गुंटर ग्रास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

guntar gras
guntar gras
poora nam guntar gras
janm 16 aktoobar, 1927
janm bhoomi jarmani
mrityu 13 apral, 2015
mrityu sthan jarmani
mukhy rachanaen ‘d tin dram’, 'kait end maus', 'daaug iyars', 'd miting et telgate', 'd rait', 'maee senchuri', 'kraibavaauk' adi
bhasha jarmani bhasha
puraskar-upadhi nobel puraskar
nagarikata jarman
vidhaen natak, kavy, upanyas
any janakari saphalata ke bavajood guntar gras atynt rachanashil aur bahut sari kalaon ko samarpit bahuvidh kshamata vale kalakar the. rajanitik mamalon men hastakshep ke jarie bhi ve bahas paida karate rahe. lnbe samay tak unhen jarmani men naitikata ka paimana mana jata raha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

guntar gras / guntar gras / gyuntar gras (angrezi: Günter Grass, janm: 16 aktoobar 1927 – mrityu: 13 apral 2015) sahity men nobel puraskar se sammanit jarmani ke lekhak, kavi, natakakar the. ‘d tin dram’ unaka mashahoor upanyas hai jisake lie 1999 men unhen nobel puraskar pradan kiya gaya. yah upanyas sanh 1959 men prakashit hua tha. isamen unhonne najivad ke uday par jarmanivasiyon ki pratikriya, vishvayuddh ka khauph aur isamen har se upaje aparadhabodh ko darshaya hai. bad men is kitab par bani film ko aauskar aur kan men palm di or puraskar mile. guntar gras 1990 men jarmani ke ekikaran ke bahut bade alochak rahe aur kahate rahe ki yah bahut jaldabazi men kiya gaya tha.

jivan parichay

guntar gras ka janm 16 aktoobar, 1927 ko hua, jisamen bahut jaduee pal the to dher sari khalabaliyan bhi. guntar gras samany paristhitiyon men paida hue. unake mata-pita ki gdansk shahar men upaniveshi samanon ki dukan thi. grahak garib the, aksar khate par likhava jate, makan chhota tha, asapas ka mahaul kaitholik tha. gras ki jivani likhane vale mishael yurgs kahate hain, "pavitr atma aur hitalar ke bich bita bachapan." gras ne 17 sal ki umr tak vishv yuddh ka atnk dekha, 1944 men viman rodhi taink daste ke sahayak ke roop men aur bad men kukhyat naji sngathan eses ke sadasy ke roop men. lekin apane is atit ko unhonne dashakon tak chhupae rakha, jab bataya to hngama mach gaya. us samay to yuddh ke din katane the.[1]

lekhan ki shuruat

1952 men snghiy jarmani yuva tha aur gras bhi javan the. unhonne kala men dilachaspi leni shuroo ki, moortikala aur graphik sikha, ek jaij mndali men kam kiya, ghoome phire aur 1956 men kuchh samay ke lie peris chale ge. vahan ve apani patni ke sath sadharan si jindagi bitane lage, lekin yah lekhan ke ek bade kariyar ki shuruat thi. gras ne apana upanyas 'd tin dram' likha jo 1959 men chhapa. un dinon ke jarmani men isake chhapate hi hngama mach gaya, lekin bad men use antararashtriy saphalata mili, kee bhashaon men usaka anuvad hua aur us par philm bhi bani. char dashak bad unhen is upanyas aur upalabdhiyon ke lie sahity ka nobel puraskar mila.

rachanaen

guntar gras ne natak, kavy aur mukhy roop se upanyas likha. unaki rachanaon ki soochi lnbi hai. nami upanyason men kait end maus, daaug iyars, d miting et telgate, d rait, maee senchuri, kraibavaauk shamil hain. in upanyason men rajanitik paristhitiyon aur samajik badalav ka chitran hai. masalan jidiar men 1953 ke vidroh men buddhijiviyon ka yogadan, 1968 ka chhatr andolan, snsadiy chunav prachar, bhavishy se jude mudde ya baltik sagar men sharanarthiyon se bhare jahaj ka doobana. halanki gras ke bad ke upanyason ko tin ka dhol bajate aauskar matserath ki kahani jaisi saphalata nahin mili, halanki ve sab bahut hi saphal rahe. aur un par charchaen bhi hoti rahin, kisi ko ve achchhe lage to kisi ne shikayat ki ki unamen bahut jyada rajaniti hai aur bahut kam kala.

naitikata aur rajaniti

saphalata ke bavajood guntar gras atynt rachanashil aur bahut sari kalaon ko samarpit bahuvidh kshamata vale kalakar the. lekin rajanitik mamalon men hastakshep ke jarie bhi ve bahas paida karate rahe. lnbe samay tak unhen jarmani men naitikata ka paimana mana jata raha. 1961 se ve soshal demokraitik parti ke lie sakriy hue, 1969 men chansalar bane vili brant ke lie chunav prachar kiya, kuchh sal bad parti ke sadasy bane lekin sharanarthi kanoon men snshodhan ke mudde par parti ke rukh se naraj hokar parti chhod di. lekin ve samaj par alochak nigah rakhane vale karyakarta bane rahe. ek svatntr vamapnthi jo apani khyati ka istemal muddon ko uthane men karata, kurdon ko vapas bhejane ka virodh ho ya najikal ke bndhua majadooron ka samarthan ho, satae ge lekhakon ka samarthan ya yuddh ka virodh. phir 2006 men unhen manana pada ki unhonne svayn yuddh men hissa liya aur vah bhi naji eses ke sadasy ke roop men. jivan katha men 17 sal ki umr men eses ki sadasyata ke rahasyodghatan par des videsh men bada hngama hua. naitik akhndata ki chhavi chhupae ge aparadh se dhoomil ho gee. achanak unhen pakhndi samajha jane laga.[1]

prasiddhi

bujurg lekhak aur janamat ke bich is bich khaee paida ho gee hai. jarmani ko aeena dikhane vale naitik paimane ki zaroorat nahin rah gee. aise men 2012 men gras ki ek kavita "jo kaha jana chahie" aee aur phir se hngama kar gee. yah kavita ijarail ki rajaniti par kadi chot thi. gras ne eeran par ijaraili paramanu hamale ke khilaph chetavani di aur ijarail ki paramanu kshamata, aur usake kabje ki niti ko vishv shanti ke lie khatara bataya. dvitiy vishv yuddh ke dauran yahoodiyon ke narasnhar ke karan ijarail aur jarmani ke bich vishesh snbndh hain. guntar gras ko alochana ke bad ijarail men avanchhit ghoshit kar diya gaya. unake khilaph yahoodi virodh ke arop bhi lage, lekin isake bavajood ve yuva lekhakon ke lie adarsh bane rahe.[1]

vyaktitv

ek vikhyat lekhak hone ke alava guntar gras ek majakiya, chutakulebaj aur snvedanashil insan bhi the, yah bat unhin ko pata hai jo unhen najadik se janate the ya unase khas paristhitiyon men mile the. masalan 87 ki umr men bhi jaij sngit unaki ragon men bahata tha. panch sal pahale phrainkaphart pustak mele men unhonne apane sngitakar dost guntar bebi samar ke sath sahityik sngit pradarshan kiya tha. unhen janane vale yah bhi janate hain ki ve achchha khana pakate the aur red vain se unhen pyar tha. isake alava 87 ka ho jane ke bavajood ve unhonne paip pina nahin chhoda tha. unhen apane bade bhare poore parivar ka mukhiya hona pasnd tha aur isaka ve pradarshan bhi karate the. mahanh jarman lekhak goethe ke shabdon men ve khud ko kuchh yoon prastut karate the, "yahan main insan hoon, yahan main ho sakata hoon."[1]

nidhan

nobel puraskar vijeta aur varjanaon ko todane vale jarman lekhak guntar gras logon ko dhruvon men bantate aur ukasate the. 13 apral, 2015 somavar ko 87 varsh ki ayu men guntar gras ka nidhan ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 rabits, kaaurneliya. nobel puraskar vijeta guntar gras ka nidhan (hindi) DW. abhigaman tithi: 14 apral, 2015.

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