दिल्ली का इतिहास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

dilli vishay soochi
parichay    itihas    bhoogol    arthavyavastha    shiksha    kala    snskriti    dharmik sthal    paryatan    chitravali    vistrit alekh
dilli ka itihas
Delhi-in-1858.jpg
vivaran dilli desh ke uttari madhy bhag men gnga ki ek pramukh sahayak yamuna nadi ke donon taraph basi hai. dilli desh ka tisara bada shahar hai. yah ek rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli hai.
bhaugolik sthiti uttar- 28°36′36, poorv- 77°13′48
marg sthiti dilli, rashtriy rajamarg 2 se vardhaman, varanasi, ilahabad, kanapur aur agara ke raste kolakata se judi hai. rashtriy rajamarg 8 se soorat, ahamadabad, udayapur, ajamer aur jayapur ke raste munbee se judi hai. rashtriy rajamarg 1 se jalndhar, ludhiyana aur anbala hote hue amritasar aur rashtriy rajamarg 24 se ramapur aur muradabad ke raste lakhanoo se judi hai.
havaee adda indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
relave steshan purani dilli, nee dilli, hazarat nizamuddin
bas adda aee. es. bi. ti, saray kale khan, annd vihar
yatayat saeekil riksha, aauto riksha, taiksi, lokal rel, metro rel, bas
kya dekhen dilli paryatan
kahan thaharen hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
kya khayen pnjabi khana, chat, dilh‍li ki parathen vali gali ke 'parathe'
es.ti.di. kod 011
savadhani atnkavadi gatividhiyon se savadhan, lavaris vastuon ko na chhuen, shit ritu men kohare se aur grishm ritu men loo se bachav karen.
Map-icon.gif googal manachitr, indira gandhi antarrashtriy havaee adda
snbndhit lekh lal qila, indiya get, jama masjid, rashtrapati bhavan .
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
dilli ki snsar ke prachin nagaron men ganana ki jati hai. mahabharat ke anusar dilli ko pahali bar pandavon ne indraprasth nam se basaya tha[1] kintu adhunik viddanon ka mat hai ki dilli ke asapas udaharanarth ropad (pnjab) ke nikat sindhu ghati sabhyata ke chihn prapt hue hain aur purane qile ke nimnatam khndaharon men adim dilli ke avashesh milen to koee ashchary nahin vastav men desh men apani madhyavarti sthiti ke karan tatha uttarapashchim se bharat ke chaturdik bhagon ko jane vale margon ke kendr par basi hone se dilli bharatiy itihas men anek samrajyon ki rajadhani rahi hai.

pauranik ullekh

jatakon ke anusar indraprasth sat kos ke ghere men basa hua tha. pandavon ke vnshajon ki rajadhani indraprasth men kab tak rahi yah nishchayapoorvak nahin kaha ja sakata kintu puranon ke sakshy ke anusar parikshit tatha janamejay ke uttaradhikariyon ne hastinapur men bhi bahut samay tak apani rajadhani rakhi thi aur inhin ke vnshaj nichakshu ne hastinapur ke gnga men bah jane par apani nee rajadhani prayag ke nikat kaushambi men banaee[2] maury kal men dilli ya indraprasth ka koee vishesh mahattv n tha kyonki rajanitik shakti ka kendr is samay magadh men tha. bauddh dharm ka janm tatha vikas bhi uttari bharat ke isi bhag tatha pashrarvavarti pradesh men hua isi karan bauddh dharm ki pratishtha badhane ke sath hi bharat ki rajanitik satta bhi isi bhag (poorvi uttar pradesh tatha bihar) men kendrit rahi.

aitihasik ullekh

mauryakal ke pashchath lagabhag 13 sau varsh tak dilli aur usake asapas ka pradesh apekshakrit mahattvahin bana raha. harsh ke samrajy ke chhinn bhinn hone ke pashchath uttaribharat men anek chhoti moti rajapoot riyasaten ban geen aur inhin men 12 vin shati men prithviraj chauhan ki bhi ek riyasat thi jisaki rajadhani dilli bani. dilli ke jis bhag men qutub minar hai vah athava maharauli ka nikatavarti pradesh hi prithviraj ke samay ki dilli hai. vartaman jogamaya ka mndir mool roop se inhin chauhan naresh ka banavaya hua kaha jata hai. ek prachin janashruti ke anusar chauhanon ne dilli ko tomaron se liya tha jaisa ki 1327 ee. ke ek abhilekh se soochit hota hai[3] yah bhi kaha jata hai ki chauthi shati ee. men anngapal tomar ne dilli ki sthapana ki thi. inhonne indraprasth ke qile ke khndaharon par hi apana qila banavaya.

tomar, chauhan aur gulam vnsh

mahakavy-mahabharat kal se hi dilli ka vishesh ullekh raha hai. dilli ka shasan ek vnsh se doosare vnsh ko hastantarit hota gaya. ek chauhan rajapoot vishal dev dvara 1153 men ise jitane ke poorv lal kot par lagabhag ek shatabdi tak tomar rajaon ka adhipaty raha. vishal dev ke pautr prithviraj tritiy ya ray pithora ne 1164 ee. men lal kot ke charon or vishal parakot banakar isaka vistar kiya. yah dilli ka tisara shahar kahalata hai. aur qila ray pithora ke nam se jana gaya. kee itihasakar ise dilli ke sat shaharon men pratham manate hain. 1192 ki ladaee men muslim akramanakari muhammad gori ne prithviraj chauhan ko yuddh men harakar usaki hatya kar di. gori yahan se daulat lootakar chala gaya aur apane gulam qutubuddin aibak ko yahan ka upashasak niyukt kar gaya. 1206 men gori ki mrityu ke bad kutubuddin aibak ne svny ko bharat ka sultan ghoshit kar diya aur lalakot ko apane samrajy ki rajadhani banaya. agali tin shatabdiyon tak yahan chhote antaralon ke sath gulam vnsh aur sultan vnsh ka shasan raha. qutubuddin aibak ne lalakot ko ek aur mahattvapoorn smarak qutub minar diya. yah vijay ka smarak tha aur snbhavat: ek masjid ki minar thi lekin qutubu minar ke vartaman svaroop ka nirman firoj shah ne poora karavaya, jisamen usane sngamaramar ke alnkaran ke kam ke sath–sath do aur mnzile banavaee jisame usaki oonchaee 74 mitar ho gee. ek tarah se yah bharat men sultan vnsh ke gauravapoorn v vijayi agaman ka pratik thi.

khilaji shasan

khilaji shasan (1290-1321) ke dauran dilli par mngol luteron ne akraman kar isake asurakshit upanagaron ko dhvast kar diya. 1303 men alauddin ne isake charon or 1.7 varg kilomitar kshetr men ek naya vrittakar qilabnd shahar banavaya taki mngol pun akraman kar upanagaron v bagichon ko dhvast n kar saken. qutub-lalakot snkul ke viparit jo shahar dehali-e-kuhana (purani dilli) kahalata tha, prarnbh men lashkar ya lashkaragah (sainik chhavani) ke nam se jana gaya. lalakot ke sath judi is charadivari se ghiri nagari ko bad men siri nam diya gaya tatha ise khilaji rajadhani (darul khilafa) ke roop men jana gaya. isaki paridhi ki divar lagabhag 1.5 kilomitar lnbi thi aur usame kee minar v daravaze bane hue the. siri ki ganana amataur par dilli ke doosare shahar ke roop men hoti hai, kintu yah muslim vijetaon dvara bharat men sthapit pahala poornat: naya shahar tha.

tugalak vnsh

is prakar 14 vin shatabdi ki dilli men qutubu-lalakot snkul sthit dehali-e-kuhana ya purani dilli; gayasapur– kilokhadi sthit shahar-e-nu ya naya shahar aur siri sthit darul khilafa ya rajadhani sammilit the. 1321 men dilli tugalaqon ke hathon men chali gee, kyonki khilaji vnsh ke antim shasak ki mrityu bina uttaradhikari ke ho gee thi. 11 tugalaq shasakon ne dilli par shasan kiya lekin vastushilp men keval tin ne ruchi dikhaee uname se pratyek ne dilli trikon men sthit vartaman shahari samooh men ek ne shahar ka rajadhani ke roop men nirman kiya. yah shahar sultanon ki sainy prakriti aur suraksha ke prati tugalaqon ki divanagi ko darshate hain. pahale ek durg tatha bad men ek shahar ke roop men vikasit in rajadhaniyon men pahala gayasuddin tugalaq dvara nirmit kilabnd nagar – durg tugalakabad (1321-25) tha.

dilli ka aitihasik manachitr

muhammad bin tugalaq (shasanakal 1325-51) ne ek aisi rajadhani ki kalpana ki thi, jo samrajy ki inaki yojana ko pratibinbit kare. yah yojana vistar ki apeksha use sudridh banane ke lie thi. sima par akraman abhi ruke nahin the, isalie unhonne kutubu dilli, siri tatha tugalaqabad ke charon or ek raksha divar banaee aur jahanpanah namak ek naye shahar ka nirman karavaya. apane nirman ke shighr bad hi yah shahar avyavastha ka shikar ho gaya. achanak muhammad tugalaq ne dakkan (dakshin) men hal hi men vijit kshetr par nigarani rakhane ke lie apani rajadhani devagiri le jane ka nishchay kiya, jisaka nam unhonne daulatabad rakha. 1338 men jahanpanah ki abadi ko nee rajadhani ke lie kooch karane ke adesh mile. ujad dilli chhote–chhote tukado men bnt gee aur isake khndahar ne shahar firozabad ke lie eeton ke bhndar sabit hue. jo tisara aur antim tugalaq kalin shahar tha. 1354 men yamuna ke kinare sthapit yah shahar, siri se lagabhag 8 kilomitar poorvottar men sthit tha. yah shahar yani panchavin dilli firoz shah, (1351-88) dvara basaee gee aur usi ke nam se jani gee.

14vin-15vin sadi

kaha jata hai ki 14 vin sadi ki dilli men tugalaqabad sainy pratishthan tha, nizamudin faqiron ka ilaqa tha aur upanagar hauzakhas vidvanon ki basti thi. mngol vijay ke bad samaraknd aur madhy eshiya ke vishvavidyalayon se shikshit sharanarthi dilli men a base. uchch shiksha ke lie hauzakhas ke madarase ki khyati poori saltanat men phaili huee thi. tugalaqon ke paravarti saiyad bandhu (1414-1444) aur lodi (1451-1526) shasakon ne svayn ko firozabad tak simit rakha. unake shasan kal ke dauran lagatar upadrav chalate rahe aur unhen ne shahar basane ka samay nahin mila.

mugal kal

1526 men bharat ke pahale mugal shasak babar ka pravesh hua aur usane agara ko apani rajadhani banaya. 1530 men usaka beta humayoon gaddi par baitha aur 10 sngharshamay varsho tak usane dilli par raj kiya. 1553 men unhonne apane shasan ki sthapana ke upalakshy men ne shahar dinapanah ka nirman kiya isake lie badi savadhani se yamuna ke kinare ek sthan chuna gaya. ab is shahar ka namonishan nahin hai. kyonki sherashah soori ne ise poori tarah dhvast kar diya tha.

agale do mugal shasakon akabar aur jahangir ne agara ko rajadhani banakar bharat par shasan karana pasnd kiya lekin dilli ke mahattv ko samajhakar ve bich–bich men dilli ate rahe. 1636 men shahajahan ne abhiyntaon, vastuvidon tatha jyotishiyon ko agara v lahaur ke bich achchhe jalavayu vale sthan ke chayan ka nirdesh diya. yamuna ke pashchimi kinare par purane qile ke uttar men sultanon ki hazarat dilli ka chayan kiya gaya. shahajahan ne yahan urdoo –e-maula namak ek qile ko kendr men rakhakar nee rajadhani ka nirman shuroo karavaya. lal qile ke nam se vikhyat yah qila ath varsho men poorn hua aur 19 aprail 1648 ko shahajahan ne apani is nee rajadhani shahajahannabad ke qile men nadi ke samane vale dvar se pravesh kiya.

qutub minar, dilli
Qutub Minar, Delhi

lahaur get shahajahannabad qile ka bhavy praveshadvar hai. yahan se shahar ki pramukh sadak shuroo hokar fatehapuri masjid tak jati hai. 36 mitar chaudi yah sadak shahar ki mukhy dhuri thi rat ko bich ke jalashay par padati chndrama ki rupahari roshani ne is sthan ko chandani chauk nam diya. yah sadak dilli ka samaroh sthal thi. shahajahan aur aurngazeb yahan apana shahi juloos nikalate the, nadirashah aur ahamad shah abdali vidrohi ghudasavar ke roop men nikale the aur maratha v rohillaon ne vijay ullas manaya tha.

16vin-17vin sadi

british shasanakal men jab dilli ko british bharat ki rajadhani banaya gaya, to laaurd harding ka juloos bhi isi marg se nikala tha. jama masjid ka nirman 1644 men prarnbh hua aur nagar prachir ka nirman 1651 se 1658 ke bich hua ye shahar men banane vale agale mahattvapoorn smarak the. arddhachndrakar akriti ki yah divar 8 mitar oonchi, 3.5 mitar chaudi v 6 kilomitar lnbi thi aur yah lagabhag 6.4 varg kilomitar ke kshetr ko ghere hue thi. is men sat vishal daravaze the (kashmiri, mori, kabuli, lahauri, ajameri, turkamani aur akabarabadi) nadi ki or ki divar men bhi tin daravaze (rajaghat, qilaghat aur nigamabodhaghat) the. shahar ke pramukhamarg in dvaron tak jate the. chhoti pahadi par sthit shahajahannabad ki jama masjid jo badashahi masjid ke nam se bhi jani jati thi. bharat ki sabase badi masjid thi. 1662 men dilli men hue ek bhishan agnikand men 60 hazar aur 1716 men bhari varsha ke karan makan dhvast hone se 23 hazar log mare ge the.

indiya get, dilli
India Gate, Delhi

shahajahannabad ke nirman ke 10 varsh bad hi shahajahan ke putr aurngazeb ne shahar par kabza karake use agara ke qile men nazarabndakar diya aur julaee 1658 men svayn ko badashah ghoshit kar diya. aurngazeb ko virasat men ek saghan aur samriddh rajadhani mili thi. lekin dhire-dhire is shahar ki avanati shuroo ho gee, kyonki isaka naya shasak isake snsthapak ke viparit ekadam bhinn svabhav vala tha. shahajahan ne kala ko badhava diya aur zindagi ka lutf uthaya aurngazeb in donon se door rahata tha. use shahar ko sudnr banane men n to dilachaspi thi. n hi use isaka avasar mila. vah sthayi roop se shahajahannabad men raha hi nahin. usake uttaradhikariyon ko ek vibhajit aur nirbal rajy shasan karane ko mila. faras ke lutere nadirashah ke jaghany akraman ne is shahar par antim prahar kiya.

british shasanakal

1803 men agrez shasakon ne jab dilli par qabza kiya tab yah vanijy evn vyavasay ka pramukh kendr thi, yadyapi qilabnd shahar bhavy kitu jirn-shirn gndi basti men badal chuka tha. charadivari kshetr men lagabhag ek lakh tis hazar aur upanagaron men lagabhag 20 hazar log rahate the. suraksha aur sthan ki ddashti se british kamandaron ne eest indiya knpani ke karyalay lal qile ke asapas ke kshetr men sthapit kie jo ghani abadi vala nahin tha. uttari bhag men rezidensi banaee gee, jahan chhavani, astabal, vanaspati kshetr, shastragar aur barud bhndar, sima shulk karyalay ek baink do aspatal, kuchh bngale tatha ek girajaghar bhi banaya gaya. nee sainy zaruraton ke hisab se qilebnd men kuchh parirvatan kie ge.

lotas tainpal, dilli
Lotus Temple, Delhi

qilebnd shahar se adhik kshetr men vistrit chhavani ko 1828 men pashchimottar 'rij' par sthanantarit kiya gaya. pahadi ke ek oonche sthal par parnparik evn gothik shaili men vaikalpik rezidensi ka nirman kiya gaya, jisake pashchath aur bhi vishal maitakaf haus banaya gaya usaka svami bad men rezident ke sthan par 'ejent aauf delhi' bana. 1840 ke dashak men chhavani kshetr ke asapas atmanirbhar aur sanskritik roop se prithakh avasiy upanagar ka vikas hua, jise nagarik kshetr kaha gaya. viliyam frezar tatha charls maitakaf jaise dilli ke prarnbhik angrez shasak yahan ki samriddh sanskritik virasat se sammohit the mugal rajadarabar ko parnparik samaroh ko manane ki anumati thi tatha badashahon ke nam par sikke dhale jate the.

bharatiy svatntrata sngram (1857)

1857 ke bharatiy svatntrata sngram ke pashchath sab kuchh yahan tak ki dilli ke prati british shasan ka ravaiya bhi badal gaya. vidroh ke bad mugal badashah bahadur shah dvitiy ko rngoon (vartaman yangoon) nirvasit kar diya gaya tatha unake parivarajan ki hatya kar di gee. sena ne rajamahal par qabza karake ise qile men badal diya. qile ke asapas tatha parakote ke samip sthit 457 mitar kshetr ko sainy kshetr ghoshit kar diya aur isake v jama masjid ke bich ki tamam imaraten girakar maidan bana di geen. kashmiri get se dariyagnj tak ki adhigrahit bhoomi par chhavani ko pun: shahar men laya gaya. yah kshetr poorv men charadivari pashchim men maidan (espalened) v nadi ke kinare tak phaila hai. qilebnd shahar ke ek tihaee kshetr men chhavani bas gee. kee yooropiy videshi shahar se bahar sivil lains men chale ge aur dariyagnj ke nivasi chandani chauk a ge.

aupaniveshik nagar ke roop men vikas

jaise hi dilli ke prashasan par british taj ka qabza hua, tin kriyashil ‘ikaiyon’ mool nagar chhavani tatha amataur par sivil lains kahalane vala nagariy kshetr ke sath isake bhautik svaroop ne parnparik aupaniveshik nagar ka roop le liya. dhire-dhire dilli ka adhunikikaran hone laga. 1867 men kalakatta se dilli ke lie pahali niyamit rel chali. 1910 tak nagar men nagariy nikay ke shasan ki sthapana, jal vitaran aur mal nikas pranali, doorabhash aur teligraf lainen tatha bijali ki vyavastha ho gee. chandani chauk men viktoriya ghntaghar banaya gaya, yahan ki nahar pat di gee aur isake oopar vidyut traaum marg ka nirman hua.

dilli bani adhikarik rajadhani

1877 men bharat par briten ke adhipaty ko darshane ke lie british mahanh darabaron ki shrinkhala ke pahale darabar ka ayojan hua. doosara darabar 1903 men edavard saptam ke rajyarohan ke upalakshy men ayojit hua. tisara darabar 1911 men hua, jo dilli ke lie ek mod sabit hua samaroh ke dauran jaauj vi. ne ghoshana ki ki bharat ki rajadhani kalakatta se pun: dilli laee jaegi. is nirnay ko rajanitik aur prashasakiy, donon adharon par sahi thaharaya gaya. janavari 1912 men rajanitik nirnay ke vyavaharik karyanvan ke lie tin sadasyiy samiti gathit ki gee. prasiddh vastuvid sar edavin lutiyns isake sadasy the jinhonne antat is shahar ko naya svaroop diya. is samiti ne sthal chayan ka kary prarnbh kiya. samiti ne fasil ke dakshin men sthit rayasina pahadi chuni jo n to bahut door thi aur n hi bahut pas.

jama masjid, dilli
Jama Masjid, Delhi

disnbar 1912 men samiti ne dilli shahar ke lie lutiyns ki yojana ko mnjoor kar liya is yojana ke anusar, kalakatta ke viparit vaisaraauy haus, snsad bhavan aur sachivalay ko ek jagah banana tha tatha inaka nirman is yojana ke kendr bindu rayasina pahadi par nagarakot (ekropaaulis) men kiya jana tha.

snsad bhavan ka nirman

harding ne ghoshana ki ki nee rajadhani ka vastushilp poorv aur pashchim shaili ka milajula roop hoga. vaisaraauy bhavan se mukhy kendriy marg rajapath (kingsave) prarnbh hota tha. jo 3.2 kilomitar lnba tha aur nadi ki or jata tha. yah marg bich men uttar– dakshin ki or apekshakrit kam bhavy marg se do bhagon men vibhajit hota hai. jo kvinsave kahalaya. mukhy marg ki samapti ek vijay– toran, indiya get par hoti thi. jo pratham vishv yuddh men shahid hue shooraviron ki smriti ka soochak tha. jab yah rajanitik sthit spasht ho gee ki satta vaisaraauy se vidhan sabha ko hastantarit ki jani hai, to lutiyns ke sahayogi sar harabart bekar ko snsad bhavan ki abhikalpana taiyar karane ke nirdesh die ge. bekar ne golakar bhavan ka dijain banaya aur isaka sthan lal qile ke pashchimottar men purane shahar ki or jane vale marg par niyat kiya gaya. ek any golakar bhavan vanijyik kendr kanaaut ples men bhi bana, jisaki abhikalpana inglaid ke bath sthit ek bhavan jaisi hai.

nee rajadhani ka shubharnbh

nee rajadhani ka shubharnbh janavari 1931 men hua. nee dilli ki sadak yojana jyomitiy saundaryashastr ki dharana par adharit hai. samagr yojana men rajapath (kingsave) ko mukhy adhar manakar banaee gee shatbhujon ki ek shrinkhala aur 96 kilomitar lnbi mukhy sadake hain. ye shatakon tin margon ke bich sthit the jo gavarnar haus se nikalakar aitihasik jama masjid, indraprasth aur safadarajag ke maqabare ki or jate the tatha vartaman ko atit se jodate the. shahar ke avasiy dhanche ki yojana ka udeshy nivas ki suvidha ko vyavasthit karana tha. jagah-jagah bag-bagichon ka nirman bhi kiya gaya.

gurudvara bngala sahib, dilli
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib, Delhi

nee aur purani dilli

bharat ke tatkalin vaisaraauy beran charls harding chahate the ki purani aur nee dilli ka snyojan ek ho. unhonne nirdesh die ki donon ki yojana ek shahar ke roop men ho n ki do alag-alag shaharon ke roop men kintu lutiyns apane snkirn shahari saundaryikaran par jame hue the. unaki virat yojana men purani dilli mahaj ek mahattvahin dhvast hota shahari kshetr tha aur vah chahate the ki use jyon ka tyon chhod diya jae. yah poorvagrah purani dilli ke lie ghatak siddh hua, jisane 1941 aur 1951 ke bich ae lagabhag ek lakh sharanarthiyon ko nivas pradan karana tha. jahan nee dilli ke nivasi 6-8 vyakti prati hekteyar ke ghanatv se apane rahan sahan adarsh bana rahe the, vahin purani dilli 336 se 400 vyakti prati hekteyar ke bojh se dabi ja rahi thi.

nee aur purani dilli ke bich yah visngati shuroo se hi yojanakaron ke lie rukavat sabit huee. pratham nagar yojana men dilli ko ek gndi basti ke roop men chitrit kiya gaya aur 1980 ke dashak men hi jab doosari nagar yojana bani use virasat kshetr ke roop men kuchh mahattv diya gaya. lutiyns ki dilli ko sadaiv param pavan kshetr samajha gaya aur isaki mool yojana tatha janasnkhya men parirvatan ke sujhavon ka janata evn yojana donon ke dvara virodh kiya gaya. 1970 aur 1980 ke dashak men di.di.e (dilli vikas pradhikaran) ne avas vyavasay par ekadhikar kar liya aur vartaman shahari kendr ke asapas vishal bhavan snkul khade kar diye ge. uchch ay, madhy ay aur nimn ay varg ke samoohon ke adhar par avas upalabdh karae ge. jo is ay varg se bahar the, ve anadhikrit bastiyon ya jhuggi jhopadiyon (gndi bastiyon) men ijafa kar rahe hain. jo ab je.je kaauloni jani jati hai. 567 anadhikrit bastiyan rajanitik dabav men vaidh ghoshit ki ja chuki hain. dilli ki abadi ke umadate sailab ko yamuna ke poorvi tat par basaya gaya hai. jahan dhire-dhire ek alag hi dilli akar le rahi hai. kee bade bazar avasiy bhavan aur dhanadhy logon ki kothiyan shahar ki dakshin, pashchim tatha uttari paridhi men banaee ja chuki hai.

rajadhani ke sau varsh

gulami ke daur men angrez samrat jaaurj pncham ne 12 disambar, 1911 ko kolakata ke sthan par dilli ko rajadhani banaya. isaki rooparekha aur nirman karyon ki dekharekh british vastukar edavin luchens (lutiyan) ne ki thi. ek sau pachas varshon tak kolakata ke zariye bharat par shasan karane ke bad angrejon ne apani samrajy vistar ke maddenajar rajadhani ko uttar bharat sthanantarit kar dilli ko ne sthan ke roop men chuna tha tatha yahan nayi rajadhani banane ka mahatvakankshi abhiyan shuroo kiya.[4] king jaaurj pncham ke rajyarohan ka utsav manane aur unhen bharat ka samrat svikarane ke lie dilli men ayojit darabar men british bharat ke shasak, bharatiy rajakumar, samnt, sainik aur abhijaty varg ke log badi snkhya men ekatr hue the. darabar ke antim charan men ek acharaj bhari ghoshana ki gee. tatkalin vayasaray laaurd haaurding ne raja ke rajyarohan ke avasar par pradatt upadhiyon aur bhenton ki ghoshana ke bad ek dastavez saunpa. angrez raja ne vaktavy padhate hue rajadhani ko kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit karane, poorv aur pashchim bngal ko dobara ek karane sahit any prashasanik parivartanon ki ghoshana ki. dilli valon ke lie yah ek hairatangej phaisala tha, jabaki is ghoshana ne ek hi jhatake men ek soobe ke shahar ko ek samrajy ki rajadhani men badal diya, jabaki 1772 se british bharat ki rajadhani kalakatta thi.[5]

ek tarah se nee dilli ka arth bharatiy upamahadvip ke lie ek samrajyavadi rajadhani aur ek sadi ke lie angrez hukmaranon ke sapanon ka sakar hona tha, halanki isake poora hone men 20 sal ka v़kt laga. yah bhi tab, jabaki rajadhani ko kalakatta se dilli sthanantarit karane ke sath hi nee dilli banane ka phaisala liya gaya. is tarah nee rajadhani keval 16 sal ke lie apani bhoomika nibha saki. nee dilli men nirman kary 1931 men poora hua, jab sarakar is ne shahar men sthanantarit ho gee. 13 pharavari, 1931 ko tatkalin vayasaray laaurd iravin ne nee dilli ka aupacharik udghatan kiya.

dilli darabar relave

dilli darabar ke maddenazar angrejon ne atirikt rel suvidhaen badhane aur nee lainen bichhane ka phaisala kiya gaya. jisake liye sarakar ne dilli darabar relave namak vishesh sngathan ka gathan kiya. march se aprail, 1911 ke bich yatayat samasyaon ke nidan ke lie chhah baithaken hueen, jinamen dilli men vibhinn dishaon se ane vali relagadiyon ke lie 11 pletapharmon vala ek mukhy relave steshan, azadapur jnkshan tak dilli darabar kshetr men do atirikt dabal rel lainon, bnbee se agara hote hue dilli tak ek nee lain bichhane jaise mahattvapoorn phaisale kie ge. sainik aur nagarik ko saman pahunchane ke lie kalakatta se dilli tak pratidin ek malagadi chalaee gee, jo havada se chalakar dilli ke kingsave steshan pahunchati thi. is tarah malagadi qarib 42 ghnte men 900 mil ki doori tay karati thi. navnbar, 1911 men motar speshal namak panch vishesh relagadiyan havada aur dilli ke bich chalaee geen. desh bhar se 80,000 sainikon ko dilli lane ke lie vishesh relagadiyan chalaee geen thi.[5]

yah bhi janen

bharat ke manachitr men dilli
  • yadi pratham vishv yuddh n chhida hota to nee dilli ke nirman men adhik dhan kharch kiya jata aur yah shahar adhik bhavy banata.
  • yamuna nadi purane qile ke sath bahatin aur rajapath se gujarane vale isake gavah banate.
  • yadi laaurd karzan aur unake mitron ki chalati to nee dilli ko rajadhani banane ka phaisala radd ho jata.
  • yadi harabart bekar ne pritoriya ka nirman n kiya hota to lutiyan ko nee dilli pariyojana men avasar n milata aur n vijay chauk pritoriya ki tarj par taiyar hota.
  • yadi lutiyan ki marji chali hoti to rashtrapati bhavan saradar patel marg par malacha pailes ke pas men bana hota.[5]
  • vartaman men jahan dilli hai, vahan pahale kabhi 11 shahar the.
  • tomar shasak anngapal ne dilli ki sthapana ki. tomar ne lal kot banavaya, jo bad men prithviraj chauhan ke pashchath 'qila ray pithora' kahalaya.
  • prithviraj chauhan dilli ke antim doosare hindoo samrat the.
  • barahavin sadi men qutubuddin aibak ne meharauli ke asapas dikh rahi sabhi snrachanaon ka nirman karavaya tha.
  • 1303 men siri ka nirman alauddin khilaji ki dekharekh men hua tha.
  • gayasuddin tugalak ne 1321-1325 ke dauran tugalakabad basaya tha. isi tarah jahanapath ka nirman 1325-1351 ki avadhi men muhammad bin tugalak ne karavaya tha.
  • sherashah soori ne apane shasanakal ke dauran kee tarah ke nirman kary karavaye.
  • humayoon ne dinapanah banavaya, jabaki sheragadh ka nirman sherashah soori ne karavaya.
  • jise aj 'lodi kaaumpleks' kahate hain, use lodi rajaon ne banavaya tha. dilli saltanat (1451-1526) ne sabhi rajavnshon ke lie lodi kaaulpleks ki ahamiyat thi.
  • mugal badashah shahajahan ne 1638-1649 ke dauran shahajahannabad nam se patthar ki divaron se ghiri ek siti banavayi. pahale isi men lal qila aur chandani chauk ate the. shahajahan ke shasanakal men yahin mugalon ki rajadhani hua karati thi. isi kshetr ko aj 'purani dilli' kahate hain, lekin dakshin-pashchim dilli ko angrezon ne banavaya aur ise nam diya- lutiyns dilli ya nyoo dilli.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dekhie: indraprasth
  2. dekhie: parjitar, dayanestiz aauv dikali ej–prishth 5
  3. deshosti hariyanakhy: prithivyan svargasannibh: dhilikakhya puri yatr tomarairasti nirmita. chahamana nripastatr rajyn nihitakntakam tomaratarn chatrku:prajapalanatatpara:
  4. rajadhani dilli 100 baras ki huee, par koee samaroh nahin! (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) si.en.bi.si. avaz. abhigaman tithi: 22 disnbar, 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 nee dilh‍liah sau baras ka saphar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) chauthi duniya. abhigaman tithi: 22 disnbar, 2011.

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