ऑलिवर गोल्डस्मिथ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

aaulivar goldasmith (1728-1774) ka janm ayaralaind ke ek ganv men sanh‌ 1728 ee. men hua tha. unake pita svalp vaitanik padari tatha mata skoolamastar ki putri thin. pita ka vetan atithisatkar men hi samapt ho jata tha, phalasvaroop sat vyaktiyon ka kutunb pray: bhavishy ke sukhasvapn dekhata hua vartaman ke abhavon tatha snkaton se sngharsh karata raha. goldasmith is udarahriday tatha dayalu vyakti ki panchavin sntan the aur janm se hi kuroop tatha bhadde the. unaki shiksha ganv ke skool se arnbh hokar triniti kalej, dablin, men samapt huee. 1749 men kalej chhodane ke sath hi pita ki mrityu ho jane se unhen atmanirbhar hone ke liye vivash hona pada. kee vyavasayon men asaphal hone ke pashchath‌ unhonne chikitsashastr ka adhyayan arnbh kiya aur 1754 men desh ke bahar yoorop jakar gyanavistar karane ka nishchay kiya. yatra ke samay unake pas keval 20 paund the aur hath men unaki priy bansuri. apani chnchal prakriti ke vashibhoot hokar unhonne paidal bhraman arnbh kiya aur phrans tatha svitjaralaind ke vibhinn kshetron men ve mahinon ghoomate rahe. bansuri ka chamatkar hi unake bharan poshan ka sadhan raha.

1756 men goldasmith lndan men bhagyapariksha ke liye laute aur lekhani ko jivikoparjan ka madhyam banane ke liye vivash hue. 1760 men unhonne 'pablik lejar' namak patrika men kuchh lekh prakashit karavae jo bad ki 'di' sitijen aauv di varld' ke nam se prasiddh hue. sanh‌ 1764 men 'di traivelar' namak kavita ke prakashan ke sath unaki prasiddhi badhane lagi aur do varsh pashchath‌ unake upanyas 'di vikar aauph vekafild' ne to unako lokapriy lekhak bana diya. isake pashchath‌ unake hasyarasapoorn natakon 'di gud nechard main,' 'shi stoops tu kankar' tatha prasiddh kavita 'di dejarted vilej' ka srijan hua. is samay tak vah jansan ke sahityik klab' ke sadasy ho chuke the. parntu paisa unhen sadaiv katata raha aur dhan ate hi ve muktahast hokar use bikherane lagate the. isi ke phalasvaroop nirdhanata tatha chinta se pidit rahate hue sanh‌ 1774 men unhonne pranatyag kiya.

goldasmith ke vyaktitv ke bahm doshon ke sath sath manavochit gunon, jaise sahridayata, dayaluta, deshaprem tatha hasyapriyata ka aisa vichitr snmishran tha ki unake snpark men ane vale vyaktiyon men virodhi prakriyaon ka hona svabhavik tha, parntu koee bhi vyakti adhik der tak unake sadgunon ke prati udasin nahin rah sakata tha. yahi bat unake lekhon ke snbndh men bhi kahi gee hai. bahar se dekhane men unamen katipay trutiyan turnt drishtigochar ho jati hain, parntu manoyog se adhyayan karane ke bad koee bhi pathak unake jadoo se aprabhavit nahin rah sakata. is snbndh men daau. jansan ki yah yukti saragarbhit hai ki koee bhi sahity ka ang unase achhoota nahin raha aur jis vastu ka unaki lekhani ne sparsh kiya, use sundar tatha manamohak banane men koee kasar nahi rakhi.

unake nibndhon men hasy tatha karunaras ka vaisa hi sukhad mel hai jaisa charls lainb ke amar lekhon men milata hai aur yahi samishran unake patron ko ajatak jivit rakhane men saphal hua hai. unake kalpanik patr, jaise 'di main in blaik,' daau. primaroz' tatha dejartej vilej' men 'skoolamastar' tatha 'kntriparsan' pathakon ke liye parichit vyaktiyon se bhi adhik sajiv hain. unaki kritiyon men manav ke naisargik maryada ke prati hardik nishtha tatha atyachar ke prati ghor virodh mukharit hua hai aur sarvatr nirbal tatha pratadit praniyon ke prati unaki vishuddh snvedana pravahit huee hai. unaki shaili parishkrit tatha paradarshi darpan ke saman hai jinamen unake daivi svabhav ka madhury tatha hriday ki vishalata poornaroopen pratibinbit hain. unaka vyng bhi komal hai aur hasy to sharachndr ke prakash ke saman hi sukhad hai.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh, khand 4 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 38 |

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