कठपुतली  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kathaputali
kathaputaliyan natak
vivaran 'kathaputali' ka khel atynt prachin natakiy khel hai, jo samast sabhy snsar men prashant mahasagar ke pashchimi tat se poorvi tat tak-vyapak roop prachalit raha hai.
itihas eesa poorv chauthi shatabdi men panini ki ashtadhyayi men 'natasootr' men 'putala natak' ka ullekh milata hai.
vishesh bharat men parnparik putali natakon ki kathavastu men pauranik sahity, lokakathaen aur kivadntiyon ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi hai. pahale amar sinh rathaud, prithviraj, hir-ranjha, laila-majanoon aur shirin-farahad ki kathaen hi kathaputali khel men dikhaee jati thin.
snbndhit lekh vishv kathaputali divas
any janakari kathaputaliyan ya to lakadi ki hoti hain ya peris-plastar ki ya kagaz ki lugdi[1] ki. usake sharir ke bhag is prakar jode jate hain ki unase bndhi dor khinchane par ve alag-alag hil saken.

kathaputali ka khel atynt prachin natakiy khel hai, jo samast sabhy snsar men prashant mahasagar ke pashchimi tat se poorvi tat tak-vyapak roop prachalit raha hai. yah khel gudiyon athava putaliyon (puttalikaon) dvara khela jata hai. gudiyon ke nar mada roopon dvara jivan ke anek prasngon ki, vibhinn vidhiyon se, isamen abhivyakti ki jati hai aur jivan ko natakiy vidhi se mnch par prastut kiya jata hai. kathaputaliyan ya to lakadi ki hoti hain ya peris-plastar ki ya kagaz ki lugdi[2] ki. usake sharir ke bhag is prakar jode jate hain ki unase bndhi dor khinchane par ve alag-alag hil saken.

itihas

kathaputali ka itihas bahut purana hai. eesa poorv chauthi shatabdi men panini ki ashtadhyayi men 'natasootr' men 'putala natak' ka ullekh milata hai. kuchh log kathaputali ke janm ko lekar pauranik akhyan ka zikr karate hain ki shivaji ne kath ki moorti men pravesh kar parvati ka man bahalakar is kala ki shuruat ki thi. kahani ‘sinhasan battisi’ men bhi vikramadity ke sinhasan ki 'battis putaliyon' ka ullekh hai. satavardhan kal men bharat se poorvi eshiya ke deshon indoneshiya, thaeelaind, myanmar, java, shrilnka adi men isaka vistar hua. aj yah kala chin, roos, roomaniya, inglaind, chekoslovakiya, amerika v japan adi anek deshon men pahunch chuki hai. in deshon men is vidha ka sam-samayik prayog kar ise bahuayami roop pradan kiya gaya hai. vahan kathaputali manornjan ke alava shiksha, vigyapan adi anek kshetron men istemal kiya ja raha hai.[3]

jaisalamer ke bazar men kathaputaliyan

bharat men parnparik putali natakon ki kathavastu men pauranik sahity, lokakathaen aur kivadntiyon ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika rahi hai. pahale amar sinh rathaud, prithviraj, hir-ranjha, laila-majanoon aur shirin-farahad ki kathaen hi kathaputali khel men dikhaee jati thin, lekin ab sam-samayik vishayon, mahila shiksha, praudh shiksha, parivar niyojan ke sath-sath hasy-vyngy, gyanavardhak v any manornjak karyakram dikhae jane lage hain.[3]

kathaputaliyon ka istemal sampreshan ke liye kafi pahale se ho raha hai. hamare desh men to yah kala lagabhag do hazar varsh purani hai. pahale natakon ko prastut karane ka ek matr madhyam kathaputaliyan hi thin. aj to hamare pas adhunik takanik vale kee madhyam rediyo, ti.vi, adhunik takaniki suvidhaon vali rngashalayen, mnch sabhi kuchh hai. lekin pahale ya to lok parnparaon ki naty shailiyan thin ya phir kathaputaliyan.[4]

bharatiy snskriti

bharatiy snskriti ka pratibinb lokakalaon men jhalakata hai. inhin lokakalaon men kathaputali kala bhi shamil hai. yah desh ki sanskritik dharohar hone ke sath-sath prachar-prasar ka sashakt madhyam bhi hain, lekin adhunik sabhyata ke chalate manornjan ke nit ne sadhan ane se sadiyon purani yah kala ab lupt hone ke kagar par hai.[3]

kathaputaliyan

kathaputali nach ki har qism men parshv se us ilake ka sngit bajata hai, jahan ka vah nach hota hai. kathaputali nachane vala git gata hai aur snvad bolata hai. zahir hai, inhen n keval hastakaushal dikhana padata hai, balki achchha gayak v snvad adakar bhi banana padata hai.

bharat men kathaputali

bharat men kathaputali nachane ki parnpara kafi purani rahi hai. dhage se, dastane dvara v chhaya vali kathaputaliyan kafi prasiddh hain aur parnparagat kathaputali nartak sthan-sthan jakar logon ka manornjan karate hain. inake vishay bhi aitihasik prem prasngon v janashrutiyon ke lie jane jate hain. in kathaputaliyon se us sthan ki chitrakala, vastukala, veshabhoosha aur alnkari kalaon ka pata chalata hai, jahan se ve ati hain.

riti-rivajon par adharit kathaputali ke pradarshan men bhi kafi badalav a gaya hai. ab yah khel sadakon, gali-koochon men n hokar phlad laits ki chakachaundh men bade-bade mnchon par hone laga hai.[3]

rajasthan ki kathaputali kafi prasiddh hain. yahan dhage se bandhakar kathaputali nachaee jati hain. lakadi aur kapade se banin aur madhyakalin rajasthani poshak pahane in kathaputaliyon dvara itihas ke prem prasng darshae jate hain. amarasinh rathaur ka charitr kafi lokapriy hai, kyonki isamen yuddh aur nrity dikhane ki bharapoor snbhavanaen hain. isake sath ek siti-jise boli kahate hain- jisase tej dhun bajaee jati hai, prayog ki jati hai.

kathaputali ki sabase khas bat yah hai ki isamen kee kalaon ka sammishran hai. isamen lekhan kala, naty kala, chitrakala, moortikala, kashthakala, vastr nirman kala, roop sajja, sngit, nrity jaisi kee kalaon ka istemal hota hai. isiliye sambhavatah bejan hone ke bad bhi ye kathaputaliyan jis samay apani poori saj sajja ke sath mnch par upasthit hoti hain to darshak poori tarah unake sath bndh jata hai.[4]

kathaputaliyon ke roop

uttar pradesh men sabase pahale kathaputaliyon ke madhyam ka istemal shuroo hua tha. shuroo men inaka istemal prachin kal ke raja maharajaon ki kathaon, dharmik, pauranik akhyanon aur rajanitik vyngyon ko prastut karane ke liye kiya jata tha. uttar pradesh se dhire-dhire is kala ka prasar dakshin bharat ke sath hi desh ke any bhagon men bhi hua.[4]

kathaputaliyan

udisa ka 'sakhi kundeee', asam ka 'putala nach', maharashtr ka 'malasootri bahuli' aur karnatak ki 'gombeyetta' dhage se nachaee jane vali kathaputaliyon ke roop hain. tamilanadu ki 'bommalattam' kafi kaushal vali kala hai, jisamen badi-badi kathaputaliyan dhagon aur dndon ki sahayata se nachaee jati hain. yahi kala andhr pradesh aur karnatak men bhi paee jati hai.

janavaron ki khal se bani, khoobasoorati se rngi gee aur sajavati taur par chhidrit chhaya kathaputaliyan andhr pradesh, karnatak, udisa aur keral men kafi lokapriy hain. unamen kee jod hote hain, jinaki sahayata se unhen nachaya jata hai. keral ke 'tolapavakoothu' aur andhr pradesh ke 'tholu bomalata' men mukhyatah pauranik kathaen hi darshayi jati hain, jabaki karnatak ke 'togalu gombe atta' men dharmetar vishay evn charitr bhi shamil kie jate hain.

dastane vali kathaputaliyan nachane vala darshakon ke samane baithakar hi unhen nachata hai. is qism ki kathaputali ka nrity keral ka 'pavakathakali' hai. udisa ka 'kundheinach' bhi aisa hi hai.

pashchim bngal ka 'patul nach' dnde ki sahayata se nachaee jane vali kathaputali ka nach hai. ek badi-si kathaputali nachane vale ki kamar se bndhe khnbhe se bandhi jati hai aur vah parde ke pichhe rahakar dndon ki sahayata se use nachata hai. udisa ke 'kathikundheee' nach men kathaputaliyan chhoti hoti hain aur nachane vala dhage aur dnde ki sahayata se unhen nachata hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pepar maishe
  2. pepar maishe
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 khan, firadaus. lupt hoti kathaputali kala (hindi) pravakta.kaaum. abhigaman tithi: 2 apral, 2011.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 kumar, hemant. nach ri kathaputali (hindi) naaul. abhigaman tithi: 2 apral, 2011.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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