रामकृष्ण गोपाल भंडारकर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar
ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar
poora nam ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar
janm 6 julaee, 1837
janm bhoomi ratnagiri, maharashtr
mrityu 24 agast, 1925
karm bhoomi bharat
bhasha snskrit, pali
vidyalay elfinstan kaaulej, mumbee
shiksha em. e.
puraskar-upadhi 'daauktaret' 1885, 'nait' 1911
prasiddhi samajasudharak tatha sarvajanik neta
vishesh ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar ne apane samay ke samajik andolanon men aham bhoomika nibhate hue vidhava vivah ka samarthan kiya. sath hi inhonne jati-pratha evn bal vivah ki kupratha ka khandan bhi kiya.
any janakari ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar ne brahmi, kharoshthi adi prakrit bhashaon ka adhyayan karake shodh ke roop men jo panch vishal khnd prakashit kie ve puratatv ke itihasakaron ke lie aj bhi margadarshak hain.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar (angrezi: R. G. Bhandarkar, janm: 6 julaee, 1837, ratnagiri, maharashtr; mrityu: 24 agast, 1925) bharat ke prasiddh itihasavid, samaj sudharak aur shikshashastri the. 'aaul indiya soshal kanfrens' (akhil bharatiy samajik sammalen) ke sakriy sadasy rahe ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar ne apane samay ke samajik andolanon men aham bhoomika nibhate hue apane shodh adharit nishkarshon ke adhar par vidhava vivah ka samarthan kiya. sath hi unhonne jati-pratha evn bal vivah ki kupratha ka khandan bhi kiya. prachin snskrit sahity ke vidvanh ki haisiyat se unhonne snskrit ki pratham pustak aur snskrit ki dvitiy pustak ki rachana bhi ki, jo angrezi madhyam se snskrit sikhane ki sabase arambhik pustakon men se ek hain.

parichay

ramakrishn gopal bhandarakar ka janm 6 julaee, 1837 ee. ko maharashtr ke ratnagiri zile ke malavan namak sthan men ek sadharan parivar men hua tha. inake pita malavan ke mamaledar ke adhinasth munshi (klark) the. shuruati shiksha men ayi kathinaee ke bad jab inake pita ka sthanantaran ratnagiri zile ke rajasv vibhag men hua to inhen angrezi skool men padhane ka mauka mila.[1]

shiksha

ramakrishn gopal bhandarakar ne ratnagiri se skooli shiksha poori karake 1853 men mumbee ke elfinstan kaaulej men dakhila liya, jahan inhonne jin jani mani hastiyon se shiksha prapt ki, unamen pratham rashtravadi 'chintak' aur 'dren thiyari' ke pratipadak dadabhaee naurozi pramukh the. dadabhaee naurozi ke protsahan ke karan hi angrezi sahity, prakritik vigyan aur ganit ke prati ruchi ke bavajood bhandarakar ne snskrit aur pali ke gyan ke sahare gauravashali atit ke punarnirman hetu itihas-lekhan ko apanaya. 1862 men ye elfinstan kaaulej ke pahale baich se grejuet hone valon men se ek the. vahan par bi. e. tatha em. e. ki parikshaon men inhonne sarvottam ank prapt kie. 1863 men hi inhonne parasnatak ki upadhi prapt ki.

shikshashastri ke roop men

ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar kuchh samay tak sindh ke haidarabad aur ratnagiri ke rajakiy vidyalayon men pradhanadhyapak ke taur par kary karane ke bad ye elfinstan kaaulej men vyakhyata pad par niyukt hue aur age chal kar pune ke dekkan kaaulej men snskrit ke pratham bharatiy profesar hue. 1894 men apani sevanivritti se poorv bhandarakar mumbee vishvavidyalay ke upakulapati rahe. 1885 men jarmani ki gotinge yunivarsiti ne inhen 'daauktaret' ki upadhi pradan ki. prachyavadiyon ke antarrashtriy sammelan me shamil hone ke lie ye lndan (1874) aur viyana (1886) bhi gaye. shikshashastri ke taur par bhandarakar 1903 men bharatiy parishad ke anadhikarik sadasy chune gaye. gopal krishn gokhale bhi us parishad ke sadasy the. 1911 men ramakrishn gopal bhandarakar ko 'nait' ki upadhi se sammanit kiya gaya.

kary

ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar ki sabase badi den luptapray itihas ke tatvon ko prakash men ana hai. us samay tak bharat men is vishay ki or kisi ka dhyan nahin gaya tha. inhonne brahmi, kharoshthi adi prakrit bhashaon ka adhyayan karake shodh ke is kshetr men path-pradarshak ka kam kiya. sarakar ne inhen hastalikhit grnthon ki khoj aur prakashan ka kary saunpa tha. shodh ke bad jo panch vishal khnd prakashit kie ve puratatv ke itihasakaron ke lie aj bhi margadarshak hain. 1883 ke viyana ke prachy bhasha sammelan men inaki vidvata se videshi vidvanh chakit rah ge the. inake samman men 1917 men poona men 'bhndarakar oriyntal risarch instityoot' ki sthapana ki gee.

rajanitik jivan

bhndarakar samajasudharak aur sarvajanik neta ke roop men bhi prasiddh the. ye 'prarthana samaj' ke sakriy sadasy the. rajaniti men bhi ye bharat ko british samrajy ke antargat banae rakhane ke pakshadhar men the. aaul indiya soshal kanfrens (akhil bharatiy samajik sammalen) ke sakriy sadasy rahe ramakrishn gopal bhndarakar ne apane samay ke samajik andolanon men aham bhoomika nibhate hue apane shodh adharit nishkarshon ke adhar par vidhava vivah ka samarthan kiya. sath hi inhonne jati-pratha evn bal vivah ki kupratha ka khandan bhi kiya. samajik roodhivadi mahaul ke bavajood bhandarakar ne apani putriyon aur pautriyon ko vishvavidyalayi shiksha dilayi aur apani pasnd ka jivan sathi chunane ki paripakvata prapti tak unaka vivah nahin kiya. inhonne apani vidhava putri ke punarvivah ke lie bhi anumati di aur inhonne apani vidhava putri ka punarvivah karake ek udaharan prastut kiya tha.

nidhan

ramakrishn gopal bhandarakar ka 24 agast 1925 ko nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 568 |

  1. {pustak sndarbh |pustak ka nam=bharatiy charit kosh|lekhak=liladhar sharma 'parvatiy'|anuvadak=|alochak=|prakashak=shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli|snkalan= |snpadan=|prishth snkhya=725|url=}}

snbndhit lekh

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