सरदार पूर्ण सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

saradar poorn sinh
saradar poorn sinh
poora nam saradar poorn sinh
janm 17 faravari, 1881
janm bhoomi ebatabad, pakistan
mrityu 31 march, 1931 (aayu- 50 varsh)
mrityu sthan deharadoon, uttarakhand
abhibhavak pita- saradar karatar sinh bhagar
pati/patni maya devi
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaen hindi-‘sachchi virata’, ‘kanyadan’, ‘pavitrata’, ‘acharan ki sabhyata’. pnjabi-‘avi chal jot’, ‘khule maidan’, ‘khule khund’, ‘mera sanee’, ‘kavida dil kavita’.
vishay kavita, lekh, nibndh
bhasha hindi, pnjabi, angrezi, urdoo
prasiddhi deshabhakt, shikshavid, lekhak
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari adhunik pnjabi kavy ke snsthapakon men poorn sinh ki ganana hoti hai. 1907 ke arnbh men ve deharadoon ki prasiddh snstha 'van anusndhanashala' men rasayan ke pramukh paramarshadata niyukt kie ge the. is pad par unhonne 1918 tak kary kiya.
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

saradar poorn sinh (angrezi: Sardar Puran Singh, janm- 17 faravari, 1881, ebatabad; mrityu- 31 march, 1931, deharadoon) bharat ke vishisht nibndhakaron men se ek the. ye deshabhakt, shikshavid, adhyapak, vaigyanik evn lekhak bhi the. isake sath hi ve pnjabi ke jane mane kavi bhi the. adhunik pnjabi kavy ke snsthapakon men poorn sinh ki ganana hoti hai.[1]

parichay

poorn sinh ka janm 17 faravari san 1881 ko pashchim simaprant (ab pakistan men) ke hazara zile ke mukhy nagar ebatabad ke samip salahad gram men hua tha. inake pita saradar karatar sinh bhagar sarakari karmachari the. unake poorvapurush zila ravalapindi ki kahoota tahasil ke gram dera khalasa men rahate the. ravalapindi zile ka yah bhag pothohar kahalata hai aur apane prakritik saundary ke liye aj bhi prasiddh hai. poorn sinh apane mata-pita ke jyeshth putr the. qanoonago hone se pita ko sarakari kary se apani tahasil men pray: ghoomate rahana padata tha, at: bachchon ki dekharekh ka kary pray: mata ko hi karana padata tha.

shiksha

poorn sinh ki prarnbhik shiksha tahasil haveliyan men huee. yahan masjid ke maulavi se unhonne urdoo padhi aur sikkh dharmashala ke bhaee belasinh se gurumukhi sikhi. ravalapindi ke mishan haeeskool se 1897 men pravesh pariksha pratham shreni men uttirn ki. san 1899 men di. e. vi. kaaulej, lahaur; 28 sitambar, 1900 ko ve tokyo vishvavidyalay, japan ke phaikalti aauf medisin men aushadhi nirman snbndhi rasayan ka adhyayan karane ke liye "vishesh chhatr' ke roop men pravisht ho ge aur vahan unhonne poore tin varsh tak adhyayan kiya.

svatntrata ke prati sahanubhooti

1901 men tokyo ke 'oriental klab' men bharat ki svatntrata ke liye sahanubhooti prapt karane ke uddeshy se poorn sinh ne kee ugr bhashan die tatha kuchh japani mitron ke sahayog se bharat-japani-klab ki sthapana ki. tokyo men ve svami ji ke vicharon se itane adhik prabhavit hue ki unaka shishy banakar unhonne snnyas dharan kar liya. vahan avasakal men lagabhag dedh varsh tak unhonne ek masik patrika 'thndaring daaun' ka snpadan kiya. sitambar, 1903 men bharat lautane par kalakatta (adhunik kolakata) men us samay ke british shasan ke viruddh uttejanatmak bhashan dene ke aparadh men ve bndi bana lie ge, kintu bad men mukt kar die ge.

vyavasayik jivan

ebatabad men kuchh samay bitane ke bad poorn sinh lahaur chale ge. vahan unhonne vishesh prakar ke telon ka utpadan arnbh kiya, kintu sajha nibh nahin saka. tab ve apani dharmapatni mayadevi ke sath masoori chale ge aur vahan se svami ramatirth se milane tihari gadhaval men vashishth ashram ge. vahan se lahaur lautane par agast, 1904 men viktoriya dayamnd jubali hindoo teknikal instityoot ke prinsipal ban ge aur 'thndaring daaun' pun: nikalane lage. 1905 men kangada ke bhooknp piditon ke liye dhan sngrah kiya aur isi prasng men prasiddh deshabhakt lala haradayal aur daauktar khudadad se mitrata huee jo uttarottar ghanishthata men parivartit hoti gee tatha jivanaparynt sthayi rahi. svami ramatirth ke sath unaki antim bhent julaee, 1906 men huee thi. 1907 ke arnbh men ve deharadoon ki prasiddh snstha van anusndhanashala men rasayan ke pramukh paramarshadata niyukt kie ge. is pad par unhonne 1918 tak kary kiya. yahan se avakash grahan karane ke pashchat, patiyala, gvaliyar, saraiya (pnjab) adi sthanon par thode-thode samay tak kary karate rahe.

dvivedi yug ke shreshth nibndhakar

saradar poorn sinh ko adhyapak poorn sinh ke nam se bhi jana jata hai. ve dvivedi yug ke shreshth nibandhakaron men se ek hain. matr 6 nibandh likhakar nibandh-sahity men apana nam amar kar liya. apake nibandh naitik aur samajik vishayon se sambaddh hain. avegapoorn, vyaktivynjak lakshanik shaili unaki visheshata hai. vishesh pratipadan ki drishti se unhonne bhavukata pradhan shaili ka vishesh prayog kiya hai. saradar poorn sinh ke nibandhon ki vishay-vastu samaj, dharm, vigyan, manovigyan tatha sahity rahi hai. "sachchi virata" is nibandh men unhonne sachche viron ke lakshan evn visheshataon ka bhavatmak evn kavyatmak varnan kiya hai. "majadoori aur prem" men unhonne donon ke sambandhon ka vicharatmak evn uddharan shaili men varnan kiya hai. "acharan ki sabhyata" men desh, kal evn jati ke lie acharan ki sabhyata ka mahattv pratipadit kiya hai. apane jivan moolyon ko acharan men utarakar shreshth banana hi acharan ki sabhyata hai. pray: shramik-se dikhane vale logon men acharan ki sabhyata hoti hai. unake nibandhon ki bhasha urdoo aur snskrit mishrit bhasha hai. unhonne kuchh sooktiyon ka prayog bhi nibandhon men kiya hai. jaise- "viron ke banane ke karakhane nahin hote." acharan ka rediyam to apani shreshthata se chamakata hai. unaki shaili kavyatmak, bhavatmak, alnkarik hai. kahin-kahin vaky bahut lambe-lambe v jatil ho gaye hain. tark evn buddhipradhan nibandh unaki shailigat visheshata hai.[2]

kritiyann evn nibndh

poorn sinh ne angrezi, pnjabi tatha hindi men anek grnthon ki rachana ki, jo is prakar hain-

anngrezi kritiyan

‘di stori aauph svami ram’, ‘di skechej phram sikkh histri', hij phit’, ‘shart storij’, ‘sistars aauph di spining havil’, ‘guru tegabahadur’ laiph’, pramukh hain.

pnjabi kritiyan

‘avi chal jot’, ‘khule maidan’, ‘khule khund’, ‘mera sanee’, ‘kavida dil kavita’.

hindi nibndh

‘sachchi virata’, ‘kanyadan’, ‘pavitrata’, ‘acharan ki sabhyata’, ‘majadoori aur prem’ tatha amerika ka mastana yogi valt hivat mainn.

any

vinapleyars, guru govindasinh, di laiph end tichings aauv shri guru tegabahadur, 'aaun di paths aauv laiph, svami ramatirth maharaj ki asali jindagi par tairana najar ityadi

mrityu

saradar poorn sinh ne jivan ke antim dinon men zila shekhoopura[3] ki tahasil nanakana sahab ke pas krishi kary shuroo kiya aur kheti karane lage. ve 1926 se 1930 tak vahin rahe. navnbar, 1930 men ve bimar pade, jisase unhen tapedik rog ho gaya aur 31 march, 1931 ko deharadoon men saradar poorn sinh ka dehant ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. pustak- bharatiy charit kosh, lekhak- liladhar sharma 'parvatiy', prakashak- shiksha bharati, madarasa rod, kashmiri get, dilli, snkalan- bharatakosh pustakalay, prishth snkhya- 476
  2. saradar poornasinh (hindi) pablish yor artikal. abhigaman tithi: 6 faravari, 2018.
  3. ab pashchimi pakistan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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