अजीत मर्चेंट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ajit marchent
ajit marchent
poora nam ajit marchent
janm 1922
janm bhoomi munbee (maharashtr)
karm bhoomi munbee aur gujarat
karm-kshetr sngit nirdeshan tatha film nirman
mukhy filmen biradari, dava dandi, bahooroopi, riphyooji, rajakumari, indralila, chndi pooja, sapera, chailenj, ledi kilar adi.
shiksha snatak
vidyalay 'sent jeviyars kaaulej', munbee
puraskar-upadhi 'shreshth sngit puraskar' (gujarat)
vishesh yogadan jagajit sinh ko filmon men gane ka pahala mauka ajit marchent ne hi diya tha.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari ajit ji ne film nirman men bhi hath ajamaya tha. unhonne machhuaron ke jivan par adharit gujarati film 'dava dandi' banaee thi.

ajit marchent (angrezi: Ajit Marchant; janm- 1922, munbee) hindi film jagath men ek aise sngitakar ke roop men jane jate hain, jinaka nam to adhik prasiddh nahin hua, kintu unake sngit nirdeshan men taiyar giton ne bharatiy janata ka bharapoor manornjan kiya. unhonne hindi ki kee filmon men yadagar sngit diya aur kee jani-mani hastiyon se gane gavae. kintu hindi filmon ki apeksha gujarati filmon men unhen zyada man-samman mila. bahut kam bolane vale is sngitakar ne behad khamoshi se is duniya ko alavida kah diya tha. ajit marchent ke sngitabaddh giton ki yadi charcha ki jae to shayad nee pidhi unaka nam tak nahin janati. ajit marchent is mamale men durbhagyashali rahe ki unhen kuchh gini-chuni hindi filmon men hi apani pratibha ko dikhane ka mauka mila. lekin in ginati ki filmon men hi ajit marchent ne manna de, shmashad begam, asha bhonsale aur gitakar pradip jaise uchch koti ke gayakon se bemisal git gavae.

janm tatha shiksha

ajit marchent ka janm 1922 ee. men munbee men hua tha. unake pita phaujadari ke vakil the. pita ki sngit men gahari dilachaspi thi. ustad sngitakaron ki mahaphilon men ve apane sath balak ajit  ko bhi le jate the. unhin mahaphilon se ajit marchent ke andar sngit ke snskaron ne janm liya. age chal kar unhonne aman ali khan, shivakumar shukl aur emi markaras se sngit ki vidhivat shiksha li. unhonne munbee ke 'sent jeviyars kaaulej' se snatak ki upadhi bhi li thi.[1]

vyavasay

pita ke nidhan ke bad unhonne kapade ka vyavasay kiya, lekin jitana kamaya utana sab kho bhi diya. bad men unhonne sngit ko apana kairiyar banane ke makasad se gnbhir prayas shuroo kar die. un dinon 'sagar moovi ton' amritalal nagar ki dekharekh men film 'gunjan' ki yojana bana raha tha. isamen sngit dene ki zimmedari ashok ghosh ko di gee thi. ajit marchent tab tak unake sahayak ban chuke the. ghosh ne unase kaha ki gane ki dhun tum taiyar karoge aur arkestraijeshan main karoonga. ashok ghosh ne ajit ko film sngit ki barikiyon ke bare men samajhaya aur isake lie ajit jivan bhar unaka nam adar ke sath lete rahe.

sngitakar tatha film nirman

ek sngitakar ke roop men aur svatntr roop se sngit nirdeshan ke lie ajit marchent ko pahali film 'amar pikchars' ki gujarati film 'kariyavar' mili thi. isake bad hasy abhineta gop ne apani film 'biradari' men ajit marchent ko sngit nirdeshan ka bhar saunpa. lekin shayad is samay unaka bhagy kharab tha, aur yah film poori nahin ho saki. gujarati filmon ke nirmata harisharav kadam ke yahan sthayi sngitakar ke roop men unhonne das gujarati filmon men sngit diya. isake bad ajit ne film nirman men bhi hath ajamaya. machhuaron ke jivan par adharit gujarati film 'dava dandi' banaee. poori film autador filmaee gee thi. sari yoonit ko havaee jahaz se yatra karaee gee. lekin is film par itana kharch ho chuka tha ki film thik-thak chalane ke bavajood ajit marchent sadak par a ge. phir bhi isi film ne unhen snkat se ubara. isaka ek git 'tari ankh noo aphim' itana lokapriy hua ki usaki raauyalti ke sahare unhonne panch sal vyatit kie.[1]

nee pratibhaon ko avasar

ajit marchent ki sngit men itani dilachaspi ke bavajood bhi abhinay ki duniya unhen behad prabhavit karati thi. isalie ve natakon men bhi hissa lete the. unhen ek din achanak rediyo ke lie ek git ki dhun banane ka mauka mila, jo bahut pasnd ki gee aur ajit niyamit roop se akashavani munbee se jud ge. rediyo men kam karate hue unhonne nee avajon ko mauka diya. gayika begam ke pita jab unhen lekar munbee akashavani pahunche to ajit ne avaj sunate hi unase rediyo ke lie do gajalen gnvaeen. inhen sunakar hi filmakar rafik gazanavi ne mubarak begam ko filmon men gane ka nimntran diya. akashavani jalndhar par gajal samrat jagajit sinh ka gaya ek 'sabad' sunakar ajit marchent ne unhen munbee ane ka nimntran diya aur unase munbee akashavani ke lie do git gavae. ajit marchent ne 1957 se 1967 tak akashavani munbee men kam kiya. vahan ki lalaphitashahi ne unhen itana pareshan kar diya ki achchhi khasi naukari ko unhonne tyag diya. jagajit sinh ko filmon men gane ka pahala mauka bhi ajit marchent ne hi diya. gujarati film 'bahooroopi' men jagajit ne ek bhajan gaya 'lagi ram bhajan ni lagani.' bad men filmon men sngit dene ke dauran ajit marchent ne asha bhonsale ko bhi gujarati men git gane ka pahala avasar pradan kiya.

svatntr sngit nirdeshan

san 1948 ki film 'riphyooji' ek svatntr sngit nirdeshak ke roop men ajit marchent ki pahali hindi film thi. isamen hamid majanoo ke svar men gaya gaya git 'sare jahan se takarana par apane ghar ko na mitana' khoob pasnd kiya gaya. azadi ke bad filmi duniya ki vyavasayikata ke katu saty se ajit marchent pahali film ke bad se hi parichit ho ge the. pahali film ke bad kafi samay tak unhen sinema men koee kam nahin mila. 1955 men ek bar phir ajit ko apane hunar ke pradarshan ka mauka 'rajakumari' men mila. isamen asha bhonsale aur mukesh ka gaya ek git 'sundar mausam samay suhana o man mere piya kahan' rediyo silon se purane git karyakram men sattar ke dashak tak sunaee deta tha. 1956 men ek aur film 'indralila' men ajit marchent ne sngit diya. lekin agale sal 1957 men aee film 'chndi pooja' sngit ke lihaj se ullekhaniy sabit huee. shmashad begam ki avaz men gaee gee ek lori 'ek dharati ka rajakumar, dekho jo hava pe hoke savar' shayad bharatiy sinema ke itihas men sarvashreshth loriyon men se ek tha. is film men git likhe the kavi pradip ne. lekin yah bhi ashcharyajanak tha ki ajit marchent ne isake lie pradip ki avaz ka bhi istemal kiya aur natije men sngit premiyon ko do shanadar gane sunane ko mile.[1]

natak tatha abhinay

kavi pradip ke gae git 'koee lakh kare chaturaee' aur 'suno sunaoon tumhen ek kahani' logon ke bich bahut behad lokapriy hue. ajit marchent, pradip ki avaz ki visheshataon ko aur ujagar karana chahate the, isalie unhonne 1958 men aee film 'ramabhakt vibhishan' men pradip se 'ye katha bhakt bhagavan ki' gavaya. barason tak yah git janamanas men poori shraddha aur bhakti ke sath suna jata raha. ajit marchent ko har sal matr ek film men hi sngit dene ka mauka mil raha tha. bade ya adhik avasaron ke lie ji huzoori karana ajit marchent ke svabhav men nahin tha. ajit marchent ko film se adhik natakon ki duniya akarshit karati thi. yahi vajah thi ki unhonne hindi, gujarati aur marathi ke qarib dhaee sau natakon men sngit diya. kee natakon men abhinay bhi kiya, aur ek natak ke lie, jisamen ve hiro bane the. 'munbee drama phestival' men unhen sarvashreshth abhineta ka puraskar bhi mila tha. 

pasndidi gayika

'suman kalyanapur' ajit marchent ki pasndida gayika thin, jinaki avaz men unhen ajib-si pavitrata ka abhas hota tha. 1961 men film 'sapera' men unhonne suman aur manna de ki avaz ka behatarin prayog kiya. is film ka git 'rat ne gesoo bikharae' apane samay ka behad lokapriy git tha. 'sapera' ke nirdeshak the, bije patel. ve film ke sngit se itane prabhavit hue ki unhonne ajit marchent ko apani agali filmon 'chailenj' (1964) aur 'ledi kilar'(1968) men bhi mauka diya.[1]

mukhy filmen

ajit marchent ki kuchh mukhy filmen is prakar hain-

  1. biradari
  2. dava dandi
  3. bahooroopi
  4. riphyooji - 1948
  5. rajakumari - 1955
  6. indralila - 1956
  7. chndi pooja - 1957
  8. sapera - 1961
  9. chailenj - 1964
  10. ledi kilar - 1968

puraskar

hindi film ki duniya ne ajit marchent ko bhale zyada ahamiyat n di ho, lekin gujarati sinema ne unhen hamesha ijjat di. gujarati film 'dharati na chhoroo' ke lie unhen 1970-1971 ka gujarat sarakar ka 'shreshth sngit ka puraskar' bhi mila tha. unhonne gujarati filmon ke lie asha bhonsale ke alava mukesh se bhi git gavae the.

pashchaty sngit ka prayog

'ledi kilar' ajit marchent ki antim hindi film thi. is film ke sngit ki khas bat yah thi, isamen pashchaty sngit ka asaradar prayog kiya gaya tha. ajit marchent ne pashchaty sngit ki bhi shiksha li thi, lekin hindi filmon men usake istemal ka avasar nahin mil paya, aur jab mauka mila to unhonne mukesh se 'katil hai teri adaen, kachcha papad pakka papad', manna de aur krishna se 'chacha ne chachi ko chandi ke chammach se chatani chataee' jaise gane gavae. is kamayabi ke bad bhi ajit marchent ko phir kisi hindi film men mauka nahin mil paya.


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adhar
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madhyamik
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 mithe suron ke sngitakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 2 aktoobar, 2012.

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