दामोदर धर्मानंद कोसांबी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

damodar dharmannd kosanbi
damodar dharmannd kosanbi
poora nam damodar dharmannd kosanbi
janm 31 julaee, 1907
janm bhoomi gova
mrityu 29 joon, 1966
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr anusndhan
prasiddhi vidvan, bhasha-vaigyanik aur ganitgy
vishesh yogadan damodar dharmannd ji ka prachin bharatiy itihas aur snskriti ke kshetr men vishesh yogadan raha hai.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari varsh 1946 men damodar dharmannd kosanbi ko 'tata instityoot aauf phndamental risarch' men amntrit kiya gaya tha, jahan ye 16 varsh tak kam karate rahe.

damodar dharmannd kosanbi (angrezi: Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi, janm- 31 julaee, 1907, gova; mrityu- 29 joon, 1966) bharat ke prasiddh vidvan, bhasha-vaigyanik aur ganitgy the. ganit ke atirikt bharat ke itihas aur snskriti men bhi inaka atulaniy yogadan raha hai. damodar dharmannd ji ne solah varshon tak 'tata instityoot aauf phndamental risarch' men apani sevaen di thin. homi bhabha ke sath apane kuchh vivadon ke chalate inhen snsthan se hata diya gaya tha. inhonne kuchh grnth bhi likhe the, jo bahut hi mahattvapoorn hain.

jivan parichay

damodar dharmannd kosanbi ka janm 31 julaee, 1907 ee. ko gova men hua tha. dharmannd prachin bharatiy itihas ke prasiddh vidvan, bhasha-vaigyanik aur ganitgy mane jate the. inake pita bauddh dharm ke prakand vidvanh the aur as-pas ke kshetr men bahut prasiddh the.

shiksha

dharmannd kosanbi amerika ke 'haravard vishvavidyalay' men adhyapak the. at: unaki sari shiksha amerika men huee thi. unake adhyan ke mukhy vishay the- ganit, itihas aur bhasha vigyan. shiksha poori karane ke bad unhonne kuchh varshon tak 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' aur 'aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay' men adhyapan kiya aur usake bad 1932 men ganit ke prophesar banakar poona ke 'fargyoosan kaaulej' chale ge. 1946 men unhen 'tata instityoot aauf phndamental risarch' men amntrit kiya gaya, jahan ve 16 varsh tak kam karate rahe.[1]

yogadan

ganit ke atirikt damodar dharmannd ka ullekhaniy yogadan prachin bharatiy itihas aur snskriti ke kshetr men bhi raha. unhonne kuchh mahattvapoorn grnthon ki bhi rachana ki thi, jinamen se pramukh hain-

  1. 'mith end riyaliti'
  2. 'stadiz in d pharmeshan aauf indiyan kalchar'
  3. 'd kalchar end sivilaizeshan aauf enshent indiya in historikal autalain'.

Blockquote-open.gif rigved men deviyon ki snkhya men apekshakrit kami is bat ka praman hai ki is kal men ary mahilaon ki vastav men kami thi.[2] Blockquote-close.gif

- damodar dharmannd kosanbi

damodar dharmannd ji ne pashchim ke itihasakaron ki is sthapana ka tarkapoorn khndan kiya ki bharat ki purani sabhyata bahari prabhav ka parinam hai. unaki manyata thi ki bharat ki apani antarik paristhitiyon ka parinam tha.

bhabha se matabhed

pndit javaharalal neharoo ke priy patr homi jahangir bhabha ke sath matabhed ke karan prakhar vaigyanik chintak, ganitgy, samajashastri aur itihasakar damodar dharmannd kosanbi ka 'ti.aee.eph.ar' men rahate hue bharat ke sandarbh men paramanu oorja ki tulana men saur oorja ko shreshth thaharane ka mukhar aur ghoshit tark tha. apane isi vishvas ke chalate unhen homi bhabha ne apane snsthan se hata diya tha. damodar dharmannd ji ke uthaye muddon par bad men bhi shasan dvara aksar savalon ko yatha snbhav dabaya gaya aur oorja ke vaikalpik sadhanon ki anadekhi ki gayi.[3]

pururava-urvashi aur kosanbi

samman men jari dak tikat

1951 men damodar dharmannd kosanbi ne urvashi-pururava prasng se snbndhit 18 rigvaidik richaon ko roman lipi men prakashit kiya aur sath men sarasari tippani ke sath inaka shabdanuvad bhi diya. thik yahin se shuroo huee unaki khoj ka natija tha isake das sal bad aee unaki kalajayi kriti 'mith aind riyaliti' ka doosara adhyay 'urvashi aind pururavas'. adhyay ki shuruat kalidas ke natak 'vikramorvashiyamh' ke sar-snkshep ki prastuti se hoti hai, jisamen urvashi ko indr ke darabar ki nartaki mana gaya hai. nrity ke samay urvashi ke munh se indr ke lie 'purushottam' ki bajay galati se 'pururavas' nikal jane ke evaj men use mrityulok jane ki saja sunaee jati hai. yahan matr ek sal men samapt ho jane ke lie abhishapt urvashi aur pururava ka prem is natak ki jatil kathavastu ka adhar banata hai. is kisse ka sar-snkshep prastut karake kosanbi sidhe shatapath brahman, aur vahan se rigved ki taraph mud jate hain, jo urvashi ke mithak ka udgam srot hai.[4]

bharat men bauddh dharm ki kshay

eesa poorv 1750 ke as-pas ary bhasha-bhashi kabile bharat ane lage aur yahan basane lage. ary bhashi kabilon ka dharm prakriti shakti ke devataon par adharit tha aur yah dharm bharat ka bhi dharm ban gaya. eesa poorv 800-900 ke asapas lohe ke hal se kheti shuroo huee, aur eesa poorv 500 ke asapas jain aur bauddh dharm ne dharm ke roop men paida kie ge jo ary dharm se alag the. bauddh dharm poore desh men phail gaya, aur desh se bahar chinjapan, barma, dakshinapoorv eshiya se indoneshiya tak phail gaya. chandraguptashokharshavardhan jaise bade-bade samraton ne is dharm ko apanaya. yah dharm lagabhag 1500 varshon tak bharat ka dharm raha. magar 900-1000 eesa pashchath tak ate-ate bauddh dharm bahari duniya men phala-phoola magar bharat men mit gaya. yah ek prakhyat aitihasik rahasy hai jisase kee vidvanh samay-samay par joojhate rahe hain. ek aise vidvanh hue hain-damodar dharmannd kosanbi, jo adhunik bharat men itihas shastr ke janak mane jate hain.[5]

nalnda ke snbndh men kosanbi ke vichar

itihasakar damodar dharmannd  kosanbi ne likha hai ki nalnda ka abhyuday nag-pooja sthalon se hua hai. kabhi-kabhi vishesh avasaron par bhikshuon se bhojan prapt karane ke lie adim nag dayalu sarp ke roop men prakat hota tha. bauddh kathaon men bhi sarpanag ke bare men janakari milati hai. buddh ne adivasi nagon ko apane dharm men dikshit kiya tha, vishaile sarp ko adhikar men kiya tha. muchalind namak daivi nag ne prakriti ke prakop se usaki raksha ki thi, aur vah apane poorvajanm men ek ubhayaroop sahivak nag bhi tha. aisa anuman lagaya ja sakata hai ki nalnda ka bauddh kendr ke roop men vikas dhire-dhire tatha nag kabile ke logon ke vyapak dharmantaran ke karan hua tha. krishi ke vyapak prasar ke phalasvaroop nag jaisi adim kabilaee jatiyan samay ke parivartan se apane ko bacha nahin sakin.[6]

nidhan

bharat ke is mahanh pratibha sampann prasiddh vaigyanik, bhasha vigyani aur ganitgy damodar dharmannd kosanbi ka nidhan 29 joon, 1966 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. sharma, liladhar bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharat diskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, dilli, prishth 379.
  2. di. di. kosanbi, ain introdakshan too d stadi aauph indiyan histri, 1985, prishth 85
  3. vaikalpik oorja (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 24 aprail, 2013.
  4. pururava-urvashi aur didi kosanbi (hindi) pahaloo. abhigaman tithi: 29 joon, 2013.
  5. bharat men bauddh dharm ki kshay – damodar dharmannd kosanbi (hindi) bharat ke bhavi pradhanamntri ki jabani. abhigaman tithi: 29 joon, 2013.
  6. nalnda: ek nee drishti (hindi) rajuranjanprasad. abhigaman tithi: 29 joon, 2013.

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