कल्याणजी (संगीतकार)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kalyanaji (sngitakar)
kalyanaji
poora nam kalyanaji viraji shah
prasiddh nam kalyanaji
janm 30 joon, 1928
janm bhoomi kachchh, gujarat
mrityu 24 agast, 2000
abhibhavak pita- viraji shah
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr bharatiy sinema
mukhy rachanaen 'upakar', 'chhaliya', 'himalay ki god men', 'poorab-pashchim', 'satta bazar', 'sachcha jhootha' tatha 'jaauni mera nam' adi.
puraskar-upadhi 1968 tatha 1974 men sarvashreshth sngitakar ka 'rashtriy puraskar' tatha 'film pheyar puraskar', 'padmashri' (1992)
prasiddhi sngitakar
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh kalyanaji anndaji, hemnt kumar, sachin dev barman, madan mohan, naushad
any janakari kalyanaji ne hemnt kumar ke sahayak ke taur par filmi duniya men kadam rakha tha aur varsh 1954 men aee film ‘nagin’ ke giton ke kuchh chhnd sngitabaddh kie the.

kalyanaji viraji shah (angrezi: Kalyanji Virji Shah, janm- 30 joon, 1928, kachchh, gujarat; mrityu- 24 agast, 2000) hindi sinema ke prasiddh sngitakar the. ve bharatiy hindi filmon ki prasiddh sngitakar jodi 'kalyanaji anndaji' men se ek the. kalyanaji ne hemnt kumar ke sahayak ke taur par filmi duniya men kadam rakha tha aur varsh 1954 men aee film ‘nagin’ ke giton ke kuchh chhnd sngitabaddh kie the. bharatiy filmon men ilektraaunik sngit ki shuruat karane ka shrey kalyanaji ko hi jata hai. varsh 1992 men sngit ke kshetr men bahumooly yogadan ke lie unhen bharat sarakar ne 'padmashri' se sammanit kiya tha.

janm

kalyanaji ka janm 30 joon, san 1928 ee. men gujarat ke kachchh zile men kundarodi namak sthan par hua tha. inake pita ka nam viraji shah tha. kalyanaji bachapan se hi sngitakar banane ka sapana dekha karate the; halanki unhonne kisi ustad se sngit ki shiksha nahin li thi. apane isi sapane ko poora karane ke liye ve bad men munbee a ge the.

sngit ki duniya se judav

hindi film jagath ki saphal sngitakar jodiyon men se ek kalyanaji anndaji apani kirane ki dukan par noon tel bechate hue hi jindagi gujar dete, agar ek tngahal grahak ne udhari chukane ke badale donon ko sngit ki talim dene ki peshakash n ki hoti. viraji shah ka parivar kachchh se munbee a gaya tha aur ajivika chalane ke lie kirane ki dukan khol li. ek grahak dukan se saman to leta tha, lekin paise nahin chuka pata tha.

viraji ne ek din jab usase takaja kiya to usane udhari chukane ke lie viraji ke donon beton kalyanaji aur anndaji ko sngit sikhane ka jimma snbhala aur is tarah udhari ke paise se ek aisi sngitakar jodi ki ninv padi, jisane apane sngit se hindi film jagath ko hamesha ke lie apana karjadar bana liya. halanki udhari ke sngit ke un guruji ko sur aur tal ki samajh kuchh khas nahin thi, lekin unhonne viraji ke putron kalyanaji aur anndaji men sngit ki buniyadi samajh zaroor paida kar di. isake bad sngit men donon ki ruchi badhane lagi aur donon bhaee sngit ki duniya se jud ge.[1]

hemnt kumar ke sahayak

kalyanaji ne hemnt kumar ke sahayak ke taur par filmi duniya men kadam rakha tha aur varsh 1954 men aee film ‘nagin’ ke giton ke kuchh chhnd sngitabaddh kie the. bharatiy filmon men ilektraaunik sngit ki shuruat karane ka shrey bhi kalyanaji ko hi jata hai. kalyanaji-anndaji ki jodi ne lagatar tin dashakon 1960, 1970 aur 1980 tak hindi sinema par raj kiya.[1]

saphal sngitakar

kalyanaji ne kalyanaji viraji ke nam se apana aaurkestra grup shuroo kiya aur munbee tatha usase bahar apane sngit sho ayojit karane lage. isi dauran ve film sngitakaron ke snpark men bhi ae. isake bad donon bhaee hindi film jagath ke us kshetr men pahunch ge, jahan sachin dev barman, madan mohan, hemnt kumar, naushad aur ravi jaise sngitakaron ke nam ki tooti bolati thi. shuroo men kalyanaji ne kalyanaji viraji shah ke nam se filmon men sngit dena shuroo kiya aur 'samrat chndragupt' (1959) unake sngit se saji pahali film thi. isi sal anndaji bhi unake sath jud ge aur kalyanaji anndaji nam se ek amar sngitakar jodi bani. kalyanaji anndaji ne 1959 men film ‘satta bazar’ aur ‘madari’ ka sngit diya, jabaki 1961 men ‘chhaliya’ ka sngit diya. film 'chhaliya' men unake sngit se saja git "dam dam diga diga" aur "chhaliya mera nam" shrotaon ke bich aj bhi lokapriy hain.

varsh 1965 men pradarshit sngitamay film 'himalay ki god men' ki saphalata ke bad kalyanaji-anndaji shoharat ki bulndiyon par ja pahunche. manoj kumar ki film 'upakar' men unhonne 'kasame vade pyar vapha' jaisa dil ko chhoo lene vala sngit dekar shrotaon ko bhavavibhor kar diya. isake alava manoj kumar ki hi film 'poorab aur pashchim' ke lie bhi kalyanaji ne 'dulhan chali vo pahan chali tin rng ki choli' aur 'koee jab tumhara hriday tod de' jaisa sadabahar sngit dekar alag hi saman bandh diya. 1970 men vijay annd nirdeshit film 'jaauni mera nam' men 'napharat karane valon ke sine men pyar bhar doon' aur 'pal bhar ke lie koee hamen pyar kar le' jaise giton ke lie roomani sngit dekar kalyanaji-anndaji ne shrotaon ka dil jit liya. manamohan desaee ke nirdeshan men film 'sachcha jhootha' ke liye kalyanaji-anndaji ne bemisal sngit diya. 'meri pyari bahaniyan banegi dulhaniyan' ko aj bhi shaharon aur dehaton men vivah adi ke mauke par suna ja sakata hai.[2]

puraskar tatha samman

varsh 1968 men pradarshit film 'sarasvati chndr' ke lie kalyanaji anndaji ko sarvashreshth sngitakar ke 'rashtriy puraskar' ke sath-sath 'film pheyar puraskar' bhi diya gaya. isake alava 1974 men pradarshit film 'kora kagaz' ke lie bhi kalyanaji anndaji ko sarvashreshth sngitakar ka 'film pheyar puraskar' mila. kalyanaji ne apane sine kariyar men lagabhag 250 filmon men sngit diya. varsh 1992 men sngit ke kshetr men bahumooly yogadan ke lie unhen bharat sarakar ne 'padmashri' se sammanit kiya.

nidhan

lagabhag char dashak tak apane jaduee sngit se shrotaon ko bhavavibhor karane vale kalyanaji 24 agast, 2000 ko is duniya ko alavida kah ge.  

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 kalyanaji- kirane ki dukan se sngitakar banane ka saphar (hindi) vebaduniya. abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2015.
  2. hnsate hnsate jamane se jaenge ham (hindi) didabalyoo. abhigaman tithi: 20 joon, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

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