गौरीशंकर हीराचंद ओझा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha
gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha
poora nam gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha
janm 15 sitambar, 1863
janm bhoomi rohida gram, rajasthan
mrityu 20 aprail, 1947
abhibhavak pita- hirachand ojha
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'bharatiy prachin lipi mala', 'madhyakalin bharatiy snskriti', 'solnkiyon ka itihas', 'prithviraj vijay', 'karmachnd vnsh' tatha 'rajapootana ka itihas' adi.
bhasha rajasthani, hindi, snskrit
vidyalay 'elaphinstan haeeskool', mumbee
prasiddhi itihasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh rajasthan, rajasthan ka itihas, gopinath sharma, kashiprasad jayasaval
any janakari san 1894 ee. men 'bharatiy prachin lipi mala' namak pustak likhakar gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ne bhasha aur lipi ke kshetr men kranti la di. is pustak men bharatiy lipiyon ke vishay men mahattvapoorn janakari di gee hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha (angrezi: Gaurishankar Hirachand Ojha, janm- 15 sitambar, 1863, rajasthan; mrityu- 20 aprail, 1947) bharat ke prasiddh itihasakar the. inhen itihas, puratattv aur prachin lipiyon men visheshgyta prapt thi. varsh 1937 men 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' ne unhen 'di.lit' ki upadhi se sammanit kiya tha.[1] ojha ji adhi shatabdi tak gyan ke prakash stambh ke roop men khade the. ve bharat ke atit ka marg tatolane men nirantar alok pate rahe. sirohi rajy, solnkiyon tatha rajapootane ke itihas ke sath-sath apane itihas tatha any vishayak kee grnth likhe.[2]

janm tatha shiksha

pandit gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ka janm 15 sitambar, 1863 ee. ko men hua tha. mevad aur sirohi rajy ki sima par ek ganv hai- 'rohida'. aravali shrrinkhala ke pashchim men talahati men basa yah ganv us din dhany ho gaya jis din hirachand ojha ke ghar putraratn ne padarpan kiya. vah din tha mngalavar bhadrapad sudi pnchami snvat 1920.[3] ati samany brahman parivar men janm hone ke karan gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ki prarambhik shiksha us chhote se ganv men hi huee. snskrit ka adhyayan apane apane pita ke pas rahakar kiya. bad men 1877 men matr 14 varsh ki ayu men uchch shiksha ke liye ve mumbee gaye, jahan 1885 men 'elaphinstan haeeskool' se metrikyooleshan ki pariksha uttirn ki. rogagrast ho jane ke karan ve intaramidiyet ki pariksha n de sake aur ganv laut aye.[4]

itihas men ruchi

rohida ane par gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ko rajapootane ke itihas ke bare men janane ki ichchha huee. is sndarbh men unhonne karnal taaud ki pustak ka adhyayan kiya. is grnth ne unhen bahut prerana di. ve sachche brahman ki tarah apane desh aur matribhoomi ke adhyayan ke liye pravritt hue. arthik aur samajik pralobhanon se ankhen moondakar apani patni ko sath lekar sirohi se gogunda ke raste paidal chalate hue mevad ke anek chhipe hue aur aprasiddh aitihasik evn puratatv ki drishti se mahatvapoorn sthanon ko khoj-khoj kar unaki tirth yatra karate hue 1888 men udayapur pahunche.[5] udayapur men apaka sampark kaviraja shyamaladas se hua. unaki paini drishti ne ojha ki pratibha ko turnt pahachan liya. unaki vidvatta se ve prabhavit bhi hue. kaviraja ke agrah par hi maharana phatehasinh ne itihas vibhag men rakh diya. us samay tak 'vir vinod' ke lekhan ka kary lagabhag samapt ho chuka tha. atah ojhaji ko viktoriya haaul ke sarvajanik pustakalay v sngrahalay ka adhyaksh niyukt kiya gaya. unhen hindi men lekhan kary karane ki prerana vinayak shatri betal se mili. isi kal men ojhaji ne bharatiy lipiyon ka gahanata se adhyayan kiya. yooropiy vidvanh vurhalar ki lipi snbndhit pustak ka bhi adhyayan kiya. ojhaji se poorv bharatiy lipi ke bare men yah dharana thi ki bharatiy lipi ka vikas mishra, hibroo ke mishran se hua hai aur vah bhi eesa poorv panchavi shatabdi men.[6][2]

pustak rachana

san 1894 ee. men 'bharatiy prachin lipi mala' namak pustak likhakar gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ne bhasha aur lipi ke kshetr men kranti la di. unhonne builar ko patr likhakar apane tarkon aur pramanon ke adhar par unake dvara sthapit vichar ko nirmool siddh kiya. tab se duniya ne unake siddhant ko pratishtha pradan ki. aj yah pustak snyukt rashtr sngh ke un pustakon men hai, jo vishv ki nidhi ghoshit kiye gaye hain. is pustak ke madhyam se ojhaji ne snsar ke samaksh yah vichar rakha ki brahmi lipi samajhane ke pashchath doosari lipiyon ko asani se samajha ja sakata hai, kyonki doosari lipiyon men thoda bahut antar padata jata hai. brahmi aur kharoshthi lipi ki utpatti par bhi apane is pustak men prakash dala hai. bad men shilalekhon, tamrapatron, sikkon v danapatron par utkirn brahmi, gupt, kutil, nagari, sharada, bngala, pashchimi, madhyapradeshi, telagoo, kannad, kaling, tamil, kharoshthi adi lipiyon ke bare men mahatvapoorn janakari di hai. isake liye ojhaji ne vividh 45 lipipatr taiyar kar alag-alag bhashaon men aksharon ka bodh karaya. usake pashchath bharat ki lipiyon aur ankon ki utpatti ke bare men ullekhaniy janakari di.[7]

rajasthani itihas par shodh v snkalan

1894 ke bad gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha rajasthan ke itihas ke manan, punah shodhan v snkalan men lag gaye. unake adhyayan ki gnbhirata ko pahachanate hue vidya visharad jarman vidvanh kil harn ne sach hi likha tha ki "ojha se adhik apane desh ke itihas ko kaun janata hai." san 1902 men laaurd karzan 'dilli darabar' men upasthit rahane ke liye maharana phatehasinh ko svayn nimntran dene aye. rejident ke madhyam se bharat sarakar ko yah soochana mili thi ki maharana 1903 ke dilli darabar men nahin ayenge. isaliye agrah karane svayn vayasaray udayapur aye the. vahin unaka parichay ojhaji se hua. unaki vidvatta aur lagan se ve bade prabhavit hue. bharat ke bare men vishesh janakari ke liye uttar bharat ka kendr ve ajamer ko banana chahate the. ojhaji se milakar unhen laga ki puratatvik kary ke liye yahi vyakti upayukt hai. atah unhonne ojhaji ke sammukh bharat ke puratattv ke uchch pad ka prastav rakha. par unhonne is pad ko asvikar kar diya, kyonki ve mevad men rahakar hi usaki seva karana chahate the.[2]

ajamer agaman

kuchh varsh pashchath 1908 men laaurd minto ne laaurd karzan ki yojana ke anusar 'rajapootana puratatv sngrahalay’ ki sthapana ajamer men ki. isake palak ke roop men gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ko bulava gaya. ve mevad nahin chhodate, par vidvat samman ke prati maharana phatehasinh ki udasinata ke karan san 1908 men ve udayapur chhodakar ajamer a gaye.

rachanaen

gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha adhi shatabdi tak gyan ke prakash stambh ke roop men khade the. ve bharat ke atit ka marg tatolane men nirantar alok pate rahe. sirohi rajy, solnkiyon tatha rajapootana ke itihas ke sath-sath apane itihas tatha any vishayak kee grnth likhe, unamen nimnalikhit pramukh the-

  1. 'udayapur rajy ka itihas' - pratham khand (1928), dvitiy khand (1932)
  2. 'doongarapur rajy ka itihas' - (1936)
  3. 'bansavada rajy ka itihas' - (1936)
  4. 'bikaner rajy ka itihas' - pratham bhag (1937), dvitiy bhag (1940)
  5. 'jodhapur rajy ka itihas' - pratham bhag (1938), doosara bhag (1941)
  6. 'pratapagadh rajy ka itihas' - (1940)


isake atirikt tin nibandh sngrah bhi prakashit hue. gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ne kee patr-patrikaon ka sampadan bhi kiya. 'madhyakalin bharatiy snskriti', 'solnkiyon ka itihas', 'prithviraj vijay', 'karmachnd vnsh' tatha 'rajapootana ka itihas' ye ojhaji ki kuchh pramukh pustaken thin. varsh 1898 men prakashit inaki 'bharatiy prachin lipi mala' apane vishay ki sarvashreshth rachana mani gee thi. ojha ji varsh 1908 men 'rajapootana myooziyam' ke adhyaksh banae ge aur 1938 tak is pad par bane rahe.[2]

nidhan

gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha aur kashiprasad jayasaval ke shishy jayachandr vidyalnkar ne ‘bharatiy itihas parichay’ namak snstha khadi ki thi. unaka uddeshy bharatiy drishti se samast adhyayan ko ayojit karana aur bharat ki sabhi bhashaon men usake dvara oonche sahity ka vikas karana tha. 1941 men ojhaji ne jayachandr vidyalnkar ko ajamer bulakar kaha ki unake shodhakary ka bhar ve utha len. usake liye rajasthan men 'bharatiy itihas parishad' ki ek shakha sthapit kar den. is vichar ka utsah se svagat kiya gaya. kintu isake shigh bad japan yuddh aur 1942 ka 'bharat chhodo andolan' a gaya. is rajanaitik sngharsh men jayachandr jel chale gaye. 1946 men jab ve jel se chhoot kar aye, tab tak rashtriy shiksha aur 'bharatiy itihas parishad' ke adarsh ke liye utsah thanda pad chuka tha. gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha vriddh ho chuke the. 20 aprail, 1947 ko ojhaji ne 84 varsh ki ayu men apani jivan lila samapt ki. unhonne itihas aur hindi ke liye apana poora jivan khapa diya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 257 |
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 gorishnkar hirachnd ojha (hindi) rajasthan stadij. abhigaman tithi: 16 agast, 2015.
  3. tadanusar 15 sitambar 1863 ee.
  4. rajasthan ke itihasakar – sn. 31. da. hukamasinh bhati pri. 104
  5. hamara rajasthan-prithvisinh mehata pri. 262
  6. hamara rajasthan-pri. 262-63
  7. rajasthan ke itihasakar-pri. 107

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