पद्मसिंह शर्मा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

padmasinh sharma
padmasinh sharma
poora nam padmasinh sharma
janm 1876 ee.
janm bhoomi nagava gram, bijanaur, uttar pradesh
mrityu 1932 ee.
abhibhavak pita- umaravasinh
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'bihari satasee ki bhoomika', 'bihari satasee snjivan bhashy', 'padmapuran' aur 'hindi urdoo hindustani' adi.
bhasha hindi, snskrit, urdoo, farasi, bngala, marathi
puraskar-upadhi 'mngala prasad puraskar'
prasiddhi snpadak, tikakar, alochak aur nibndhakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari padmasinh sharma arambh se hi vaidik siddhanton ke pakshapati the aur bhashan kala par inaka apoorv adhikar tha. atah san 1930 men uttar pradesh ki 'ary pratinidhi sabha' men inhen upadeshak niyukt kiya gaya tha.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

padmasinh sharma (janm- 1876 ee., bijanaur, uttar pradesh; mrityu- 1932 ee.) prasiddh lekhak aur samalochak the. ve dvivedi yug ke gady lekhakon tatha samalochakon men vishesh sthan rakhate the. ve snskrit bhasha ke to vishesh vidvanh the hi, isake sath hi unhen urdoo, farasi, bngala aur marathi bhashaon ka bhi achchha gyan tha. 'bihari satasee ki bhoomika', 'bihari satasee snjivan bhashy', 'padmapuran' aur 'hindi urdoo hindustani' unake dvara rachit prasiddh pustaken hain. 'snjivan bhashy' par padmasinh sharma ko hindi sahity sammelan ka 'mngala prasad puraskar' mila tha.

janm tatha shiksha

pandit padmasinh sharma ji ka janm uttar pradesh men bijanaur zile ke nagava namak gram men san 1876 ee. men hua tha. inake pita umaravasinh bhoomihar brahman the aur apane ganv ke mukhiya, nambaradar v prabhavashali vyakti the. das-barah varsh ki avastha men sharma ji ka vidyarambh karaya gaya aur prarnbh men inhen urdoo-farasi ki shiksha dene ke uparant 'sarasvat kaumudi', 'raghuvnsh' adi snskrit grnthon ka adhyayan karaya gaya. inhonne 'ashtadhyayi' bhi padhi aur kashi, muradabad, lahaur, jalndhar v tajapur adi sthanon men rahakar snskrit ka adhyayan kiya. padmasinh sharma arambh se hi vaidik siddhanton ke pakshapati the aur bhashan kala par inaka apoorv adhikar tha. atah san 1930 men uttar pradesh ki 'ary pratinidhi sabha' men inhen upadeshak niyukt kiya gaya tha.[1]

vyavasayik jivan

padmasinh sharma 'satyavati' namak saptahik patr ke sampadakiy vibhag men bhi niyukt hue aur yahin se inaki snpadan v lekhan kala ka shriganesh hua. snvat 1965 men ap ajamer ge aur 'paropakari' v 'anath rakshak' ka snpadan karane lage; par ek varsh uparant yahan se tyagapatr dekar jvalapur chale ge tatha vahan ke mahavidyalay men ath varsh tak adhyapak rahe. pita ka svargavas ho jane se inhen ganv lautana pada, par vahan inaka ji n lagata tha, atah kashi (vartaman banaras) ke 'gyanamndal karyalay' ke prakashan vibhag men kam karane lage.

isi bich inaki 'bihari satasee ki bhoomika' prakashit huee aur lagabhag ek varsh 'sarasvati' men 'satasee snhar' par lekhamala prakashit hoti rahi. isase inhen hindi jagath men atyadhik khyati prapt huee aur yah prantiy 'hindi sahity sammelan' ke sabhapati nirvachit hue tatha 'bihari satasee' sambandhi prakashit ansh par inhen 'mngala prasad puraskar' bhi prapt hua. sharmaji 'akhil bharatiy hindi sahity sammelan' ke sabhapati bhi banaye ge.

bhasha-shaili

pandit padmasinh sharma mishrit bhasha ke pakshapati the aur inhonne 'hindi sahity sammelan', muradabad ke sabhapati pad se die ge bhashan men apana drishtigochar spasht karate hue kaha bhi hai ki- "hindi lekhak prachalit aur am phaham farasi shabdon ka jo urdoo men a mile hain aur urdoo sooktiyon ka vyavahar karana bura nahin samajhate, par urdoo-e-mualla ke pakshapati theth hindi shabdon ko chun-chun kar urdoo se bahar kar rahe hain.... yah achchhe lakshan nahin hain." is prakar padmasinh sharma ne snskrit ke tatsam shabdon ke sath urdoo-farasi ke timaradar, muddat, shiddat, jabaradasti, kagaz, numayan, aphat, ganimat, intajar, ajij tatha angrezi ke rikvest, skim, nyoo lidar, sprit, vijiting kard, parti, philing, phnd, spid, oriental adi anek shabdon ko apanaya hai. sath hi prachalit muhavaron ka vyavahar bhi inhonne bahut adhik kiya hai.[1]

samanyatah inaki gady rachanaon men shaili ke moolatah do roop drishtigochar hote hain. ek or to snskrit ki tatsamata se snpann gnbhir vicharatmak shaili ke darshan hote hain tatha doosari or mishrit bhasha se snpann shaili ka sashakt, sapran, prabhavashali, pravahamay roop dikh padata hai, jisamen has-parihas v vyngy-vinod ki chhata bhi hai. yahi shaili inaki svabhavik shaili hai aur is par inake vyaktitv ki amit chhap hai.

kritiyan

sharmaji ki 'bihari satasee ki bhoomika', 'pady parag prabndh-mnjari' aur 'hindi urdoo hindustani' adi rachanaen milati hain. inake patron ka sngrah bhi prakashit hua hai, par abhi bhi inake bahut-se lekh aur vyakhyan asnkalit hi hain tatha idhar-udhar bikhare pade hain.

gady-sadhana

padmasinh sharma snpadak, tikakar, alochak aur nibndhakar ke roop men hamare samane ate hain, par hindi sahity men yah pradhanatah alochak ke roop men hi adhik prasiddh hain aur tulanatmak alochana ke to yah janak mane jate hain. inaka alochak inake nibndhakar se nissndeh shreshth hai aur inake nibandh sngrahon men bhi alochanatmak nibndhon ki snkhya adhik hai. inhonne sahity-samiksha, jivani, snsmaran, shraddhanjaliyan adi vishayon par nibandh likhe hain. inake nibandh bhavatmak v vicharatmak hain.

nidhan

jivan ke antim dinon men padmasinh sharma ganv men hi rahate the. varsh 1932 men inake ganv men pleg ki bimari ne gambhir roop dharan kar liya. isi varsh ganv ki janata ki seva karate hue padmasinh sharma ji ka nidhan ho gaya.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 padmasinh sharma (hindi) rajabhasha hindi. abhigaman tithi: 04 joon, 2015.

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