गाँधी स्मृति, दिल्ली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gandhi smriti, dilli
gandhi smriti sngrahalay, dilli
vivaran 'gandhi smriti' ya 'gandhi smriti sngrahalay' rajadhani dilli men sthit vah sthan hai, jahan mahatma gandhi ne apane jivan ke akhiri 144 din vyatit kie the.
rajy rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli
nagar dilli
marg sthiti tis janavari marg, dilli
prasiddhi mahatma gandhi se judi anek mahattvapoorn vastuon ke lie.
snbndhit lekh mahatma gandhi, kastooraba gandhi
vishesh is bhavan men mahatma gandhi 9 sitambar, 1947 se 30 janavari, 1948 tak rahe the.
any janakari 'gandhi smriti sngrahalay' men gandhiji ne jo din bitae, un dinon ke photograph, moortiyan, peting, bhitti chitr, shilalekh tatha sh‍mriti chihn sngrahit hain. gandhiji ki kuchh vaiyaktik vash‍tuen bhi yahan par savadhani se snrakshit hain.

gandhi smriti 'bidala bhavan', dilli ke baramade men sthit vah jagah hai, jahan nathooram godase ne 30 janavari, 1948 ko prarthana sabha men jate hue rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ki goli mar kar hatya kar di thi. bad men ise smarak ka roop de diya gaya. 'gandhi sh‍mriti' ya 'gandhi sh‍mriti sngrahalay' vahi sh‍thal hai, jahan mahath‍ma gandhi ne apane jivan ke akhiri 144 din bitae. is bhavan men mahatma gandhi 9 sitambar, 1947 se 30 janavari, 1948 tak rahe the. 'gandhi sh‍mriti' ko pahale 'bidala haus' ya 'bidala bhavan' ke nam se pukara jata tha.

itihas

desh ki rajadhani nee dilli men tis janavari marg par sthit 'gandhi smriti' ka sirph aitihasik hi nahin, paryatakiy mahatv bhi hai. desh-videsh se ane vale sailaniyon men yah behad lokapriy hai. ise dekhe bina ve dilli ya desh ke paryatan ko adhoora manate hain. gandhivadiyon ke lie to yah tirth sthal hi hai. rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ne apani antim sansen yahin li thin. aj jo sthan 'gandhi smriti' ke nam se jana jata hai, vah kabhi 'bidala haus' kahalata tha. jis shraddha se log yahan mahatma gandhi ke jivan se jude smriti chihnon ko dekhate hain, utane hi shauk aur shiddat se 'bidala haus' ke prangan men ghoomate bhi hain. 'bidala haus' ke bare men kaha jata hai ki 'bapoo' jab bhi dilli ate the, apane anuyayi ghanashyam das birala ke isi alishan ghar men thaharate the. sham ko panch baje prarthana sabha ke dauran vah logon se yahin milate the aur unase baten karate the.[1] 'bidala haus' ka bharat sarakar dvara 1971 men adhigrahan kiya gaya aur ise rashtrapita ke rashtriy smarak ke roop men parivartit kar diya gaya. 15 agast, 1973 ko ise bharat ki am janata ke lie khol diya gaya.

sngrah

'gandhi smriti' men mahatma gandhi ke jivan se judi kee mahattvapoorn vastuen adi snrakshit hain-

  1. mahatma gandhi ki sh‍mriti evn unake dvara apanae ge pavitr adarshon ko pracharit karane vale drishh‍yath‍mak pahaloo.
  2. gandhiji ko ek mahath‍ma banane vale unake jivan ke moolh‍yon par gahan roop se kendrit shaikshanik pahaloo.
  3. kuchh anubhoot avashh‍yakataon ki poorti ke lie unaki gatividhiyon ko prash‍tut karane ke lie unaki seva ke pahaloo.

gandhiji ki mahattvapoorn vastuen

gandhi smriti sngrahalay men bitae ge gandhiji ke dinon ke photograph, moortiyan, peting, bhitti chitr, shilalekh tatha sh‍mriti chihn sngrahit hain. gandhiji ki kuchh vaiyaktik vash‍tuen bhi yahan par savadhani se snrakshit hain. yahan ka pravesh dvar bhi aitihasik mahath‍v ka hai, kh‍yonki isake oopar se hi pradhanamntri javaharalal neharoo ne mahath‍ma gandhi mahaprayan ki ghoshana karate hue kaha tha ki- "hamare jivan ka prakash chala gaya aur ab charon or andhera hai." 'gandhi sh‍mriti' ke pravesh dvar par golakar bhoomanh‍dal se ubharati huee adamakad se badi mahath‍ma gandhi ki ek pratima, jisake bagal men aur hathon men kabootar pakade hue ek or ek ladaka aur doosari or ek ladaki ki m‍oorti hai, jo garibon evn vipanh‍n logon ki unaki sarvabhaumik chinta ko prakat karati hai, abhh‍yagaton ka sh‍vagat karati hai. yah vikhh‍yat moortikar shriram sutar ki kriti hai. prash‍tar moorti ki adharashila par mera jivan hi mera sndesh hai ankit hai.[2]

balidan shilakhanh‍d

mahatma gandhi ko jis sh‍than par goliyon ka nishana banaya gaya tha, vahan par ek balidan shilakhanh‍d sh‍thapit hai, jo bharat ke lamh‍be svadhinata sngram ki sabhi pidaon aur balidanon ka pratik hai. is shilakhanh‍d ke charon or parikrama karane ke lie path‍tharon ka ek marg banaya hua hai. shilakhanh‍d ke samane shraddhaluon dvara shraddhanjali arpit karane ke lie sh‍than chhoda gaya hai. shilakhanh‍d ke niche ke ghas ke maidan men gurudev taigor ke shabh‍d hain- "vah prath‍yek kutiya ki dehalij par rooke."

bhitti chitr

prarthana prangan ke madhh‍y men ek manh‍dap hai, jisaki divaron par bhitti chitr hai, jo bharat ki sansh‍kritik yatra ki nirntarata, vishh‍v bhar men isake vicharon ke adan-pradan ko pratibimbit karate hain aur mahath‍ma gandhi ke vishh‍v vh‍yapi vh‍yakttith‍v ko abhivh‍yakh‍t karate hain. in bhitti chitron men unaki vinamrata ka bhi pratipadan hua hai. vah kahate the- "meri vaiyaktik avashh‍yakataon ke lie mera ganv hi mera snsar hai, parntu meri adhh‍yatmik avashh‍yakataon ke lie samoocha snsar mera ganv hai." manh‍dap ke bahar lal rng ke path‍thar se bani ek bench hai, jis par baithakar mahath‍ma gandhi prarthana karate the ya kathinaee ke dinon men shanti pradan ke lie unake pas ane vale logon ke sath vah vartalap karate the.

prarthana bhavan

gandhi smriti, dilli

hari bhari ghas prarthana bhavan ki visheshata hai, jisamen charon or safed rng ke gulab ke paudhe hain. daen or ke maidan par sh‍marak ke pravesh dvar ke nikat gandhi ke sapanon ka bharat ankit hai. ghumavadar marg ke kendr men vikhh‍yat kalakar shnkho chaudhuri ki kash‍yn ki ek kriti hai, jo gandhiji ke balidan par prajh‍jh‍valit shashh‍vat agnishikha ki pratik hai. 'bidala bhavan' men gandhiji ka kaksh vaise hi rakha gaya hai, jaisa unake nidhan ke samay tha. unaki sabhi vash‍tuen- unaki chhadi, ek chakoo, kanta aur chamh‍mach, sabun ke sh‍than par prayog kiya jane vala kharahara surakshit hai. unaka bish‍tara tha dharati par ek chataee, sada safed dhalan lakadi ki ek desh‍k bagal men hai. vahan par ek purani kafi dinon se padhi ja rahi 'gita' ki push‍tak bhi hai. yah poora bhavan kee bhagon men vibhajit hai. bhavan ke mukhh‍y pravesh ke donon or mahath‍ma gandhi dvara rachit ek prarthana 'ek sevak ki prarthana' tatha unaka shashh‍vat sndesh unake 'jntar' pradarshit hain. bagal ke ek kamare men 'ba' (kastooraba gandhi) aur 'bapoo' ki do pratimaen rakhi hain. phaibar gh‍las se bani pratimaen thailaind ke ek yugal 'deka saisamh‍boon' aur 'saisamh‍boon' ki banaee huee hai.[2]

dakshin v uttari khand

mohanadas karamachnd gandhi se mahath‍ma gandhi ka banana dakshin khanh‍d men vivaran sahit 35 painalon par shh‍vate-shh‍yam chitron men pradarshit hai. dakshin khanh‍d men ek sabhagar tatha samiti kaksh bhi hai. uth‍tari khanh‍d men panch vibhinh‍n kaksh hain. pratham khanh‍d men vah vithika hai, jo us kaksh ki or le jati hai, jahan par gandhiji ne apani shan‍ti yatra aur balidan ko samarpit jivan ke antim 144 din bitae the. uth‍tari khanh‍d ka tisara bhag 'gandhi ke sapanon ke bharat' tatha ane vali pidhi़yon dvara is sh‍vaph‍n ko sakar karane ka gandhiji ka pharmoola pradarshit hai. vah pharmoola tha 'attharah sootriy karyakram'. gandhiji bharat ko snsar ke samaksh vaigyanik drishtikon ke sath ek vikasit madal ke roop men pradarshit karana chahate the. chauthe khanh‍d suman men kul 27 upakhanh‍d hain. inamen se tin vibhitiy patalon par mahath‍ma gandhi ke balh‍yakal se lekar unake pranath‍sarg tak
gandhiji ka balidan sthal
ke jivan ki 27 mahath‍vapoorn ghatanaen pradarshit ki gee hain. panchave khanh‍d sanh‍mati men jo 'gandhi sh‍mriti' ka sahith‍y kendr hai, gandhivad tatha isase snbndhit anek push‍taken ek sh‍than par upalabh‍dh poora manh‍dap ab ek chahal-kadami karate hue dekhane vali vithika hai, jo hamare samaj ke sabhi angon aur snsar ke sabhi bhagon ke kalakaron ko ek avasar pradan karati hai, jahan ve apani kritiyan pradarshit kar sakate hain aur vahan ane vale vishal janasamuday tak apani bhavanaen pahuncha sakate hain. bachh‍chon tatha kamazor varg ke kalakaron ko vishesh avasar pradan kiya jata hai tatha apani kalakritiyon ko pradarshit karane ke lie unh‍hen proth‍sahit kiya jata hai.
  • 'gandhi sh‍mriti' men 'sh‍varaj' khadi, kutir udyog tatha gramin vikas par gandhivadi vicharadhara ko abhivh‍yakh‍t karata hai. yahan par ek 'sh‍mritichihn' patal hai, jahan gandhiji vishayak pratimaen tatha sngat kalakritiyan pradarshit hain. prakhh‍yat sarod ke vadak ush‍tad amajad ali khan dvara udghatit 'kirti manh‍dap' nav-udghatit manh‍dap, jo 'gandhi sh‍mriti' men balidan shilakhanh‍d ke nikat sthit hai, kisi bade karyakram ke lie 500 jan pratinidhiyon ke lie sh‍than upalabh‍dh karata hai. prath‍yek shukravar ko is manh‍dap men niyamit roop se prarthana ki jati hai.[2]

shaikshanik kendr ki sthapana

samaj ke vibhinn vargon ke bachh‍chon ko kamh‍ph‍yootar, silaee aur kadhaee, balakon ki dekhabhal aur shiksha, samudayik sh‍vash‍thh‍y, kumh‍hari, kataee aur bunaee, kathaputali pradarshan, sh‍vang, sngit tatha kahani sunane adi men kaushal pradan karane ke prayas ke lie 'srijan' namak 'gandhi sh‍mriti shaikshanik kendr' ki sh‍thapana ki gee hai. 'srijan' vh‍yavasayik pathyakramon ko sikhane men bachh‍chon ki sahayata karata hai, taki unamen sh‍v-sahayata ki bhavana aur ath‍mavishh‍vas uth‍panh‍n ho sake aur jivan-yapan men samarth ho saken. inamen se kuchh pathyakramon ko 'rashh‍triy mukh‍t vidyalay' dvara manh‍yata pradan kar di gee hai. hal hi men sngrahalay men 'shashh‍vat gandhi' shirshak ki malh‍ti-midiya pradarshani aramh‍bh ki gee hai, jo bhavan ke samooche tal par hai. mahatma gandhi ke jivan aur unake drishtikon ko sakar roop se prash‍tut karane ke lie isamen adhunatan ilekh‍tranik hardaveyar tatha navin midiya ka upayog kiya gaya hai. isamen aitihasikata tatha vh‍yakhh‍yath‍makata donon ko pramukhata di gee hai. ikh‍kisavin sadi ki praudyogiki ka prayog karati huee yah pradarshani gandhivadi vicharon ko udghatit karati hai jo us sath‍yagrahi ka sath‍y ke siddhanton ke prati pratibaddhata ko sh‍thapit karati hai. in sabhi vash‍tuon ke sath 'gandhi sh‍mriti' ek samagr sngrahalay ka sh‍varoop dharan karati hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dan men nahin mila 'gandhi smriti' (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 08 aktoobar, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 gandhi smriti evn darshan samiti (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 08 aktoobar, 2013.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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