ज्ञानपीठ पुरस्कार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

gyanapith puraskar
gyanapith puraskar pratik- vagdevi ki kansy pratima
vivaran bharatiy gyanapith nyas dvara bharatiy sahity ke lie diya jane vala sarvochch puraskar hai.
gathan 22 mee, 1961
puraskar rashi 7 lakh rupe, prashastipatr aur vagdevi ki kansy pratima[1]
pratham sammanit govind shnkar kurup (1965)
antim sammanit kedaranath sinh (2013)
kul sammanit 53
snbndhit lekh sahity akadami puraskar, sarasvati samman
any janakari varsh 1982 tak yah puraskar lekhak ki ekal kriti ke liye diya jata tha lekin isake bad se yah lekhak ke bharatiy sahity men snpoorn yogadan ke liye diya jane laga.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

gyanapith puraskar bharatiy gyanapith nyas dvara bharatiy sahity ke lie diya jane vala sarvochch puraskar hai. bharat ka koee bhi nagarik jo athavin anusoochi men bataee gee 22 bhashaon men se kisi bhasha men likhata ho is puraskar ke yogy hai. puraskar men panch lakh rupaye ki dhanarashi, prashastipatr aur vagdevi ki kansy pratima di jati hai. 1965 men 1 lakh rupaye ki puraskar rashi se prarnbh hue is puraskar ko 2005 men 7 lakh rupe kar diya gaya. 2005 ke lie chune ge hindi sahityakar kunvar narayan pahale vyakti the, jinhen 7 lakh rupe ka gyanapith puraskar prapt hua.[2] varsh 2012 se gyanapith puraskar ke roop men di jane vali rashi ko 7 lakh rupaye se badhakar 11 lakh rupaye kar diya gaya hai.[3] pratham gyanapith puraskar 1965 men malayalam lekhak ji shnkar kurup ko pradan kiya gaya tha. us samay puraskar ki dhanarashi 1 lakh rupe thi. 1982 tak yah puraskar lekhak ki ekal kriti ke liye diya jata tha. lekin isake bad se yah lekhak ke bharatiy sahity men snpoorn yogadan ke liye diya jane laga. ab tak hindi tatha kannad bhasha ke lekhak sabase adhik sat bar yah puraskar pa chuke hain. yah puraskar bangla ko 5 bar, malayalam ko 4 bar, udiya, urdoo aur gujarati ko tin-tin bar, asamiya, marathi, telugu, pnjabi aur tamil ko do-do bar mil chuka hai.[4]

puraskar ki shuruat

22 mee, 1961 ko bharatiy gyanapith ke snsthapak shri sahoo shanti prasad jain ke pachasaven janm divas ke avasar par unake parivar ke sadasyon ke man men yah vichar aya ki sahityik ya sanskritik kshetr men koee aisa mahattvapoorn kary kiya jae jo rashtriy gaurav tatha antarrashtriy pratiman ke anuroop ho. isi vichar ke antargat 16 sitnbar 1961 ko bharatiy gyanapith ki snsthapak adhyaksh shrimati rama jain ne nyas ki ek goshthi men is puraskar ka prastav rakha. 2 aprail 1962 ko dilli men bharatiy gyanapith aur taims aauf indiya ke snyukt tattvavadhan men desh ki sabhi bhashaon ke 300 moordhany vidvanon ne ek goshthi men is vishay par vichar kiya. is goshthi ke do satron ki adhyakshata daau vi raghavan aur shri bhagavati charan varma ne ki aur isaka snchalan daau. dharmavir bharati ne kiya. is goshthi men kaka kalelakar, hare krishn mehatab, nisim ijekil, daau. suniti kumar chatarji, daau. mulkaraj annd, surendr mohnti, devesh das, siyaramasharan gupt, ramadhari sinh dinakar, udayashnkar bhatt, jagadishachndr mathur, daau. nagendr, daau. bi.ar.bendre, jainendr kumar, manmathanath gupt, lakshmichndr jain adi prakhyat vidvanon ne bhag liya. is puraskar ke svaroop ka nirdharan karane ke lie goshthiyan hoti rahin aur 1965 men pahale gyanapith puraskar ka nirnay liya gaya.[5]

chayan prakriya

gyanapith puraskar vijetaon ki soochi prishth ke dahini or dekhi ja sakati hai. is puraskar ke chayan prakriya jatil hai aur kee mahinon tak chalati hai. prakriya ka arnbh vibhinn bhashaon ke sahityakaron, adhyapakon, samalochakon, prabuddh pathakon, vishvavidyalayon, sahityik tatha bhashayi snsthaon se prastav bhejane ke sath hota hai. jis bhasha ke sahityakar ko ek bar puraskar mil jata hai us par agale tin varsh tak vichar nahin kiya jata hai. har bhasha ki ek aisi paramarsh samiti hai jisamen tin vikhyat sahity-samalochak aur vidvanh sadasy hote hain. in samitiyon ka gathan tin-tin varsh ke lie hota hai. prapt prastav snbndhit 'bhasha paramarsh samiti' dvara janche jate hain. bhasha samitiyon par yah pratibndh nahin hai ki ve apana vichar vimarsh prapt prastavon tak hi simit rakhen. unhen kisi bhi lekhak par vichar karane ki svatntrata hai. bharatiy gyanapith, paramarsh samiti se yah apeksha rakhati hai ki snbaddh bhasha ka koee bhi puraskar yogy sahityakar vichar paridhi se bahar n rah jae. kisi sahityakar par vichar karate samay bhasha-samiti ko usake snpoorn krititv ka moolyankan to karana hi hota hai, sath hi, samasamayik bharatiy sahity ki prishthabhoomi men bhi usako parakhana hota hai. atthaisaven puraskar ke niyam men kie ge snshodhan ke anusar, puraskar varsh ko chhodakar pichhale bis varsh ki avadhi men prakashit kritiyon ke adhar par lekhak ka moolyankan kiya jata hai. bhasha paramarsh samitiyon ki anushnsaen pravar parishad ke samaksh prastut ki jati hain.

gyanapith puraskar prapt sahityakar
varsh nam kriti bhasha
1965 ji. shnkar kurup otakkush़l (vnshi) malayalam
1966 tarashnkar bndhopadhyay ganadevata bangla
1967 ke. vi. puttapa shri ramayan darshanamh kannad
1967 umashnkar joshi nishith gujarati
1968 sumitranndan pnt chidnbara hindi
1969 firak gorakhapuri gul-e-nagama urdoo
1970 vishvanath satyanarayan ramayan kalpavarikshamu telugu
1971 vishnu de smriti shatto bhavishyat bangla
1972 ramadhari sinh dinakar urvashi hindi
1973 dattatrey ramachndr bendre nakutnti kannad
1973 gopinath mohanti matimatal udiya
1974 vishnu sakharam khandekar yayati marathi
1975 pi.vi. akilanndam chitrapavee tamil
1976 ashapoorna devi pratham pratishruti bangla
1977 ke. shivaram karnt mukkajiya kanasugalu kannad
1978 agyey kitani navon men kitani bar hindi
1979 birendr kumar bhattachary mrityunjay asamiya
1980 es. ke. pottekkatt oru desattinte katha malayalam
1981 amrita pritam kagaz te kainavas pnjabi
1982 mahadevi varma yama hindi
1983 masti venkatesh ayyngar kannad
1984 takaji shivashnkara pillai malayalam
1985 pannalal patel gujarati
1986 sachchidannd rautaray udiya
1987 vishnu vaman shiravadakar kusumagraj marathi
1988 daau. si. narayan reddi telugu
1989 kurtulen haidar urdoo
1990 vi. ke. gokak kannad
1991 subhash mukhopadhyay bangla
1992 naresh mehata hindi
1993 sitakant mahapatr udiya
1994 yoo. ar. anntamoorti kannad
1995 em. ti. vasudev nayar malayalam
1996 mahashveta devi bangla
1997 ali saradar jafari urdoo
1998 girish karnad kannad
1999 nirmal varma hindi
1999 guradayal sinh pnjabi
2000 indira gosvami asamiya
2001 rajendr keshavalal shah gujarati
2002 dandapani jayakantan tamil
2003 vinda karndikar marathi
2004 rahaman rahi kashmiri
2005 kunvar narayan hindi
2006 ravindr kelakar konkani
2006 satyavrat shastri snskrit
2007 o.en.vi. kurup malayalam
2008 akhalaq muhammad khan 'shaharayar' urdoo
2009 shrilal shukl hindi
2010 chandrashekhar kambar kannad
2011 daau. pratibha ray udiya
2012 ravuri bharadvaj telugu
2013 kedaranath sinh hindi
2014 bhalachndr nemade marathi
2015 raghuvir chaudhari gujarati

pravar parishad men kam se kam sat aur adhik se adhik gyarah aise sadasy hote hain, jinaki khyati aur vishvasaniyata uchchakoti ki hoti hai. pahali pravar parishad ka gathan bharatiy gyanapith ke nyas-mndal dvara kiya gaya tha. isake bad in sadasyon ki niyukti parishad ki snstuti par hoti hai. pratyek sadasy ka karyakal 3 varsh ko hota hai par usako do bar aur badhaya ja sakata hai. pravar parishad bhasha paramarsh samitiyon ki snstutiyon ka tulanatmak moolyankan karati hai. pravar parishad ke gahan chintan aur paryalochan ke bad hi puraskar ke lie kisi sahityakar ka antim chayan hota hai. bharatiy gyanapith ke nyas mndal ka isamen koee hastakshep nahin hota.[5]

pravar parishad ke sadasy

vartaman pravar parishad ke adhyaksh daau. lakshmimal singhavi hain jo ek suparichit vidhivetta, rajanayik, chintak aur lekhak hain. isase poorv kaka kalelakar, daau. snpoornannd, daau. bi gopal reddi, daau.karn sinh, daau. pi.vi. narasinh rav, achary hazari prasad dvivedi, daau. ar. ke. dasagupta, daau. vinayak krishn gokak, daau. umashnkar joshi, daau. masood husain, pro.em. vi. rajyadhyaksh, daau. adityanath jha, jagadishachndr mathur sadrish vidvanh aur sahityakar is parishad ke adhyaksh ya sadasy rah chuke hain.[5]

vagdevi ki kansy pratima

gyanapith puraskar men pratik svaroop di jane vali vagdevi ka kansy pratima moolatah dhar, malava ke sarasvati mndir men sthit pratima ki anukriti hai. is mndir ki sthapana vidyavyasani raja bhoj ne 1035 eesvi men ki thi. ab yah pratima british myooziyam lndan men hai. bharatiy gyanapith ne sahity puraskar ke pratik ke roop men isako grahan karate samay shirobhag ke parshv men prabhamndal sammilit kiya hai. is prabhamndal men tin rashmipunj hain jo bharat ke prachinatam jain toran dvar (knkali tila, mathura) ke ratnatray ko niroopit karate hain. hath men kamndalu, pustak, kamal aur akshamala gyan tatha adhyatmik antardrishti ke pratik hain.[5]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1965 men 1 lakh rupaye ki puraskar rashi se prarnbh hue is puraskar ko 2005 men 7 lakh rupe kar diya gaya.
  2. kunvar narayan ko gyanapith puraskar (srot- vebaduniya hindi)
  3. ab 11 lakh rupaye ka gyanapith puraskar (srot- navabharat taims)
  4. bharatiy gyanapith avards (angrezi) (echatiemel) bharatiy gyanapith. abhigaman tithi: 28 mee, 2007.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 (2005) gyanapith puraskar. nee dilli, bharat: bharatiy gyanapith. 263-1140-1. abhigaman tithi: 28 mee, 2007.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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