शंकर (संगीतकार)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shnkar (sngitakar)
shnkar sinh raghuvnshi
poora nam shnkar sinh raghuvnshi
prasiddh nam shnkar
janm 15 aktoobar, 1922
janm bhoomi haidarabad
mrityu 26 apral 1987 (ayu 64 varsh)
mrityu sthan mumbee
abhibhavak pita- ramasinh raghuvnshi
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sngitakar
mukhy rachanaen meri ankhon men bas gaya koee re, jiya bekarar hai chhaee bahar hai, mujhe kisi se pyar ho gaya, hava men udata jae mera lal dupatta malamal ka, ab mera kaun sahara, barasat men hamase mile tum sajan, tumase mile ham, bichhad gee main ghayal hirani adi.
puraskar-upadhi nau bar sarvashreshth sngitakar ka filmapheyar puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh jayakishan
any janakari shnkar aur jayakishan ki jodi ne lagabhag 170 se bhi jyada filmon men sngit diya.

shnkar sinh raghuvnshi (angrezi: Shankar Singh Raghuvanshi, janm: 15 aktoobar 1922 - mrityu: 26 apral 1987) bharatiy sinema ke prasiddh sngitakar the. inhonne apani jodi sngitakar jayakishan ke sath milakar banaee aur shnkar-jayakishan nam se prasiddh hue.

jivan parichay

15 aktoobar 1922 ko janme shnkar ke pita ramasinh raghuvnshi moolat: madhy pradesh ke the aur kam ke silasile men haidarabad men bas gaye the. shnkar ko shuru se hi kushti ka shauq tha aur unaka kasarati badan bachapan ke isi shauq ka parinam tha. ghar ke pas ke ek shiv mndir men pooja archana ke dauran tabala vadak ka vadan bhi bachapan men bahut akarshit karata tha. tabala bajane ki lagan dinon din badhati gayi. mahafilon men tabala bajate hue ustad nasir khan ki nigah un par padi aur shnkar unake chele ho gaye. mali halat aise the ki tyooshan bhi karani padi. kahate hain ki haidarabad men hi ek bar kisi gali se gujarate hue tabala sunakar shnkar ek tavayaf ke kothe par pahunch gaye aur tabalavadak ko galat bajane par tok diya. bat badhi to shnkar ne is safaee se bajakar apani qabiliyat ka parichay diya ki vah-vahi ho gayi. shnkar apani kala ko aur nikharane ke lie ek naty mndali men shamil ho gaye, jisake snchalak mastar satyanarayan the aur hemavati ne bambee ja kar prithvi thiyetars men naukari kar li, to shnkar bhi 75 rupaye pratimah par prithvi thiyetars men tabalavadak ban gaye. prithvi thiyetars ke natakon men kuchh chhoti-moti bhoomikaen milane lagin aur vahin shnkar ne sitar bajana bhi sikh liya.[1]

jayakishan se mulaqat

shnkar jayakishan ki mulaqat bhi ajib dhng se huee. aaupera haus thiyetar ke pas ki vyayamashala men kasarat ke lie shnkar jaya karate the aur vahin dattaram se unaki mulaqat huee. dattaram shnkar se tabale aur dholak ki barikiyan sikhane lage, aur ek din unhen filmon men sngit ka kam dilane ke lie dadar men gujarati filmakar chndravadan bhatt ke pas le gaye. vahin jayakishan bhi filmon men kam ki talash men aye hue the. intazar ke kshanon men hi baton men shnkar ko pata chala ki jayakishan haramoniyam bajate the. us samay saubhagy se prithvi thiyetar men haramoniyam mastar ki jagah khali thi. shnkar ne prastav rakha to jayakishan jhat se man gaye aur is tarah prithvi thiyetars ke paracham tale shnkar aur jayakishan sath-sath kam karane lage. 'pathan' men donon ne sath-sath abhinay bhi kiya. kam ke sath-sath dosti bhi pragadh hoti gayi. shnkar sath-sath husnalal bhagataram ke lie bhi tabala bajane ka kam karate the aur donon bhaiyon se bhi sngit ki kee barikiyan unhonne sikhin.


prithvi thiyetars men hi kam karate karate shnkar aur jayakishan rajakapoor ke bhi qaribi ho ge. halanki raj kapoor ki pahali film ke sngitakar the prithvi thiyetars ke varishth sngitakar ram ganguli aur shnkar jayakishan unake sahayak the, lekin barasat ke lie sngit ki rikarding ke shuruati daur men jab rajakapoor ko pata chala ki barasat ke lie banayi ek dhun ram ganguli usi samay ban rahi ek doosari film ke lie prayukt kar rahe hain to ve apa kho baithe. shnkar jayakishan ki pratibha ke to vo kayal the hi aur jab unhonne shnkar ke dvara unaki likhi kampozishan 'ambua ka ped hai, vahi muder hai, mere balama, ab kahe ki der hai' ki banayi dhun suni to unhonne ram ganguli ki jagah shnkar jayakishan ko hi barasat ka sngit saunp diya. yahi dhun bad men 'jiya bekarar hai, chhayi bahar hai' ke roop men 'barasat' men ayi. film barasat men unaki jodi ne jiya bekarar hai aur barasat men hamase mile tum sajan jaisa suparahit sngit diya. film ki kamayabi ke bad shnkar jayakishan bataur sngitakar apani pahachan banane me saphal ho gaye. ise mahaj ek snyog hi kaha jayega ki film barasat se hi gitakar shailendr aur hasarat jayapuri ne bhi apane sine kairiyar ki shurooat ki thi. film barasat ki saphalata ke bad shnkar jayakishan rajakapoor ke chahete sngitakar ban gaye. isake bad rajakapoor ki filmon ke liye shnkar jayakishan ne bemisal sngit dekar unaki filmon ko saphal banane me mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 shnkar jayakishan ke sngit ka aj bhi nahin hai mukabala (hindi) laiv hindustan. abhigaman tithi: 24 julaee, 2013.

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