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stiphan haauking
Stephen hawking.jpg
poora nam stiphan viliyam haauking
janm 8 janavari, 1942
janm bhoomi aauksaphord, inglaind
mrityu 14 march, 2018
mrityu sthan yoonaited kingadam
pati/patni jene vaild, elen mesan
sntan loosi, raaubart aur tim
bhasha angrezi
shiksha kaausmolaauji men piech.di.
vidyalay kaimbrij vishvavidyalay
prasiddhi kaimbrij vishvavidyalay men ganit ke profesar
vishesh yogadan thyori aauf 'big-baing' aur 'blaik hols' ki nee paribhasha
nagarikata briten
pustak 'e briph histri aauv taim'
any janakari stiphan haauking, raauyal sosayati aur yooes neshanal ekedami aauf sainsej ke ek sammanit sadasy bhi hain.

stiphan viliyam haauking (angrezi: Stephen William Hawking, janm: 8 janavari, 1942, aauksaphord, inglaind; mrityu- 14 march, 2018, yoonaited kingadam) ek vishv prasiddh britani bhautik vigyani, brahmand vigyani, lekhak aur kaimbrij vishvavidyalay men saiddhantik brahmand vigyan kendr[1] ke shodh nirdeshak the. unhen 'lukasiyan prophesar aauph maithemetiks' bhi kaha jata hai. nabbe phisadi vikalang hone ke bavajood unaki kshamata ka loha poori duniya manati hai. mahanh vaigyanik stiphan viliyam haauking motar nyooraaun dijij se pidit hokar bhi nyootan aur ainstain ki biradari men shamil ho ge ho gaye the. aj samaj men aise kam hi log milate hain, jinhonne apani indriyon par vijay paee ho.

prarnbhik jivan

stiphan viliyam haauking ka janm 8 janavari, 1942 ko inglaind ke aauksaphord men hua tha. gauratalab hai ki yahi vah tarikh thi, jis din mahanh vaigyanik gaililiyo ka bhi janm hua tha. unake mata-pita ka ghar uttari lndan men tha. lekin dvitiy vishvayuddh ke dauran lndan ki apeksha aauksaphord adhik surakshit tha, jisake karan haauking ka parivar aauksaphord men bas gaya. jab ve ath sal ke the to ve uttari lndan se bis mil door sent alabens men bas ge. 11 sal ki umr tak unhonne sent elabens skool men padhaee ki. phir ve aauksaphord ke yoonivarsiti kaaulej chale ge. unaki ruchi bachapan se ganit men thi, lekin pita unhen daauktar banana chahate the. choonki unake pita khud ek daauktar the aur isilie ve aisa chahate the. par snyogavash unaki age ki padhaee bhautiki vishay men huee kyonki un dinon kaaulej men ganit ki padhaee upalabdh nahin thi aur dhire-dhire isi vishay se kaausmolaauji sekshan men padhaee ki.
javan stiphan haauking

medhavi chhatr

stiphan haauking ek medhavi chhatr the, isalie skool aur kaaulej men hamesha avval ate rahe. tin salon men hi unhen prakriti vigyan men pratham shreni ki aaunars ki digri mili. jo ki unake pita ke lie kisi khvab ke poora hone se kam nahin tha. ganit ko priy vishay manane vale stiphan haauking men bade hokar antariksh-vigyan men ek khas ruchi jagi. yahi vajah thi ki jab ve mahaj 20 varsh ke the, kainbrij kaausmolaauji vishay men risarch ke lie chun lie ge. aauksaphord men koee bhi brahmand vigyan men kam nahin kar raha tha unhonne isamen shodh karane ki thani aur sidhe pahunch ge kaimbrij. vahan unhonne kaausmolaauji yani brahmand vigyan men shodh kiya. isi vishay men unhonne piech.di. bhi ki. apani piech.di. karane ke bad jaaunavile aur kyoos kaaulej ke pahale richars phailo aur phir bad men propheshanal phailo bane. yah unake lie bahut badi upalabdhi thi. lekin haauking ne vahi kiya jo ve chahate the. snyukt parivar men bharosa rakhane vale haauking aj bhi apane tin bachchon aur ek pote ke sath rahate hain.

stiphan haauking aur patni jene vaild

stiphan ke andar ek gret saintist ki kvaliti bachapan se hi dikhaee dene lagi thi. darasal, kisi bhi chiz ke nirman aur usaki kary-pranali ko lekar unake andar tivr jigyasa rahati thi. yahi vajah thi ki jab ve skool men the, to unake sabhi sahapathi aur tichar unhen pyar se 'ainstain' kahakar bulate the. haauking ki saralata ka andaja isi se lagaya ja sakata hai ki ek or ve sudoor antariksh ke rahasy sulajhate hain to doosari or tivi par bhi najar ate hain. briten ke kee chainalon ne unhen lekar kee progam banae hain. saiddhantik bhautiki, antariksh vigyan se lekar kartoonon aur bachchon ki kalpanik aur komal duniya men bhi ve badi asani se ghoom ate hain.

stiphan haauking ki bimari

haauking ke jajbe ko unake chikitsakon se lekar poori duniya sir jhukati hai. haauking ka sharir bhale hi unaka sath nahin de pata hai lekin apane dimag ke karan unaki tulana ainstain ke samatuly ki jati hai. haauking ka aeekyoo (Intelligence Quotient ) 160 hai. jo ki aeekyoo ka uchchatam star hai. ve ek n thik hone vali bimari yani stiph motar nyooraaun dijij nam ki ek aisi bimari se pidit hain. jisamen mariz dhire-dhire sharir ke kisi bhi ang par apana niyntran kho deta hai aur insan samany dhng se bol ya chal nahin sakata hai. darasal, chikitsakon ko jab is bimari ka pata chala, to unhonne yahan tak kah dala tha ki ab stiphan haauking zyada dinon tak nahin jinda rah sakenge. lekin unhonne kabhi bhi apani bimari ko kamazori nahin banane diya. jab haauking 21 sal ke the to unhen emyotrophik letaral skaloresis nam bimari ki vajah se lakava mar gaya tha. haauking ko jab yah pata chala ki ve motar nyooraaun dijij se pidit hain, to unhen du:kh zaroor hua, lekin himmat nahin hari. darasal, unhen yah nahin samajh men a raha tha ki ve shesh jivan ko kaise aur kis makasad ke sath jien. aise men unhen ek hi bat soojhi aur vah ki chahe kitani bhi buri paristhiti ae, use poori jindadili ke sath jio. yahi karan hai ki unhonne n keval jene vaild namak apani premika se shadi ki, balki apani padhaee ko bhi age jari rakha. halanki, yah sab karana asani se snbhav nahin tha. kyonki unake angon ne unaka sath chhod diya tha aur dhire-dhire unaki juban bhi bnd ho gee. ab ve n chal-phir sakate the aur n hi apani bat ko bolakar kisi se sheyar hi kar sakate the. antat: vah samay bhi aya, jab daauktaron ne vhil-cheyar ke sahare shesh jivan gujarane ki salah de di.

stiphan haauking ka vhil-cheyar

stiphan haauking- vhilacheyar par

halanki yah koee samany vhilacheyar nahin hai, balki isamen ve sare ikvipaments lage hue hain, jinake madhyam se ve vigyan ke anasulajhe rahasyon ke bare men duniya ko bata sakate hain. unaki vhil cheyar ke sath ek vishesh kampyootar aur spich sinthesaijar laga hua hai. jisake sahare ve poori duniya se bat karate hain. haauking ka sistam inphrared blink svich se juda hua hai. jo unake chashme men lagaya gaya hai. isi ke madhyam se ve bolate hain. isake alava unake ghar aur aauphis ke get rediyo transamishan se juda hua hai. haauking ka jazba ऎsa hai ki ve pichhale kee dashakon se apani vhil cheyar par baithe-baithe antariksh vigyan ki jatil paheliyon aur rahasyon ko sulajha rahe hain. isamen ve kafi had tak saphal bhi rahe. blaik hol ko lekar haauking ki thyori badi majedar hai. isamen haauking ne kaha hai ki brahmand men blaik hol ka astitv to hai lekin ve hamesha kale nahin hote. isaka matalab yah hai ki blaik hol men anivary roop se gum ho jane vali oorja aur samast dravyaman unase nee oorja ke roop men prasphutit hote rahate hain. vikhyat bhautikavid ainsatain ki ek tippani par ve kament karate hue kahate hain ki eeshvar n sirph bakhoobi jua khelata hai balki usake phenke ge pase aisi jagah girate hain jahan ve hamen dikhate nahin hain. haauking duniya ke lie kitane mahattvapoorn hain isaka andaja isi se lagaya ja sakata hai ki ve jab bhi kuchh bolate ya likhate hain to duniya bhar ki midiya ki najar men chha jate hain.

ek mahanh vaigyanik

darasal, jis kshetr men yogadan ke lie stiphan haauking ko yad kiya jata hai, vah kaausmolaauji hi hai. kaausmolaauji, jisake antargat brahmand ki utpatti, snrachana aur spes-taim rileshanaship ke bare men adhyayan kiya jata hai. aur isilie unhen kaausmolaauji ka visheshgy mana jata hai, jisaki badaulat ve thyori aauph 'big-baing' aur 'blaik hols' ki nee paribhasha gadh pane men kamayab ho sake hain. stiphan ki charchit kitab- e briph histri aauv taim aj bhi duniya ki sabase amooly pustakon men se ek hai. ullekhaniy hai ki unake yogadanon ke karan unhen ab tak lagabhag barah sammanit puraskaron se navaja ja chuka hai. isake alava, ve raauyal sosayati aur yooes neshanal ekedami aauph sainsej ke ek sammanit sadasy bhi hain.

nidhan

eeshvar ke astitv ko chunauti dene vale v brahmand ke rahasyon ko ujagar karane vale mahan vaigyanik stiphan haauking ka 76 varsh ki umr men 14 march, 2018 ko nidhan ho gaya. haauking ko unaki sinthetik avaj aur khas andaj ne ek selebriti bana diya tha. ve behad hi jindadil aur vinodapriy insan the. haauking poori umr blaik hols par kam karate rahe. unaki yah manyata thi ki blaik hol men jo ek bar sama jata hai vo kabhi bahar nahin nikalata. lekin haauking ne 1974 men khoj nikala ki blaik hols khud ek tarah ki kiranen ya redieshan nikalate hain jinhen bad men ‘haauking redieshan‘ kaha gaya. lekin haaukins ko sabase jyada prasiddhi jis kam se mili thi vo thi unaki ‘thyori aauph evrithing‘. jab unhonne apani dridh ichchhashakti aur jijivisha ke dam par ji kar aur duniya ko apani kee mahan khojon se avagat karakar dikhaya. bhale vhilacheyar ne unhen sharirik roop se apng kar diya tha, lekin ve manasik roop se bilakul svasth the. unhonne blaik hol aur big-baing thyori ko samajhane men apana aham yogadan diya. apane jivanakal men 12 manad digriyon ke sath amerika ka sabase uchch nagarik samman hasil kiya. unaki kitab ‘a briph histri aauph taim‘ ko bestaselar ka darja bhi mila. keval vigyan ke kshetr men hi nahin, haauking ke tivi sho ki duniya men bhi badi dhoom thi.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Centre for Theoretical Cosmology
  2. jindadili aur jijivisha ki misal mahan vaigyanik stiphan haauking (hindi) veb duniya. abhigaman tithi: 15 march, 2018.

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