भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan
isaro ka pratik chihn (logo)
uddeshy vibhinn rashtriy karyon ke lie antariksh praudyogiki aur usake upayogon ka vikas
sthapana 1969
snsthapak bharat sarakar
mukhyalay baingalor
snbndhit lekh antariksh yan, pramochan yan, aryabhat, bhash‍kar, rohini, eppal, pieselavi, jieselavi
any janakari bharatiy antariksh karyakram ki khas visheshata antariksh men jane vale anh‍y deshon, antararashtriy sngathanon aur vikasashil deshon ke sath prabhavi sahayog hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait

bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (angrezi: Indian Space Research Organisation, snkshep men 'isaro') bharat ka rashtriy antariksh snsthan hai jisaka mukhyalay karnatak prant ki rajadhani bngaluroo men hai. snsthan men lagabhag 17,000 karmachari evn vaigyanik karyarat hain. snsthan ka mukhy kary bharat ke liye antariksh snbadhi takanik upalabdh karavana hai. antariksh karyakram ke mukhy uddeshyon men upagrahon, pramochak yanon, parigyapi raketon aur bhoo-pranaliyon ka vikas shamil hai.

sh‍thapana

bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan ki sh‍thapana 1969 men ki gee. bharat sarakar dvara 1972 men 'antariksh ayog' aur 'antariksh vibhag' ke gathan se antariksh shodh gatividhiyon ko atirikh‍t gati praph‍t huee. 'isaro' ko antariksh vibhag ke niyntran men rakha gaya. bharatiy antariksh karyakram ke itihas men 70 ka dashak prayogath‍mak yug tha jis dauran 'aryabhat', 'bhash‍kar', 'rohini' tatha 'eppal' jaise prayogath‍mak upagrah karyakram chalae ge. in karyakramon ki saphalata ke bad 80 ka dashak snchalanath‍mak yug bana jabaki 'inset' tatha 'aeeares' jaise upagrah karyakram shuroo hue. aj inset tatha aeeares isaro ke pramukh karyakram hain. antariksh yan ke sh‍vadesh men hi prakshepan ke lie bharat ka mazaboot prakshepan yan karyakram hai. yah ab itana paripakh‍v ho gaya hai ki prakshepan ki sevaen anh‍y deshon ko bhi upalabh‍dh karata hai. isaro ki vh‍yavasayik shakha entrikh‍s, bharatiy antariksh sevaon ka vipanan vishh‍v bhar men karati hai. bharatiy antariksh karyakram ki khas visheshata antariksh men jane vale anh‍y deshon, antararashtriy sngathanon aur vikasashil deshon ke sath prabhavi sahayog hai.

uddeshy

  • isaro ka uddeshy hai, vibhinn rashtriy karyon ke lie antariksh praudyogiki aur usake upayogon ka vikas.
  • isaro ne do pramukh antariksh pranaliyan sthapit ki hain-
  1. snchar, dooradarshan prasaran aur mausam vigyaniy sevaon ke lie insait
  2. aur snsadhan maaunitaran tatha prabndhan ke lie bharatiy sudoor snvedan upagrah (aeeares).
  • isaro ne insait aur aeeares upagrahon ko apekshit kaksha men sthapit karane ke lie pieselavi aur jieselavi, do upagrah pramochan yan vikasit kie hain.
  • tadanusar, bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ne do pramukh upagrah pranaliyan, yatha snchar sevaon ke lie bharatiy rashtriy upagrah (insait) aur prakritik snpada prabndhan ke lie bharatiy sudoor snvedan (aeeares) ka, sath hi, aeeares prakar ke upagrahon ke pramochan ke lie dhruviy upagrah pramochan yan (pieselavi) aur insait prakar ke upagrahon ke pramochan ke lie bhoosthir upagrah pramochan yan (jieselavi) ka saphalatapoorvak prachalanikaran kiya hai.[1]

mahattvapoorn prayogik parikshan[2]

daau. abdul kalam isaro ke vaigyanikon ko padhate hue, sanh 1980

saeet

upagrah shaikshanik dooradarshan parikshan (saeet) ek mas kamyunikeshan ya jan snchar parikshan tha. isake antargat desh ke chhah rajyon ke 2500 ganvon men amariki upagrah e ti es-6 ke istemal se shiksha, svasthy, parivar niyojan adi vishayon par gramin logon ko telivijan karyakramon ke madhyam se jagaruk banaya gaya. yah parikshan 1 julaee 1975 se 31 julaee 1976 tak chala.

step parikshan

1977-79 men upagrah doorasnchar parikshan pariyojana ke dauran frans aur jarmani ke upagrah simphoni ka prayog kiya gaya. isake madhyam se snchar ke kshetr ke kee mahattvapoorn parikshan poore kie ge. step parikshan ne ghareloo doorasnchar ke lie ek bhoo sthir upagrah tntr ke prachalan ka mauqa diya. isase bhoo inphrastrakchar ke dijain men madad mili.

eppal

isaka poora nam eriyan paisenjar pelod eksaperiment tha. yah bharat men nirmit pahala snchar upagrah tha. yah prayogik snchar upagrah tha, jisamen keval si-baind transapandar the. isaki laaunching 19 joon 1981 ko yooropiy antariksh snstha ke eriyan raket se ki gee. yah ek belanakar upagrah tha. isaka vajan 350 kilogram tha. is upagrah ke istemal se telivijan karyakramon ke preshan aur rediyo netavarking jaise snchar parikshan kie ge.

aryabhat upagrah

bharat ka pahala upagrah tha. isaka namakaran bharat ke prachin ganitgy aryabhat ke nam par kiya gaya. ise 19 apral 1975 ko roos ke laaunching steshan kapoostin yar se laaunch kiya gaya. is upagrah ka nirman eks re khagoliki vayugatiki aur saur bhautiki par parikshan karane ke lie kiya gaya tha.

bhaskar upagrah

bharatiy antariksh karyakram ke tahat bhaskar-1 aur bhaskar-2 ka nirman kiya gaya. ye desh ke pahale nimn bhoo kaksha prekshan upagrah the. donon upagrahon ko roos ke laaunching steshan kapoostin yar se chhoda gaya. inhen kramash: 7 joon 1979 aur 20 navnbar 1981 ko chhoda gaya tha. donon upagrahon ne samudr vigyan, jal vigyan adi se jude kee ankade ikatthe kie.

rohini upagrah

yah ek upagrah shrinkhala ka nam hai. isaki laaunching isaro ne hi ki thi. rohini pratham ka istemal laaunching yan eselavi-3 ke nishpadan ke mapan ke lie kiya gaya tha. rohini-2 aur rohini-3 upagrahon men laind mark snvedak nitabhar lagae ge the.

isaro ke pramukh kendr[2]

  • jodhapur- pashchimi araresesasi
  • udayapur- saur vedhashala
  • bhopal- inasait mukhy niyntran suvidha
  • ahamadabad- antariksh upayog kendr, bhautik anusndhan prayogashala, vikas aur shaikshik snchar yoonit
  • baingalor- antariksh ayog, antariksh vibhag, isaro mukhyalay, inaset karyakram karyalay, sivil injiniyaring prabhag, antariksh karaporeshan, isaro upagrah kendr, drav nodan pranali kendr, istairak, dakshini araresesasi, enenaremes sachivalay
  • hasan- inasait mukhy niyntran suvidha
  • aluva- amoniyam prakloret prayogik snyntr
  • tiruvanntapuram- vikram sarabhaee antariksh kendr, drav nodan pranali kendr, isaro jadatviy pranali kendr
  • deharadoon- bharatiy sudoor snvedan snsthan, uttari araresesasi
  • nee dilli- antariksh vibhag shakha sachivalay, isaro shakha karyalay, dilli prithvi steshan
  • lakhanoo- istraik bhoo-kendr
  • khadagapur- poorvi araresesasi
  • nagapur- madhy araresesasi
  • haidarabad- rashtriy sudoor snvedan ejensi
  • tirupati- enemesati radar suvidha
  • shriharikota- satish dhavan antariksh kendr, shar kendr
  • mahendragiri- drav nodan janch suvidha kendr

bharatiy antariksh karyakram ke praneta[2]

pramukh upalabh‍dhiyan

  • varsh 2005-06 men bharatiy antariksh karyakram ki sabase pramukh upalabh‍dhi 'pieselavisi 6' ka saphal prakshepan rahi hai.
  • 5 mee, 2005 ko 'polar upagrah prakshepan yan' (pieselavi-ephasi 6) ki nauvin udan ne shriharikota ke satish dhavan antariksh kendr (esadiesasi) se saphalatapoorvak do upagrahon - 1560 ki.gra. ke kartosh‍tar-1 tatha 42 ki.gra. ke hemaset ko poorv-nirdharit polar san sinh‍kronan arbit (eseso) men pahunchaya. lagatar satavin prakshepan saphalata ke bad pieselavi-si 6 ki saphalata ne pieselavi ki vishh‍vasaniyata ko age badhaya tatha 600 ki.mi. oonche polar eseso men 1600 ki.gra. bhar tak ke nitabhar ko rakhane ki kshamata ko darshaya hai.
  • 22 disnbar, 2005 ko inset-4e ka saphal prakshepan, jo ki bharat dvara ab tak banae ge sabhi upagrahon men sabase bhari tatha shakh‍tishali hai, varsh 2005-06 ki anh‍y badi upalabh‍dhi thi. inset-4e dararekh‍t-too-hom (ditiech) telivijan prasaran sevaen pradan karane men saksham hai.
  • isake atirikh‍t, nau gramin snsadhan kendron (viarasij) ke doosare samooh ki sh‍thapana karana antariksh vibhag ki varsh ke dauran mahath‍vapoorn maujooda pahal hai. viarasi ki dharana gramin samudayon ki badalati tatha mahath‍vapoorn avashh‍yakataon ko poora karane ke lie antariksh vh‍yavash‍thaon tatha anh‍y aeeti aujaron se nikalane vali vibhinh‍n prakar ki janakari pradan karane ke lie snchar sadhanon tatha bhoomi avalokan upagrahon ki kshamataon ko snghatit karati hai.

samachar

jisait 6-A saitelait

isaro ne laaunch kiya jiset-6A saitelait

29 march, 2018 guruvar

bharat ka damadar snchar saitalait jisait 6-A shriharikota ke antariksh prakshepan kendr se 29 march, 2018 ko saphalatapoorvak antariksh ki kaksha men sthapit kar diya. yah bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) aur bharatiy senaon ko sashakt banane ki disha men ek aur mil ka patthar sabit hoga. pradhanamntri narendr modi ne isaro ki is saphal laaunching ke lie use badhaee bhi di hai. is setelait ka vajan 2,140 kilogram hai. yah shriharikota ke seknd steshan se laaunch kiya gaya aur 17 minat men apani kaksha men pravesh kar lega. is setelait ki sabase badi khasiyat malti bim kavarej suvidha hai. isake jariye bharat ko netavark mainejament takanik men madad milegi. yahi nahin, isamen es-baind kamyunikeshan link ke lie 6 mitar vyas ka ek entina bhi hai. prakshepan yan jiesalavi ki 12vin udan hai. raauket ki lnbaee 49.1 mitar hai. bharat saitelait ke jarie intaranet ki duniya men nee kranti lane ki taiyari kar raha hai. jisait-6e saitelait usi kadi ka ek hissa hai. isaro is samay desh ka sabase vajani kamyunikeshan saitelait jisait-11 par kam kar raha hai. isaka vajan 5.6 tan hai. halanki, bharat ke pas char tan se jyada vajani saitelait bhejane ki kshamata rakhane vale raauket nahin hain. bharat ise sauth ameriki ailaind phrench guyana se eriyan-5 raauket ke jarie laaunch karega. saitelait ki kamayab laaunching se bharat ke pas khud ka saitelait besd intaranet hoga. saitelait besd intaranet se haee spid kanektiviti badh jaegi.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

isaro ne laaunch kiya 100van upagrah, ek sath bheje 31 saitelaits

12 janavari, 2018 shukravar

bharatiy antariksh evn anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ne 12 janavari, 2018 ko satish dhavan antariksh kendr se dhruviy upagrah prakshepan yan pieselavi-40 si ke jariye prithvi avalokan upagrah kartosait-2 sahit 31 upagrahon ka saphal prakshepan kiya. isaro ne bataya ki pieselavi-si40 ne kartosait-2 shrrinkhala upagrah ko soory sthaitik kaksha men saphalatapoorvak sthapit kar diya gaya hai. pieselavi-si40 raauket ka poorv nirdharit karyakram ke anusar subah 9:28 par antariksh kendr se prakshepan kiya gaya jo badalon se bhare asaman ko chirata hua apane gntavy ki or badh gaya. 31 agast, 2017 ko isi tarah ke raket se nauvahan upagrah aee.ar.en.es.es.1-ech lanch kiya gaya tha, lekin hit shild n khulane ki vajah se saitelait raket ke chauthe charan men asaphal ho gaya tha. pieselavi-si40 varsh 2018 ki pahali antariksh saphal pariyojana hai. saitelait kendr nideshak em. annaduree ne bataya ki maikro upagrah antariksh men bharat ka 100van upagrah hai. antariksh vaigyanik aur injiniyaron ne guruvar ko raket ke nichale, madhy aur oopari hisse ki tel ki tnki men dravy aur thos eendhan guruvar ko hi bharana shuroo kar diya tha. bata den ki 15 pharavari 2017 ko ek sath 104 upagrahon ko antariksh men bhejakar ISRO ne aisa itihas likha tha, jise ab tak koee dohara nahin saka hai.

is raauket ke jarie kartosait-2 ke sath 28 antarrashtriy sah-yatri upagrahon men se 19 amerika, panch dakshin koriya aur ek-ek kanada, phrans, briten aur phinalaind ke hain. isake sath hi do any bharatiy upagrah-panch kilo vajani naino antariksh yan aur lagabhag 100 kilo vajani sookshm upagrah shamil hain. sabhi 31 upagrahon ka vajah 1323 kilogram hai. isaro ne itihas rachate hue apana 100van saitelait laaunch kar diya hai. pieselavi shrrinkhala ke saitelait ka nam kartosait-2, hai. is saitalain ko 'aee in d skai' ke nam se bhi jana ja raha hai, kyonki ye atnriksh se tasviren lene ke lie hi banaya gaya hai. khas bat hai ki ye pakistan sthit atnki thikanon par paini najar banae rakhega. saitelait ki saphal laaunching par pradhanamntri narendr modi ne isaro ko badhaee di hai. pradhanamntri ne is ne sal ka tohapha karar dete hue kaha ki takaniki men ye badalav desh ke nagarikon, kisanon aur machhuaron ki madad men sahayogi degi. bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ne shriharikota se pieselavi-si 40 ke sath ek sath 31 upagrah antariksh men bheje hain. bharat ke lie ye bahut badi upalabdhi hai kyonki pichhale sal agast men pieselavi-si 39 ka mishan phel ho gaya tha. isake bad prakshepan yan pieselavi ko phir se taiyar kiya gaya. koee raauket phel ho jae to use marammat karake dobara naya jaisa banakar lanching paid par utarana bahut badi bat hai. ye bharat ka 'varkahaaurs raauket' hai jisake phel hone se bharat ki dikkaten bahut badh jati hain.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

isaro ne saphalatapoorvak laaunh‍ch kiya sauth eshiya saitelait

jieselavi-eph09
5 mee, 2017 shukravar

karib 450 karod ki lagat se bane upagrah (jisait-9) ko 5 mee, 2017 ko bharatiy antariksh anusndhan snsthan (ISRO) ne laaunch kiya. isase upagrah se sark deshon ke bich snpark ko badhava milega lekin pakistan isase bahar hai. isaka upagrah ko chennee se karib 135 kilomitar door shriharikota sthit satish dhavan antariksh kendr se laaunch kiya gaya. pradhanamntri narendr modi ne kaha, dakshin eshiyaee upagrah ka saphal prakshepan aitihasik kshan, isase snbndhon ke ne ayam ki shuruat hogi. jisait-9 ko bharat ki or se usake dakshin eshiyaee padosi deshon ke lie upahar mana ja raha hai. is upagrah ko isaro ka raauket jieselavi-eph09 lekar jaega. isaro ke adhyaksh e.es kiran kumar ne guruvar ko bataya tha ki isase ath sark deshon men se sat bharat, shrilnka, bhootan, afaganistan, bangladesh, nepal aur maladiv pariyojana ka hissa hain. pakistan ne yah kahate hue isase bahar rahane ka phaisala kiya ki usaka apana antariksh karyakram hai. bangladesh ki piem shekh hasina ne kaha, ' is laaunch se hamare apasi rishte majaboot honge. isase logon ko apas men joda ja sakega. laind, vaautar aur spes men hamara apasi sahayog badhega.' bhootan ke piem shering tobage ne kaha, 'dakshin eshiya upagrah laaunch aitihasik pal hai. yah duniya ke itihas men ek badi upalabdhi hai. bharat ko isake lie badhaee. apasi sahayog ke lie yah bada kadam hai. saitalait best snchar ab zaroori ho gaya hai. hamare kshetr ke lie yah behatar hoga. yah bhootan jaise desh ke lie kafi aham hoga.' maladiv ke rashtrapati yamin abdul gayoom ne kaha, 'dakshin eshiya men yah 'sabaka sath sabaka vikas' hai. yah saitalait is kshetr ke lie kafi aham hoga. yah piem modi ka shanadar vijan hai. isase kshetr ke janata ke bich sahayog badhega.' nepal ke piem pushp kamal dahal 'prachnd' ne is shanadar laaunching ke lie bharat ko badhaee di. unhonne kaha, 'yah kshetr ke vikas aur telimedisin aur apada prabndhan ke lie behatar hoga. snchar seva ke lie bhi yah upagrah behatarin hoga.' shrilnka ke rashtrapati em. sirisena ne bhi kaha, 'yah laaunch sabhi sark deshon ke lie phayademnd hoga. shiksha, paryavaran, mausam anuman ke lie labhadayak hoga. yah kshetr ke logon ko achchha jivan dega.'

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

isaro ne ek sath rikard 104 saitelait laaunch karake itihas racha

15 faravari, 2017 budhavar

antariksh men bharat ne 15 faravari, 2017 budhavar ko ek bahut badi kamayabi hasil ki hai. bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ke prakshepan yan pieselavi ne shriharikota sthit antariksh kendr se ek ekal mishan men rikard 104 upagrahon ka saphalatapoorvak prakshepan kiya. yahan se qarib 125 kilomitar door shriharikota se ek hi prakshepastr ke jariye rikaaurd 104 upagrahon ka prakshepan saphalatapoorvak kiya gaya. bharat ne ek raauket se 104 upagrahon ko antariksh men bhejakar is tarah ka itihas rachane vala pahala desh ban gaya hai. prakshepan ke kuchh der bad pieselavi-si37 ne bharat ke kataresait-2 shrrinkhala ke prithvi paryavekshan upagrah aur do any upagrahon tatha 103 naino upagrahon ko saphalatapoorvak kaksha men sthapit kar diya. vahin, pradhanamntri narendr modi ne is saphal abhiyan ko lekar isaro ko badhaee di hai. unh‍honne kaha ki poore desh ke lie yah gaurav ka kshan hai. bharatiy antariksh ejensi isaro ke pramukh ees kiran kumar ne kaha ki pradhanamntri narendr modi ne 104 upagrahon ke saphal prakshepan par isaro dal ko badhaee di. pradhanamntri ne ek hi raauket ke jarie 104 upagrahon ke saphal prakshepan ke lie vaigyanikon ki sarahana karate hue kaha ki is aham upalabdhi ne bharat ko gauravanvit kiya hai.

3 svadeshi evn 101 videshi upagrah

prakshepan ke bare men mahatvapoorn bat yah hai ki itani badi snkhya men raauket se upagrahon ka prakshepan kiya gaya. roosi antariksh ejensi ki or se ek bar men 37 upagrahon ke saphal prakshepan ki tulana men bharat ek bar men 104 upagrah prakshepit karane men saphalata hasil kar itihas rachane vala pahala desh ban gaya hai. bharat ne isase pahale joon 2015 men ek bar men 23 upagrahon ko prakshepan kiya tha. yah usaka doosara saphal prayas hai. pieselavi pahale 714 kilogram vajani katareset-2 shrrinkhala ke upagrah ka prithvi par nigarani ke lie prakshepan karega aur usake bad 103 sahayogi upagrahon ko prithvi se karib 520 kilomitar door dhruviy san sinkronas aaurbit men pravisht karaega jinaka antariksh men kul vajan 664 kilogram hai. in 104 upagrahon men bharat ke tin aur videshon ke 101 saitelait shamil hai. isaro ke vaigyanikon ne eksel vairiynt ka istemal kiya hai jo sabase shaktishali raauket hai aur isaka istemal mahatvakankshi chndrayan men aur mngal mishan men kiya ja chuka hai. inamen 96 upagrah amerika ke, panch kramash: isaro ke antararashtriy grahakon- ijarayal, kajakistan, nidaralaind, svitjaralaind, snyukt arab amirat ke hain.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

isaro ne antariksh men racha itihas, laaunch kie 20 upagrah

pieselavi-C34
budhavar, 22 joon, 2016

bharatiy antariksh ejensi isaro ne 22 joon, 2016 ko ek sath 20 upagrahon ko unaki kakshaon men sthapit karake ek naya kirtiman sthapit kiya. isase pahale 2008 men usane ek sath 10 upagrah laaunch kie the, jo usaka ab tak ka rekaaurd tha. snkhya ke alava jo ek aur bat is upalabdhi ko khas banati hai, vah hai malti paauint dilivari. isase pahale isaro ne jab ekadhik upagrah laaunch kie to ve ek hi oonchaee par chhode ge the. yani ve ek-doosare se paryapt doori rakhate hue kamobesh ek jaisi hi aaurabit men ghoomate the. yah pahala mauka hai jab isaro ne pieselavi-C34 ke jarie upagrahon ko alag-alag oonchaee par chhoda hai. jo 20 upagrah chhode ge hain unamen 17 kamarshiyal hain.

17 saitelait videshi, tin svadeshi

pieselavi-C34 ki laaunching satish dhavan antariksh kendr ke doosare laaunch paid se shriharikota men ki gee. bharatiy samay ke anusar pieselavi C-34 ki laaunching 22 joon ko subah 9 bajakar 26 minat par ki gee. pieselavi si-34 ke 20 saitelaiton men se 17 kamarshiyal saitelait hain. yani 17 saitelait doosare deshon ke hain jinhen bhejane ke lie isaro ne un deshon se phis li hai. isake alava do saitelait desh ke do shiksha snsthanon ke hain. is laaunching men ek saitelait kaaurtosait 2 sirij ka isaro ka apana hai. in 20 upagrahon ka kul vazan 1288 kilogram tha, lekin unamen akele kartosait-2 sirij upagrah ka vajan hi 727.5 kilogram hai. yah upagrah desh men ho rahe vanaspatik ya bhoogarbhiy badalavon par bariki se nazar rakh sakega. mishan ko khas banane vali ek aur aham bat yah hai ki baki do saitalait chennee ki satyabhama yoonivarsiti aur pune ke kaaulej aauph injiniyaring ke chhatron ne taiyar kie hain.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen
RLV-TD arthath riyoojebal laaunch viikal- teknaaulaji demaaunastretar
somavar, 23 mee, 2016

bharat ki antariksh men badi kamayabi, laaunch kiya svadeshi spes shatal

bharatiy antariksh shodh snsthan (ISRO) somavar 23 mee, 2016 ko andhr pradesh ke shriharikota spes sentar se poori tarah se bharat men bane spes shatal RLV-TD ko laaunch kiya. ise bharat ka apana khud ka spes shatal hai. ameriki spes shatal jaisa dikhane vala ye shatal philahal prayog ki sthiti men hai aur apane asali saij se 6 guna chhota hai. vikram sarabhaee spes sentar (VSSC) ke dayarektar ke sivan ke anusar, ‘RLV-TD ka mukhy lakshy prithvi ki kaksha men upagrah pahunchana aur phir vayumndal men dobara pravesh karana hai. shatal ko ek thos raauket motar se le jaya jaega. nau mitar lnbe raauket ka vajan 11 tan hai.' is parikshan ke bad isako poori tarah se taiyar hone men karib das varsh tak ka samay lag jaega. ISRO ke vaigyanikon ke anusar, yah lagat kam karane, vishvasaniyata kayam rakhane aur mang ke anuroop antariksh men pahunch banane ke lie ek sajha hal hai. yah pahali bar hai, jab isaro ne pnkhon se yukt kisi yan ka prakshepan kiya hai. yah yan bngal ki khadi men tat se lagabhag 500 kilomitar ki doori par utara. bharat ke pradhanamntri narendr modi ne bhi tvit kar vaigyanikon ko isake lie badhaee di. pradhanamntri ne kaha bharat ke pahale svadeshi antariksh shatal RLV-tidi ki laaunching hamare vaigyanikon ke mehanati prayason ka parinam hai. gatishilata aur samarpan ke sath jo hamare vaigyanikon aur isaro ne pichhale kuchh salon men kam kiya hai, vah asadharan aur bahut hi preranadayak hai.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

sabase bhari raauket jieselavi mark-3 ka saphal prakshepan

guruvar, 18 disambar, 2014

'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' (isaro) ne apane ab tak ke sabase bhari raauket jieselavi-emake 3 ko andhr pradesh men shriharikota sthit satish dhavan antariksh kendr se prakshepit kiya hai. isaro ne isase pahale 24 sitnbar, 2014 ko mngalayan ko saphalatapoorvak usaki kaksha men sthapit kiya tha. jieselavi-emake3 men si-25 injan lagaya gaya hai. isaki oonchaee 43.43 mitar hai. is yan ke tin staron par tin tarah ke eendhan thos, drav aur krayojanik ka istemal kiya gaya hai. jieselavi-emake3 raauket ke nirman par kul 140 karod rupaye ki lagat aee hai. kroo madyool ke nirman par 15 karod rupaye kharch hue hain. is sabase bhari raauket ke prakshepan ke sath hi isaro insan ko antariksh men le jane vale 3.65 tan vajani kroo madyool ka parikshan bhi kar raha hai. yah madyool ko raauket men lagaya gaya tha. ise pairashoot ke jarie bngal ki khadi men saphalatapoorvak utara gaya hai. is parikshan ki saphalata ki janakari isaro nideshak ke. radhakrishnan ne di. is mauke par isaro ke poorv nideshak daau. kastoorirngan bhi mauzood the. jieselavi-emake 3 ke prakshepan ka uddeshy inaset-4 jaise bhari snchar upagrahon ke prakshepan men bharat ko poori tarah atmanirbhar banana hai. is saphalata ke bad bharat inasait-4 shreni ke upagrah prakshepit karane men saksham ho gaya hai. inasait-4 shreni ke upagrah ka vajan 4500-5000 kilogram tak hota hai. is shreni ke upagrahon ko antariksh men bhejane ke lie bharat ab tak doosare deshon par nirbhar tha. isase bharat arabon daaular ke vyavasayik bazar men bhi apani davedari mazaboot karega aur doosare deshon ke inasait-4 shreni ke upagrah antariksh men bhej paega.

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mngalayan saphal, bharat ne itihas racha

mngalayan dvara bheji gee mngal grah ki tasvir
24 sitambar, 2014, budhavar

bharatiy antariksh ejensi, isaro ka upagrah mngalayan mngal grah ki andakar kaksha men saphalatapoorvak pravesh kar chuka hai. ye bharat ke antariksh shodh men ek kalajayi ghatana hai. is abhiyan ki kamayabi se bharat aisa desh ban gaya hai jisane ek hi prayas men apana abhiyan poora kar liya. bharat ne likvid motar injan ki takanik se mngalayan ko mngal ki kaksha men sthapit kiya. amataur par chand tak pahunchane ke lie isi takanik ka istemal kiya jata hai. lekin itane lnbe mishan par bharat se pahale kisi ne likvid motar injan ka istemal nahin kiya tha. ek or mngal mishan itihas ke pannon par svayn ko sunahare aksharon men darj kara raha tha vahin doosari or yahan sthit bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ke kamand kendr men antim pal behad vyakulata bhare the. antariksh vaigyanikon ke sath mngal mishan ki saphalata ke sakshi bane bharatiy pradhanamntri narendr modi ne kaha, "vishamataen hamare sath rahin aur mngal ke 51 mishanon men se 21 mishan hi saphal hue hain, lekin ham saphal rahe." khushi se phoole nahin sama rahe pradhanamntri ne isaro ke adhyaksh ke. radhakrishnan ki pith thapathapaee aur antariksh ki yah aham upalabdhi hasil kar itihas rachane ke lie bharatiy antariksh vaigyanikon ko badhaee di. bharat ke mngal abhiyan ka nirnayak charan 24 sitnbar ko subah yan ko dhima karane ke sath hi shuroo ho gaya tha. is mishan ki saphalata un 24 minaton par nirbhar thi, jis dauran yan men maujood injan ko chaloo kiya gaya. mngalayan ki gati dhimi karani thi taki ye mngal ki kaksha men gurutvakarshan se khud-bakhud khincha chala jae aur vahan sthapit ho jae. is antariksh yan ka prakshepan 5 navnbar, 2013 ko andhr pradesh ke shriharikota se svadesh nirmit pieselavi raauket se kiya gaya tha. yah 1 disnbar, 2013 ko prithvi ke gurootvakasharn se bahar nikal gaya tha. ameriki antariksh snsthan 'nasa' ka mngalayan 'maven' 22 sitnbar ko mngal ki kaksha men pravisht hua tha. bharat ke em.o.em. ki kul lagat maven ki lagat ka matr dasavan hissa hai. bharat ne is mishan par qarib 450 karod rupe kharch kie hain, jo baki deshon ke abhiyanon ki tulana men sabase zyada qifayati hai.

samachar ko vibhinn sroton par padhen

bharat ka mngalayan prithvi ki kaksha men pahuncha

mngalayan (pieselavi si25)
5 navambar, 2013, mngalavar

bharat ne apane pahale mngal grah parikrama abhiyan (emoem) ke lie dhruviy raauket ko 5 navambar, 2013 ko satish dhavan antariksh kendr se saphalatapoorvak prakshepit karake itihas rach diya. chndrama par bheje yan ke bad yah bharat ka sabase mahatvakankshi antariksh abhiyan hai. poorvi tat ke qarib shriharikota dvip se raauket ne sidhe akash ki or udan bhari aur 44 minat bad raauket se alag ho kar upagrah prithvi ki kaksha men a gaya. yatra ka pahala charan saphal raha. bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ne is karyakram ke sidhe prasaran ka bhi intajam kiya tha jisake jarie bharat ke is aitihasik pal ko lakhon logon ne tivi par dekha. bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ke prakshepan yan pieselavi si25 ka yah aitihasik prakshepan aparahn do bajakar 38 minat par chennee se qarib 100 kilomitar door yahan spesaport se kiya gaya. isaro ke nideshak daau. radhakrishh‍nan ne kaha, "mujhe yah batate hue behad khushi ho rahi hai ki yah pieselavi ki 25vin udan hai. main samast isaro parivar ko badhaee deta hoon, jinhonne behad kam vaqt men yah mumakin kar dikhaya." lagabhag 450 karod rupaye ke projekt ke tahat bharat ne mngal grah ke lie apana pahala yan shriharikota se prakshepit kiya. mngalavar ko ise chhode jane ke bad se isaka niyntran baingalor men isaro ke vaigyanikon ne apane hathon men le liya hai. is mngalayan ko prithvi ki kaksha chhodane se pahale panch chakkar lagane hain, jisake bad yah 1 disnbar ko soory ki paridhi men pravesh kar jaega. vahan se lagabhag nau mahine bad yah yan mngal grah tak ki apani yatra poori kar paega. shriharikota se mngal mishan ki tasviren desh ke antariksh abhiyan ke gauravashali itihas ki kahani bayan kar rahi hain. pieselavi si25 (PSLV C-25) 'mars aaurbitar' nam ke upagrah ko lekar antariksh ke lie ravana ho gaya hai. is kamayabi ke sath hi bharat antariksh men nee ibarat likhane vala duniya ka chautha desh ban gaya hai.

uddeshy

isaro ka makasad hai ki is mishan ke zarie doosare grahon ki padatal ki ghareloo takanik vikasit ki jae. mngalayan ke sitnbar 2014 tak mngal grah par pahunchane ki ummid hai. isake bad pndrah kilo vazan ka ek aaurbitar mngal ke vatavaran men laaunch hoga. aaurbitar par lage sensar mngal grah ki mitti aur khanijon aur vahan maujood gaison ki janch karenge.

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pieselavi ne tin upagrahon ko kiya antariksh men sthapit

budhavar, 20 apral, 2011

antariksh karyakramon men bharatiy vaigyanikon ne phir kamayabi ka paracham laharaya hai. bharatiy antariksh anusndhan (isaro) ke upagrah prakshepan yan 'pieselavi' ne 20 apral, 2011 budhavar ko tin upagrahon ko saphalatapoorvak antariksh men sthapit kar diya. gat varsh disnbar men jieselavi ke prakshepan men mili do lagatar viphalataon ke bad isaro ki yah kamayabi behad aham hai. pieselavi ka yah 18van mishan tha. isase pahale pieselavi ke zariye kiye gaye 17 prakshepanon men se lagatar 16 mishan men saphalata hasil huee thi, jisase isaki vishvasaniyata ka pata chalata hai. pieselavi ne saphalata ke kram ko banaye rakhate hue aj 17ven prakshepan ko bhi saphalatapoorvak anjam diya.

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pieselavi-17 ka saphal prakshepan

shukravar, 15 julaee, 2011
pieselavi-17

bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ne shukravar, 15 julaee, 2011 ko pieselavi si-17 ke jarie jisait-12 e ka shriharikota se saphal prakshepan kiya. isaro ne ise bharatiy samayanusar sham 4.48 baje prakshepit kiya, jo apane nirdharit samay men dharati ki kaksha men sthapit ho gaya. jisait-12 snchar setelait ka vazan 1410 kilogram hai aur isaka jivan kal ath salon ka hoga. samachar ejensi ke mutabik isaro ke prakashan aur janasampark nideshak es. satish ne pahale hi is bat ki snbhavana jataee thi ki prakshepan men koee samasya nahin aegi. yah upagrah snchar ke kshetr men kafi mahattvapoorn sabit hoga. isase doorasth shiksha, doorasth chikitsa aur gram snsadhan kendr ko unnat banaya ja sakata hai.

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panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. isaro ke bare men (hindi) (e.es.pi) bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 antariksh karyakram aur bharat (hindi) (e.es.pi) visfot daaut kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2012.

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