyohar hai. yah tyohar har sal aprail ke doosare hafte men shilang men manaya jata hai. 'behadinakhalam jayntiya' adivasiyon ka mahath‍vapoorn th‍yohar hai. yah julaee mah men jayntiya pahadiyon ke jovee kash‍be men manaya jata hai. garo adivasi salajong (soory devata) namak devata ke samh‍man men aktoobar-navnbar men 'vangala' namak th‍yohar manate hain. yah th‍yohar lagabhag ek haphte tak manaya jata hai.

parivahan

sadak marg
  • meghalay rajy men sadakon ki lnbaee keval 6,022 kilomitar hai.
  • rajh‍y men lok nirman vibhag dvara taiyar ki gee pakh‍ki aur kachh‍chi sadakon ki kul lnbaee 7,977.98 kilomitar hai.
  • uttar men guvahati (asam) se dakshin men karimagnj (asam) tak jane vala rashtriy rajamarg is rajy se guzarata hai.
  • meghalay se hokar chh: rashh‍triy rajamarg guzarate hain.
rel marg

meghalay men koee relamarg nahin hai.

havaee marg
  • shilang ke lie viman ki vayudoot seva[2] upalabdh hai.
  • rajh‍y men ek matr havaee adda 'umaroee' men hain, jo shilang se 35 kilomitar ki doori par hai.

paryatan sh‍thal

meghalay men bahut se aise paryatan sh‍thal hain, jahan par prakriti apane bhavh‍y roop men upasthit hai. rajadhani shilang men bhi anekasundar sh‍thal hain. jinamen vardas lek, umiyam jhil, ledi haidari udyan, polo graund, mini chidiyaghar, hathi jharana, aur shilang ki parvat choti pramukh hain. shilang ki parvat choti se poore nagar ka drishy dikhaee deta hai. yahan ka golh‍ph kors desh ke achchhe golh‍ph kors maidanon men se ek hai.

badi jhil, meghalay

rajy sarakar paryatan ko paryapt badhava deti hai kintu alagavavadi sngathan 'ulpha' aur 'bodo rashtriy lokatantrik morcha', garo pahadiyon ko apani gatividhiyon ka kendr banate rahe hain . ghane jngal aur bangladesh ki sima samip hone ke karan ye log ise guptavas ki bhanti prayog karate hain.

shilang

shilang samudr tal se 1496 mitar ki oonchaee par sthit hai aur yah asam ko kat kar banaya gaya hai. shilang ka manoram prakritik parivesh poore varsh avakash bitane ke lie uttam hai. gadi se jane yogh‍y parvatiy sh‍thanon men se ek mana jane vala shilang aisa paryatan sh‍thal jahan itana adhik paidal nahin chalana hota. shilang ki upayukh‍t suvidhaen, manoram drishh‍y, khushahal log, badal aur lnbe pain ke ped, parvat, ghatiyan, daladal aur ek shanadar golh‍ph kors shilang ko ek achh‍chha gntavh‍y banate hain. khansi, jaintiya aur garo pahadiyon ke log ek rng birngi jivan shaili jite hain aur sath hi ve apani parnparaen bhi nibhate hain. shilang meghalay men anh‍y sh‍thanon par jane ke lie ek adhar ke taur par kary kar sakata hai.

vanh‍y jivan abhayaranh‍y

nokarek neshanal park

pashchimi garo pahadi zile men sthit nokarek neshanal park aur bayosh‍phiyar rijarv toora se lagabhag 45 kilomitar ki doori par hai. nok rek garon pahadiyon ko sabase ooncha‍ binh‍du hai aur yahan hathi tatha hoo laauk gibh‍ban sahit anek prakar ki vanh‍y prajatiyan paee jati hain. nok rek neshanal park ki sh‍thapana nokarek men tatha isake as pas vale sh‍thanon men jngali hathiyon ke samooh, pakshiyon ki durlabh kish‍men tatha durlabh aaurkid ke snrakshan ke lie ki gee thi. is park men sitras indika ki ath‍ynt durlabh prajati paee jati hai jisaka nam hai memang narng (bhavanaon ka sntara). nokarek ko jngali manushh‍y ka ghar mana jata hai aur nokarek ke ganv ke as pas inh‍hen dekhe jane ke mamale batae ge hain.

balapakaram neshanal park

yah rashh‍triy vanh‍y jivan park toora se lagabhag 167 kilomitar ki doori par hai. yah duniya ke sabase adhik durlabh lal panda ka ghar mana jata hai. isaka samanh‍y roop se nam lesar panda hai. balapakaram ka arth hai lagatar chalati havaon ka ghar jo bagh, hathi, bayasan, kale bhaloo, chite, sanbhar, hiran sahit anek prakar ke vanh‍y jntuon ke sath lagabhag 220 varg kilomitar men phaila hai. yah meghalay ke pashchimi garon pahadi zile men sthit bagh mara se juda hua hai. is park ke pashchimi hish‍se ke sath simaseng nadi ke kinare sijoo pakshi van abhayaranh‍y hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Meghalaya at a Glance (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) meghalay ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 30 janavari, 2016.
  2. gharelu havaee seva, jo kam savariyon aur chhoti doori ke upayukt hai
  3. meghalay (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 21 march, 2011.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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