बी. आर. चोपड़ा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bi. ar. chopada
bi. ar. chopada
poora nam baldev raj chopada
janm 22 aprail, 1914
janm bhoomi ludhiyana, pnjab
mrityu 5 navambar, 2008
mrityu sthan munbee, maharashtr
karm bhoomi munbee
karm-kshetr film nirmata-nirdeshak
mukhy filmen 'naya daur' (1957), sadhana (1958), 'dhool ka phool' (1959), 'qanoon' (1960), 'gumarah' (1963), 'hamaraj' (1967), 'insaph ka tarajoo' (1980), 'nikah' (1928)
shiksha angrezi sahity men snatakottar
vidyalay gavarnament kaaulej, lahaur
vishesh yogadan suprasiddh parshvagayika asha bhonsale ko bhi kamayabi ke shikhar par le jane men bi. ar. chopada ki filmon ka aham yogadan tha.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari apane kairiyar ki shurooat bataur film patrakar ke roop men ki thi. filmi patrika 'sine herald' men ap filmon ki samiksha likha karate the.

baldev raj chopada (angrezi: Baldev Raj Chopra, janm- 22 aprail, 1914, ludhiyana, pnjab; mrityu- 5 navambar, 2008, munbee, maharashtr) bharatiy sinema jagath men 'bi. ar. chopada' ke nam se prasiddh hain. unhen ek aise filmakar ke roop men yad kiya jata rahega, jinhonne parivarik, samajik aur saph-suthari filmen banakar lagabhag panch dashak tak sine premiyon ke dilon men apani khas pahachan banaee. 'naya daur', 'vaqt', 'hamaraj', 'babul' aur 'bagavan' jaisi jivan men rachi-basi kahaniyon ko darshati bi. ar. chopada ki filmen aj bhi sine premiyon ke dil aur dimag par amit chhap chhodati hain. unhonne vidhava punarvivah aur veshyavritti jaisi samajik samasya ko apani filmon ka vishay banaya. unaki zyadatar filmen kisi n kisi samajik mudde par adharit rahati thin. film jagath men die ge unake yogadan ke lie bharat sarakar ne unhen filmon ke sabase bade samman 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' dekar sammanit kiya.

janm tatha shiksha

bi. ar. chopada ka janm 22 aprail, 1914 ko tatkalin pnjab rajy ke ludhiyana shahar men hua tha. unhonne angrezi sahity men apani snatakottar ki shiksha lahaur ke mashahoor 'gavarnament kaaulej' men poori ki thi. is kaaulej ne film aur sahity jagath ko 'balaraj sahani', 'devannd', 'chetan annd' aur 'khushavnt sinh' jaisi shakhsiyaten di hain. bi. ar. chopada bachapan ke dinon se hi film men kam kar shoharat ki bulndiyon par pahunchana chahate the. desh ke vibhajan ke pashchath unaka parivar dilli a gaya, lekin kuchh din ke bad bi. ar. chopada ka man vahan nahin laga aur vah apane sapanon ko sakar karane ke lie dilli se mumbee a ge.

vyavasay ki shuruat

bi. ar. chopada ne apane kairiyar ki shurooat film patrakar ke roop men ki thi. filmi patrika 'sine herald' men vah filmon ki samiksha likha karate the. kuchh hi samay men bi. ar. chopada ne is patrika ka sara bhar svayn utha liya aur 1947 tak ise nirntar chalaya. isi varsh unhonne aee. es. jauhar ke sath milakar film 'chandani chauk' ka nirman shuroo kiya, lekin lahaur men dnge bhadakane ke karan unhen is film ko bich men hi bnd karana pada.[1]

film nirman

varsh 1949 men film 'karavat' se unhonne film nirman ke kshetr men kadam rakha, lekin durbhagy se yah film baauks aauphis par buri tarah asaphal huee. 1951 men ashok kumar abhinit film 'afasana' ko bi. ar. chopada ne nirdeshit kiya. film ne baauks aauphis par apane pachchis saptah poore kie aur 'rajat jaynti' (silvar jubali) manaee. is film ki saphalata ke bad bi. ar. chopada film indastri men apani pahachan banane men saphal ho ge. varsh 1955 men unhonne 'bi. ar. filmas bainar' ka nirman kiya. is bainar tale unhonne sabase pahale film 'naya daur' ka nirman kiya. film naya daur ke madhyam se bi. ar. chopada ne adhunik yug aur gramin snskriti ke bich takarav ko roopahale parde par pesh kiya, jo darshakon ko kafi pasnd aya. film 'naya daur' ne saphalata ke ne kirtiman sthapit kie aur bi. ar. chopada ko akash ki bulandiyon par pahuncha diya.

samajik filmen

apani is saphalata ke bad bi. ar. chopada ne pichhe mudakar nahin dekha aur ek se badhakar ek filmon ka nirman kar darshakon ka bharapoor manornjan kiya. in filmon men 'sadhana' (1958), 'qanoon' (1960), 'gumarah' (1963) aur 'hamaraz' (1967) jaisi suparahit filmen shamil hain. bi. ar. chopada ke bainar tale nirmit filmen samaj ko sndesh dene vali hoti thin. sath ke dashak ke daur men nirmit filmen sngit pradhan hua karati thin. lekin bi. ar. chopada apane darshakon ko har bar kuchh naya dena chahate the. isi bat ka dhyan rakhate 1960 men unhonne 'qanoon' jaisi prayogatmak film ka nirman kiya tha. yah film indastri men kiya gaya ek naya prayog tha. jab film ka nirman bagair ganon ke bhi kiya gaya.[1]

yogadan

bi. ar. chopada ne apane bhaee aur jane mane film nirmata-nirdeshak yash chopada ko bhi shoharat ki bulndiyon par pahunchane men aham yogadan diya tha. 1959 men pradarshit film 'dhool ka phool', 'vaqt' aur 'ittafak' jaisi filmon ki saphalata ke bad hi yash chopada film indastri men ek nirdeshak ke roop men sthapit hue the. suprasiddh parshvagayika asha bhonsale ko bhi kamayabi ke shikhar par le jane men nirmata aur nirdeshak bi. ar. chopada ki filmon ka aham yogadan tha. pachas ke dashak men jab asha bhonsale ko keval bi aur si gred ki filmon me hi gane ka mauka mila karata tha, us samay bi. ar. chopada ne hi asha bhonsale ki pratibha ko pahachana aur apani film 'naya daur' men gane ka mauka diya. yah film asha bhonsale ke sine kairiyar ki pahali suparahit film sabit huee.

is film men mohammad raphi aur asha bhonsale ke gae yugal git bahut lokapriy hue, jinamen 'mang ke sath tumhara', 'ude jab jab julphe teri' adi git shamil hain. film 'naya daur' ki kamayabi ke bad hi asha ji ko apani mnzil prapt huee thi. isake bad bi. ar. chopada ne asha ji ko apani aur bhi kee filmon men gane ka mauka diya. in filmon men 'vaqt' 'gumarah', 'hamaraj', 'adami aur insan', aur 'dhundh' pramukh hain. asha bhonsale ke alava parshvagayak mahendr kapoor ko bhi hindi film indastri men sthapit karane men bi. ar.chopada ki aham bhoomika rahi hai.[1]

mahabharat siriyal ka nirman

svasthy kharab rahane ke karan assi ke dashak men bi. ar. chopada ne filmon ka nirman karana kuchh kam kar diya. is dauran 1980 men unhonne 'insaph ka tarajoo' aur 'nikah' 1982 ka nirman kiya. varsh 1985 men bi. ar .chopada ne darshakon ki rag ko pahachanate hue chhote parde ki or bhi rookh kar liya. dooradarshan ke itihas men ab tak sabase zyada kamayab rahe siriyal 'mahabharat' ke nirman ka shrey bhi bi. ar. chopada ko hi jata hai. 96 pratishat darshakon tak pahunchane ke sath hi is siriyal ne apana nam 'giniz buk aauf varld rikaaurd' men bhi darj karaya. bi. ar. chopada ke lie yah ek mahanh upalabdhi thi.

puraskar v samman

bi. ar. chopada ko prapt hue samman par yadi gaur kiya jae to unhen 1998 men hindi sinema ke sarvochch samman 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' se sammanit kiya gaya. isake alava 1960 men pradarshit film 'qanoon' ke lie vah sarvashreshth nirdeshak ke roop men 'film feyar puraskar' se sammanit kie ge the. bahumukhi pratibha ke dhani bi. ar. chopada ne film nirman ke alava 'bagavan' aur 'babul' ki kahani bhi likhi.[1]

nidhan

apani nirmit filmon se darshako ke bich vishisht pahachan banane vale filmakar bi. ar. chopada ne 5 navambar, 2008 ko is duniya ko alavida kar diya.

film 'naya daur'

naya daur

film 'naya daur' ke nirman ki kahani bhi kam dilachasp nahin hai. is film ki kahani akhtar mirza ji ne likhi thi. is behad hat ke kahani ko mahaboob khan, es. mukharji aur es. es. vasan jaise nirdeshakon ne sire se nakar diya tha. is vishay men unaki ray thi ki yah ek badhiya daaukyoomentri film to ban sakati hai, par ek fichar film kabhi nahin ban sakati. tab bi. ar. chopada ne isi kahani par kam karane ka phaisala kiya. lekin jab unhonne dilip kumar ke sath is film ki charcha ki to unhonne kahani sunane se hi inkar kar diya. bi. ar. chopada ki agali pasnd ashok kumar the. ve unake pas pahunche. ashok kumar ka manana tha ki unaka chhavi shahari hai aur ve is ganv ke kiradar ke lie nahin jamengen, lekin unhonne bi. ar. chopada ki or se dilip kumar se ek bar phir bat ki. is bar dilip kumar raji ho ge. adhunikata ki daud men pisane vale ek am gramin ki kahani ko film ke parade par lekar ana asan nahin tha. kuchh haphton tak karadar stoodiyo men shoot karane ke bad lagabhag 100 logon ki tim ko kooch karana tha. autador lokeshan ke lie, jo ki bhopal ke as-pas tha, vahin shooting honi thi. un dinon madhubala aur dilip kumar ke prem ke charche indastri men mashahoor the, to film ki nayika madhubala ke pita ne madhubala ko shoot par bhejane se inkar kar diya. bi. ar. chopada ne kort men mukadama lada, apil men tark diya ki film ki kahani ke lie yah aut dor bahut zaroori hai. dilip kumar ne bi. ar. ke paksh men gavahi di.[2]

mukadama to unhonne jit liya, par madhubala ko qanooni danv pechon se bachane ke lie kes vapas lena pada, aur is tarah film men madhubala ke sthan par vaijaynti mala ka agaman hua. mahaboob khan ki 'madar indiya' ke lie libarti sinema 10 haphton ke lie buk tha. par film taiyar n ho pane ke karan unhonne bi. ar. chopada ki 'naya daur' ko apane buk kie hue 10 haphte de die, sath men hidayat bhi di ki chaho to 5 haphton ke lie le lo, tumhari is 'tange vale ki kahani' ko pata nahin darshak milen bhi ya nahin. bad men yahi mahaboob khan the, jinhonne jab film 'naya daur' ne apani rajat jaynti manaee to bi. ar. chopada ko unaki film ke primiyar ke lie mukhy atithi hone ka agrah kiya. bi. ar. chopada un nirdeshakon men the, jinhen apane chunav aur apane phaisalon par hamesha poora vishvas tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 yugapurush bi.ar. chopada (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2012.
  2. bi. ar. chopada (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 29 sitambar, 2012.

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