अब्दुल कलाम  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abdul kalam vishay soochi
abdul kalam    jivani    vidyarthi jivan    karyakshetr    yogadan    pustaken    rajanitik jivan    vyaktitv    antim samay    anamol vachan
abdul kalam
Abdul-Kalam.jpg
poora nam avul pakir jainullabdin abdul kalam
any nam misail main
janm 15 aktoobar, 1931

(ayu- 88 varsh)

janm bhoomi rameshvaram, tamilanadu
mrityu 27 julaee, 2015
mrityu sthan shilang, meghalay
abhibhavak jainulabdin
pati/patni avivahit
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi bharatiy misail karyakram ke janak
pad bharat ke 11ven rashtrapati
kary kal 25 julaee, 2002 se 25 julaee, 2007
shiksha snatak
vidyalay madras instityoot aauf teknolaauji
bhasha hindi, angrezi, tamil
puraskar-upadhi bharat ratn (1997), padm vibhooshan (1990), padm bhooshan (1981), indira gandhi rashtriy ekata puraskar evn deshi-videshi kee vishvavidyalayon se manad daauktaret ki upadhi
snbndhit lekh abdul kalam ke anamol vachan
pustaken 'vings aauf fayar' (jivani), 'indiya 2020- e vizan faaur d nyoo mileniyam', bharat ki avaz, tarning pvaauints, ham honge kamayab
any janakari daauktar kalam ne bharat ke vikas star ko 2020 tak vigyan ke kshetr men atyadhunik karane ke lie ek vishisht soch pradan ki. yah bharat sarakar ke 'mukhy vaigyanik salahakar' bhi rahe.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

avul pakir jainullabdin abdul kalam (angrezi: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam; janm: 15 aktoobar, 1931, rameshvaram; mrityu: 27 julaee, 2015 shilang) jinhen daau. e. pi. je. abdul kalam ke nam se jana jata hai, bharat ke poorv rashtrapati, prasiddh vaigyanik aur abhiynta ke roop men vikhyat the. unaka rashtrapati karyakal 25 julaee, 2002 se 25 julaee, 2007 tak raha. unhen misail main ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. vah ek gair rajanitik vyakti rahe. vigyan ki duniya men chamatkarik pradarshan ke karan hi rashtrapati bhavan ke dvar unake lie svat: khul ge. jo vyakti kisi kshetr vishesh men sarvashreshth pradarshan karata hai, usake lie sab sahaj ho jata hai aur kuchh bhi durlabh nahin rahata. abdul kalam is uddharan ka pratinidhitv karate nazar ate the. unhonne vivah nahin kiya tha. unaki jivan gatha kisi rochak upanyas ke nayak ki kahani se kam nahin hai. chamatkarik pratibha ke dhani abdul kalam ka vyaktitv itana unnat tha ki vah sabhi dharm, jati evn sampradayon ke vyakti nazar ate the. vah ek aise svikary bharatiy the, jo sabhi ke lie 'ek mahanh adarsh' ban chuke hain. vigyan ki duniya se desh ka pratham nagarik banana kapol kalpana matr nahin hai, kyonki yah ek jivit praneta ki satyakatha hai.

jivan parichay

abdul kalam ka poora nam 'daauktar avul pakir jainullabdin abdul kalam' tha. unaka janm 15 aktoobar, 1931 ko rameshvaram tamilanadu men hua tha. dvip jaisa chhota sa shahar prakritik chhata se bharapoor tha. shayad isilie abdul kalam ji ka prakriti se bahut judav raha tha.
kishoravastha men abdul kalam
rameshvaram ka prakritik saundary samudr ki nikatata ke karan sadaiv bahut darshaniy raha hai. unake pita 'jainulabdin' n to zyada padhe-likhe the, n hi paise vale the. ve navik the, aur niyam ke bahut pakke the. unake pita machhuaron ko nav kiraye par diya karate the. unake snbndh rameshvaram ke hindoo netaon tatha adhyapakon ke sath kafi snehapoorn the. abdul kalam ne apani arnbhik shiksha jari rakhane ke lie akhabar vitarit karane ka kary bhi kiya tha.

vidyarthi jivan

abdul kalam jab ath-nau sal ke the, tab se subah char baje uthate the aur snan karane ke bad ganit ke adhyapak svamiyar ke pas ganit padhane chale jate the. svamiyar ki yah visheshata thi ki jo vidyarthi snan karake nahin ata tha, vah use nahin padhate the. svamiyar ek anokhe adhyapak the aur panch vidyarthiyon ko prativarsh ni:shulk tyooshan padhate the. inaki mata inhen uthakar snan karati thin aur nashta karavakar tyooshan padhane bhej deti thin. abdul kalam tyoohshan padhakar sadhe panch baje vapas ate the. usake bad apane pita ke sath namaz padhate the. phir quran sharif ka adhyayan karane ke lie vah areshik skool (madarasa) chale jate the. isake pashchatt abdul kalam rameshvaram ke relave steshan aur bas adde par jakar samachar patr ekatr karate the.

karyakshetr

1962 men ve 'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' men aye. daauktar abdul kalam ko projekt dayarektar ke roop men bharat ka pahala svadeshi upagrah (es.el.vi. tritiy) prakshepastr banane ka shrey hasil hai. julaee 1980 men inhonne rohini upagrah ko prithvi ki kaksha ke nikat sthapit kiya tha. is prakar bharat bhi 'antarrashtriy antariksh klab' ka sadasy ban gaya. 'isaro laaunch vhikal program' ko paravan chadhane ka shrey bhi inhen pradan kiya jata hai. daauktar kalam ne svadeshi lakshy bhedi (gaided misails) ko dizain kiya. inhonne agni evn prithvi jaisi misails ko svadeshi takanik se banaya tha. daauktar kalam julaee 1992 se disambar 1999 tak raksha mntri ke 'vigyan salahakar' tatha 'suraksha shodh aur vikas vibhag' ke sachiv the. unhonne stretejik misails sistam ka upayog agneyastron ke roop men kiya.

vyavasayik parichay

dakshin afrika ke poorv rashtrapati nelsan mndela ke sath abdul kalam

daau. abdul kalam jab ech.e.el. se ek vaimaniki injiniyar banakar nikale to inake pas naukari ke do bade avasar the. ye donon hi unake barason purane udan ke sapane ko poora karane vale the. ek avasar bharatiy vayusena ka tha aur doosara raksha mntralay ke adhin takaniki vikas evn utpadan nideshalay, ka tha. unhonne donon jagahon par sakshatkar diya. ve raksha mntralay ke takaniki vikas evn utpadan nideshalay men chun lie ge. sanh 1958 men inhonne 250 roope ke mool vetan par nideshalay ke takaniki kendr (uddayan) men varishth vaigyanik sahayak ke pad par kam snbhal liya.

vishesh yogadan

faravari 1982 men daau. abdul kalam ko di.ar.di.el ka nideshak niyukt kiya gaya. usi samay anna vishvavidyalay, madras ne inhen 'daauktar aph sains' ki manak upadhi se sammanit kiya. eyaronaautikal injiniyaring men digri hasil karane ke qarib bis sal bad yah manad upadhi daau. abdul kalam ko prapt huee. daau. abdul kalam ne rakshamntri ke tatkalin vaigyanik salahakar daau. vi. es. aroonachalam ke margadarshan men intigreted gaided misail devalapament program (aee.ji.em.di.pi.) ka prastav taiyar kiya. svadeshi misailon ke vikas ke lie ek spasht aur suparibhashit misail karyakram taiyar karane ke uddeshy se daau. abdul kalam ki adhyakshata men ek kameti banaee gee.
roos ke rashtrapati vladimir putin aur bharat ke poorv pradhanamntri atal bihari vajapeyi ke sath abdul kalam

rajanitik jivan

daauktar abdul kalam rajanitik kshetr ke vyakti nahin hain lekin rashtravadi soch aur rashtrapati banane ke bad bharat ki kalyan snbndhi nitiyon ke karan inhen kuchh had tak rajanitik drishti se sampann mana ja sakata hai. inhonne apani pustak 'indiya 2020' men apana drishtikon spasht kiya hai. yah bharat ko antariksh vigyan ke kshetr men duniya ka siramaur rashtr banate dekhana chahate hain aur isake lie inake pas ek kary yojana bhi hai. paramanu hathiyaron ke kshetr men yah bharat ko supar paauvar banane ki bat sochate rahe hain. vah vigyan ke any kshetron men bhi takaniki vikas chahate hain.

vyaktitv evn krititv

daau. kalam ek bahuayami vyaktitv ke dhani hain. veshabhoosha, bolachal ke lahaje, achchhe-khase sarakari avas ko chhodakar haaustal ka sadagipoorn jivan, ye baten unake snpark men ane vale pratyek vyakti par ek sammohak prabhav chhodati hain. vigyan, praudyogiki, desh ke vikas aur yuva mastishkon ko prajjvalit karane men apani tallinata ke sath sath ve paryavaran ki chinta bhi khoob karate hain, sahity men ruchi rakhate hain, kavita likhate hain, vina bajate hain, tatha adhyatm se bahut gahare jude hue hain. daau. kalam men apane kam ke prati jabardast divanagi hai. unake lie koee bhi samay kam ka samay hota hai. vah apana adhikansh samay karyalay men bitate hain. der sham tak vibhinn karyakramon men daau. kalam ki sakriyata tatha sphoorti kabiletariph hai. oorja ka aisa pravah keval gahari pratibaddhata tatha samarpan se hi a sakata hai. daau. kalam khanapan men poornat: shakahari vyakti hain. ve madirapan se bilakul parahej karate hain. unaka niji jivan anukaraniy hai. daau. kalam ki yadadasht bahut tej hai. ve ghatanaon tatha baton ko yad rakhate hain.[1]

samman aur puraskar

daau. kalam isaro ke vaigyanikon ko padhate hue, sanh 1980

daau. kalam ko anek samman aur puraskar mile hain jinamen shamil hain-

visheshata

antim samay

27 julaee, 2015 ki sham abdul kalam 'bharatiy prabndhan snsthan shilong' men 'rahane yogy grah' par ek vyakhyan de rahe the, tab unhen dil ka daura pada aur ve behosh hokar gir pade. lagabhag 6:30 baje gnbhir halat men unhen bethani aspatal men aeesiyoo men le jaya gaya aur do ghnte ke bad unaki mrityu ki pushti kar di gee. aspatal ke sieeo jaaun sailo ke anusar- "jab kalam ko aspatal laya gaya, tab unaki nabj aur raktachap sath chhod chuke the. apane nidhan se lagabhag 9 ghante pahale hi unhonne tvit karake bataya tha ki- "vah shilong aeeaeeem men lekchar ke lie ja rahe hain." kalam aktoobar, 2015 men 84 sal ke hone vale the. meghalay ke rajyapal vi. shadamukhanathan, abdul kalam ke haauspital men pravesh ki khabar sunate hi sidhe aspatal pahunch ge the, bad men shadamukhanathan ne bataya ki kalam ko bachane ki chikitsa dal ki koshishon ke bad bhi sham 7:45 par unaka nidhan ho gaya. kalam ke nidhan ka samachar pakar poore desh men shok ki lahar daud gee.



bharat ke rashtrapati
Arrow-left.png poorvadhikari
ke. ar. narayanan
abdul kalam uttaradhikari
pratibha patil
Arrow-right.png
panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. daau. e.pi.je. abdul kalam : vyaktitv evn krititv (hindoo) shaikshik ee-samagri. abhigaman tithi: 15 disambar, .

snbndhit lekh

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