माइकल मधुसूदन दत्त  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maikal madhusoodan datt
maikal madhusoodan datt
poora nam maikal madhusoodan datt
janm 25 janavari, 1824
janm bhoomi jaisor, bharat (ab bangladesh men)
mrityu 29 joon, 1873
mrityu sthan kalakatta
abhibhavak rajanarayan datt, jahnavi devi
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'sharmishtha', 'padmavati', 'krishn kumari', 'tilottama', 'meghanad vadh', 'vrajangana', 'virangana' adi.
bhasha hindi, bngala, angrezi
prasiddhi kavi, sahityakar, natakakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari maikal madhusoodan datt ne madras men kuchh patron ke sampadakiy vibhagon men kam kiya tha. inaki pahali kavita angrezi bhasha men 1849 ee. prakashit huee.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

maikal madhusoodan datt (angrezi: Michael Madhusudan Dutt; janm- 25 janavari, 1824 ; mrityu- 29 joon, 1873) bngala bhasha ke prasiddh kavi, sahityakar aur natakakar the. unaka hindoo nam madhusoodan datt tha, kintu eesaee dharm svikar kar lene aur ek eesaee yuvati se vivah ke bad unaka nam 'maikal madhusoodan datt' ho gaya. maikel madhusoodan bngal men apani pidhi ke un yuvakon ke pratinidhi the, jo tatkalin hindoo samaj ke rajanitik aur sanskritik jivan se kshubdh the. ve atishay bhavuk vyakti the. yah bhavukata unaki arnbh ki angrezi rachanaon tatha bad ki bngala rachanaon men bhi vyapt huee.

janm tatha shiksha

bngala sahity ke punarjagaran ke kavi aur natakakar maikal madhusoodan datt ka janm 25 janavari, 1824 ee. men jaisor ke sagarabandi namak sthan par hua tha. yah sthan ab bngala desh men hai. unake pita ka nam rajanarayan datt aur man ka nam jahnavi devi tha. inake pita apane samay ke prakhyat vakil the. madhusoodan ji ki shiksha kolakata (bhootapoorv kalakatta) ke 'hindoo kaaulej' se anrabh huee. unaki pratibha anrabh se hi prakat hone lagi thi. skool ke dinon me hi angrezi men mahilaon ki shiksha ke vishay par unhonne nibndh likhakar svarn padak prapt kiya tha.

vivah

ek eesaee yuvati se prem ke karan 3 faravari, 1843 ko madhusoodan datt ne eesaee dharm svikar kar vivah kar liya. ab unaka nam maikel madhusoodan datt ho gaya. 'hindoo kaaulej' se unhonne apani shiksha poori ki aur vahin par grik laitin aur snskrit bhashaon ka adhyayan kiya. san 1848 men ve madras (vartaman chennee) chale ge aur ek anathalay men angrezi ke adhyapak ban ge. madhusoodan datt ka kuchh samay bad apani patni se talak ho gaya tha, tab unhonne doosara vivah kiya.

lekhan kary

maikal madhusoodan datt ne madras men kuchh patron ke sampadakiy vibhagon men bhi kam kiya. inaki pahali kavita angrezi bhasha men 1849 ee. prakashit huee. par inhen vastavik pratishtha bngala bhasha ki rachanaon se hi mil saki. ek angrezi natak ka bngala men anuvad karate samay madhusoodan datt ko mool bngala bhasha men ek achchha natak likhane ki prerana huee. unaka pahala bngala natak tha- "sharmishtha". isake prakashan ke sath hi ve bngala ke sahityakar ho ge. unake do any natak the- 'padmavati' aur 'krishn kumari'. unake likhe do parihas natak bhi bahut prasiddh hue- 'ekeee ki bale sabhyata' aur 'boodo shaliker ghode ro'.

kavy rachana

maikal madhusoodan datt mukhy roop se kavi the. natakon ki saphalata ke bad ve kavy rachana ki or bhi pravritt hue. unaki pramukh kavy kritiyan hain-

  1. tilottama
  2. meghanad vadh
  3. vrajangana
  4. virangana

vakalat

san 1862 ee. men maikal madhusoodan datt inglaind chale ge. vahan arthik samasyaen utpann hone par eeshvarachandr vidyasagar ne unake lie ath hazar rupaye bheje the. ye rupaye madhusoodan ji ne bad men unhen lautae. inglaind se vakalat ki digri lekar unhonne san 1867 ee. men 'kalakatta haeekot' men vakalat anrabh ki. ab ek bairistar ki haisiyat se unhonne paryapt dhan kamaya. kintu rajasi rahan-sahan ke karan unake oopar kafi rin ho gaya tha. aisi sthiti men unhen kolakata chhodakar hugali ki uttarapada laibreri men jakar rahana pada.

nidhan

hugali men hi lambi bimari ki avastha men 29 joon, 1873 ee. ko maikal madhusoodan datt ka dehant ho gaya. unaki doosari patni bhi 26 joon ko chal basi thi. madhusoodan ji bharat ki prachin snskriti ke bade prashnsak, sath hi roodhivadi vicharon ke virodhi the. unhonne apani rachanaon men prachin prasngon ko ne roop men vyakhyayit kiya tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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