मनु शर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manu sharma
Manu-Sharma.jpg
poora nam manu sharma
janm 1928
janm bhoomi akabarapur, phaijabad
mrityu 8 navnbar, 2017
mrityu sthan varanasi, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi banaras, uttar pradesh
karm-kshetr lekhak, kavi, natakakar
mukhy rachanaen 'gunahon ka devata', 'sooraj ka satavan ghoda', 'andhayug' adi
vishay gady, pady, natak tatha upanyas
bhasha hindi
vidyalay ilahabad vishvavidyalay
shiksha em. e. (hindi), pi.ech.di.
puraskar-upadhi padmashri, haldighati shreshth patrakarita puraskar, vyas samman, sahity akadami ratn sadasyata aur sngit natak akadami puraskar
vishesh yogadan dharmavir bharati saptahik patrika 'dharmayug' ke pradhan snpadak rahe.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari manu sharma ka upanyas 'gunahon ka devata' hindi sahity ke itihas men sadabahar mana jata hai.
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

manu sharma (angreji: Manu Sharma, janm: 1928, akabarapur, phaijabad - mrityu: 8 navnbar, 2017 varanasi, uttar pradesh) adhunik hindi sahity ke pramukh lekhak hain. ‘aj nahin to kal, kal nahin to parason, parason nahin to barason bad main dayanasor ke jivashm ki tarah padha jaoonga.’ isi vishvas ke sath manu sharma ki rachana-yatra khud ki banaee pagadndi par jari hai. hindi ki khemebndi se door manu sharma ne sahity ki har vidha men likha hai. unake samriddh rachana-snsar men ath khndon men prakashit ‘krishn ki atmakatha’ bharatiy bhashaon ka vishalatam upanyas hai. lalit nibndhon men ve apani simaon ka atikraman karate hain to unaki kavitaen apane samay ka dastavej hain.[1]

parichay

manu sharma ka janm 1928 men akabarapur, phaijabad men hua tha. ve behad abhavon men pale-badhe hain. ghar chalane ke lie pheri lagakar kapada aur moongaphali tak becha. banaras ke dievi kaaulej men unh‍hen chaparasi ki naukari mili, lekin unake guru krishh‍nadev prasad gaud urph 'bedhab banarasi' ne unase push‍takalay men kam liya. push‍takalay men push‍tak uthate-uthate unamen padhane ki aisi ruchi jagi ki poora push‍takalay hi chat ge. unh‍honne apani kalam se pauranik upanh‍yason ko adhunik sndarbh diya hai.

kartoon kavita

70 ke dashak men manu sharma banaras se nikalane vale 'janavarta' men pratidin ek 'kartoon kavita' likhate the. yah itani marak hoti thi ki apat kal ke dauran is par pratibndh laga diya gaya tha. jayaprakash narayan kaha karate the- "yadi snpoorn kranti ko thik dhng se samajhana ho to 'janavarta' akhabar padha karo." manu sharma ne apani 'kartoon kavita' ke jarie har ghar-har dil par us dauran dash‍tak di thi.

rajakumar hirani ne manu sharma ki push‍tak 'gandhi laute' ke vichar ki chori kar is par philh‍m ka nirman kiya tha. rajakumar hirani ne manu sharma ka abhar tak vh‍yakh‍t karana uchit nahin samajha. 'lage raho munh‍na bhaee' 2006 men aee thi aur 'gandhi laute' ek shrrinkhala ke roop men. 'gandhi laute' ke bahut sare dayalaaug bhi manu sharma ji ki push‍tak se churae ge the. manu sharma ji ko jab yah bataya gaya to unh‍honne kaha- "kisi ke bhi jarie ho, samaj men vichar pahunch to rahe hain n." kh‍ya aj ka ek bhi sahith‍yakar ya patrakar is soch ke sh‍tar ko kabhi chhoo sakata hai.[2]

vajapeyi dvara prashnsa

bharatiy bhashaon men sabase badi kriti 'krishh‍n ki ath‍makatha' likhane ki upalabdhi manu sharma ke nam hi hai. 8 khndon aur 3000 prishh‍th vale 'krishh‍n ki ath‍makatha' ko padhakar poorv pradhanamntri atal bihari vajapeyi ne kaha tha- "is rachana ko padhane men main itana kho gaya ki kee zaroori kam tak bhool gaya tha. pahali bar krishh‍n katha ko itana vh‍yapak ayam diya gaya hai." vajapeyi ji ne sahi kaha hai. krishn par snpoornata se aj tak kisi ne kalam nahin chalaee hai, sh‍vayn ved vh‍yas ne bhi nahin. vh‍yas ji ne 'mahabharat' men dvarakadhish aur yuddh ke nayak ke roop men krishh‍n ka chitran kiya, lekin jab yuddh samaph‍t ho gaya to unh‍hen laga ki krishh‍n ke is charitr men shushh‍kata hai to phir unh‍honne shrimadabhagavat puran ki rachana ki. usamen krishh‍n ke anh‍y sh‍varoopon ko sameta, lekin usamen yuddh ke paksh ko chhod diya, jo pahale hi mahabharat men likha ja chuka tha.

isi tarah sooradas ji ne krishn ke bal sh‍varoop ko apani kavh‍y ka vishay banaya to jayadev ji ne apane 'git govind' men rasik aur premi krishh‍n ka chitr ukera hai. krishh‍n ko ek jagah poori samagrata se keval aur keval manu sharma ne sameta hai, jisake karan 'krishh‍n ki ath‍makatha' unaki ek kalajayi kriti ban gee hai. mahabharat ke ek-ek patr- draupadi, karn, dron, gandhari ko unh‍honne vish‍trit phalak diya aur ath‍makathath‍mak shaili men inake vh‍yaktith‍v ki samragata ko pathakon ke samaksh rakha hai. rana sanga, baph‍pa raval, shivaji jaise mahanayakon ko aupanh‍yasik shaili ke jarie ghar-ghar pahunchaya hai. apane jivan men unh‍honne karib 18 upanyas, 7 hazar se adhik kavitaen aur 200 se adhik kahaniyan likhi hain.[2]

lekhan ki visheshata

manu sharma ke lekhan ki sabase badi visheshata jivan aur samaj par unaki paini drishti hai. yah drishti jahan padati hai, charitr, paristhitiyon aur mahaul ka ek hoobahoo eks-re sa khinch jata hai. unaki kahaniyan jivan ke katu yatharth ki jamin par ropi huee hain. inamen n duahkhant ka agrah hai, n sukhant ka duragrah. kahani khud tay karati hai ki usaki shakl kya hogi. in kahaniyon ko padhate hue lagata hai ki mano pathak ek yatra par nikala ho aur usake anubhav jivan ke tamam dvipon se gujarate hue samaj aur kal men phail ge hon. pathak isaka gavah banata hai. is vrittant ka sammohan itana ki pathak ko pahale shabd se lekar antim viram tak ek ajib kism ke chunbakatv ka bodh hota hai. yahi manu sharma ki kahaniyon ka yatharth hai. unhen alochak bhale n mile hon, par pathak bharapoor mile. alochana ke kshetr men parajit ek lekhak ki ye aparajit kahaniyan hain.

kritiyan

  1. upanyas : chhatrapati, tin prashn, rana sanga, shivani ka ashirvad, ekaling ka divan, marichika, gandhi laute, vivashata, lakshmanarekha, draupadi ki atmakatha, dron ki atmakatha, karn ka atmakatha, krishn ki atmakatha-1 (narad ki bhavishyavani), krishn ki atmakatha-2 (durabhisndhi), gandhari ka atmakatha, abhishapt katha.
  2. kahani-sngrah : postar ukhad gaya, munshi navanit lal, mahatma : (lngada haji, patta toota dal se, antatah salib, mahatma, ‘pakka’ nn. 13, gumashuda, bndhan-mukti, sparsh romans, roshani kahan gee?, barph nam saty hai.), diksha : (diksha, ek man mari hai, lakshman rekha, ashravy chikhen.).
  3. kavita-sngrah : khoonti par tnga vasnt.
  4. nibndh-sngrah : us par ka sooraj.[1]

samman-alnkaran

  1. gorakhapur vi.vi. se di.lit. ki manad upadhi.
  2. u.pr. hindi snsthan ke ‘lohiya sahity samman’.
  3. kendriy hindi snsthan ke ‘subrahmanyam bharati puraskar’.
  4. u.pr. sarakar ke pratishthit ‘yash bharati samman’ se sammanit.[1]

nidhan

pauranik kathaon aur patron ko adhunik sndarbh men upanyason-kahaniyon ke jarie jivnt karane vale hindi sahity ke purodha padmashri manu sharma ka 8 navnbar, 2017 ko budhavar subah 5:30 baje nidhan ho gaya. 89 varshiy sharma ne varanasi ke badi piyari sthit avas par antim sans li. unhonne dedh darjan upanyason ke alava sau se adhik kahaniyan aur sat hajar se adhik kavitaon ka sahity snsar racha tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 manu sharma (hindi) pustak.org. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2017.
  2. 2.0 2.1 manu sharma v ramabahadur ray, jinake gale se lagakar samh‍manit hua 'padmashri' (hindi) aadhiabadi.in. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2017.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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