राजस्थान का इतिहास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rajasthan ka itihas pragaitihasik kal se shuroo hota hai. eesa poorv 3000 se 1000 ke bich yahan ki snskriti sindhu ghati sabhyata jaisi thi. 12vin sadi tak rajasthan ke adhikansh bhag par gurjaron ka rajy raha hai. gujarat tatha rajasthan ka adhikansh bhag gurjaratra (gurjaron se rakshit desh) ke nam se jana jata tha.[1][2][3]gurjar pratiharo ne 300 salon tak poore uttari-bharat ko arab akrantao se bachaya tha.[4]bad men jab rajapooton ne is rajy ke vividh bhagon par apana adhipaty jama liya to yah kshetr britishakal men rajapootana (rajapooton ka sthan) kahalane laga. 12vin shatabdi ke bad mevad par guhiloton ne rajy kiya. mevad ke alava jo any riyasaten aitihasik drishti se pramukh rahin, ve hain - bharatapur, jayapur, boondi, maravad, kota, aur alavar. any sabhi riyasaten inhin riyasaton se bani. in sabhi riyasaton ne 1818 men adhinasth gathabndhan ki british sndhi svikar kar li jisamen rajaon ke hiton ki raksha ki vyavastha thi, lekin is sndhi se am janata svabhavik roop se asntusht thi.
varsh 1857 ke vidroh ke bad log 'svatntrata andolan' men bhag lene ke lie mahatma gandhi ke netritv men ekajut hue. sanh 1935 men angrezi shasan vale bharat men prantiy svayattata lagoo hone ke bad rajasthan men nagarik svatntrata tatha rajanitik adhikaron ke lie andolan aur tez ho gaya. 1948 men in bikhari huee riyasaton ko ek karane ki prakriya shuroo huee, jo 1956 men rajy men punargathan qanoon lagoo hone tak jari rahi. sabase pahale 1948 men 'matsy sngh' bana, jisamen kuchh hi riyasaten shamil hueen. dhire-dhire baki riyasaten bhi isamen milati geen. sanh 1949 tak bikaner, jayapur, jodhapur aur jaisalamer jaisi mukhy riyasaten isamen shamil ho chuki thin aur ise 'brihattar rajasthan snyukt rajy' ka nam diya gaya. sanh 1958 men ajamer, aboo rod taluka aur sunel tappa ke bhi shamil ho jane ke bad vartaman rajasthan rajy vidhivat astitv men aya. rajasthan ki samoochi pashchimi sima par pakistan padata hai, jabaki uttar men pnjab, uttar poorv men hariyana, poorv men uttar pradesh, dakshin-poorv men madhy pradesh aur dakshin-pashchim men gujarat hai.

sat charanon men bana rajasthan

  1. 18 march, 1948 ko alavar, bharatapur, dhaulapur, karauli riyasaton ka vilay hokar 'matsy sngh' bana. dhaulapur ke tatkalin maharaja udayasinh rajapramukh v alavar rajadhani bani.
  2. 25 march, 1948 ko kota, boondi, jhalavad, tonk, doongarapur, bansavada, pratapagadh, kishanagadh v shahapura ka vilay hokar rajasthan sngh bana.
  3. 18 apral, 1948 ko udayapur riyasat ka vilay. naya nam 'snyukt rajasthan sngh' rakha gaya. udayapur ke tatkalin maharana bhoopal sinh rajapramukh bane.
  4. 30 march, 1949 men jodhapur, jayapur, jaisalamer aur bikaner riyasaton ka vilay hokar 'vrihattar rajasthan sngh' bana tha. yahi rajasthan ki sthapana ka din mana jata hai.
  5. 15 apral, 1949 ko 'matsy sngh' ka vrihattar rajasthan sngh men vilay ho gaya.
  6. 26 janavari, 1950 ko sirohi riyasat ko bhi vrihattar rajasthan sngh men milaya gaya.
  7. 1 navnbar, 1956 ko aboo, delavada tahasil ka bhi rajasthan men vilay hua, madhy pradesh men shamil sunel tappa ka bhi vilay hua.[5]

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men rajasthan ka yogadan

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men rajasthan ke anek svatntrata senaniyon ne yogadan diya hai jisamen se pramukh hain- anjana devi chaudhari, chhaganaraj chaupasani vala, gnga sinh, ghanashyam das bidala, ghasi ram chaudhari, jamanalal bajaj, chunnilal chittauda, jayanarayan vyas, abdul hamid kaisar, thakur kesari sinh, mahatma ramachandr vir adi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika-tippani aur sndarbh

  1. Ramesh Chandra Majumdar (1977) The History and Culture of the Indian People: The classical age. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.
  2. (1984) Desa, videsa me? Gurjara kya hai? tatha kya the?: Gurjara itihasa. Akhila Bharatiya Gurjara Samaja Sudhara Sabha.
  3. Surajanasi?ha Shekhavata (1989) Sekhava?i pradesa ka pracina itihasa. Sri Sardula Ejyukesana ?ras?a.
  4. John Keay (2001) India: a history. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0, ISBN 978-0-8021-3797-5.
  5. rajasthan divas: viragathaon se hota hai garv ka ehasas (hindi) rajasthan patrika. abhigaman tithi: 1 apral, 2015.

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