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mngalayan vishay soochi
mngalayan    itihas    saphalata    uddeshy    yan vivaran    kalakram
mngalayan
mngal kakshitr mishan
vivaran 'mngalayan' antariksh anusndhan ke kshetr men bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan ki mahattvakankshi antariksh pariyojana hai. is pariyojana men mngal grah ki parikrama ke liye ek upagrah chhoda gaya, jo 24 sitnbar, 2014 ko grah par pahunch gaya.
mishan prakar mngal kakshiyan
snchalak bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro)
kospar aeedi 2013-060A
saitakait snkhya 39370
nirmata isaro upagrah kendr
prakshepan tithi 5 navnbar, 2013
raauket dhruviy upagrah prakshepan yan (piesऍlavi) si-25
prakshepan sthal satish dhavan antariksh kendr
any janakari mngalayan ke jarie bharat mngal grah par jivan ke sootr talashane ke sath hi vahan ke paryavaran ki bhi janch karana chahata hai. yah bhi pata lagaya jayega ki lal grah par mithen gais maujood hai ya nahin.
adyatan‎

mngalayan (aupacharik nam- 'mngal kakshitr mishan', angrezi- Mars Orbiter Mission, snkshipt nam- MOM) bharat ka pratham mngal abhiyan hai. vastut: yah 'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' (isaro) ki mahattvakankshi antariksh pariyojana hai. is pariyojana ke antargat 5 navambar, 2013 ko mngal grah ki parikrama karane ke liye chhoda gaya ek upagrah andhr pradesh ke shriharikota sthit satish dhavan antariksh kendr se dhruviy upagrah prakshepan yan (piesऍlavi) si-25 ke dvara saphalatapoorvak chhoda gaya. 24 sitnbar, 2014 ko yah mngal par pahunch gaya. isake sath hi bharat un deshon men shamil ho gaya, jinhonne mngal par apane yan bheje hain. bharat vishv ka aisa pahala desh hai, jisane apane pahale hi prayas men mngal par upagrah bhejane men saphalata prapt ki hai. is mishan par bharat ne karib 450 karod rupaye kharch kie hain, jo baki deshon ke abhiyanon ki tulana men sabase zyada qifayati hai.

itihas

isaro ke adhyaksh madhavan nayar dvara 23 navnbar, 2008 ko mngal grah ke lie ek manav rahit mishan ki pahali sarvajanik abhisvikriti ki ghoshana ki gee thi. bharat ke mngalayan mishan ki avadharana 2008 men chndr upagrah chndrayan-1 ke prakshepan ke bad antariksh vigyan aur bharatiy praudyogiki snsthan dvara 2010 men ek vyavaharyata adhyayan ke sath shuroo huee. bharat sarakar ne is pariyojana ko 3 agast, 2012 men mnjoori de di thi. 'bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan' ne 28 aktoobar, 2013 ko prakshepan ki yojana banaee, lekin kharab mausam ke karan is abhiyan ko 5 navnbar, 2013 tak sthagit kar diya gaya.

saphalata

24 sitnbar, 2014 ko mngal par pahunchane ke sath hi bharat vishv men apane pratham prayas men hi saphal hone vala pahala desh tatha soviyat roos, nasa aur yooropiy antariksh ejensi ke bad duniya ka chautha desh ban gaya. isake atirikt ye mngal par bheja gaya sabase sasta mishan bhi hai. bharat eshiya ka bhi aisa karane vala pratham pahala desh ban gaya, kyonki isase pahale chin aur japan apane mngal abhiyan men asaphal rahe the. bharat ka mngalayan 67 karod kilomitar ka saphar poora kar pahali hi koshish men sidhe mngal grah ki kaksha men ja pahuncha. duniya ke tamam deshon ne mngal ke karib pahunchane ke lie ab tak 51 mishan chhode hain. inamen se kamayab hue sirph 21, lekin pahali hi koshish men kamayabi mili sirph bharat ko aur mngal par pahunch gaya 'mars aaurbitar mishan' yani maaum.[1]

uddeshy

mngalayan mishan ka mukhy uddeshy grahon ke mishan ke snchalan ke lie upagrah dijain taiyar karana, yojana banana aur prabndhan ke lie avashyak praudyogiki ka vikas karana hai. isamen nimn kary pramukh hain-

  1. aaurbit kushalata - antariksh yan ka prithvi ki kaksha se soory kendriy prakshepan path men sthanantaran karana tatha ant men yan ko mngal grah ki kaksha ke pravesh karana.
  2. kaksha aur drishtikon gananaon ke vishleshan ke lie bal maaudal aur elgoridam ka vikas karana.
  3. sabhi charanon men nevigeshan.

yan vivaran

vajan - uttolak dravyaman 1,337.2 ki.gra. (2,948 paund), 852 ki.gra. (1,880 paund) eendhan sahit.

bas - antariksh yan ka saitelait bas chndrayan-1 ke saman snshodhit snrachana aur pranodan hardaveyar vinyas ka aee-2ke bas hai. upagrah snrachana ka nirman elyoominiyam aur karban plastik phaibar se kiya hai.

pavar - ilektrik pavar tin saur sarani painalon dvara mngal grah ki kaksha men adhikatam 840 vat utpann karenge. bijali ek 36 empeyar-ghnte vali lithiyam ayan baitari men sngrahit hogi.

snchalak shakti - 440 nyootan ke bal ka ek taral eendhan injan jo kaksha badhane aur mngal grah ki kaksha men pravishti ke lie prayog kiya gaya hai. aaurbitar drishtikon niyntran ke lie bhi ath 22-nyootan vale thrustar le gaya hai. isaka eendhan dravyaman 852 ki.gra. (1,880 paund) hai.

kalakram

bharat ke mngalayan ka saphar bharatiy antariksh anusndhan sngathan (isaro) ke vaigyanikon ke lie utsah aur chunautiyon se bhara raha. mishan ki shuruat huee 5 navnbar, 2013 ko; jab shriharikota ke satish dhavan antariksh kendr se raauket ne udan bhari aur 44 minat bad raauket se alag hokar upagrah prithvi ki kaksha men a gaya. yah ghatanakram kuchh is prakar raha[2]-

  1. 7 navnbar, 2013 ko mngalayan ki kaksha badhane ki pahali koshish saphal rahi.
  2. 8 navnbar, 2013 ko mngalayan ki kaksha badhane ki doosari koshish bhi saphal rahi.
  3. 9 navnbar, 2013 ko mngalayan ki ek aur kaksha saphalatapoorvak badhaee gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. mngal mishan ki poori kahani (hindi) vigyanvishwa.in. abhigaman tithi: 13 julaee, 2017.
  2. mngalayan: kab kya hua (hindi) dw.com. abhigaman tithi: 14 julaee, 2017.

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mngalayan vishay soochi
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