पीताम्बर दत्त बड़थ्वाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pitambar datt badathval
pitambar datt badathval
poora nam pitambar datt badathval
janm 2 disambar, 1901
janm bhoomi pali gram, gadhaval, uttarakhand
mrityu 27 julaee, 1944
mrityu sthan gadhaval, uttarakhand
abhibhavak pita-pandit gauri datt
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr hindi sahity
mukhy rachanaen 'ramanand ki hindi rachanayen', 'gorakhavani', 'makarnd', 'pranayam vigyan aur kala', 'dhyan se atmachikitsa' tatha 'sooradas jivan samagri' adi.
bhasha hindi
vidyalay kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay
shiksha em.e.
prasiddhi sahityakar, alochak tatha nibndhakar
nagarikata bharatiy
vishesh pitambar datt badathval svatntr bharat ke hindi men 'di.lit.' ki upadhi prapt karane vale pahale shodh vidyarthi the.
bahari kadiyan pitambar datt ji 'gosvami tulasidas' tatha 'roopak rahasy' ke sahalekhak aur 'kabir grnthavali' evn 'ramachndrika' ke sampadak bhi rahe the. unaki bahut-si rachanaon men se kuchh ek pustaken "vardaket laeebreri" ke pas surakshit hain. 'hindi sahity akadami' ab bhi unaki pustaken prakashit karati hai.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

pitambar datt badathval (angrezi: Pitamber Dutt Barthwal, janm- 2 disambar, 1901, gadhaval, uttarakhand; mrityu- 27 julaee, 1944) hindi ke khyatiprapt sahityakar the. ve vidvanh achary ramachandr shukl ke sahayogi rahe the. unhonne 'gorakh bani' aur 'ramanand' ki rachana ki thi.[1] pitambar datt badathval hindi men 'di.lit.' ki upadhi prapt karane vale pahale shodh vidyarthi the. unhonne anusndhan aur khoj parnpara ka pravartan kiya tatha achary ramachndr shukl aur baboo shyamasundar das ki parnpara ko age badhate hue hindi alochana ko majabooti pradan ki. unhonne bhavon aur vicharon ki abhivyakti ke liye bhasha ko adhik samarthyavan banakar vikasonmukh shaili ko samane rakha.[2] ve uttarakhnd ki hi nahin apitu bharat ki bhi shan hain, jinhen desh-videshon men samman mila. uttarakhnd ke lok-sahity ke prati bhi unaka lagav tha.

janm tatha shiksha

pitambar datt badathval ka janm 2 disambar san 1901 men uttarakhand ke gadhaval zile men lainsadaun ke nikat pali namak gram men hua tha. unake pita ka nam pandit gauri datt tha. pitambar ji ne pita se hi snskrit aur hindi ki prarambhik shiksha ghar par prapt ki. bad men shrinagar (gadhaval), lakhanoo aur kanapur ki vibhinn shiksha snsthaon se hote hue ve 'kashi hindoo vishvavidyalay' pahunche. vahan em.e. men pratham shreni men pratham sthan prapt karane ke kuchh samay bad vahin hindi ke adhyapak niyukt ho ge. isake sath hi unaka shodh kary bhi chalata raha.[3] pitambar datt badathval ki ganana choti ke vidvanon men hoti thi. 1940 men tirupati men ayojit 'prachy vidya sammelan' ki hindi shakha ki adhyakshata unhonne ki thi. adhyapak ke roop men unaki badi khyati thi. 1937 men ve 'lakhanoo vishvavidyalay' ke hindi vibhag men a ge the.

'anbar' nam se lekhan

hindi sahity ke phalak par shodh pravritti ki prerana ka prakash bikherane vale badathval ji ne apani sahityik chhavi ke darshan bachapan men hi kara diye the. balyakal men hi ve 'anbar' nam se kavitaen likhane lage the. kishoravastha men pahunchakar unhonne kahani lekhan prarnbh kar diya. 1918 ke purusharth men unaki do kahaniyan prakashit hueen. kanapur men apane chhatr jivan ke dauran hi unhonne 'hilamain' namak angrezi masik patrika ka snpadan karate hue apani snpadakiy pratibha ko bhi pradarshit kiya. jis samay badathval ji men sahityik chetana jagi, us samay hindi ke samaksh anek chunotiyan thin. kathin sngharshon aur prayatnon ke bad uchch kakshaon men hindi ke pathan-pathan ki vyavastha to ho gee thi, lekin hindi sahity ke gahan adhyayan aur shodh ko koee thos adhar nahin mil paya tha. achary ramachandr shukl aur baboo shyam sundar das jaise rachanakar alochana ke kshetr men sakriy the. badathval ji ne is paridrishy men apani anveshanatmak kshamata ke sahare hindi kshetr men shodh ki sudridh parnpara ki ninv dali.[2]

bharat ke pratham shodh chhatr

daau. pitambar datt badathval svantrat bharat ke pratham shodh chhatr the. unhen unake shodh kary "hindi kavy men nirgunavad"[4] ke lie varsh 1933 ke dikshant samaroh men 'di.lit.' (hindi) se navaza gaya. pitambar datt badathval ka adhyatmik rachanaon ki taraph lagav tha, jo unake adhyan v shodh kary me jhalakata hai. unhonne snskrit, avadhi, brajabhasha, arabi evn farasi ke shabdon aur boli ko bhi apane kary men prayog kiya. unhonne snt, siddh, nath aur bhakti sahity ki khoj aur vishleshan men apani ruchi dikhaee aur apane goodh vicharon ke sath in par prakash dala. bhakti andolan[5] ko hindoo jati ki nirasha ka parinam nahin mana, lekin use bhakti dhara ka vikas mana. unake shodh aur lekh unake gambhir adhyayan aur unaki door drishti ke bhi parichayak hain. unhonne kaha tha- "bhasha phalati-phoolati to hai sahity men, ankurit hoti hai bolachal men, sadharan bolachal par boli mnj-sudharakar sahityik bhasha ban jati hai." ve darshanik vayaktitv ke dhani, shodhakarta, nibndhakar v samikshak the. unake nibndh/shodhakary ko aj bhi shodh vidyarthi prayog karate hain. unake nibndh ka mool bhav usaki bhoomika ya shuruat men hi mil jata hai.

pramukh kritiyan

nimnalikhit krihtiyan daau. pitambar datt badathval ki soch, adhyan v shodh ko darshati hain[2]-

  1. 'ramanand ki hindi rachanayen (varanasi, vikram snvat 2012)
  2. 'daau. badathval ke shreshth nibndh' (s. shri gobind chatak)
  3. 'gorakhavani' (kavi gorakhanath ki rachanaon ka snkalan v sampadan)
  4. 'sooradas jivan samagri'
  5. 'makarnd' (s. daau. bhagirath mishr)
  6. 'king arthar end naits av d raud tebal' ka hindi anuvad (bachchon ke liye)
  7. 'kaneripav'
  8. 'gngabaee'
  9. 'hindi sahity men upasana ka svaroop'
  10. 'kavi keshavadas'
  11. 'yog pravah' (s. daau. sampoornannd)
  12. pranayam vigyan aur kala
  13. 'dhyan se atmachikitsa'


pitambar datt ji 'gosvami tulasidas' tatha 'roopak rahasy' ke sahalekhak aur 'kabir grnthavali' evn 'ram chndrika' ke sampadak bhi rahe.[3] pitambar datt ji ki bahut-si rachanaon men se kuchh ek pustaken "vardaket laeebreri" ke pas surakshit hain. 'hindi sahity akadami' ab bhi unaki pustaken prakashit karati hai. kabir, ramanand aur gorakhavani[6] par pitambar datt ne bahut kary kiya aur ise bahut-se sahityakaron ne apane lekhon men aur shodh karyon men shamil kiya aur unake kahe ko paimana mana. yah avashy hi chintajanak hai ki sarakar aur sahityakaron ne unako vah sthan nahin diya, jisake ve hakadar the. 'prayag vishvavidyalay' ke darshanashastr ke prophesar daau. ranade ne bhi kaha ki- "yah keval hindi sahity ki vivechana ke liye hi nahin apitu rahasyavad ki darshanik vyakhya ke liye bhi ek mahattvapoorn den hai."

'nath siddhon ki rachanaen' (bhoomika)

hazari prasad dvivedi ne 'nath siddhon ki rachanaen' ki bhoomika men likha hai ki-

nath siddhon ki hindi rachanaon ka yah sngrah kee hastalikhit pratiyon se snkalit hua hai. isamen gorakhanath ki rachanaen snkalit nahin hueen, kyonki svargiy daau. pitanbar datt badathval ne gorakhanath ki rachanaon ka snpadan pahale se hi kar diya hai aur ve gorakh bani nam se prakashit bhi ho chuki hain.[7] badathval ji ne apani bhoomika men bataya tha ki unhonne any nath siddhon ki rachanaon ka sngrah bhi kar liya hai, jo is pustak ke doosare bhag men prakashit hoga. doosara bhag abhi tak prakashit nahin hua hai. atynt duahkh ki bat hai ki usake prakashit hone ke poorv hi vidvanh snpadak ne ihalok tyag diya. daau. pitambar datt badathval ko khoj men 40 pustakon ka pata chala tha, jinhen gorakhanath-rachit bataya jata hai. daau. badathval ne bahut chhanabin ke bad inamen pratham 14 grnthon ko nisndigdh roop se prachin mana, kyonki inaka ullekh prayah sabhi pratiyon men mila. terahavin pustak ‘gyan chauntisa’ samay par n mil sakane ke karan unake dvara snpadit sngrah men nahin a saki, parntu baki terah ko gorakhanath ki rachanaen samajhakar us sngrah men unhonne prakashit kar diya tha.

mrityu

pitambar datt ji ne bahut hi kam ayu men is snsar se vida le li anyatha ve hindi men aur bhi kee aur rachanaon ko janm dete, jo hindi sahity ko naya ayam dete. daau. snpoornannd ne bhi kaha tha- "yadi ayu ne dhokha n diya hota to ve aur bhi gnbhir rachanaon ka sarjan karate".[2]pitambar datt badathval ki mrityu 27 julaee, 1944 ko unaki janm bhoomi pali gram, gadhaval, uttarakhand men hi huee.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kashi ke sahityakar (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 12 janavari, 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 daau. pitambar datt badathval (hindi) merapahadforum.com. abhigaman tithi: 12 julaee, 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 bharatiy charit kosh |lekhak: liladhar sharma 'parvatiy' |prakashak: shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli |prishth snkhya: 465 |
  4. 'd nirgun skool aauf hindi poyatri', angrezi shodh par adharit jo unhonne shri shyamaprasad ji ke nirdeshan men kiya tha.
  5. shukl ji ki manyata
  6. gorakhabani, sn. daau. pitambar datt badathval, hindi sahity sammelan, prayag, dvi. sn.
  7. hindi sahity sammelan, prayag

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