आर. सी. बोराल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ar. si. boral
ar. si. boral
poora nam ray chand boral
janm 19 aktoobar, 1903
janm bhoomi kalakatta, british bharat
mrityu 25 navambar, 1981
mrityu sthan kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta)
abhibhavak lalachand boral
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sngit nirdeshan
mukhy filmen 'mohabbat ke ansoo', 'dhoop chhanv', 'dakoo mnsoor', 'chndidas', 'pooran bhagat', 'vidyapati', 'abhagin', 'president' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 'sarasvat mahamndal upadhi' (1930), 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' (1978), 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' (1979)
prasiddhi film sngitakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ar. si. boral, nitin bos aur pnkaj malik ne milakar bharatiy filmi sngit men parshvagayan ki shuruat ki thi.

ray chand boral (angrezi: R. C. Boral; janm- 19 aktoobar, 1903, kalakatta, british bharat; mrityu- 25 navambar, 1981) hindi filmon ke prasiddh sngitakar the. unhen bharatiy sinema men 'parshvagayan' ki shuruat karane ka shrey diya jata hai. isake sath hi boral ji ko pahali sngitamay kartoon film banane ka bhi shrey prapt hai. unake dvara nirmit tin kartoon kathachitron men 'bhuler sheshe', 'lakh taka' evn 'bhola mastar' hain. ar. si. boral ko kartoon film banane ki prerana mashahoor hasy kalakar charli chaipalin ki film 'e siti laits' se mili thi, jise unhonne 40 bar dekha tha. suprasiddh gayak kundanalal sahagal ki pratibha ko tarashane, nikharane evn use bharat ki janata se roo-b-roo karavane ka shrey bhi ar. si. boral ko hi jata hai. hindi filmon men diye hue vishisht yogadan ke lie ar. si. boral ko varsh 1978 men 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' aur 1979 men 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' se bhi sammanit kiya gaya tha.

janm tatha shiksha

ar. si. boral  ka janm 19 aktoobar, 1903 ko kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ke ek mashahoor sngit parivar men hua tha. unake pita ka nam lalachand boral tha, jo shastriy sngitakar the. unhen sngit vady pakhavaj men prasiddhi prapt thi. ghar ka mahaul sngitamay tha, isilie boral ko bachapan se hi sangitik vatavaran mila tha. unhonne pndit vishvanath rav se dhamar evn gvaliyar gharane ke mashahoor sarod ke ustad hafiz ali khan ki salah par ustad majid khan se tabala bajane ki shiksha prapt ki.

kairiyar ki shuruat

ar. si. boral ke kairiyar ke prarnbh se hi sngitakar pnkaj malik unake najadiki mitr ban gaye the. in donon ne san 1928 se hi filmon men pravesh kiya aur us samay ki banane vali mook filmon ke lie sngit dene ka kary kiya. bad men jab hindustan ka savak sinema 1931 se prarnbh hua, to unhonne dhunen banana bhi prarnbh kar diya aur gayan ke lie parshvagayan ke avasar upalabdh karae. bataur sngitakar boral sahab kitane sammanit vyakti the, isaka andaza isi tathy se lagaya ja sakata hai ki es. ke. pal, khemachndr prakash evn pannalal ghosh jaise sngitakar unase sngit ki shiksha grahan karate the.

naye prayog

kolakata ke 'nyoo thiyetars' men kam karate hue ar. si. boral ne vahan ke saund injiniyar mukul bos, jo ki nitin bos ke bhaee the, ke sath empaliflayar ka prayog bhi sngit men prarnbh kiya. isi shrnkhala men unhonne ek aur upalabdhi hasil ki, vah thi- sngit vady yntron ke sath dhvani prabhav dena. varsh 1932 men ayi film 'mohabbat ke ansoo' ar. si. boral ki sngitabaddh pahali film to thi hi, isake sath hi yah mashahoor kundanalal sahagal ke abhinay se bhi saji thi. sahagal dvara hi abhinit film 'chndidas' (1934) boral ji ki sabase kamayab filmon men gini jati hai. film 'president' (1937) men kundanalal sahagal dvara gaya gaya git "ek bngala bane nyara" aj tak ar. si. boral aur sahagal ki sarvashreshth rachanaon men gina jata hai.

parshvagayan ki shuruat

sngitakar ar. si. boral, pnkaj malik aur nitin bos ko bharatiy sinema men parshvagayan ki shuruat karane ka shrey diya jata hai. hindi filmon men parshvagayan ki shuruat se sambandhit ek rochak ghatana hai-

"jis raste se nitin bos pratidin apane ghar se 'nyoo thiyetars' jate the, usi raste men sngitakar pnkaj malik ka ghar padata tha. isilie nitin bos pratidin pnkaj malik ko unake ghar ke pas se unhen apani kar men baithakar stoodiyo le jate aur chhod jate. yah silasila chalata rahata tha. roz ki hi bhanti nitin bos pnkaj malik ke daravaze par apani kar ka haaurn baja kar unhen bula rahe the, parantu pnkaj malik par isaka koee asar nahin ho raha tha. nitin bos ko laga ki shayad ghar men koee nahin hai. tabhi lagatar kar ke haaurn ki avaj sun kar pnkaj malik ke pita ne unako kamare men ja kar bataya ki get par nitin bos bahut der se tumhara intazar kar rahe hain. itana sunate hi pnkaj malik daudate hue nitin bos ke pas pahunche aur kaha- "mafi chahoonga, main zara apane pasndida angrezi ganon ka rikaaurd sunate huye usake sath gane men mashagool ho gaya tha. isilie apake kar ke haaurn ko nahin sun saka.

nitin bos ne is ghatana ki charcha 'nyoo thiyetars' men ar. si. boral se ki aur unase charcha karate huye unhen apana ek sujhav diya- "ki kyoon na ham kuchh naya prayog karen. jaise pnkaj us gane ke sath gaye ja rahe the, usi tarah gane ko bhi pahale rikaaurd kiya ja sakata hai. isase hamen abhinetaon aur abhinetriyon ki avazon ke sath samajhauta nahin karana padega. hamare pas vikalp yah hoga ki ham kisi surile prashikshit gayak, gayikayon ki avaz men gane rikaaurd kar sakate hain aur bad men shooting ke samay film men abhinay kar rahe charitr par chitrankan kar sinema ko aur rochak bana sakate hain. ar. si. boral is vichar se poori tarah sahamat huye. phalasvaroop us samay nitin bos ke hi nirdeshan men ban rahi film 'dhoop chhavn' (1935) ke liye unhonne pahala gana "main khush hona chahoon, khush ho n sakoon" rikaaurd kiya, jisamen mukhy svar ke. si. de ka tha tatha koras men parul ghosh, suprava sarakar evn harimati ke svar the. isake rikordist mukul bos the, jo nitin bos ke hi bhaee the. mukul bos bhi 'nyoo thiyetars' men bataur dhvani mudrak karyarat the. is prakar sngitakar ke taur par hindi sinema men parshvagayan ki parampara ka shriganesh karane ka shrey ar. si. boral ko jata hai, jabaki pratham parshvagayak hone ka shrey ke. si. de diya gaya.[1]

pramukh filmen

ar. si. boral dvara sngit nirdeshit pramukh filmen
varsh film varsh film
1932 mohabbat ke ansoo 1932 jinda lash
1933 subah ka sitara 1933 pooran bhagat
1933 mirabaee 1934 chndidas
1934 dakoo mnsoor 1934 mohabbat ki kasauti
1935 karavan-e-hayat 1935 dhoop chhanv
1935 inkalab 1936 mnjil
1937 anath ashram 1937 vidyapati
1937 president 1938 abhagin
1938 strit singar 1939 sapera
1940 har jit 1941 lagan
1942 nari 1942 saugandh
1943 vapas 1945 hamarihi
1945 vasiyatanama 1948 anjanagadh
1950 pahala adami 1950 svami vivekanand
1953 dard-e-dil 1953 shri chaitany mahaprabhu

sngit ke bhishm pitamah

sngitakar anil vishvas ne ar. si. boral ko bharatiy film jagath men sngit ke bhishm pitamah ki sngya di thi. boral ji 'nyoo thiyetars' ke sath-sath 'aaul indiya redio knpani' (akashavani) men bhi sngit ke vibhagadhyaksh niyukt the. unhonne mook sinema ke antargat 'chosher mey' tatha 'chor kanten' filmon men bhi stej arkeshtra ka snchalan kiya tha. in arkeshtra men haramoniyam aur vayalin ke sath-sath chelo, bansuri, tatha aaurgan ka prayog kar unhonne stej arkeshtra ko bhi ek naya aur akarshak roop pradan kar diya tha.[1]

mahattvapoorn tathy

  • shayad bahut kam log hi yah janate hain ki san 1935 men bani film 'aftar d arthakvek' jo 1934 ee. men bihar men aye bhayanak bhookamp par adharit film thi, isake sngitakar ar. si. boral hi the. is film ke ek git ko boral ji ne kedar sharma se gavaya tha, jo unhin ke likhe huye the. git ke bol the- "ao ri chameli ek bat batayen...". tatkalin samay men is git ko bahut prasiddhi mili thi. yah git bihar ki lok shaili ko sparsh karata mahasoos kiya gaya tha. is film men ek aur khas bat yah thi, ki isamen prasiddh abhineta rajakapoor ne bal kalakar ki ek rochak bhoomika ada ki thi.
  • isi prakar varsh 1937 men 'nyoo thiyetars' ke bainar tale nirmit film 'vidyapati' ka sngit bhi ar. si. boral ne taiyar kiya tha, jo bihar ke mithila prakshetr ke raja shivasinh, unaki patni rani lakshmi evn kavivar vidyapati ke bich prem trikon par adharit thi. is film ke sabhi git kedar sharma ne likhe the, jise ar. si. boral ne apane sngit ras se sajaya tha. film 'vidyapati' ke git us samay ke sabase saphal sngit ki shreni men rakhe ge the. yah vahi film thi, jisane kanan devi ko abhinetri se sath-sath ek saphal gayika ke roop men bhi sthapit kiya tha.[1]

puraskar v samman

bharatiy sinema men ar. si. boral ke abhootapoorv yogadan ke lie unhen san 1930 men lakhanoo men hue sngit sammalen men 'sarasvat mahamndal' ki upadhi di gee thi. varsh 1978 men unhen 'sngit natak akadami puraskar' tatha 1979 bharatiy sine snsar ke sarvochch samman 'dada sahab phalke puraskar' se bhi navaja gaya tha.

nidhan

bharatiy sinema men bahumooly yogadan dene vale aur ek sngitakar ke roop men prasiddhi pane vale ar. si. boral ka nidhan kolakata men hi 25 navambar, 1981 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 filmon men parshvagayan ki shuruat (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 janavari, 2013.

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