क़ुर्रतुलऐन हैदर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

qurratulain haidar
qurratulain haidar
poora nam qurratulain haidar
any nam aini apa
janm 20 janavari 1926
janm bhoomi aligadh, uttar pradesh
mrityu 21 agast 2007
mrityu sthan noeda, uttar pradesh
abhibhavak sajjad haidar yaladaram, nazar sajjad haidar
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'mere bhi sanamakhane' (1949), 'safina–e–game dil', 'jalavatan', 'yah dag-dag ujala', 'lndan kahaniyan' adi.
bhasha urdoo
puraskar-upadhi sahity akadami puraskar (1967), soviyat laind neharu puraskar (1969), galib avard (1985), iqabal samman (1987), gyanapith puraskar (1991)
prasiddhi lekhika
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bharat ki vah samajik snskriti, jo yahan rahane vale hindoo muslim samudayon ke lie ekata aur prem ka prasad aur gaurav ka pratik thi, desh-vibhajan ke bad vah khndit ho gee.
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

qurratulain haidar (angrezi: Qurratulain Hyder, janm: 20 janavari, 1926 - mrityu: 21 agast, 2007) gyanapith puraskar se sammanit urdoo ki prasiddh lekhika thin.

jivan parichay

qurratulain haidar ka janm 20 janavari 1926 ee. aligadh, uttar pradesh men hua tha. qurratulain haidar ke pita sajjad haidar yildiram aligadh muslim vishvavidyalay men rajistrar the. qurratulain haidar ke parivar men tin pidhiyon se likhane ki parnpara rahi. qurratulain haidar ke pita ki ganana urdoo ke pratishthit kathakaron men hoti thi. qurratulain haidar ki man nazar sajjad haidar ‘urdoo’ ki 'jen aaustin’ kahalati thin. qurratulain ko bachapan se hi likhane ka shauq raha, prarnbh men unhonne bachchon ke lie kuchh kahaniyan likhin. qurratulain ki pahali maulik kahani prasiddh sahityik patrika saqi men prakashit huee. snpadakiy men isaki prashnsa vishesh ullekh ke sath ki gee thi. is kahani se qurratulain haidar ko kafi protsahan mila aur vah nirntar likhati chali geen. apane lekhan men unhonne kabhi kisi ke anukaran ka prayas nahin kiya, jo kuchh bhi likha apane jivananubhav, kalpana aur chintan ke adhar par hi likha.

shiksha

1947 men qurratulain ne lakhanoo vishvavidyalay se angrezi sahity men em.e.kiya. isi varsh qurratulain haidar ki kahaniyon ka pahala sngrah 'sitaron ke age' prakashit hua. isame snkalit lagabhag sabhi kahaniyan urdoo men hain. qurratulain haidar ne ghatanaon ki apeksha unase janm lene vali anubhootiyon aur snvedanao ko vishesh mahattv diya. in kahaniyon dvara pathak ke sammukh ek aparichit si duniya prastut ki gee, jisamen jivan ki arthahinata ka snket tha, har taraph chhaee huee dhundh thi. ek manograhi shayarana udasi thi.

qurratulain haidar 1950 se 1960 ke madhy lndan men rahi. bharat lautane ke bad unhonne bambee men imprint ke prabndh snpadak ka pad snbhala. usake bad lagabhag sat varsh vah 'ilastreted vikali aauf indiya' ke snpadan vibhag ke sabnddh men rahin. katha lekhan ke alava lalit kalaon, khasakar sngit aur chitrakala men bhi unaki gahari ruchi thi. gardishe rnge chaman men unake rekhankan prakashit hue hain.

upanyas

qurratulain haidar ka pahala upanyas 'mere bhi sanamakhane' 1949 men prakashit hua. yah upanyas bharat ki samanvit snskriti ke madhyam se manavata ki trasadi prastut karata hai. bharat ki vah samajik snskriti, jo yahan rahane vale hindoo muslim samudayon ke lie ekata aur prem ka prasad aur gaurav ka pratik thi, desh-vibhajan ke bad vah khndit ho gee. yah pida mere bhi sanamakhane men lakhanoo ke kuchh adarshavadi alhad evn jivnt ladake-ladakiyon ki samoohik vyatha–katha ke madhyam se bade hi marmik rup men darshaee gee hai. 1952 men qurratulain haidar ka doosara upanyas 'safina–e–game dil' aur doosara kahani snkalan 'shishe ke ghar' prakashit hua. is snkalan men 'jalavatan', 'yah dag-dag ujala' aur 'lndan kahaniyan' vishesh ullekhaniy hain.
disnbar 1959 men qurratulain haidar ka suprasiddh upanyas 'ag ka dariya' prakashit hua, jisane sahity jagath men tahalaka macha diya. yah upanyas apani bhasha shaili, rachana-shilp, vishay–vastu aur chintan, har drishti se ek nee pnrapara ka sootrapat karata hai. 'kare-jahan-daraz' upanyas ke bad qurratulain haidar ke tin aur upanyas prakashit ho chuke hain. ek upanyasakar ke roop men qurratulain haidar ki ganana urdoo ke mahanh sahityakaron men ki jati hai.

pramukh upanyas
  • mere bhi sanamakhane (1949)
  • safina-e-game-dil (1952)
  • ag ka dariya (1959)
  • akhiri shab ke hamasafar (1979)
  • gardishe–rnge-chaman (1987)
  • chandani begam (1990)
  • kare-jahan-daraz hai. (1978-79)
  • shishe ke ghar (1952)
  • patajhar ki avaz (1967)
  • roshani ki raftar (1982)

puraskar

qurratulain haidar ko sahity akadami puraskar (1967) soviyat laind neharu puraskar (1969), galib avard (1985), iqabal samman (1987), aur gyanapith puraskar (1991) se sammanit kiya gaya hai.

mrityu

qurratulain haidar ki mrityu 21 agast 2007 ko noeda, uttar pradesh men hua tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

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snbndhit lekh

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