ब्रह्मगुप्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

brahmagupt
Blankimage.png
poora nam brahmagupt
janm 598 ee.
janm bhoomi bhinamal, rajasthan
mrityu 668 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'brahmasphut siddhant' aur 'khand-khadyak'
prasiddhi ganitgy
vishesh yogadan brahmagupt khagol shastri bhi the aur apane 'shoony' ke upayog ke niyam khoje the.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari khalifaon ke rajyakal men inake anuvad arabi bhasha men bhi karaye gaye the, jinhen arab desh men 'al sind hind' aur 'al arkand' kahate the.

brahmagupt (janm: 598 ee. - mrityu: 668 ee.) prasiddh bharatiy ganitgy the. brahmagupt ganit jyotish ke bahut bade achary the. aryabhat ke bad bharat ke pahale ganit shastri 'bhaskarachary pratham' the. usake bad brahmagupt hue. brahmagupt khagol shastri bhi the aur apane 'shoony' ke upayog ke niyam khoje the. isake bad ankaganit aur bijaganit ke vishay men likhane vale kee ganitashastri hue. prasiddh jyotishi bhaskarachary ne inako 'ganakachakr - choodamani' kaha hai aur inake moolakon ko apane 'siddhant shiromani' ka adhar mana hai. inake granthon men sarvaprasiddh hain, 'brahmasphutasiddhant' aur 'khand-khadyak'. khalifaon ke rajyakal men inake anuvad arabi bhasha men bhi karaye gaye the, jinhen arab desh men 'al sind hind' aur 'al arkand' kahate the. pahali pustak 'brahmasphut siddhant' ka anuvad hai aur doosari 'khand-khadyak' ka anuvad hai.

jivan parichay

achary brahmagupt ka janm rajasthan rajy ke 'bhinamal shahar' men eesvi sanh 598 men hua tha. isi vajah se unhen bhillamalachary ke nam se bhi kee jagah ullekhit kiya gaya hai. yah shahar tatkalin gujarat pradesh ki rajadhani tatha harshavardhan samrajy ke raja 'vyaghramukh' ke samakalin mana jata hai. ve tatkalin gurjar pradesh bhinamal ke antargat ane vale prakhyat shahar ujjain (vartaman madhy pradesh) ki antariksh prayogashala ke pramukh the aur is dauran unhonne do vishesh granth likhe:

  1. brahmasphutasiddhant (san 628 ee)
  2. khand-khadyak (san 665 ee.)

brahmasphut siddhant

'brahmasphut siddhant' sabase pahala granth mana jata hai jisamen shoony ka ek vibhinn ank ke roop men ullekh kiya gaya hai. yahi nahin, balki is granth men rinatmak ankon aur shoony par ganit karane ke sabhi niyamon ka varnan bhi kiya gaya hai. brahmagupt shoony se bhag karane ka niyam sahi nahin de paye: 0/0 = 0. unhonne shak snvat 550 (685 vikrami) men 'brahmasphutik siddhant' ki rachana ki. inhonne sthan-sthan par likha hai ki aryabhat, shrishen, vishnuchandr adi ki ganana se grahon ka spasht sthan shuddh nahin ata hai, isalie ve tyajy hain aur 'brahmasphutik siddhant' men drigganitaiky hota hai, isaliy yahi manana chahie. isase siddh hota hai ki brahmagupt ne 'brahmasphutik siddhant' ki rachana grahon ka pratyaksh vedh karake ki thi aur ve is bat ki avashyakata samajhate the ki jab kabhi ganana aur vedh men antar padane lage to vedh ke dvara ganana shuddh kar leni chahie. ye pahale achary the jinhonne ganit jyotish ki rachana vishesh kram se ki aur jyotish aur ganit ke vishayon ko alag-alag adhyayon men banta.

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy snskriti ke sarjak, pej n. (68)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah