हबीब तनवीर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

habib tanavir
habib tanavir
poora nam habib tanavir
janm 1 sitnbar, 1923
janm bhoomi rayapur, chhattisagadh
mrityu 8 joon, 2009
mrityu sthan bhopal, madhy pradesh
abhibhavak hafij ahamad khan
sntan monika mishra
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr patakatha lekhak, naty nirdeshak, kavi aur abhineta
mukhy rachanaen 'agara bazar', 'mitti ki gadi', 'charanadas chor', 'shatarnj ke mohare' adi.
mukhy filmen 'charanadas chor', 'gandhi' (1982), 'd raizing: mngal pande', 'blaik & vhait' (2008)
shiksha em.e.
puraskar-upadhi sngit natak akadami puraskar, padmashri, padm bhooshan
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 50 varshon ki lnbi rng yatra men habib ji ne 100 se adhik natakon ka mnchan v sarjan kiya. unaka kala jivan bahuayami tha. ve jitane achchhe abhineta, nirdeshak v naty lekhak the utane hi shreshth gitakar, kavi, gayak v sngitakar bhi the.

habib tanavir (angrezi: Habib Tanvir, janm: 1 sitnbar, 1923; mrityu: 8 joon, 2009) bharat ke sabase mashahoor patakatha lekhak, naty nirdeshak, kavi aur abhineta the. habib tanavir hindustani rngamnch ke shalaka purush the. unhonne lokadharmi rngakarm ko poori duniya men pratishthit kiya aur bharatiy rngamnch ko ek naya muhavara diya.

jivan parichay

habib tanavir ka janm 1 sitnbar, 1923 ko chhattisagadh ke rayapur men hua tha. unake pita hafij ahamad khan peshavar (pakistan) ke rahane vale the. skooli shiksha rayapur aur bi.e. nagapur ke mauris kaaulej se karane ke bad ve em.e. karane aligadh ge. yuva avastha men hi unhonne kavitaen likhana arnbh kar diya tha aur usi dauran upanam 'tanavir' unake sath juda. 1945 men ve munbee ge aur aaul indiya rediyo se bataur nirmata jud ge. usi dauran unhonne kuchh filmon men git likhane ke sath abhinay bhi kiya.

ipta se snbndh

munbee men tanavir pragatishil lekhak sngh aur bad men indiyan pipuls thiyetar esosieshan (ipta) se jude. britishakal men jab ipta se jude tab adhikansh varishth rngakarmi jel men the. unase is snsthan ko snbhalane ke lie bhi kaha gaya tha. 1954 men unhonne dilli ka rukh kiya aur vahan kudesiya jaidi ke hindustan thietar ke sath kam kiya. isi dauran unhonne bachchon ke lie bhi kuchh natak kie.[1]

vivah

dilli men tanavir ki mulakat abhinetri monika mishra se huee jo bad men unaki jivanasngini banin. yahin unhonne apana pahala mahattvapoorn natak 'agara bazar' kiya. 1955 men tanavir iglaind ge aur raauyal ekedami aauph drametiks arts (rada) men prashikshan liya. yah vah samay tha jab unhonne yoorop ka daura karane ke sath vahan ke thietar ko qarib se dekha aur samajha.

karyakshetr

50 varshon ki lnbi rng yatra men habib ji ne 100 se adhik natakon ka mnchan v sarjan kiya. unaka kala jivan bahuayami tha. ve jitane achchhe abhineta, nirdeshak v naty lekhak the utane hi shreshth gitakar, kavi, gayak v sngitakar bhi the. filmon v natakon ki bahut achchhi samikshayen bhi ki. unaki naty prastutiyon men lokagiton, lok dhunon, lok sngit v nrity ka sundar prayog sarvatr milata hai. unhonne kee varshon tak desh bhar gramin anchalon men ghoom-ghoomakar lok snskriti v lok naty shailiyon ka gahan adhyayan kiya aur lok giton ka snkalan bhi kiya.

naya thiyetar ki sthapana

chhathaven dashak ki shuruat men nee dilli men habib tanavir ki naty snstha ‘naya thiyetar’ aur rashtriy naty vidyalay ki sthapana lagabhag ek samay hi huee. yah ullekhaniy hai ki desh ke sarvashreshth naty snstha rashtriy naty vidyalay ke pas aj jitane achchhe lokapriy v madhur giton ka snkalan hai usase kahin jyada snkalan ‘naya thiyetar’ ke pas maujood hain. ech.em.vi. jaisi badi sngit knpaniyon ne habib tanavir ke natakon ke giton ke kee adiyo kaiset bhi taiyar kiye jo bahut lokapriy hue.

hindi rngamnch ka vikas

ajadi se pahale hindi rngakarm par parasi thiyetar ki paramparik shaili ka gahara prabhav tha. sath hi hindustan ke nagaron aur mahanagaron men pashchaty rng vidhan ke anusar natak khele jate the. ajadi ke bad bhi angrezi aur doosare yooropiy bhashaon ke anudit natak aur pashchaty shaili hindi rngakarm ko jakade hue thi. uchch aur madhy varg ke abhijatyapan ne pashchaty prabhavit rudhiy़on se hindi rngamnch ke svabhavik vikas ko avaruddh kar rakha tha aur hindi ka samakalin rngamnch naty premiyon ki ichchhaon ko sntusht karane men aksham tha. habib tanavir ne inhin rng paridrishy ko parivartit karane ek ne aur krantikari rng andolan ka vikas kiya.[2]

pramukh kritiyan

natak
  1. agara bazar (1954)
  2. shatarnj ke mohare (1954)
  3. lala shoharat ray (1954)
  4. mitti ki gadi (1958)
  5. ganv ka nam sasural mor nam damad (1973)
  6. charanadas chor (1975)
  7. ponga pandit
  8. d brokan brij (1995)
  9. zaharili hava (2002)
  10. raj rakt (2006)
film
  1. fut path (1953)
  2. rahi (1953)
  3. charanadas chor (1975)[3]
  4. gandhi (1982)
  5. ye vo mnzil to nahin (1987)
  6. hiro hiralal (1988)
  7. prahar (1991)
  8. d barning sijan (1993)
  9. d raizing: mngal pande (2005)
  10. blaik & vhait (2008)

samman aur puraskar

nidhan

habib tanavir ka nidhan 8 joon, 2009 ko bhopal, madhy pradesh men ho gaya. thietar ke vishvakosh kahe jane vale tanavir ka nidhan aisi apooraniy kshati hai, jisaki bharapaee asnbhav hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. thietar ke vishvakosh habib tanavir (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 15 aktoobar, 2012.
  2. tivari, daau. rakesh. samakalin rng vimarsh aur habib tanavir (hindi) (pi.ech.pi) shodh prakalp. abhigaman tithi: 15 aktoobar, 2012.
  3. git aur patakatha likhi

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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