दादरा तथा नगर हवेली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
dadara tatha nagar haveli
Dadra-And-Nagar-Haveli-Map.jpg
rajadhani silavasa
rajabhasha(en) gujarati bhasha, marathi bhasha, purtagali, hindi aur bhili[1]
sthapana 11 agast, 1961
janasnkhya 2,20,451 [1]
· ghanatv 453 /varg kimi
kshetraphal 491 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 20.27°uttar - 73.02° poorv
zile 1
saksharata 60.03 [1]%
prashasak praphull patel[2]
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
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dadara aur nagar haveli (angrezi: Dadra and Nagar Haveli) bharat ka ek kendrashasit pradesh hain. yah dakshini bharat men maharashtr aur gujarat ke madhy sthit hai, halanki dadara, jo ki is pradesh ki ek taluka hai, kuchh kilomitar door gujarat men sthit ek videshi antah kshetr hai. silavasa is pradesh ki rajadhani hai. yah kshetr daman se 10 se 30 kilomitar door hai.

itihas aur bhoogol

marathon aur purtagaliyon ke bich lnbe sngharsh ke bad 17 disnbar, 1779 ko maratha sarakar ne mitrata sunishchit karane ke lie is pradesh ke kuchh ganvon ka 12,000 rupaye ka rajash‍v kshatipoorti ke taur par purtagaliyon ko saunp diya tha. janata dvara 2 agash‍t, 1954 ko mukh‍t karane tak, purtagaliyon ne is pradesh par shasan kiya. 1954 se 1961 tak yah pradesh lagabhag sh‍vatntr roop se kam karata raha jise ‘sh‍vatntr dadara evn nagar haveli prashasan’ ne chalaya. lekin 11 agash‍t, 1961 ko yah pradesh bharatiy sngh men shamil ho gaya hai aur tab se bharat sarakar ek 'kendrashasit pradesh' ke roop men isaka prashasan kar rahi hai. purtagal ke chngul se is kshetr ki mukti ke bad se ‘varishh‍th pnchayat’ prashasan ki paramarshadatri snsh‍tha ke roop men kary kar rahi thi pnratu ise 1989 men bhng kar diya gaya aur akhil bharatiy sh‍tar par snvidhan snshodhan ke anuroop 'dadara aur nagar haveli' zila pnchayat aur 11 gram pnchayaton ki ek pradesh parishad gathit kar di gee. dadara aur nagar haveli 491 varg ki.mi. men phaila chhota sa kendrashasit pradesh hai. yah gujarat aur maharashtr rajh‍yon se ghira hua hai. isake do bhag hain ek dadara aur doosara nagar haveli. nikatatam relave sh‍teshan vapi men hai, jo silavasa se 18 kilomitar door hai.

bhasha

mukhy bhasha gujarati bhasha aur marathi bhasha hai.

krishi

dadara aur nagar haveli mukhh‍yat: gramin kshetr hain, jahan 79 pratishat adivasi rahate hain. isaka krishi kshetr lagabhag 21,115 hekh‍teyar hai. mukhh‍y fasal dhan (khariph) hai tatha nagali aur pahadi bazara anh‍y pramukh fasalen hain. phalon men am, chikoo tatha kele ka mukhh‍y uth‍padan hota hai tatha kul bhoo-bhag ke 40 pratishat kshetr men van hain. pichhale kuchh varshon men ganh‍ne ki kheti ko bade sh‍tar par shuroo kiya gaya hai. sinchaee ke kshetron men kee prakar ki fasal pranaliyon ko apanane ke prayas jari hain. varsh 2006-07 ke dauran ech.vaee.vi. bijon ki 87 miliyan tan matra 2211 kisanon ke bich 1407 miliyan tan rasayanik urvarak ke sath 6449 kisanon ko banti gee. boodhani aur mndoni patelad men karbanik kheti yojana jalh‍di hi arnbh ki jaegi. isake lie 60 kisan kredit kard jari kie ge hain.

dadara aur nagar haveli ke janajatiy kshetron men 'vadi vikas karyakram' ka kriyanh‍vayan 'baiph' namak gair sarakari sngathan dvara nabard ki vittiy sahayata se kiya ja raha hai aur isamen kul 800 janajatiy aur anusoochit jati ke parivaron ko labh milega.

sinchaee aur bijali

dadara aur nagar haveli men sh‍vatntrata se poorv, kisi prakar ki sinchaee suvidhaen nahin thi aur kisanon ko poori tarah varsha par nirbhar rahana padata tha. pradesh ke bharatiy sngh men sammilit hone ke bad laghu sinchaee kshetr men paryaph‍t upay kie ge hain. ab tak sinchaee kuon se snbndhit 128 lipht sinchaee pariyojanaen poori ki ja chuki hain. bhootal jal snsadhanon, jaise ki nadiyon, bandhon ke jarie pradesh men 1851 hekh‍teyar kshetr ke lie atirikh‍t sinchaee vh‍yavash‍tha ki gee hai. mnjholi sinchaee pariyojana - jaise 'damanagnga arakshit jal pariyojana' ke jarie is kendr shasit pradesh men 115 ki.mi. chhoti naharen aur rajabahe chal rahe hain. 4300 hekh‍teyar men sabhi tarah ke philh‍d chainalon men vikas kary poora ho chuka hai tatha 4,049 hekh‍teyar men parikshan kiya gaya hai.

dadara aur nagar haveli sngh rajh‍y kshetr ki sh‍vatntrata se pahale yahan koee vidyutikaran nahin tha. yahan keval ek diji sait dvara bijali pradan ki jati thi, jise sarkit haus men ati‍ vishishh‍t vh‍yaktiyon ke lie silavasa kash‍be men lagaya gaya tha, chalaya jata tha.

sh‍vatntrata ke bad sngh rajh‍y kshetr prashasan ne gujarat ke padosi rajh‍y ke sahayog se gramin vidyutikaran kary arnbh kiya aur 1976 tak 25 ganvon men vidyutikaran ka kary poora kiya. sngh rajh‍y kshetr ki bijali ki mang vapi-silavasa se ekal paripath ke madhh‍yam se gujarat vidyut mndal dvara poori ki jati hai aur ise grahakon ki simit snkhh‍ya ke bich vitarit kiya jata hai. amh‍li men 1979 men pahala 66 ke.vi. sabash‍teshan sh‍thapit kiya gaya tha. is sabash‍teshan ki kamishaning ke bad vidyut vibhag is sabhi ganvon ko bijali pradan karane ki sthiti men hai.

ganv khadoli men vidyut mntralay dvara 220/66 kevi, 2x160 emavie sabash‍teshan ko anumodit kiya gaya hai. pavar grid kaaurporeshan aauph indiya dvara is kary ka karyanh‍vayan kiya jaega, jo agale tin varsh men poora hone ki asha hai. isake atirikh‍t vagh dhara, athal, pipariya, sayali, velugam adi men vibhinh‍n 66/11 kevi ke sabash‍teshan sh‍thapit karane ka prash‍tav vicharadhin hai.

sngh rajh‍y kshetr ki bijali ki avashh‍yakata vartaman men pashchimi kshetr men sthit kenh‍driy kshetr vidyut uth‍padan sh‍teshan dvara poori ki ja rahi hai. kenh‍driy kshetr se maujooda vidyut abntan 270 megavaaut hai. bijali ki mang bharat sarakar dvara is sngh rajh‍y kshetr men kar avakash labh vish‍tarit karane se hue tivr audyogikikaran ke karan teji se badh gee hai.

parivahan

kendr shasit pradesh poori tarah maharashtr aur gujarat ke sadak netavark par nirbhar hai kh‍yonki munbee se in donon rajh‍yon ko par karane ke uparant hi pradesh men pahuncha ja sakata hai. vartaman men sadakon ki kul donon lnbaee 635 ki.mi. hai jisamen se 570 ki.mi. pakh‍ki hain. lagabhag sabhi ganv aisi sadakon se jude hain jo har mausam men thik rahati hain. munbee se ahamadabad ka rel marg vapi se bhi juda hai. nikatatam havaee adda munbee hai. badhate yatayat ki zarooraton ko maddenazar pradesh men sadaken chaudi karane ka kam hal men shuroo kiya gaya hai.

teji se badh rahe audyogikikaran ko dekhate hue silavasa aur as-pas ke kshetron men anh‍y chhut-put karyon ke alava char len sadak-nirman ka kary shuroo kiya gaya hai. do len sadak ko 17.69 ki lnbaee ke lie char len men badalane ka kam poora ho gaya hai. dadara-tigahara sadak ka kary pragati par hai aur vartaman vittiy varsh arthath 2007 - 08 ke dauran anh‍y 5.70 ki. mi. lamh‍bi sadak, jo silavasa aur naroli ko jodati hai, ke char len vali sadak men badal jane ki asha hai.

  • yahan sabase pas ka relave steshan vapi hai jo pashchimi relave se sambndhit hai. lagabhag sabhi badi relagadiyan yahan ati hain.
  • dadar aur nagar haveli sngh rajy munbee- badauda aur dilli rashtriy rajamarg snkhya 8 (pashchimi eksapres haeeve) se juda hai. silavasa bhilad se 14 kimi aur vapi se 18 kimi ki doori par hai.

th‍yohar

dadara aur nagar haveli kshetr men samanh‍yataya sabhi hindu, muslim aur eesaee th‍yohar manae jate hain. adivasi apane hi th‍yohar manate hain. dhodiya aur varli janajatiyan ‘divaso’ th‍yohar manati hain aur dhodiya janajati rakshabndhan bhi manati hai. varli, kokana aur koli janajatiyan 'bhavada' th‍yohar manati hain. yahan ki sabhi jatiyon ke log fasal katane se pahale gram devi ki pooja karate hai tatha fasal katane ke bad ‘kali pooja’ ka th‍yohar manate hain.

paryatan sh‍thal

hiravan udyan, dadara
Hirwavan Garden, Dadra

ghane van kshetr tatha anukool jalavayu ko dekhate hue yahan paryatan kshetr ko uchh‍ch prathamikata di gee hai. paryatan ko badhava dene ke lie har sal tarapa uth‍sav, pntag uth‍sav aur vishh‍v paryatan divas adi ayojit kie jate hain. paryatan ki drishti se pramukh sh‍than hai -

  • tadakeshh‍var shiv mndir
  • vrindavan
  • khanavel ka hiran park
  • banagnga jhil aur dvip udyan
  • vanavihar udyan
  • laghu prani vihar
  • bal udyan
  • adivasi mh‍yoojiyam
  • silavasa sthit hiravavan udyan


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Dadra and Nagar haveli at a glance (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) whereincity.com. abhigaman tithi: 28 joon, 2011.
  2. lephtinent gavarnar tatha prashasak (hindi) bharat ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2017.

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