जोनराज  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

jonaraj snskrit ke vidvanh tikakar evn itihasakar the. kashmir ke sultan jainul abidin (1420-1470 ee.) ke ve rajadarabari pndit the. yadyapi unake janm aur mrityu ki nishchit tithiyan agyat hain, tathapi 1389 se 1459 ee. ke bich unaka jivit rahana adhik snbhavit hai. jonaraj ne mahakavi jayanak krit aitihasik grnth 'prithvirajavijay mahakavyamh‌' ki vidvattapoorn tika likhi thi.

parichay

jonaraj ke pita ka nam 'nonaraj' aur pitamah ka 'lolaraj' tha. brahman parivar men utpann jonaraj kushagr buddhi the. unhonne snskrit sahity ka pragadh adhyayan kiya tha. kashmir ke sultan jainul abidin ki nyayapriyata ke parinamasvaroop unhen paitrik snpatti bhi mil gee thi. prasiddh 'kiratarjuniyamh' (1449 ee.) aur mahakavi mnkh virachit 'shriknthacharitamh‌' par lalit tikaen likhane ke bad jonaraj ne mahakavi jayanak krit aitihasik grnth 'prithvirajavijay mahakavyamh‌' ki vidvattapoorn tika likhi.[1]

'dvitiy rajatarngini' ki rachana

jonaraj ki 'prithvirajavijay' ki tika se prakat hai ki unamen arthgyan, aitihasik nivesh, sahi vyakhya tatha svatntr tippaniyon ke lekhan ka adbhut kaushal tha. kadachith‌ unaki isi tika se prabhavit hokar saltanat ke nyayalayon ke nirikshak[2] shiryabhatt ne unhen kalhan ki 'rajatarngini' ko poorn karane ki agya di. kalhan 'kashmir ka itihas' 1149-1150 ee. tak hi likh sakate the. usake age 1459 ee. tak ka itihas jonaraj ne likha, jo 'dvitiy rajatarngini' ke nam se vikhyat hai. usamen jonaraj ne jayasinh se ranikota tak ke hindoo rajaon ka 347 shlokon men (da. pitarsan dvara snshodhit 'dvitiy rajatarngini', bnbee snskaran, 1896) snkshipt varnan kiya hai. isamen shahamir ke kashmir hadapane (1339 ee.) se lekar jainul abidin ke rajy kal ke 1459 ee. tak ke itihas ka adhik varnan hai.

lekhan shaili

stin ke kathananusar jonaraj men yathesht upalabdhiyan to thin, kintu tadanuroop maulikata ka abhav tha. phir bhi jonaraj ne kalhan se milati-julati shaili men itihas likhane men jis kavyatmak yogyata, charitr niroopan ki utkrishtata tatha ghatanaon ke varnan men dakshata ka parichay diya hai, vah stuty hai. vaigyanik shaili ka anusaran karane vale adhunik itihasakar men vastuparakata, nishpakshata aur vivekashilata sadrish jin gunon ka hona avashyak samajha jata hai unamen unaka samuchit vikas n hote hue bhi jonaraj ne apane grnth men yatharth vivaran dene ki cheshta ki hai.[1]

jainul abidin ke kripapatr

jainul abidin ke vishesh kripapatr rahane ke karan sultan ke vyaktigat gunon ke atirnjit varnan aur unaki kamiyon ke bare men grnthakar ki chuppi khatakati avashy hai, tathapi samakalik hote hue unhonne sikndarashah aur usake hindoo utpidak mntri suhabhatt ke dharmandh krityon ka varnan karate samay koee snkoch nahin kiya. unaka kashmir ka bhaugolik varnan sahi hai. unhonne pratyek raja ke abhishek aur mrityu ki thik tithiyan di hai. kintu any hindoo itihas lekhakon ki bhanti unamen bhi ek dosh tha. unhonne alag-alag shasakon ke samay ki vibhinn ghatanaon ka koee tithi kram nahin diya. 'dvitiy rajatarngini' ki bhasha men arabi, farasi aur turki shabdon ka bhi samavesh hua hai.

nidhan

'dvitiy rajatarngini' likhate hue hi 1459 ee. men jonaraj ka pranant ho gaya. unake shishy (putr?) shrivar ne unake bad 'rajatarngini' ke vishay ko age badhaya. snskrit vidya ke hras ke dinon men jonaraj dvara arjit kirti mahatvapoorn thi. kalhan ke pashchath‌ us paripati ke gin-chune itihasakaron men jonaraj ka sthan surakshit hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 jonaraj (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 16 disambar, 2013.
  2. sarvadharmadhikari

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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