श्रीलाल शुक्ल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shrilal shukl
Shrilal Shukla55.jpg
poora nam shrilal shukl
janm 31 disnbar, 1925 ee.
janm bhoomi atarauli ganv, lakhanoo
mrityu 28 aktoobar, 2011 ee.
mrityu sthan lakhanoo,bharat
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr sahityakar, lekhak
mukhy rachanaen 'sooni ghati ka sooraj', 'ao baith len kuchh der', 'angad ka panv', 'rag darabari', 'agyatavas', 'adami ka zahar', 'is umr men', 'umarav nagar men kuchh din', 'kuchh zamin par kuchh hava men', 'khabaron ki jugali', 'vishramapur ka snt', 'makan', 'simaen tootati hain', 'snchayita', 'jahalat ke pachas sal', 'yah ghar mera nahin hai'.
vishay vyngy, upanyas, vinibndh, alochana
bhasha avadhi, angrezi, urdoo, snskrit aur hindi
shiksha ilahabad vishh‍vavidh‍yalay se snatak
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar, 1999 men vyas samman, 2005 men yash bharati, 2008 men padmabhooshan, 2009 ka gyanapith puraskar lohiya samman, maithilisharan gupt samman, sharad joshi samman.
prasiddhi rag darabari, vyngy lekhan
vishesh yogadan upanyasakar v vyngyakar ke roop men pratishthit, 130 se adhik pustakon ka lekhan.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari 1949 men rajy sivil seva (pi.si.es.) men chayanit, 1983 men bharatiy prashasanik seva (aeeees) ke sevanivritt.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

shrilal shukl (angrezi: Srilal Sukla, janm: 31 disnbar, 1925; mrityu: 28 aktoobar, 2011) ko lakhanoo janapad ke samakalin katha-sahity men uddeshyapoorn vyngy lekhan ke liye vikhyat sahityakar mane jate the. unhonne 1947 men ilahabad vishvavidyalay se snatak pariksha pas ki. 1949 men rajy sivil seva se naukari shuroo ki. 1983 men bharatiy prashasanik seva se nivritt hue. unaka vidhivat lekhan 1954 se shuroo hota hai aur isi ke sath hindi gady ka ek gauravashali adhyay akar lene lagata hai.

vyaktitv

shrilal shukl ka vyaktitv apani misal ap tha. sahaj lekin satark, vinodi lekin vidvan, anushasanapriy lekin arajak. shrilal shukl angrezi, urdoo, snskrit aur hindi bhasha ke vidvan the. shrilal shukl sngit ke shastriy aur sugam donon pakshon ke rasik-marmgy the. 'kathakram' samaroh samiti ke vah adhyaksh rahe. shrilal shukl ji ne garibi jheli, sngharsh kiya, magar usake vilap se lekhan ko nahin bhara. unhen nee pidhi bhi sabase zyada padhati hai. ve nee pidhi ko sabase adhik samajhane aur padhane vale varishth rachanakaron men se ek rahe. n padhane aur likhane ke lie log saiddhantiki banate hain. shrilal ji ka likhana aur padhana ruka to svasthy ke gnbhir karanon ke chalate. shrilal shukl ka vyaktitv bada sahaj tha. vah hamesha muskurakar sabaka svagat karate the. lekin apani bat bina lag-lapet kahate the. vyaktitv ki isi khoobi ke chalate unhonne sarakari seva men rahate hue bhi vyavastha par karari chot karane vali rag darabari jaisi rachana hindi sahity ko di.

lakhanoo ka gaurav

'vishvanath tripathi' ne harishnkar parasaee ke lekhan ko ‘svatntr bharat ki avaz’ kaha hai. shrilal shukl ka svar mila len to yah avaz aur prakhar v pukhta hoti hai. vaise to ve poore bharat ke the, lekin lakhanoo ke khas gaurav the. yashapal - bhagavaticharan varma - amritalal nagar ke bad rachanatmak manachitr par lakhanoo chamakata raha to isaka bada shrey shrilal shukl ko diya jayega.

rachanaen

  • 10 upanyas, 4 kahani sngrah, 9 vyngy sngrah, 2 vinibndh, 1 alochana pustak adi unaki kirti ko banaye rakhenge. unaka pahala upanyas sooni ghati ka sooraj 1957 men prakashit hua. unaka sabase lokapriy upanyas 'rag darabari' 1968 men chhapa. rag darabari ka pandrah bharatiy bhashaon ke alava angreji men bhi anuvad prakashit hua. rag virag shrilal shukl ka akhiri upanyas tha. unhonne hindi sahity ko kul milakar 25 rachanaen din. inamen makan, pahala padav, agyatavas aur vishramapur ka snt pramukh hain.
prasiddh rachanaen
  1. sooni ghat ka sooraj (1957)
  2. agyatavas (1962)
  3. rag darabari (1968)
  4. adami ka zahar (1972)
  5. simaen tootati hain (1973)
  6. ‘makan (1976)
  7. ‘pahala padav’(1987)
  8. ‘vishramapur ka snt (1998)
  9. babbarasinh aur usake sathi (1999)
  10. rag virag (2001)
  11. ‘yah ghar meri nahin (1979)
  12. suraksha aur any kahaniyan (1991)
  13. is umr men (2003)
  14. das pratinidhi kahaniyan (2003)
prasiddh vyngy rachanaen
  1. angad ka panv (1958)
  2. yahan se vahan (1970)
  3. meri shreshh‍th vyngy rachanaen (1979)
  4. umaravanagar men kuchh din (1986)
  5. kuchh zamin men kuchh hava men (1990)
  6. ao baith len kuchh dere (1995)
  7. agali shatabdi ka shahar (1996)
  8. jahalat ke pachas sal (2003)
  9. khabaron ki jugali (2005)
alochana
  1. agyey:kuchh rng aur kuchh rag (1999)
vinibndh
  1. bhagavaticharan varma (1989)
  2. amritalal nagar (1994)

bhasha shaili

unhonne shivapalagnj ke roop men apani adbhut bhasha shaili, mithakiy shilp aur deshaj muhavaron se gadha tha. trasadiyon aur vidnbanaon ke isi samy ne ‘rag darabari’ ko mahanh kriti banaya, to is kriti ne shrilal shukl ko mahanh lekhak. rag darabari vyngy hai ya upanyas, yah ek shreshth rachana hai, jisaki tasadik karodon pathakon ne ki hai aur kar rahe hain. ‘vishramapur ka snt’, ‘sooni ghati ka sooraj’ aur ‘yah mera ghar nahin’ jaisi kritiyan sahityik kasautiyon men khari sabit huee hain. balki ‘vishramapur ka snt’ ko svatntr bharat men satta ke khel ki sashakt abhivyakti tak kaha gaya tha. rag darabari ko itane varshon bad bhi padhate hue usake patr hamare asapas najar ate hain. shuklaji ne jab ise likha tha, tab ek tarah ki hatasha charon taraf najar a rahi thi. yah mohabhng ka daur tha. aise nirasha bhare mahaul men unhonne samaj ki visngatiyon ko chutili shaili men samane laya tha. vah shreshth rachanakar ke sath hi ek snvedanashil aur vinamr insan bhi the.

gramin parivesh

shrilal shukl ki rachanaon ka ek bada hissa ganv ke jivan se snbndh rakhata hai. gramin jivan ke vyapak anubhav aur nirntar parivartit hote paridrishh‍y ko unhonne bahut gaharaee se vishh‍leshit kiya hai. yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki shrilal shukl ne jadon tak jakar vyapak roop se samaj ki chhan bin kar, usaki nabj ko pakada hai. isilie yah gramin snsar unake sahity men dekhane ko mila hai. unake sahity ki mool prishh‍thabhoomi gram samaj hai parntu nagariy jivan ki bhi sabhi chhaviyan usamen dekhane ko milati hain. shrilal shukl ne sahity aur jivan ke prati apani ek sahaj dharana ka ullekh karate hue kaha hai ki -

kathalekhan men main jivan ke kuchh moolabhoot naitik moolyon se pratibaddh hote hue bhi yatharth ke prati bahut akrishh‍t hoon. par yatharth ki yah dharana ikahari nahin hai, vah bahustariy hai aur usake sabhi star - adhyatmik, abhyntarik, bhautik adi jatil roop se antargumphit hain. unaki samagr roop men pahachan aur anubhooti kahin-kahin rachana ko jatil bhale hi banae, par us samagrata ki pakad hi rachana ko shreshh‍thata deti hai. jaise manushh‍y ek sath kee staron par jita hai, vainse hi is samagrata ki pahachan rachana ko bhi bahustariyata deti hai.
samajik vyngy

shrilal shukl ki sookshm aur paini drishh‍ti vyavastha ki chhoti-se-chhoti vikriti ko bhi sahaj hi dekh leti hai, parakh leti hai. unhonne apane lekhan ko sirph rajaniti par hi kendrit nahin hone diya. shiksha ke kshetr ki durdasha par bhi unhonne vyngy kasa. 1963 men prakashit unaki pahali rachana ‘dharmayug’ shiksha ke kshetr men vyaph‍t visngatiyon par adharit hai. vyngy sngrah ‘angad ka panv’ aur upanyas ‘rag darabari’ men shrilal shukl ne ise vistar diya hai.

shiksha vyavastha par vyngy

desh ke anek sakari skoolon ki sthiti dayaniy hai. unake pas achchha bhavan tak nahin hai. kahin kahin to tnbuon men kakshaen chalati hain, arthat nyootam suvidhaon ka bhi abhav hai. shrilal shukl is par tippani karate hue kahate hain ki -

"yahi hal ‘rag darabari’ ke chhngamal vidh‍yalay intaramidiyet kaaulej ka bhi hai, jahan se intaramidiyet pas karane vale ladake sirph imarat ke adhar par kah sakate hain, sainitari phiting kis chidiya ka nam hai. hamane vilayati talim tak deshi parnpara men paee hai aur isilie hamen dekho, ham aj bhi utane hi prakrit hain, hamare itana padh lene par bhi hamara peshab ped ke tane par hi utarata hai."

vidnbana yah hai ki aj kal adhyapak bhi adhyapan ke alava sab kuchh karate hain. ‘rag darabari’ ke mastar motiram ki tarah ve kaksha men padhate kam hain aur zyada samay apani ate ki chakh‍ki ko samarpit karate hain. zyadatar shikshak motiram hi hain, nam bhale hi kuchh bhi ho. th‍yooshan lete hain, dukan chalate hain aur tarah tarah ke niji dhndhe karate hain. chhatron ko dene ke lie unake pas samay kahan bachata hai?

samasamayik sthitiyon par vyngy

shrilal shukl ne apane sahity ke madhyam se samasamayik sthitiyon par karari chot ki hai. ve kahate hain ki -

‘aj manav samaj apane patan ke lie khud jimh‍medar hai. aj vah khulakar hns nahin sakata. hnsane ke lie bhi ‘laphing klab’ ka sahara lena padata hai. shuddh hava ke lie aauksijan parlar jana padata hai. bnd botal ka pani pina padata hai. instent phood khana padata hai. khelane ke lie, ek-doosare se bat karane ke lie bhi vakh‍t ki kami hai.’

kul milakar yah kah sakate hain ki shrilal shukl ke sahity men jivan ka sngharsh hai aur unaka sahity samajik sarokaron se juda hai.

puraskar

1969 men shrilal shukl ko sahity akadami ka puraskar mila. lekin isake bad gyanapith ke lie 42 sal tak intazar karana pada. is bich unhen birala faundeshan ka vyas samman, yash bharati aur padm bhooshan puraskar bhi mile. lnbe samay se bimar chal rahe shukl ko 18 aktoobar ko uttar pradesh ke rajyapal bi. el. joshi ne aspatal men hi gyanapith puraskar se sammanit kiya tha. varsh 2008 men shukl ko padmabhooshan puraskar navaja gaya tha. vah bharatendu  naty akadami lakhanoo ke nideshak tatha bharatiy sanskritik snbndh parishad ki manad phailoship se bhi sammanit the.

yatraen

ek lekhak ke rup men shrilal shukl ne briten, jarmani, polaind, soorinam, chin, yoogoslaviya jaise deshon ki yatra kar bharat ka pratinidhitv kiya tha.

nidhan

gyanapith puraskar aur padm bhooshan se sammanit tatha 'rag darabari' jaisa kalajayi vyngy upanyas likhane vale mashahoor vyngyakar shrilal shukl ko 16 aktoobar ko parkinsan bimari ke karan unhen aspatal men bharti karaya gaya tha. 28 aktoobar, 2011 ko shukravar subah 11.30 baje sahara aspatal men shrilal shukl ka nidhan ho gaya. vah 86 varsh ke the. unake nidhan par lakhanoo ke sahity jagat men shok ki lahar daud gee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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