गुलज़ार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gulazar
gulazar
poora nam sampoorn sinh kalara
prasiddh nam gulazar
any nam gulazar sahab
janm 18 agast, 1936
janm bhoomi dina ganv, jhelam zila, (pakistan)
pati/patni rakhi gulazar
sntan meghana gulazar
karm bhoomi mumbee
karm-kshetr gitakar, kavi, sahityakar, film nirdeshak
mukhy rachanaen 'chauras rat' (1962), 'janam' (1963), 'ek boond chand' (1972)
mukhy filmen 'mere apane' (1971), 'andhi' (1975), 'koshish' (1972), 'angoor' (1980), 'machis' (1996)
puraskar-upadhi aauskar, graimi puraskar, dada sahab phalke puraskar, tin bar rashtriy puraskar, padmabhooshan, indira gandhi rashtriy ekata puraskar
nagarikata bharatiy
bhasha hindi, urdoo tatha pnjabi
any janakari varsh 2009 men daini baauyal dvara nirdeshit film slamadaaug miliyaneyar men gulazar dvara likhe git 'jay ho...' ke liye unhen sarvashreshth git ka aauskar puraskar bhi mil chuka hai. isi git ke liye ve graimi puraskar se bhi sammanit kiye ja chuke hain.
adyatan‎

gulazar (angrezi: Gulzar) vastavik nam: sampoorn sinh kalara (janm: 18 agast, 1936) hindi filmon ke prasiddh gitakar hone ke sath hi ek kavi, patakatha lekhak, film nirdeshak tatha natakakar bhi hain. inaki rachanaen mukhyatah hindi, urdoo tatha pnjabi men hain. gulazar ko varsh 2002 men sahity akadami puraskar aur varsh 2004 men bharat sarakar dvara diya jane vala tisare sarvochch nagarik samman padm bhooshan se bhi sammanit kiya ja chuka hai. varsh 2009 men daini baauyal dvara nirdeshit film slamadaaug miliyaneyar men unake dvara likhe git 'jay ho...' ke liye unhen sarvashreshth git ka aauskar puraskar bhi mil chuka hai. isi git ke liye gulazar ko graimi puraskar se bhi sammanit kiya ja chuka hai. varsh 2013 ke lie gulazar ko bharatiy sinema ke sarvochch samman dada sahab phalke puraskar ke lie chuna gaya.

jivan parichay

pashchimi pnjab ke jhelam zile (jo ab pakistan men hai) ke dina ganv men 18 agast 1936 ko janme sampoorn sinh kalara urph gulazar ne n sirph ek gitakar ke roop men, balki lekhak, nirmata aur nirdeshak ke roop men bhi baaulivud men apana vishesh yogadan diya hai. bachapan ke dinon se hi sher-o-shayari ka shauq rakhane vale gulazar antakshari ke karyakramon men bhi hissa lete the. unhen git sngit ke prati khasi ruchi thi. vah ravi shnkar aur ali akabar khan ke karyakram sunane ke lie jaya karate the. varsh 1947 men hindustan vibhajan ke bad unaka parivar amritasar chala aya. isake bad apane sapanon ko naya roop dene ke lie gulazar munbee a ge; lekin sapanon ki nagari men unhen kafi kathinaiyon ka samana karana pada. apane jivan yapan ke lie unhonne motar gairaj men ek maikenik ki naukari bhi ki.[1]

anrabhik jivan

munbee ane ke bad kavi ke roop men gulazar 'pi.dabloo.e.' [2] se jud ge. unhonne apane sine kariyar ki shuruat varsh 1961 men baaulivud ke mahanh nirdeshak bimal raauy ke sahayak ke roop men ki. gulazar ne rishikesh mukharji aur hemant kumar ke sahayak ke taur par bhi kam kiya. bimal ray ne apane is sahayak nirdeshak ke bhitar ek aise kavi ko dekha jo roohani aur romani shabdon se is tarah khelata tha, jaise bachche khilaunon se khelate hain. unhonne gulazar ko sahayak nirdeshak ke roop men kam dete hue apani klasik film 'bndini' ke lie git likhane ka kam diya. gitakar ke roop men gulazar ne pahala gana 'mera gora ang leee le' varsh 1963 men pradarshit film 'bndini' ke lie likha. jab tak bndini pradarshit huee, usase pahale balaraj sahani ki film 'kabuli vala' ka pradarshan ho gaya. is film ke giton ko bhi gulazar ne hi likha tha. kabuli vala men unaka likha gana 'ai mere pyare vatan, ai mere bichhade chaman, tujh pe dil kurban' aur 'gnga ae kahan se, gnga jae kahan se' ne unhen n sirph shrotaon aur darshakon ki nazar men ubhar diya tha balki bndini ke gitakar ke roop men darshakon ne jab unaka nam suna to ummiden zyada badh geen aur gulazar shrotaon ki ummidon par n sirph khare utare balki unhonne apane lie baaulivud men nam aur shoharat bhi paee.[1]

film nirdeshan

kabuli vala ke bad gulazar ne pichhe mudakar nahin dekha. unhonne ek se badhakar ek git likhakar jan-jan ke hriday ke tar jhanajhanae aur unhen bhav vibhor kar filmi git gnga ko samriddh kiya. gulazar ne varsh 1971 men film 'mere apane' ke jarie nirdeshan ke kshetr men bhi kadam rakha. apane samay ki 'trejadi kvin' ke nam se vikhyat mina kumari ke sath unhonne vinod khanna aur shatrughn sinha ko is film men pesh kiya tha. 'mere apane' film mina kumari ke damadar abhinay aur gulazar ki nirdeshakiy kshamata ki vajah se saphalata pane men kamayab huee. gulazar ne apani filmon men anaginat abhinetriyon ko behatarin kiradaron men pesh kiya. unhonne suchitra sen ke sath 'andhi', rekha ke sath 'ijazat', hema malini ke sath 'khushaboo', 'kinara', shabana azami ke sath 'devata', sharmila taigor ke sath 'mausam', 'namakin' jaisi avismaraniy filmen banaee. snjiv kumar gulazar ke pasandida kalakar the. snjiv kumar ko lekar unhonne 'mausam', 'koshish', 'andhi', 'namakin', 'angoor', 'devata' jaisi avismaraniy filmen din. aisa nahin ki unhonne any nayakon ke sath kam nahin kiya unhonne apani shurooat vinod khanna se ki thi unake sath unhonne samay-samay kuchh chuninda filmen- 'achanak', 'lekin' aur 'mira' jaisi filmen kin.[1]

pramukh filmen (bataur nirdeshak)

  • mere apane (1971)
  • parichay (1972)
  • koshish (1972)
  • achanak (1973)
  • khushaboo (1974)
  • andhi (1975)
  • mausam (1976)
  • kinara (1977)
  • kitab (1978)
  • angoor (1980)
  • namakin (1981)
  • mira (1981)
  • ijajat (1986)
  • lekin (1990)
  • libas (1993)
  • machis (1996)
  • hu too too (1999)
tivi siriyal
  • mirza galib (1988)
  • kiradar (1993) [3]

vivah

1973 men gulazar ka snjog kuchh aisa bana ki unhonne film abhinetri rakhi se shadi kar li. rakhi aur gulazar ki shadi men gulazar ne sirph ek shart rakhi ki rakhi shadi ke bad filmon men kam nahin karengi. rakhi ne gulazar ka kaha mana aur kam band kar diya. isake bavajood in donon ki kabhi nahin bani aur tin sal bad rakhi apani beti meghana ko lekar gulazar se alag ho geen aur unhonne phir se filmon men kam karana shuroo kar diya. gulazar se shadi se poorv 15 varsh ki umr men rakhi ki shadi ajay vishvas ke sath huee thi. vah mumbee ke filmalay men kam karate the. sas ne rakhi ko pati ke pas rahane ke lie mumbee bhijava diya. rakhi ko ajay ka sath jara bhi nahin jama. ek din ajay ne rakhi ko ghar se nikal diya. rakhi ko aj bhi is bat ka gam hai ki gulazar ne kabhi usaki abhinay kshamata ko pahachanane ki koshish hi nahin ki. gulazar se rakhi ko ek beti meghana huee, aj vah bhi baaulivud men bataur nirdeshak aur lekhak ke roop men apani pahachan rakhati hai.[1]

mina kumari aur gulazar

mina kumari aur gulazar ke rishte bhavanaon se bhare hue rahe hain. mina ne maut se pahale apani tamam dayari aur shayari ki kapiyan gulazar ko saunp di thin. gulazar ne unhen snpadit kar bad men prakashit bhi karaya tha. mina-gulazar ki bhent film ‘benazir’ ke set par huee thi. bimal ray nirdeshak the aur gulazar sahayak the. shaaut redi hone par star ko kaimare tak lane ki jimmedari unaki thi. yahin se dosti men apanapan panapata chala gaya. bad men gulazar jab svatntr film nirdeshak bane to film ‘mere apane’ ki mukhy bhoomika gulazar ne mina ko saunpi. 1972 men mina chal basin. ‘mere apane’ kuchh samay bad pradarshit huee aur gulazar svatntr film nirdeshak ban ge. aj bhi gulazar ke aauphis men divar par trejedi kvin mina kumari ka chitr bolata-sa najar ata hai.[3]

snjiv kumar aur pncham da the dost

film, 'mere apane' (1971) se gulazar ne bataur film nirmata bhi apane dil ki baten parde par utarin. 1972 men unhonne ek aur bhavapoorn film banaee, 'koshish'. is film men snjiv kumar aur jaya bhadudi ne goonge-bahare (mook-badhir) ka abhinay kar darshakon ki ankhen nam kar di thin. gulazar ki kalam sidhe dil par dastakhat karati hai. us par snjiv kumar se milakar, jaise gulazar ki lekhani ko aur sifat hasil ho gee. phir donon lekhak aur adakar se dost ho ge. is jodi ne 1975 men 'andhi' aur 'mausam' ke alava 1981 aur 1982 men kramashah 'angoor' aur 'namakin' banaee. 1987 men aee 'ijazat' bhi unake nirdeshan men bani dil chhoo lene vali film thi. unaki banaee philmon ki feharist lambi hai. aradi barman (pncham) bhi gulazar ke khas doston men ek the jinake sath unhonne qarib 21 filmen banaeen. salil chaudhari aur ear rahaman ke sath bhi unaka kam yadagar raha hai. is vaqt unake lafzon ko suron men dhalane ki zimmedari sngitakar vishal bharadvaj nibha rahe hain.[4]

sahity lekhan

shailendr ne shayad gulazar men chhupe ek pratibhashali gitakar, shayar aur kavi ko dekh liya tha. snbhavatah isi hunar se mutassir hokar unhonne esadi barman se gulazar ki sifarish ki hogi. lihaza gulazar, barman da ki chaukhat par pahunche. is vaqt barman da 'bndini' ke giton ko lekar masroof the. phir bhi gitakar shailendr ki sifarish thi, isalie unhonne gulazar ko ek git likhane ka mauka diya. 5 din bad gulazar git lekar barman da ke pas pahunche. barman da ko git bha gaya. phir yahi git unhonne 'bndini' ke nirdeshak bimal raauy ko gakar sunaya. bimal da ki razamndi se bhari muskan ne is git ko 'bndini' ke digar giton ki feharist men jod diya. git ke bol the- 'mora gora ang lee le, mohe shyam rng dee de / chhup jaoongi rat hi men, mohe pi ka sng dee de'. sal tha 1963 ka. khas bat yah thi ki gulazar ke sabase pahale git ko hi svar samragyi lata mngeshakar ki avaz mili. isase pahale 1961 men bimal raauy ke sahayak ke roop men apane hunar ko dhar lagaee. phir rishikesh mukharji aur hemnt kumar ka sannidhy bhi paya tha. khair, 'bndini' se mili kamayabi ke bad unaki lekhani ne raftar pakad li. unhonne rishikesh mukharji ke lie 'annd' (1970), 'guddi' (1971), 'bavarchi' (1972) aur 'namak haram' (1973) ke sath-sath asit sen ke lie 'do dooni char' (1968), 'khamoshi' (1969) aur 'safar' (1970) filmen likhin.[4]

gulazar dvara likhit kuchh pustaken nimn hain
  • chauras rat (laghu kathaen, 1962)
  • janam (kavita sngrah, 1963)
  • ek boond chand (kavitaen, 1972)
  • ravi par (katha sngrah, 1997)
  • rat, chand aur main (2002)
  • rat pashmine ki
  • kharashen (2003) [3]

khamoshi ko pahanaya lafzon ka pairahan

gulazar ummidon ke shahar munbee men apane qadam jamane ki koshish hi kar rahe the. achchha yah tha ki 1961 se bimal raauy ke margadarshan men kam sikhane aur karane ka saubhagy mil raha tha. isi bich ek din dilli men unake pitaji makhan sinh ka nidhan ho gaya. choonki gulazar ko abhi naya-naya kam mila hi tha, isalie unhen pareshan n karane ki garaz se kisi ne unhen is bat ki khabar nahin ki. munbee men hi rah rahe bade bhaee ko khabar mili, aur vo ud kar dilli pahunch ge. pahunch kar antyeshti kriya snbndhi dayitv bhi poore kar die. kuchh dinon bad dilli men hi rahane vale gulazar ke ek padosi se jab unhen yah khabar mili, gulazar phrntiyar mel se apane ghar, dilli ke lie ravana ho ge. un dinon yahi vo rel thi, jo sabase kam samay men munbee se dilli pahunchati thi. lihaza, gulazar 24 ghnte men ghar pahunche, lekin tab tak bahut der ho chuki thi. sari rasmen nibhaee ja chuki thin. gulazar, bojhil man se munbee laut ae. apane mazi ka bojh unake lekhan men bhi saf nazar ata tha. zindagi sarakate-sarakate aur 5 baras age badh chuki thi, ki bimal raauy ne bhi bistar pakad liya. pitri tuly bimal da ko rafta-rafta kainsar ke shiknje men kasate hue dekh rahe the gulazar. ye tadap bardasht ke bahar thi. apane pita ke antim darshan n kar pane vale gulazar ne bimal da ke bimar hone par poori tarah se bete ka farz nibhaya. rat-rat bhar unake pas baithe bimal da ki pasndida kitab 'amrit kunbh' padh kar unhen sunate. akhir ek roz kainsar ne bimal da ke khokhale ho chuke sharir par poori tarah se kabza kar liya aur sanson ki dor kat di. ye tarikh thi, 08 janavari 1966. isi roz ek taraf gulazar ne bimal da ki antyeshti snbndhi kriyaen poori kin, vahin doosari taraf apane pita ka bhi tarpan kar kuchh had tak dil ka bojh halka kiya.
15 mee, 1973 ko abhinetri rakhi aur gulazar ne sath jine-marane ki kasamen khaeen, lekin 3 sal men hi kasamon ki ye dor toot gee aur donon alag ho ge. is bich ek beti 'meghana' unaki zindagi men aee. pyar se gulazar ne use 'boski' nam diya. barason se alag-alag rah rahe pati-patni, rakhi-gulazar ke bich filavaqt boski hi ek kadi hai. gulazar apane ekakipan ko 'khamoshi' se jine ke sath-sath is ehasas ko lafzon ka pairahan odhakar ne-ne shahakar rach rahe hain. unhen bolate hue sunana kabhi n bhool pane vala ehasas hai. yoon lagata hai, jaise vo hathon ke ishare se apane charon taraf hava ke kainavas par koee chitr bana rahe hain. aur yahi chitr lafz, shayari, nazm ya nagame ki shaql men hamare dilon par ubhar jate hain. barason se safed kurte-payajame ko apana libas kie hue, lagata hai gulazar kabhi apane mazi ke ganv dina ki galiyon se bahar ae hi nahin. ya phir lagata hai, unake bachapan par lage hijrat ke ghavon ne unake dil men har rng ke lie nafarat bhar di ho, shayad aj tak gulazar usi ke matam men safed rng odhe hue hain.[4]

samman aur puraskar

gulazar ko tin bar 'rashtriy puraskar' se bhi navaja ja chuka hai. inamen varsh 1972 men 'koshish' film ke lie sarvashreshth skrinaple ka puraskar, varsh 1975 men 'mausam' film ke lie sarvashreshth nirdeshak aur varsh 1987 men 'ijazat' film ke lie sarvashreshth gitakar ka puraskar shamil hai. gulazar ke chamakadar kairiyar men ek gauravapoorn naya adhyay tab jud gaya jab varsh 2009 men film 'slamadaaug miliyaneyar' men unake git 'jay ho' ko aauskar puraskar se sammanit kiya gaya. bharatiy sinema men unake yogadan ko dekhate hue varsh 2004 men unhen desh ke tisare bade nagarik samman padmabhooshan se bhi sammanit kiya gaya.[1]isake atirikt gulazar ko varsh 2002 men 'sahity akadami puraskar' bhi mil chuka hai. qarib char dashakon se bharatiy sine premiyon ko apane giton ka divana banane vale mashahoor gitakar gulazar ko varsh 2013 ke lie dada sahab phalke puraskar diya gaya hai. ‘tujhase naraz nahin zindagi’ aur ‘tere bina zindagi se’ jaise anek lokapriy git likhane vale aur ‘mere apane’, ‘koshish’, ‘khushaboo’, ‘angoor’, ‘libas’ aur ‘machis’ jaisi philmon ka nirdeshan kar chuke 79 varshiy gulajar yah samman pane vale 45vin shakhsiyat hain. isake alava unhen 1977, 1979, 1980, 1983, 1988, 1991,1998, 2002, 2005 adi men sarvashreshth gitakar ka filmafeyar puraskar bhi mil chuka hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 gulazar janm divas par: dil dhoondhata hai phir vahi phursat ke rat din. . (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) khas khabar. abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.
  2. progresiv rayartas esosieshan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 hajar cheharon vale gulazar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 24 sitambar, 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 shayad isilie aj tak safed rng odhe hain gulazar (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) veb duniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 19 faravari, 2017.

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