अब्राहम गोल्डफेडेन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

abraham goldapheden (Goldfaden Abraham) (janm-ukren sanh‌ 1840, mrityu-nyooyark 1908) abraham goldapheden yahoodi the. inhonne apane sahityik jivan ka prarnbh sanh‌ 1868 men ibrani bhasha men kavita likhakar kiya. lekin kuchh hi samay bad inhonne yahoodiyon dvara samany roop se boli janevali yiddish bhasha ko apani sahityik abhivyakti ka madhyam chun liya aur bad ki inaki sari rachanaen isi bhasha men hain. kavita ke atirikt inhonne natak ke kshetr men bada mahatvapoorn kary kiya. adhunik yiddish rngamnch ki ninv sarvapratham inhonne hi dali. sanh‌ 1876 men inhonne pahala yiddish thiyetar roomaniya ke jesi (Jassy) nagar men sthapit kiya. sanh‌ 1875 men roos chhodane ke bad inhonne lnbarg (Lemberg) men vyngyatmak shaili men nikalanevali saptahik patrika yijhऱolik (Yisrolik) dvara patrakarita ke kshetr men padarpan kiya. bad men ye roos laut ae aur apani natyamndali ke sath pray: sabhi bade nagaron ka bhraman kiya. jahan kahin inhonne apane natako ka pradarshan kiya, janata ne utsah ke sath unaka svagat kiya.

inaki saphalata se tatkalin shasak ghabada uthe aur unhonne sanh‌ 1883 men thiyetar par pratibndh laga diya. sanh‌ 1887 men ye pahali bar nyooyark ge aur 1903 men vahin bas ge. inaki kavitaen aur natak inaki mrityu ke bad bhi janata men pahale hi ki tarah lokapriy rahe. inaki kuchh kavitaon ko lokagit ke roop men vyapak khyati mili. inamen yahoodi vatavaran men rahanevali samany charitron ka achchha chitran milata hai. inhonne kee sngit natak bhi likhe. prarnbhik natak hasyapradhan hain aur unamen jivan ka oopari chitr milata hai. lekin bad ke natak rashtriy bhavana se otaprot hain. inaki mukhy rachanaen is prakar hain.[1]

kavita

'daaus yeidela' (yiddish kavitaon ka sngrah), 1866;

natak

'di yidene', 1869; 'di rekrooten'; 'di bobi milainkil'; 'shmendrik'; 'di shoome kalle'.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 4 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 38 |

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