पृथ्वीराज कपूर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

prithviraj kapoor
prithviraj kapoor
poora nam prithviraj kapoor
janm 3 navnbar, 1906
janm bhoomi pnjab, (pakistan)
mrityu 29 mee, 1972
mrityu sthan mumbee, maharashtr
abhibhavak divan bashesvaranath kapoor (pita)
pati/patni ram sarani devi
sntan raj kapoor, shammi kapoor, shashi kapoor
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr abhineta
mukhy filmen 'mugale azam' (1960), 'avara' (1951), 'sinkadara' (1941), 'alam ara' (1931) adi.
puraskar-upadhi dada sahab phalke puraskar, padm bhooshan
nagarikata bharatiy
Disamb2.jpg prithviraj ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- prithviraj (bahuvikalpi)

prithviraj kapoor (angrezi: Prithviraj Kapoor, janm: 3 navnbar, 1906 pnjab, pakistan[1]; mrityu: 29 mee, 1972 bnbee, maharashtr) hindi film aur rngamnch abhinay ke itihas purush, jinhonne bnbee men prithvi thietar sthapit kiya. 'bharatiy sinema jagath ke yugapurush' prithviraj kapoor ka nam ek aise abhineta ke roop men yad kiya jata hai, jinhonne apani kadak avaj, robadar bhav bhngimaon aur damadar abhinay ke bal par lagabhag char dashakon tak sine darshakon ke dilon par raj kiya.

jivan parichay

shiksha

prithviraj ne apani prarnbhik shiksha layalapur aur lahaur (pakistan) men rahakar poori ki. prithviraj ke pita divan bashesvaranath kapoor pulis vibhag men sab inspektar ke roop men karyarat the. bad men unake pita ka tabadala peshavar men ho gaya. prithviraj ne apani age ki padhaee peshavar ke edavard kaaulej se ki. sath hi unhonne ek varsh tak qanoon ki padhaee bhi ki lekin bich men hi unhonne apani padhaee chhod di, kyonki us samay tak unaka rujhan thietar ki or ho gaya tha.[2]

vivah

prithviraj kapoor ka mahaj 18 varsh ki umr men hi vivah ho gaya aur varsh 1928 men apani chachi se arthik sahayata lekar prithviraj kapoor apane sapanon ke shahar munbee pahunche.

kairiyar ki shuruat

prithviraj kapoor 1928 men munbee men inpiriyal film knpani se jude़ the. varsh 1930 men bipi mishra ki film 'sinema garl' men unhonne abhinay kiya. isake kuchh samay pashchath endarasan ki thietar knpani ke natak sheksapiyar men bhi unhonne abhinay kiya. lagabhag do varsh tak film indastri men sngharsh karane ke bad prithviraj ko varsh 1931 men pradarshit film alam ara men sahayak abhineta ke roop men kam karane ka mauqa mila.
prithviraj kapoor
varsh 1933 men prithviraj kapoor kolakata ke mashahoor nyoo thietar ke sath jude. varsh 1933 men pradarshit film 'raj rani' aur varsh 1934 men devaki bos ki film 'sita' ki kamayabi ke bad bataur abhineta prithviraj apani pahachan banane men saphal ho ge. isake bad prithviraj ne nyoo thietar ki nirmit kee filmon men abhinay kiya. in filmon men 'mnjil' 1936 aur 'president' 1937 jaisi filmen shamil hain. varsh 1937 men pradarshit film vidyapati men prithviraj ke abhinay ko darshakon ne kafi saraha. varsh 1938 men chndoolal shah ke rnjit mooviton ke lie prithviraj anubndhit kie ge. rnjit moovi ke bainar tale varsh 1940 men pradarshit film 'pagal' men prithviraj kapoor apane sine kairiyar men pahali bar enti hiro ki bhoomika nibhaee. isake bad varsh 1941 men soharab modi ki film sikndar ki saphalata ke bad prithviraj kamayabi ke shikhar par ja pahunche. [2]

prithvi thietar ki sthapana

varsh 1944 men prithviraj kapoor ne apani khud ki thiyetar knpani prithvi thietar shuroo ki. prithvi thietar men unhonne adhunik aur shahari vicharadhara ka istemal kiya, jo us samay ke pharasi aur parnparagat thietaron se kafi alag tha. dhire-dhire darshakon ka dhyan thietar ki or se hat gaya, kyonki un dinon darshakon ke oopar rupahale parde ka krej kuchh zyada hi havi ho chala tha. solah varsh men prithvi thietar ke 2662 sho hue jinamen prithviraj ne lagabhag sabhi sho men mukhy kiradar nibhaya. prithvi thietar ke prati prithviraj is qadar samarpit the ki tabiyat kharab hone ke bavajood bhi vah har sho men hissa liya karate the. vah sho ek din ke antaral par niyamit roop se hota tha. ek bar tatkalin pradhanamntri javahar lal neharoo ne unase videsh men ja rahe sanskritik pratinidhimndal ka pratinidhitv karane ki peshakash ki, lekin prithviraj ne neharoo ji se yah kah unaki peshakash namnjoor kar di ki vah thietar ke kam ko chhodakar vah videsh nahin ja sakate. prithvi thietar ke bahucharchit kuchh pramukh natakon men divar, pathan, 1947, gaddar, 1948 aur paisa 1954 shamil hai. prithviraj ne apane thietar ke jarie kee chhupi huee pratibha ko age badhane ka mauqa diya, jinamen ramannd sagar aur shnkar jayakishan jaise bade nam shamil hai. [2]

rngamnch ke purodha

akarshak vyaktitv v shanadar avaz ke svami prithviraj kapoor ne sinema aur rngamnch donon madhyamon men apani abhinay kshamata ka parichay diya halanki unaka pahala pyar thietar hi tha. unake prithvi thietar ne qarib 16 varshon men do hazar se adhik naty prastutiyan kin. prithvi raj kapoor ne apani adhikatar naty prastutiyon men mahatvapoorn bhoomikaen nibhaeen. thietar ke prati unaki divanagi spasht thi. prithvi thietar ki naty prastutiyon men samajik jagarookata ke sath hi deshabhakti aur manaviyata ko prashray diya gaya. varsh 1944 men sthapit prithvi thietar ke natakon men yatharthavad aur adarshavad par bhi paryapt zor diya gaya.[3]

pramukh filmen

isi dauran prithviraj kapoor ki mugale ajam, harishchndr taramati, sikndare ajam, asaman, mahal jaisi kuchh saphal filmen pradarshit hueen. varsh 1960 men pradarshit ke. asiph ki mugale azam men unake samane abhinay samrat dilip kumar the, isake bavajood prithviraj kapoor apane damadar abhinay se darshakon ka dhyan apani or akarshit karane men saphal rahe. varsh 1965 men pradarshit film asaman mahal men prithviraj ne apane sine kairiyar ki ek aur n bhoolane vali bhoomika nibhaee. isake bad varsh 1968 men pradarshit film tin bahuraniyan men prithviraj ne parivar ke mukhiya ki bhoomika nibhaee, jo apani bahuraniyon ko sachchaee ki rah par chalane ke lie prerit karata hai. isake sath hi apane putr ranadhir kapoor ki film kal aj aur kal men bhi prithviraj kapoor ne yadagar bhoomika nibhaee. varsh 1969 men prithviraj kapoor ne ek pnjabi film nanak nam jahan hai men bhi abhinay kiya. film ki saphalata ne lagabhag gumanami men a chuke pnjabi film indastri ko ek naya jivan diya.[2]

putr raj kapoor ke sath abhinay

pachas ke dashak men prithviraj kapoor ki jo filmen pradarshit hueen unamen shantaram ki dahej 1950 ke sath hi unake putr raj kapoor ki nirmit film avara pramukh hai. film avara men prithviraj kapoor ne apane putr rajakapoor ke sath abhinay kiya. sath ka dashak ate-ate prithviraj kapoor ne filmon men kam karana kafi kam kar diya.[2]

samman aur puraskar

prithviraj ko desh ke sarvochch film samman dada sahab phalke ke alava padm bhooshan tatha kee any puraskaron se bhi navaja gaya. unhen rajyasabha ke lie bhi namit kiya gaya tha.[3]

antim samay

unaki antim filmon men raj kapoor ki avara (1951), kal aj aur kal, jisamen kapoor parivar ki tin pidhiyon ne abhinay kiya tha aur khvaja ahamad abbas ki 'asaman mahal' bhi thi. ek abhineta aur pratibha parakhi ke roop men unaki durjey pratishtha mool roop se unake shanadar filmi jivan ke poorvarddh par adharit hai. filmon men apane abhinay se sammohit karane vale aur rngamnch ko nee disha dene vali yah mahanh hasti 29 mee, 1972 ko is duniya se rukhasat ho ge. unhen maranoparant dada sahab phalke puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pahale bharat men
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 prithviraj kapoor: adhunik hindi thietar ke pitamah (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) jagaran yahoo indiya. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitnbar, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 hindi rngamnch ke purodha the prithviraj kapoor (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 29 sitnbar, 2011.

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